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'The Metropolitan' Royal Irish Constabulary Whistle & Chain.Early Issue1885 Made by Hudson and Co. 131 Barr St. [the address changed in 1888 to 13 Barr St.]. J. Hudson & Co. won the contract for supplying the Metropolitan Police with whistles in 1883. And with rare exceptions, 19th century stamps bearing a specific Police Force name are either made by Hudson or Dowler. The Royal Irish Constabulary was Ireland's armed police force from the early nineteenth century until 1922. A separate civic police force, the unarmed Dublin Metropolitan Police controlled the capital, and the cities of Derry and Belfast, originally with their own police forces, later had special divisions within the RIC. About seventy-five percent of the RIC were Roman Catholic and about twenty-five percent were of various Protestant denominations. The RIC's successful system of policing influenced the Canadian North-West Mounted Police (predecessor of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police), the Victoria Police force in Australia, and the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary in Newfoundland. In consequence of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the RIC was disbanded in 1922 and was replaced by the Garda Síochána in the Irish Free State and the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland.
10th Century Viking Bearded Battle Axe, Re-Hafted in Viking Form An original hand forged Viking battle axe of around 1100 years old, A bearded axe, or Skeggøx [from Old Norse] refers to various axes, used as a tool and weapon, as early as the 6th century AD. It is most commonly associated with Viking Age Scandinavians. The lower portion of an axe bit is called the "beard" and the cutting edge of the bearded axe extends below the width of the butt to provide a wide cutting surface while keeping the overall weight of the axe low. The hook, or "beard" of the axe would also have been useful in battle, for example to pull weapons out of the defender's grasp, or to pull down a shield to allow another attacker to strike at the unprotected defender. In 793, terror descended on the coast of Northumbria as armed raiders attacked the defenceless monastery of St Cuthbert on Lindisfarne. The terrified monks watched helplessly as the invaders made off with a haul of treasure and a clutch of captives. It was the first recorded raid by the Vikings, seaborne pirates from Scandinavia who would prey on coastal communities in north-western Europe for more than two centuries and create for themselves a reputation as fierce and pitiless warriors. The Anglo-Saxon cleric Alcuin of York wrote dramatically of the Lindisfarne raid that the “church was spattered with the blood of the priests of God, despoiled of all its ornaments… given as a prey to pagan peoples” and subsequent (mainly Christian) writers and chroniclers lost few opportunities to demonise the (mainly pagan) Vikings. Yet, though they undeniably carried out very destructive and violent attacks, from small-scale raids against churches to major campaigns involving thousands of warriors, the Vikings formed part of a complex and often sophisticated Scandinavian culture. As well as raiders they were traders, reaching as far east as the rivers of Russia and the Caspian Sea; explorers, sending ships far across the Atlantic to land on the coastline of North America five centuries before Columbus; poets, composing verse and prose sagas of great power, and artists, creating works of astonishing beauty.Their victims did not refer to them as Vikings. That name came later, becoming popularised by the 11th century and possibly deriving from the word vik, which in the Old Norse language the Vikings spoke means ‘bay’ or ‘inlet’. Instead they were called Dani (‘Danes’) – there was no sense at the time that this should refer only to the inhabitants of what we now call Denmark – pagani (‘pagans’) or simply Normanni (‘Northmen’). An original Viking axe but well re-hafted in the modern era in its traditional Viking form with crossbinding in leather, for display purposes.
16th Cent. Close Helmet Formerly of the William Randolph Hearst Collection A fine 1590 close helmet, probably Italian, with funery face visor. Fine original brass rose head rivets. A stunning piece with amazing provenance, owned by one of the greatest yet notorious men in world publishing history. William Randolph Hearst ( April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper Moghul, a publisher who built the nation’s largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism. His collecting took his agents around the Europe to acquire the finest treasures available, for his project of building the largest and finest private estate in the world, Hearst Castle in San Simeon. In much of this he succeeded. Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World that led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity. Acquiring more newspapers, Hearst created a chain that numbered nearly 30 papers in major American cities at its peak. He later expanded to magazines, creating the largest newspaper and magazine business in the world. He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909, for Governor of New York in 1906, and for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1910. Nonetheless, through his newspapers and magazines, he exercised enormous political influence, and was famously blamed for pushing public opinion with his yellow journalism type of reporting leading the United States into a war with Spain in 1898. His life story was the main inspiration for the development of the lead character in Orson Welles's film Citizen Kane. His mansion, Hearst Castle, on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean near San Simeon, California, halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, was donated by the Hearst Corporation to the state of California in 1957, and is now a State Historical Monument and a National Historic Landmark, open for public tours. Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada (“The Enchanted Slope”), but he usually just called it “the ranch.” This helmet was acquired by Hearst for his mansion, Hearst Castle, but when his empire began to crumble much of his collection was sold at Gimbels In New York in 1941, which is where the Higgins Armory acquired this helmet. Orson Welles film, Citizen Kane, is thought by many to be one of the greatest masterpieces of film ever made, and it's portrayal of Charles Foster Kane was so mirroring WR Hearst that there was no doubt in any mind what it was meant to represent. So much so, Hearst dedicated some considerable time and effort during the next 10 years in order to destroy Orson Welles' career, and prevent him fulfilling his obvious potential as one of the greatest directors of all time. In much of this, once more, Hearst succeeded. Items from Hearst's collection rarely surface, as owners tend to keep hold of them for obvious reasons of historical posterity and provenance, and to be able to offer such a piece from that collection is a great privilege, and a rare opportunity for it's next fortunate owner.
16th Century Indian Firangi Sword Circa 1500's Basket Hilt Form The name ‘Firangi’ (Foreigner) was apparently given to these swords somewhat later in the 17th Century, as they were mounted with European (Foreign) blades, imported by the Portugese, which were highly valued. Some blades were locally made in the European style. The blades were mounted on the ‘Khanda’ style hilt and with the long spike extending from the pommel which enabled them to be used as two handed swords. The firangi sword characteristically had a straight blade of backsword form (single edged). The blade often incorporated one, two, or three fullers (grooves) and had a spear-tip shaped point. The sword could be used to both cut and thrust. Examples with narrow rapier blades have survived, though in small numbers. The hilt was of the type sometimes called the "Indian basket-hilt" and was identical to that of another Indian straight-bladed sword the khanda. The hilt afforded a substantial amount of protection for the hand and had a prominent spike projecting from the pommel which could be grasped, resulting in a two-handed capability for the sword. Like other contemporary Indian swords the hilt of the firangi was usually of iron and the tang of the blade was attached to the hilt using a very strong resin, additionally, the hilt to blade connection was reinforced by projections from the hilt onto either face of the forte of the blade which were riveted together though a hole passing through the blade. Because of its length the firangi is usually regarded as primarily a cavalry weapon. Illustrations suggest a 16th-century date for the development of the sword, though early examples appear to have had simpler cross-guard hilts, similar to those of the talwar. The sword has been especially associated with the Marathas, who were famed for their cavalry. However, the firangi was widely used by the Mughals and those peoples who came under their rule, including Sikhs and Rajputs. Images of Mughal potentates holding firangis, or accompanied by retainers carrying their masters' firangis, suggest that the sword became a symbol of martial virtue and power. Photographs of Indian officers of Hodson's Horse (an irregular cavalry unit raised by the British) show that the firangi was still in active use at the time of the Indian Mutiny in 1857-58 The khanda can generally be a double-edge but can be a single edged straight sword. It is often featured in religious iconography, theatre and art depicting the ancient history of India. Some communities venerate the weapon as a symbol of Shiva. It is a common weapon in the martial arts in the Indian subcontinent. Khanda often appears in Hindu, Buddhist and Sikh scriptures and art The word khanda has its origins in the Sanskrit meaning "to break, divide, cut, destroy". Used from the time of Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542 – 27 October 1605 ), popularly known as Akbar I literally "the great" and later Akbar the Great, he was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605. 29 inch blade to hilt, 35 inches overall
16th Century Map of America Girolamo Ruscelli Nueva Hispania Tabula Nova. A fabulous original historical artifact ideal for the collector with an interest in the earliest period of America. Printed in 1574 a 16th Century map of the Southern half of the United States and Mexico, including Florida and Texas] hand-coloured map depicting Mexico, Central America and some southern states of the USA, plate 185mm x 258mm, engraver's alterations visible on the Yucatan peninsula, mounted, framed and glazed. Girolamo Ruscelli (1500s-1566) was an Italian polymath, humanist, editor, and cartographer active in Venice during the early 16th century. Ruscelli is best known for his important revision of Ptolemy's Geographia, which was published posthumously in 1574. It is generally assumed that Alexius Pedemontanus was a pseudonym of Girolamo Ruscelli. In a later work, Ruscelli reported that the Secreti contained the experimental results of an ‘Academy of Secrets’ that he and a group of humanists and noblemen founded in Naples in the 1540s. Ruscelli’s academy is the first recorded example of an experimental scientific society. The academy was later imitated by Giambattista Della Porta, who founded an ‘Accademia dei Secreti’ in Naples in the 1560s. 32.5cm x 41cm framed.
16th Century Nuremberg 'Black and White' Comb Morion Helmet A most similar morion, was in the great historical collection of arms armour from the armoury of Fortress Hohenwerfen near Salzburg, Austria, that was augmented by H. I. R. H. Archduke Eugen. A collection that was sold, and entered the collectors market and various museums, in 1927, which contained some Nuremberg and Augsberg 'black and white' morion helmets such as this. Morion is a type of open helmet used from the middle 16th to early 17th centuries, usually having a flat brim and a crest from front to back. Its introduction was contemporaneous with the exploration of North, Central, and South America. Explorers like Hernando de Soto and Coronado may have supplied them to their foot soldiers in the 1540s. The iconic morion, though popularly identified with early Spanish explorers and conquistadors, was not in use as early as the conquest of Mexico by Hernan Cortez or Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Incas in South America. Thirty to forty years later, it was widely used by the Spanish, but also common among foot soldiers of many European nationalities, including the English; the first English morions were issued during the reign of Edward VI. The crest or comb on the top of the helmet was designed to strengthen it. Later versions also had cheek guards and even removable faceplates to protect the soldier from sword cuts. The morion's shape is derived from that of an older helmet, the Chapel de Fer, or "Kettle Hat." Other sources suggest it was based on Moorish armor and its name is derived from Moro, the Spanish word for Moor. The New Oxford American Dictionary, however, derives it from Spanish morrión, from morro 'round object'. The Dictionary of the Spanish Language published by the Royal Spanish Academy indicates that the Spanish term for the helmet, morrión, derives from the noun morra, which means "the upper part of the head". A somewhat similar example is in the Metropolitan Museum in New York accession number 14.25.508
1796 Pattern Officer's Combat Sword of William A. Cuninghame, 95th Regt. With superb provenence, very rarely seen. Recently returned from having the fittings professionally cleaned and conserved. Father of Capt William Cuninghame Cuninghame of the 79th Foot, and brother of Capt. Thomas Cuninghame of the 45th Foot. One of three original family swords, owned and used in combat by the above, all with their own built in provenance, from the world renown British Army, serving in the 95th, 45th and the 79th Regiments. All three were acquired, expertly conserved.They were all acquired from a direct line family descendant of the same name, and they are all for sale separately. A super, antique and historical, officers combat sword of his ancestor, who fought with distinction in the Napoleonic Wars era. Each sword is engraved with the family name, crest, and motto. This sword, belonged to William Alexander, Cuninghame, who joined his regiment as a junior officer in April 1813, and served as an officer in the 95th regt., Another sword belonged, and was used, by Thomas Cuninghame, William Alexander's elder brother, who served in the 45th regt., both used by them in the Napoleonic Wars, and a basket hilted broadsword which we have also fully conserved, that was used by William Alexander Cuninghame's son, Capt. William Cuninghame Cuninghame, in the Crimean War. According to family record, W.A.Cuninghame while serving with his regiment was wounded in Guadaloupe in 1814, but this may well have been early 1815, during the British invasion to retake the island in Napoleon's Hundred Days period. The Hundred Days war was so called after Napoleon returned from exile in Elba, reformed his army, declared war on the allies, and that culminated in the Battle of Waterloo in Belgium, Wellington's great victory and Napoleon's final defeat. The 1796 Pattern British Infantry Officers Sword was carried by officers of the line infantry in the British Army between 1796 and the time of its official replacement with the gothic hilted sword in 1822. This period encompassed the whole of the Napoleonic Wars. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many later examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades were commonly quite extensively decorated, often blued and gilt
1821 Pattern, Victorian British Troopers Ordnance Cavalry Sabre As used in the Crimean War such as the infamous and renown 'Charge of the Light Brigade'. A most impressive sabre, and very good indeed. The very type of ordnance made and issued Hussar's and Lancer's trooper's sabre used by British Cavalry in the ill fated charge in the Crimean War against Russia. All steel three bar steel hilt, combat blade with leather covered wooden ribbed grip with original copper triple wire binding. Absolutely used at the time and used by all the serving cavalry troopers in the famous 'Charge'. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred"). The regiments adopted the title hussars at this time, and the uniform became very stylish, aping the hussars of the Austro-Hungarian army. But soon the blues and yellows and golds gave way to khaki as the British army found itself in skirmishes throughout the far-flung Empire, in India and South Africa especially. For example in 1854 the 13th Hussars regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. Five transport ships - Harbinger, Negotiator, Calliope, Cullodon, and the Mary Anne – embarking between the 8 May and 12 May, carried 20 officers, 292 other ranks and 298 horses. After a troubled voyage, the regiment arrived at Varna, Bulgaria on the 2 June. On the 28 August the entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan; five men of the 13th had already succumbed to cholera. On the 1 September the regiment embarked for the Crimea - a further three men dying en-route. On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve. During the 25 October the regiments, the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line. The 13th and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the 4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavoring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. Capt. Louis Edward Nolan (January 4 1818-October 25 1854), who was a British Army officer of the Victorian era, an authority on cavalry tactics, and best known for his controversial role in launching the disastrous Charge of the Light Brigade during the Battle of Balaclava. He was the first casualty of that engagement. No scabbard. Great steel and grip patina, no scabbard
1830 Damascus Barrel Overcoat Pistol Back Action Lock By Green of Mallow County Cork, Ireland. Chequered rounded grip all steel mounts. Large bore. A sound and effective personal manstopper protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket or overcoat pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. Replaced ramrod.As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
1830 Pistol. Stake, Crucifix, Holy Water,Silver Bullet "Vampyre Slayer Set" Set in a walnut fitted case. We believe this most fascinating and interesting curiosity may have been created for an English gentleman fearful of the darkest foes in nature sometime after 1830. The cased set's man stopper bore percussion pistol has a good and tight working action, and fitted with a most useful belt hook. The complete kit is comprising of; the side lock percussion belt pistol, a copper and brass powder flask, glass phial and stopper labelled, Holy Water, circular section rosewood case with screw cover, labelled, silver bullet case [without balls], tin circular box and cover, labelled, flowers of garlic (powdered), leather pouch containing a steel and flints [for lighting fires], steel silver-bullet mould [silver bullets though are, apparently, ideal for werewolves only], steel-mounted ebony stake, plated oil bottle, two mother-of-pearl mounted olivewood crucifixes, etc., all in a fitted mahogany case. In some early references, these compendiums of secreted weapons, especially from this era, have often been referred to as Vampyre Protectors, and they are often documented as having, like this one has, a small container with a bottle containing Holy Water within. We feel the term of "Vampyre Protector" is simply part of folklore, a name gained when a weapon set such as this was allegedly used by a gentleman who may have travelled to the notorious region in Romania, and around the Carpathian mountains. Not of course by Bram Stoker's Romania visitor Jonathan Harker, as he was blissfully unaware of the Vampires existence at all. Although, it must be said, especially in the 19th century, the fears of Vampirism were, and still are, taken very seriously indeed throughout much of the isolated areas of Eastern Europe. The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first appearance of the English word vampire (as vampyre) in English from 1734, in a travelogue titled Travels of Three English Gentlemen published in The Harleian Miscellany in 1745. Vampires had already been discussed in French and German literature. After Austria gained control of northern Serbia and Oltenia with the Treaty of Passarowitz in 1718, officials noted the local practice of exhuming bodies and "killing vampires". These reports, prepared between 1725 and 1732, received widespread publicity. The English term was derived (possibly via French vampyre) from the German Vampir, in turn derived in the early 18th century from the Serbian vampir when Arnold Paole, a purported vampire in Serbia was described during the time when Northern Serbia was part of the Austrian Empire. It is thanks to authors such as John Polidori [in 1809] and Bram Stoker in 1897 that the legends of Vampires and Dracula continue throughout the world into the 21st century. Some few years ago the Royal Armouries acquired a somewhat similar cased, pistol, stake, crucifix and accessories etc. 'Vampyre Slayer Set', for the Royal Collection. Bram Stoker created the most famous Vampire of all, Dracula based on the reputation and lore of Vlad Dracul The Impaler The reality of vampires was firmly believed in by the doctors and scientific pioneers of 300 years ago. Dr Groom, Professor of English at Exeter University, said vampires were considered real in the 1600s and early in the 1700s serious scientists in London were producing widely-read papers discussing their behaviour. ‘For many years vampirism was a serious subject of research: on the one hand it was a terrifying medical disorder, on the other a mass delusion fostered by wretched social conditions,’ he said. Medical authorities in the 1670s wrote Latin treatises about ‘grave eating’ where the undead were dug up to find they had been eating their own shrouds and even feasting on their own limbs and bowels, according to his research. Dracula has been assigned to many literary genres including vampire literature, horror fiction, the gothic novel and invasion literature. Although Stoker did not invent the vampire, he defined its modern form, and the novel has spawned numerous theatrical, film and television interpretations. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
1842 Swiss Sharpshooters Sword Wooden grip with six brass rivets. Single edged blade made by Horster of Solingen. Carried by the Swiss Infantry sharpshooters.
1870's Colonial Zulu War Period Zulu Umkhonto Assegai Throwing Spear An absolute beauty of a Colonial era, Zulu (Nguni) throwing spear. Steel head bound to the head with traditional cowhide. The impi, in its Shakan form, is best known among Western readers from the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, particularly the famous Zulu victory at Isandhlwana, but its development was over 60 years in coming before that great clash. To understand the full scope of the impi's performance in battle, military historians of the Zulu typically look to its early operations against internal African enemies, not merely the British interlude. In terms of numbers, the operations of the impi would change- from the Western equivalent of small company and battalion size forces, to manoeuvres in multi-divisional strength of between 10,000 and 40,000 men. The victory won by Zulu king Cetawasyo at Ndondakusuka, for example, two decades before the British invasion involved a deployment of 30,000 troops. These were sizeable formations in regional context but represented the bulk of prime Zulu fighting strength. The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Following Lord Carnarvon's successful introduction of federation in Canada, it was thought that similar political effort, coupled with military campaigns, might succeed with the African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. In 1874, Sir Henry Bartle Frere was sent to South Africa as High Commissioner for the British Empire to bring such plans into being. Among the obstacles were the presence of the independent states of the South African Republic and the Kingdom of Zululand and its army. Frere, on his own initiative, without the approval of the British government and with the intent of instigating a war with the Zulu, had presented an ultimatum on 11 December 1878, to the Zulu king Cetshwayo with which the Zulu king could not comply. Bartle Frere then sent Lord Chelmsford to invade Zululand after this ultimatum was not met. The war is notable for several particularly bloody battles, including an opening victory of the Zulu at the Battle of Isandlwana, followed by the defeat of a large Zulu army at Rorke's Drift by a small force of British troops. The war eventually resulted in a British victory and the end of the Zulu nation's dominance of the region.
18th Century Brass Barrelled Blunderbuss by H.W. Mortimer, Brass Lockplate Finest walnut stock, all brass mounting furniture with acorn trigger guard superbly engraved with bow quiver and arrows, his deluxe and rarely seen brass flint action lockplate. The brass lockplate bears his name, Mortimer, engraved on the face, and his personal proof, of a Crown surmounting HW is struck between the regular two barrel proofs on the top of the brass barrel, with the address London engraved. Barrel affixed with two slides and bears two ramrod pipes. Very finely engraved bow quiver and arrows to the brass buttplate, and a stands of arms to the equally finely engraved sideplate. H.W. Mortimer is one of the great names in English gunmaking and was appointed 'Gunmaker to the King' from 1783; Harvey Walklate Mortimer, son of Samuel Mortimer, was born in 1753. He was apprenticed to his father in 1772; he became free of the Farriers Co., in 1782, Gunmaker, at Mr Greens ironmonger, 6 Kings Street., Lincolns Inn Fields, 1779; 89 Fleet Street., 1782-99. Appointed Gunmaker to George III, 1783. Contractor to East India Co., 1796-1806. Specialised in repeating pistols and gold mounted guns for the Eastern market. A public announcement at the time read; "Advertised For the Inspection of the Curious, just finished, Three pair of Elegant Pistols, mounted in solid gold value £547 intended as a present to a foreign Prince"… 1784 (Morning Herald, 20 August). He made gold-mounted firearms set with diamonds for the U.S. Government as a present for Bey of Tunis, in 1801-2. as a Member of Law Association Volunteers, he provided their muskets, in 1803. and his own musket is in the Inns of Court Museum, London. The company became H. W. Mortimer, Son & T. Mortimer. Retired, in 1811. He died in 1819. H.W. Mortimer bore a Royal Warrant having supplied weapons to the Royal family and was well known for supplying weapons to The Royal Mail Coaches. Probably the best known and one of the most revered gun makers of the period. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling. 29.5 inches long overall, barrel 14.5 inches. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
18th Century Moghal Sword, of the Battle of Plassey 1757 Apparently, through family legend, captured at the Battle of Plassey by a British Officer, and bought back as a war souvenir. The Battle of Plassey was an East India Company victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, establishing Company rule in India and British rule over much of South Asia for the next 190 years. The battle took place on 23 June 1757 at Palashi, West Bengal, on the riverbanks of the Bhagirathi River, about 150 km north of Calcutta, near Murshidabad, then the capital of the Nawab of Bengal. The opponents were Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, and the British East India Company. The battle was waged during the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) and in a mirror of their European rivalry the French East India Company sent a small contingent to fight against the British East India Company. Overall russet finish with feint traces of gold decoration on the slightly loose hilt. Small picture in the gallery shows Robert Clive after the victory at Plassey. [Picture for historical information and context only, not included].
18th Century Royal French Long Holster Pistols Circa 1750 The walnut has wonderful patina, the steel barrel and mounts are all in the rococco décor form, both hand chisseled and engraved, with overall surface age pitting. Very good tight actions to both. The locks were transform silex almost two hundred years ago, which is an upgrade system to convert the actions to percussion, in order to ensure their working life by an additional forty years or so. Locks engraved Cour Royal with feint makers name beneath. Barrels bear superb gun barrel makers proof stamps. The French and Indian War (1754–63) comprised the North American theatre of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1756–63. It pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France. Both sides were supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France, as well as by American Indian allies. At the start of the war, the French North American colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the British North American colonies. The outnumbered French particularly depended on the Indians. The European nations declared war on one another in 1756 following months of localized conflict, escalating the war from a regional affair into an intercontinental conflict. The name French and Indian War is used mainly in the United States. It refers to the two main enemies of the British colonists: the royal French forces and the various American Indian forces allied with them. The British colonists were supported at various times by the Iroquois, Catawba, and Cherokee, and the French colonists were supported by Wabanaki Confederacy members Abenaki and Mi'kmaq, and Algonquin, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, and Wyandot. British and other European historians use the term the Seven Years' War, as do English-speaking Canadians. French Canadians call it La guerre de la Conquête (the War of the Conquest) or (rarely) the Fourth Intercolonial War. Fighting took place primarily along the frontiers between New France and the British colonies, from Virginia in the south to Newfoundland in the north. It began with a dispute over control of the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers called the Forks of the Ohio, and the site of the French Fort Duquesne within present-day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The dispute erupted into violence in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in May 1754, during which Virginia militiamen under the command of 22-year-old George Washington ambushed a French patrol. In 1755, six colonial governors in North America met with General Edward Braddock, the newly arrived British Army commander, and planned a four-way attack on the French. None succeeded, and the main effort by Braddock proved a disaster; he lost the Battle of the Monongahela on July 9, 1755 and died a few days later. British operations failed in the frontier areas of Pennsylvania and New York during 1755–57 due to a combination of poor management, internal divisions, effective Canadian scouts, French regular forces, and Indian warrior allies. In 1755, the British captured Fort Beauséjour on the border separating Nova Scotia from Acadia, and they ordered the expulsion of the Acadians (1755–64) soon afterwards. Orders for the deportation were given by William Shirley, Commander-in-Chief, North America, without direction from Great Britain. The Acadians were expelled, both those captured in arms and those who had sworn the loyalty oath to His Britannic Majesty. Indians likewise were driven off the land to make way for settlers from New England. The British colonial government fell in the region of modern Nova Scotia after several disastrous campaigns in 1757, including a failed expedition against Louisbourg and the Siege of Fort William Henry; this last was followed by Indians torturing and massacring their British victims. William Pitt came to power and significantly increased British military resources in the colonies at a time when France was unwilling to risk large convoys to aid the limited forces that they had in New France, preferring to concentrate their forces against Prussia and its allies in the European theater of the war. Between 1758 and 1760, the British military launched a campaign to capture the Colony of Canada (part of New France). They succeeded in capturing territory in surrounding colonies and ultimately the city of Quebec (1759). The British later lost the Battle of Sainte-Foy west of Quebec (1760), but the French ceded Canada in accordance with the Treaty of Paris (1763). The outcome was one of the most significant developments in a century of Anglo-French conflict. France ceded to Great Britain its territory east of the Mississippi. It ceded French Louisiana west of the Mississippi River (including New Orleans) to its ally Spain in compensation for Spain's loss to Britain of Florida. (Spain had ceded Florida to Britain in exchange for the return of Havana, Cuba.) France's colonial presence north of the Caribbean was reduced to the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, confirming Great Britain's position as the dominant colonial power in eastern North America.
18th Century Sino Tibetan Powder Flask Leather covered wood with iron spout. Wooden slide at the base of the spout for opening and closing the flask to release. Very scarce to find, somewhat crude in its manufacture but typical of the time and the region within which it was used in the North West province of China and the mountains of Tibet. Somewhat similar to examples from the old Otoman Empire, but their versions tended to have leather tooling décor. How or why the two regional types were so similar is unknown.
18th Century, Very Rare Butt Reservoir Gun, Outside Lock, Circa 1785 Likely German. Recently returned from being featured in a documentary on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. We have only had two similar such reservoir butt guns in the past 20 years. Fine resevoir guns such as this were made by Samuel Henry Staudenmayer circa 1799, was he was former workman of John Manton, gunmaker to the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York. Two air weapons by this maker are recorded in the Hanoverian Royal Gunroom, one of which was sold Sotheby's, Hanover, October 2005. He is also the maker of a Girandoni-system air rifle in the Royal Collection at Windsor (inv. No. L 409). Georg Wolf is recorded in Würzburg circa 1775. Two bellow guns by this maker are preserved in the Bargello, Florence and another was formerly in the gunroom of the Princes zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck at Schloss Dyck. A Girandoni System Austrian Repeating Air Rifle, Circa 1795, was believed to have been taken on the Lewis & Clark Army Corps of Discovery Expedition in 1803-1806. The Girandoni air rifle was in service with the Austrian army from 1780 to around 1815. The advantages of an air gun were a high rate of fire, no smoke from propellants, and low muzzle report granted it acceptance. It did have problems and was eventually removed from service for several reasons decades after introduction. While the detachable air reservoir was capable of around 30 shots it took nearly 1,500 strokes of a hand pump to fill those reservoirs. Later, a wagon-mounted pump was provided. The reservoirs, made from hammered sheet iron held together with rivets and sealed by brazing, proved very difficult to manufacture using the techniques of the period and were always in short supply. In addition, the weapon was very delicate and a small break in the reservoir could make it inoperable. Finally, it was very different from any other weapon of the time and any soldier using it needed to be highly trained. The Lewis and Clark Expedition used the rifle in the demonstrations that they performed for nearly every Native American tribe they encountered on the expedition As far back as 250BC, Pharaoh Ktesbias II of Egypt, first described the use of compressed air to propel a projectile. Modern air gun history began in the 15th century. These weapons were known as wind chambers and were designed using an air reservoir connected to a cannon barrel. These devices were capable of propelling a four pound lead ball over a distance of 500 yards, and able to penetrate 3 inch oak board. These weapons rivaled the power of gun powder based firearms of that time and came into use in the Napoleonic wars in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Due to the fact that high powered air guns were both silent and deadly, they were feared by many, Nobility tried to keep these air guns out of the hands of commoners, and air resevoir butt guns even saw much combat in battle, an Austrian Army used a air resevoir rifle designed by Grandoni in 1779 that shot 20 rounds of .44 cal. Bullets at speeds as high as 1,000 feet per second. They fought well against Napoleon's Army and even though the Austrian Army was out numbered and lost the battle, the Austrian's armed with air guns demoralized Napoleon's Army and they suffered had a great number of casualties. Air guns were so feared by Napoleon's Army that any enemy soldier captured with a air rifle was executed as an assassin. One important reason Napoleon was so fearful about air guns was because there was no cloud of smoke upon firing which would allow the sniper to be pin-pointed and killed. One of the most famous air guns in history is the .36 caliber air gun that Lewis and Clark took along with them on their expedition of 1803-06 [see painting in the gallery]. They took it along for hunting, just in case the black powder got wet and also used it to impress the Indians, the Indians call this air rifle, "The smokeless thunder stick.". In overall fine condition. The round, smoothbore, appox .44 calibre, sighted, steel barrel, has smooth untouched surfaces, fine bore with front site.. Exposed cocking "hammer" with an external mechanism and sculpted mainspring: matching, smooth, blued surfaces and in functional order. Complete with its original air release lever. Leather wrapped, conical, hollow, steel butt stock/air reservoir. Matching mechanism with all of its original components, a strong mainspring and air release valve. Very fine stock. A very nice and complete example of a rare late 18th century German or Austrian Reservoir-Butt gun. Overall length, 55". As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
19th Century Damascus Twist Barrelled Sporting Gun By Manton of London Back action lock bearing Manton's name and decorative pattern engraving. It has a hook breech with double platinum lining and very attractive fine Damascus browning, walnut half stocked with steel furniture bearing further overall engraving. Joseph Manton (6 June 1766 – 29 June 1835) was a British gunsmith who innovated in sport shooting, improved the quality of weapons and paved the way to the modern artillery shell. Joseph was also a sports shooter in his own right and a friend of Colonel Peter Hawker. There were two Manton brothers, John was the elder and Joseph the younger. John Manton was born in 1752 and after his apprenticeship, set up in London in Piccadilly. Manton began producing percussion guns in 1825 and Manton himself died in 1834, leaving the business in the hands of his son. Some of Manton's weapons are considered the finest of the flintlock age. They can fetch more at auction than Holland & Holland's shotguns. His workforce included James Purdey (who went on to found Purdey's), Thomas Boss, William Greener and Charles Lancaster. These four all went on to establish major firms of gun makers, which continue to this day. The true English Damascus barrel is prepared from three rods, twisted as described and put together as shown in the twisted riband, and is known technically as three-iron Damascus ; the silver-steel Damascus is similarly made, but of different metal piled in a different order. The rods having been twisted, and the required number welded together, they are sent to the iron-mill and rolled at a red heat into ribands, which have both edges bevelled the same way. There are usually two ribands required for each barrel, one riband or strip to form the breech-end, and another, slightly thinner, to form the fore, or muzzle, part of the barrel. Upon receiving the ribands of twisted iron, the welder first proceeds to twist them into a spiral form. This is done upon a machine of simple construction, consisting simply of two iron bars, one fixed and the other loose ; in the latter there is a notch or slot to receive one end of the riband. When inserted, the bar is turned round by a winch-handle. The fixed bar prevents the riband from going round, so that it is bent and twisted over the movable rod like the pieces of leather round a whip-stock. The loose bar is removed, the spiral taken from it, and the same process repeated with another riband. The ribands are usually twisted cold, but the breech-ends, if heavy, have to be brought to a red heat before it is possible to twist them, no cogs being used. When very heavy barrels are required, three ribands are used; one for the breech-end, one for the centre, and one for the muzzle-piece. The ends of the ribands, after being twisted into spirals, are drawn out taper and coiled round with the spiral until the extremity is lost, as shown in the representation of a coiled breech-piece of Damascus iron. The coiled riband is next heated, a steel mandrel inserted in the muzzle end, and the coil is welded by hammering. Three men are required one to hold and turn the coil upon the grooved anvil, and two to strike. The foreman, or the one who holds the coil, has also a small hammer with which he strikes the coil, to show the others in which place to strike. When taken from the fire the coil is first beaten upon an iron plate fixed in the floor, and the end opened upon a swage, or the pene of the anvil, to admit of the mandrel being inserted. When the muzzle or fore-coil has been heated, jumped up, and hammered until thoroughly welded, the breech-end or coil, usually about six inches long, is joined to it. The breech-coil is first welded in the same manner, and a piece is cut out of each coil; the two ribands are welded together and the two coils are joined into one, and form a barrel. The two coils being joined, and all the welds made perfect, the barrels are heated, and the surplus metal removed with a float; the barrels are then hammered until they are black or nearly cold, which finishes the process. This hammering greatly increases the density and tenacity of the metal, and the wear of the barrel depends in a great measure upon its being properly performed. A very nice and tight action and overall in nice condition for age. A very small piece of wood lacking from the breech tang area. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
19th Century Napoleonic Wars Kilij With Russian CyrillicScript Etched Blade A form of sword that is actually known around the world by at least three different names, the kilij, shamshir and mamaluke. With small cyrillic etched passages on both sides of the blade. With good luck motto and the mans name. Picture in the gallery of Napoleon in Egypt carrying his identical form of kilij/shamshir. A sturdy curved single edged steel blade of kilij form. A hilt comprised of a grip with horn grip-scales rising to a bulbous pommel in a characteristic Turkish Ottoman style, set with rivets and enclosed by fluted brass straps, with a white metal crossguard. The wooden scabbard is covered in low grade silver panels decorated with geometric patterning with a twin loop for suspension. The horn grip is very good with flower head rivets, the scabbard is very good for age. The blade is inscribed with an inscription in cyrillic. Many old Turkish and Mameluke blades were constantly remounted and used for a few hundred years and were passed from father to son and were used by the next generations, hence swords made earlier were still used after hundreds of years. The overall length with the scabbard is approximately: 100 cm (39 in). The overall length without the scabbard is approximately: 97 cm (38 in). Examples of similar forms of Ottoman blades dated to the 16th -17th century and mounted in 18th century mountings can be seen in the Topkapi Sarayi Museum Istanbul and also in the Askeri Museum Istanbul Turkey. The kilij sword was mainly favored by the famous Turkish Ottoman elite cavalry Sipahi, but was also very popular in many Balkan states and some Eastern European countries such as Poland, Ukraine, and Hungary and parts of the Russian Empire. See Islamic Swords and Swordsmiths by Unsal Yucel, "Les armes blanches du monde islamique" by Alan Jacob and "Armies of the Ottoman Turks 1300-1774" by David Nicolle. Mamelukes are members of a former military caste originally composed of slaves from Turkey, that held the Egyptian throne from the mid thirteenth century to the early 1500s. They remained strong until 1811. Regency fashion took inspiration from everything Mameluke, from swords to clothing. Many British generals and admirals took to wearing the Kilij [or mamluke], and in France, Napoleon's general's did very much the same. This sword is in it's original scabbard. The origins of the Mamluke originate from the slave soldiers who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid Sultans during the Middle Ages. Over time, they became a powerful military caste often defeating the Crusaders. On more than one occasion, they seized power for themselves; for example, ruling Egypt in the Mamluk Sultanate from 1250–1517.Initially the Mamelukes were mostly Qipchaq Turks from the steppe lands north of the Black Sea but from 1382 onwards the rulers were mostly Circasians from the Caucasus. Though Mameluke politics were marked by intrigue and violence, the regime was very successful. Militarily they were the only power able to defeat the Mongols, at the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, and they put an end to the crusader occupation of the Holy Land with the conquest of Acre in 1291. Both economically and culturally, Mameluke rule was the most successful period in the history of medieval Egypt. The Mamelukes remained a force to be reckoned with until their defeat by Napoleon at the battle of the Pyramids in 1798.
21st Regiment Essex Fusiliers Fur Busby grenade. Circa.1887 Canadian Militia busby helmet badge. 21st Regiment Essex Fusiliers Fur Busby grenade. Circa.1887 Brass grenade with two lugs to the reverse in excellent condition.
A 'Claw and Feather' Bronze Page Turner Absolutely perfect for those of an ornithological bent, or a poultry fancier. In colour patinated bronze, possibly Austrian. Circa 1900. 9.5 inches long
A 12th Century, King Henry Ist and IInd War Axe, With Socket Mount. In the Norman through to the Plantagenet eras, War Axes were often the weapon of choice of Kings of England in battle. Used from the time of Henry Ist of England, King of England from [1100 to 1135]. King Stephen and Queen Matilda, in the age of Anarchy, and through to King Henry IInd [5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189]. Henry 1st was the fourth son of William the Conqueror. Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices. Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Many of the officials that ran Henry's system were "new men" of obscure backgrounds rather than from families of high status, who rose through the ranks as administrators. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in 1101 with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in 1105. He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy. The early years of Stephen's reign were largely successful, despite a series of attacks on his possessions in England and Normandy by David I of Scotland, Welsh rebels, and the Empress Matilda's husband, Geoffrey of Anjou. In 1138 the Empress's half-brother Robert of Gloucester rebelled against Stephen, threatening civil war. Together with his close advisor, Waleran de Beaumont, Stephen took firm steps to defend his rule, including arresting a powerful family of bishops. When the Empress and Robert invaded in 1139, however, Stephen was unable to crush the revolt rapidly, and it took hold in the south-west of England. Captured at the battle of Lincoln in 1141, Stephen was abandoned by many of his followers and lost control of Normandy. Stephen was freed only after his wife and William of Ypres, one of his military commanders, captured Robert at the Rout of Winchester, but the war dragged on for many years with neither side able to win an advantage. Henry Iind was an energetic and sometimes ruthless ruler, driven by a desire to restore the lands and privileges of his royal grandfather, Henry I. During the early years of the younger Henry's reign he restored the royal administration in England, re-established hegemony over Wales and gained full control over his lands in Anjou, Maine and Touraine. Henry's desire to reform the relationship with the Church led to conflict with his former friend Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury. This controversy lasted for much of the 1160s and resulted in Becket's murder in 1170. Henry soon came into conflict with Louis VII and the two rulers fought what has been termed a "cold war" over several decades. Henry expanded his empire, often at Louis' expense, taking Brittany and pushing east into central France and south into Toulouse; despite numerous peace conferences and treaties no lasting agreement was reached. By 1172, he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland and the western half of France, an area that would later come to be called the Angevin Empire. 5.5 inches blade edge
A 13th Century Iron Head Battle Mace 800 Years Old, On Later Haft Pineapple shaped lobes on circular head with large mounting hole through which the haft slots [it is now fitted to a haft for display as its original rotted away centuries ago as usual]. The type were also used as a Flail Mace. Once the hollow iron head was filled with lead and a chain mounted hook placed within it, a chain could be added to the end of a similar wooden haft. This subsequent mace head weapon could thus then became a flail, often called a scorpion at the time. This iron mace head has flattened pyramidal protuberances, and is possibly English. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an armour and helmet Crusher in hand to hand mortal combat upon his war horse, or then dismounted. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed. During the Middle Ages metal armour such as mail protected against the blows of edged weapons. Solid metal maces and war hammers proved able to inflict damage on well armoured knights, as the force of a blow from a mace is great enough to cause damage without penetrating the armour. Though iron became increasingly common, copper and bronze were also used, especially in iron-deficient areas. It is popularly believed that maces were employed by the clergy in warfare to avoid shedding blood (sine effusione sanguinis). The evidence for this is sparse and appears to derive almost entirely from the depiction of Bishop Odo of Bayeux wielding a club-like mace at the Battle of Hastings in the Bayeux Tapestry, the idea being that he did so to avoid either shedding blood or bearing the arms of war. One of the Crusades this type of mace may have been used was the Crusade of 1239, which was in territorial terms the most successful crusade since the First. Called by Pope Gregory IX, the Barons' Crusade broadly spanned from 1234-1241 and embodied the highest point of papal endeavour "to make crusading a universal Christian undertaking." Gregory called for a crusade in France, England, and Hungary with different degrees of success. Although the crusaders did not achieve any glorious military victories, they used diplomacy to successfully play the two warring factions of the Muslim Ayyubid dynasty (As-Salih Ismail in Damascus and As-Salih Ayyub in Egypt) against one another for even more concessions than Frederick II gained during the more well-known Sixth Crusade. For a few years, the Barons' Crusade returned the Kingdom of Jerusalem to its largest size since 1187. This crusade to the Holy Land is sometimes discussed as two separate crusades: that of King Theobald I of Navarre, which began in 1239; and, the separate host of crusaders under the leadership of Richard of Cornwall, which arrived after Theobald departed in 1240. Additionally, the Barons' Crusade is often described in tandem with Baldwin of Courtenay's concurrent trip to Constantinople and capture of Tzurulum with a separate, smaller force of crusaders. This is because Gregory IX briefly attempted to redirect the target his new crusade from liberating the Holy Land from Muslims to protecting the Latin Empire of Constantinople from heretical Christians. Despite relatively plentiful primary sources, scholarship until recently has been limited, due at least in part to the lack of major military engagements. Although Gregory IX went further than any other pope to create an ideal of Christian unity in the process of organizing the crusade, in practice the crusade's divided leadership did not reveal a unified Christian action or identity in response to taking a cross. Approx. 2.5 inch wide lobed iron head.
A 13th Century, Knight's Iron Battle Mace Head Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English or East European. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant that his lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed.
A 16th C. Moghul 'Shaturnal' Swivel Cannon Barrel For Use on A War Elephant on the Howdah, or on Camel saddle. A superb late Medieval matchlock swivel cannon barrel used on the back of a camel or war elephant. With a bore of around 5/8th inch and a barrel around eight times thicker than the normal width of a musket. Superb piece of early ironwork that would have fitted in a wooden support on the back of the beast and rotated with something resembling a row boat rowlock By the time of Akbar (October 15, 1542 – October 27, 1605) heavy mortars and cannons were rarely used in the Mughal military. Light cannons that could be used on the battlefield were the mainstay of the Mughal artillery corps, including the shaturnal, similar to swivel guns, but carried on the backs of camels and even in the howdahs of elephants. Akbar, widely considered the greatest of the Mughal emperors was thirteen years old when he ascended the throne in Delhi, following the death of his father Humayun. During his reign, he eliminated military threats from the Pashtun descendants of Sher Shah Suri, and at the Second Battle of Panipat he defeated the Hindu king Hemu. It took him nearly two more decades to consolidate his power and bring parts of northern and central India into his realm. There are original paintings [copied in the gallery] showing Akbar's matchlocks and artillery being used in combat. Towards the end of 1568 Akbar concentrated his forces around the fort of Ranthambhor, held by a vassal of the Maharana of Chittor, Rao Surjan Hada of Bundi. This fort had been attacked earlier in 1560, but that Mughal army had been defeated by the Rajputs. The fort of Gagraun, to the south of Bundi, had however been captured that year. Now after the capture of Chittor Akbar could turn once again to Ranthambhor. Weighs around 5.25 kilos. 28.75 inches long. With old Jaipur Arsenal Armoury store mark. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Photographed on a stand, not included.
A 1730 18th Century Culloden Period Scottish Basket Hilted Sword An 18th century Scottish basket hilted back-sword of heavy grade combat form with traditional full open basket, with inset oval opening for the holding of reins when on horseback and heart piercings thoughout each panel, and it has a high bun pommel, and original shagreen grip with wire binding. Armourer stamped blade, with the running wolf [or fox] mark of Solingen or Passau. In its original leather scabbard, the blade and scabbard are of combat-reduced length. Some few still surviving swords from Culloden have very similarly reduced length blades due to tip damage in the 1745 Jacobite rebellion, including the most similar surviving sword of Thomas Milne of Muretoune, supporter of Charles Stuart. The Jacobite rising of 1745, also known as the Forty-five Rebellion or simply the "45", was an attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for his father, James Francis Edward Stuart. It took place during the War of the Austrian Succession, when the bulk of the British Army was in Europe, and proved to be the last in a series of revolts that began in 1689, with major outbreaks in 1708, 1715 and 1719. Charles launched the rebellion on 19 August 1745 at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands, capturing Edinburgh and winning the Battle of Prestonpans in September. At a council in October, the Scots agreed to invade England after Charles assured them of substantial support from English Jacobites and a simultaneous French landing in Southern England. On that basis, the Jacobite army entered England in early November, reaching Derby on 4 December, where they decided to turn back. Similar discussions had taken place at Carlisle, Manchester and Preston and many felt they had gone too far already. The invasion route was chosen to take them through areas considered strongly Jacobite but the promised English support failed to materialise, they were far from home and outnumbered by three government armies, each larger than their own. While the decision was supported by the vast majority, it caused an irretrievable split between the Scots and Charles. Despite victory at Falkirk Muir in January 1746, the Battle of Culloden in April ended the Rebellion and significant backing for the Stuart cause. Charles escaped to France, but was unable to win support for another attempt, and died in Rome in 1788. The Jacobite cause did not entirely disappear after 1746 but the exposure of the key factions' conflicting objectives ended it as a serious threat. Many Scots were disillusioned by Charles' leadership while areas in England that were strongly Jacobite in 1715 like Northumberland and County Durham provided minimal support in 1745. Irish Jacobite societies continued but increasingly reflected opposition to the existing order rather than affection for the Stuarts and were absorbed by the Republican United Irishmen. 27 inch blade 33.5 inches long overall.
A 1767 to the Revolutionary War Period, French Grenadier of Infantry Sword With brass hilt and steel blade. The hilt has a loss of quillon and half langet. A scarce sword from a most turbulent era of French history. Used from the era of France's alliance to America in the Revolutionary War of 1777, right through the French Revolution 1792. There are several such swords in Smithsonian in America. French participation in North America was initially maritime in nature and marked by some indecision on the part of its military leaders. In 1778 American and French planners organized an attempt to capture Newport, Rhode Island, then under British occupation. The attempt failed, in part because Admiral d'Estaing did not land French troops prior to sailing out of Narragansett Bay to meet the British fleet, and then sailed for Boston after his fleet was damaged in a storm. In 1779, d'Estaing again led his fleet to North America for joint operations, this time against British-held Savannah, Georgia. About 3,000 French joined with 2,000 Americans in the Siege of Savannah, in which a naval bombardment was unsuccessful, and then an attempted assault of the entrenched British position was repulsed with heavy losses. Support became more notable when in 1780; 6,000 soldiers led by Rochambeau were landed at Newport, abandoned in 1779 by the British, and they established a naval base there. Rochambeau and Washington met at Wethersfield, Connecticut in May 1781 to discuss their options. Washington wanted to drive the British from New York City, and the British force in Virginia, led first by turncoat Benedict Arnold, then by Brigadier William Phillips, and eventually by Charles Cornwallis, was also seen as a potent threat that could be fought with naval assistance. These two options were dispatched to the Caribbean along with the requested pilots; Rochambeau, in a separate letter, urged de Grasse to come to the Chesapeake Bay for operations in Virginia. Following the Wethersfield conference, Rochambeau moved his army to White Plains, New York and placed his command under Washington. De Grasse received these letters in July, at roughly the same time Cornwallis was preparing to occupy Yorktown, Virginia. De Grasse concurred with Rochambeau, and sent back a dispatch indicating that he would reach the Chesapeake at the end of August, but that agreements with the Spanish meant he could only stay until mid-October. The arrival of his dispatches prompted the Franco-American army to begin a march for Virginia. De Grasse reached the Chesapeake as planned, and disembarked troops to assist Lafayette's army in the blockade of Cornwallis. The arrival of a British fleet sent to dispute de Grasse's control of the Chesapeake was defeated on September 5 at the Battle of the Chesapeake, and the Newport fleet delivered the French siege train to complete the allied military arrival. The Siege of Yorktown and following surrender by Cornwallis on October 19 were decisive in ending major hostilities in North America.Starting with the Siege of Yorktown, Benjamin Franklin never informed France of the secret negotiations that took place directly between Britain and the United States. Britain relinquished her rule over the Thirteen Colonies and granted them all the land south of the Great Lakes and east of the Mississippi River. However, since France was not included in the American-British peace discussions, the alliance between France and the colonies was broken. Thus the influence of France and Spain in future negotiations was limited. Last photo in the gallery is of the depiction of the Second Battle of the Virginia Capes (Battle of the Chesapeake).
A 1770's Brass Hilted Boy's or Midshipman's Sword An interesting boy's or midshipman's sword from the period of the American revolutionary war. Cast brass rococo hilt, with shell guard and knuckle bow. Overall length 36 inches. Good condition. There is a picture in the gallery by Thomas Rowlandson of a similar sword worn by a young boy officer [midshipman] of the Royal Navy in the 18th century. In the 18th century there were no regualtions for sword patterns, so a sword such as this would have been perfect and worn by a young junior naval officer. The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training. The first published use of the term midshipman was in 1662. The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed. By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: midshipman (original rating), midshipman extraordinary, midshipman (apprentice officer), and midshipman ordinary. Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as 1822, alongside apprentice officers without themselves aspiring to a commission. By 1794, all midshipmen were considered officer candidates. The everage age of entry in the 18th century was 12, but some of younger age were certainly known of.
A 1796 British Flank Company Officer's Sabre. With Copper Gilt Hilt A most attractive sword based on the 1796 Light Dragoon sbare but slightly shorter for the benefit of an officer that fought on foot. The hilt is beautifully engraved with Union flag shield nd stands of arms, the lion's head pommel and wire bound fishskin grip. The blade has fine engraving with royal cyphers and crest of the king. There is a lot of dark blue remaining and gilt within the engraving. Old repair to the knucklebow.
A 1796 Infantry Officers Combat Sword With Blue and Gilt Blade By Reddell and Bate Birmingham. In untouched condition for likely 200 years. With obvious signs of combat use and wear but a good honest example of an original Peninsular War and Waterloo British infantry officer's sword of the Napoleonic Wars. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire led by Emperor Napoleon I against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions. They revolutionized European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. The wars are traditionally seen as a continuation of the Revolutionary Wars, which broke out in 1792 during the French Revolution. Initially, French power rose quickly as the armies of Napoleon conquered much of Europe. In his military career, Napoleon fought about 60 battles and lost seven, mostly at the end. The great French dominion collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. Napoleon was defeated in 1814, and then once more in 1815 at Waterloo after a brief return to power. The Allies then reversed all French gains since the Revolutionary Wars at the Congress of Vienna. Before a final victory against Napoleon, five of seven coalitions saw defeat at the hands of France. France defeated the first and second coalitions during the French Revolutionary Wars, the third (notably at Austerlitz), the fourth (notably at Jena, Eylau, and Friedland) and the fifth coalition (notably at Wagram) under the leadership of Napoleon. These great victories gave the French Army a sense of invulnerability, especially when it approached Moscow. But after the retreat from Russia, in spite of incomplete victories, France was defeated by the sixth coalition at Leipzig, in the Peninsular War at Vitoria and at the hands of the seventh coalition at Waterloo. The wars resulted in the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and sowed the seeds of nationalism that would lead to the consolidations of Germany and Italy later in the century. Meanwhile, the global Spanish Empire began to unravel as French occupation of Spain weakened Spain's hold over its colonies, providing an opening for nationalist revolutions in Spanish America. As a direct result of the Napoleonic wars, the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century, thus beginning Pax Britannica. No consensus exists about when the French Revolutionary Wars ended and the Napoleonic Wars began. An early candidate is 9 November 1799, the date of Bonaparte's coup seizing power in France. However, the most common date is 18 May 1803, when renewed war broke out between Britain and France, ending the one-year-old Peace of Amiens, the only period of general peace in Europe between 1792 and 1814. Most actual fighting ceased following Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo on 18 June 1815, although skirmishing continued as late as 3 July 1815 at the Battle of Issy. The Second Treaty of Paris officially ended the wars on 20 November 1815.
A 1796 Volunteer Light Dragoon Sword With brass P hilt, ribbed wooden grip and typical deeply swept curved blade. Some thirty-four regiments of fencible cavalry regiments were raised in 1794 and 1795, in response to an invasion scare. At the same time, a large number of troops of volunteer cavalry were raised on a county level, consisting of local gentry and yeoman farmers; from the latter they took the description yeomanry. These troops formed into yeomanry regiments, organised broadly by county, around 1800; their history thereafter is complex, with many disbanding, reforming, and changing title intermittently. However, most remained in existence throughout the nineteenth century, seeing occasional service quelling riots and helping to maintain public order.
A 17th Century Italian Roman Form Miquelet Lock Long Holster Horse Pistol 28 bore third quarter of the 17th Century. A stunning and most rare find from the era of King Charles IIrd 20” overall, two stage slender barrel of 13¾” with raised band at breech and muzzle, the line engraved octagonal breech is signed “Lazarino Cominazzo”, with plain unmarked Roman lock, and a fabulous stripe grained banded maple wood fullstock having steel mounts including long spurred butt cap, with an engraved pierced sideplate including serpents head, pierced escutcheon, and trigger guard with an embossed grotesque mask, the throat pipe of engraved brass, the ramrod with pierced baluster tip. The founder of the dynasty of barrel makers was the legendary Lazarino Cominazzo, first recorded in the accouints of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, for 1593, as Lazari[no] da Gardo[ne]. In 1621 Bonaventura Pistofilo referred to the barrels that Lazarine…made at Cardone near Brescia, while Antonio Petrini, writing in 1643, noted that There is also an illustrious man called Lazarin Cominaz, who was one of the greatest masters there has been in any century…[his] barrels are greatly renowned all over the world. John Evelyn, travelling through Brescia three years later, recorded in his diary that "Here I purchased of old Lazarino Cominazzo my fine carbine…this city being famous for these firearms and that workman…the best esteemed." The standards of excellence established by Lazarino were maintained by his four sons and subsequent members of the family. The most gifted of them in the second half of the 17th century was Fortunato Cominazzo (1634-96), who signed himself as Lazarino Cominazzo and was noted for the extreme lightness of his barrels. Unfortunately, as a Brescian chronicle records: On 29 October 1696 there was great trouble and revolution in the district of Gardone, Val Trompia, in the course of which both quarrels and murders frequently took place. Following on this Lazzarino Cominazzo, a very gifted maker of arquebus barrels, was shot by order of the state inquisitors…His body was taken to Brescia and exposed on the gallows in the public square. Many members of the family lost their lives at the same time, while others fled the area only to return in 1720. Due to his fame other makers inscribed his name to their barrels in order to elevate their pistols to his esteemed level. Old forestock repair. Very nice working order and fine condition for age.
A 17th century Style Spanish Cup-Hilt Duelling Rapier Slender thrusting blade with an offset single fuller on each side. Embossed steel cup with acanthus leaf scrolling and left and right hand gadrooning, rolled scroll edging. Long spiral writhen quillons. Wire twist grip with elaborate wire binding. Compressed, cut, cushion shaped pommel. Blade 32 inches long. 10 inches hilt width at the quillons. Made in the 19th century. Removed knuckle bow in it's working life. A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two individuals, with matched weapons in accordance with agreed-upon rules. Duels in this form were chiefly practiced in early modern Europe, with precedents in the medieval code of chivalry, and continued into the modern period (19th to early 20th centuries) especially among military officers. During the 17th and 18th centuries (and earlier), duels were mostly fought with swords (the rapier, later the smallsword), but beginning in the late 18th century in England, duels were more commonly fought using pistols; fencing and pistol duels continued to co-exist throughout the 19th century. The duel was based on a code of honour. Duels were fought not so much to kill the opponent as to gain "satisfaction", that is, to restore one's honour by demonstrating a willingness to risk one's life for it, and as such the tradition of duelling was originally reserved for the male members of nobility; however, in the modern era it extended to those of the upper classes generally. On rare occasions, duels with pistols or swords were fought between women; these were sometimes known as petticoat duels. Legislation against duelling goes back to the medieval period. The Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215) outlawed duels,mnand civil legislation in the Holy Roman Empire against duelling was passed in the wake of the Thirty Years' War. From the early 17th century, duels became illegal in the countries where they were practiced. Dueling largely fell out of favor in England by the mid-19th century and in Continental Europe by the turn of the 20th century. Dueling declined in the Eastern United States in the 19th century and by the time the American Civil War broke out, dueling had begun an irreversible decline, even in the South. Public opinion, not legislation, caused the change
A 17th Century Tanjore Battle Axe From The Era of Moghul Emperor Aurangzebe From the era of Emperor Aurangzebe, from Lahore, in the Punjab. Iron combat axe head of iconic backswept form with elongated rectangular socket mount, on likely a later haft. Sobriquet Aurangzeb (Persian: "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (Persian: "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, ruling over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to 4 million square kilometres, and he ruled over a population estimated to be over 158 million subjects, with an annual yearly revenue of more than ten times that of his contemporary King Louis XIV of France, around 39 million pounds (almost 3 billion rupees) in 1690. Under his reign, India surpassed China to become the world's largest economy, nearly a quarter of world GDP in 1700. Aurangzeb is considered one of India's most controversial kings. Some historians argue that his policies abandoned his predecessors' legacy of pluralism and religious tolerance, citing his destruction of Hindu temples and execution of a Sikh guru, while other historians question this, arguing that his destruction of temples has been exaggerated and were politically motivated, and noting that he built more temples than he destroyed, also destroyed Islamic mosques, paid for the maintenance of temples, employed significantly more Hindus in his imperial bureaucracy than his predecessors did, and opposed bigotry against Hindus and Shia Muslims. It was at the end of his reign that the downfall of the Mughal Empire began. Rebellions and wars eventually led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and army. He was a strong-handed authoritarian ruler, and following his death the expansionary period of the Mughal Empire came to an end. Nevertheless, the contiguous territory of the Mughal Empire still remained intact more or less until the reign of Muhammad Shah.
A 19th Century Mayanmar Kachin Naga Dao Headhunting has been a practice among the Naga tribes of India and Myanmar. The practice was common up to the 20th century and may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks (tattoos and others) of a successful headhunt. In Assam, in the northeast of India, all the peoples living south of the Brahmaputra River—Garos, Khasis, Nagas, and Kukis—formerly were headhunters including the Mizo of the Lusei Hills who also hunt heads of their enemies which was latter abolished with Christianity introduced in the region. The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade. Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure. The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up. The flat face of the blade is shown in the full length view and in the blade detail photograph; the side of the blade shown in the detail photograph of the handle has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's width, where the blade thins to form the edge. Serpentine lamination to the blade. Overall length: 61 cm.; blade length:48 cm. One photo is of a Kachin villager wearing a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. Vincent Curl of special forces OSS Detachment 101 during World War II. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the last photo is of Naga tribesmen in 1875. All for information only.
A 19th Century 'Crimean War' Military Officer's Trunk, Probably Russian A wooden and steel strap banded military trunk from the Crimean war. Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of the 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train. The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons.The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach. 13 inches deep x 21.5 inches wide x 11.5 inches high.
A 19th Century 'Russian' Hand Held Adapted Sword Bayonet Probably a socket bayonet for the Imperial Russian 1856 M. Jeager Rifle. Adapted with a turned walnut handle to create a hand held, thrusting sword, ideal for close combat action without it's rifle. Possibly for use in conjunction with a pistol. An ingenious and effective method of creating a hand effective bayonet that without such a fitting would be a redundant weapon without it's rifle to affix to.
A 19th Century Dixon Musket Powder Flask With Embossed Body Copper body with brass adjustable measuring spout. Spring at fault. A beautiful flask but non working action due to spring. Circa 1840
A 19th Century English Boxlock Pistol By Smith of London Circa 1830. Boxlock pistols were pocket pistols popular in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism. Unlike most firearms which have the hammer located off to the side of the pistol, a boxlock pistol had the hammer located directly on top of the pistol. They were called a boxlocks because all of the working mechanisms for the hammer and the trigger was located in a “box” or receiver directly below the top mounted hammer. While the hammer obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun more compact and concealable than other pistols. The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock. Unlike modern firearms, these pistols were not mass produced, but were hand made in gunsmith's workshops. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask A most charming 19th century late George Ivthpowder flask for a hunting fowling piece or musket. Spring lacking, opening to seam. Priced for decoration only.
A 19th Century Indo Persian Saif [Shamshir] Traces of silver inlay to the steel hilt and a finely made sword of around 200 years old. The name is thought to be derived from the Persian word shamsher which literally means “paw claw,” due to its long, curved design. The word has been translated through many languages to end at scimitar. In the Early Middle Ages, the Turkic people of Central Asia came into contact with Middle Eastern civilizations through their shared Islamic faith. Turkic Ghilman slave-soldiers serving under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates introduced "kilij" type sabers to all of the other Middle Eastern cultures. Previously, Arabs and Persians used straight-bladed swords such as the Indo-Persian khanda and earlier types of the Arab saif, takoba and kaskara. During Islamization of the Turks, the kilij became more and more popular in the ?slamic armies. When the Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the first Turkic Muslim political power in Western Asia, kilij became the dominant sword form. The Iranian shamshir was created during the Turkic Seljuk Empire period of Iran. The term saif in Arabic can refer to any Middle Eastern (or North African, South Asian) curved sword. The Arabic word is ultimately derived from the ancient Greek xiphos, but it is not necessarily a direct loan from the Greek, it may have entered Arabic from another source, as both saif and xiphos go back to an old (Bronze Age) Wanderwort of the eastern Mediterranean, of unknown ultimate origin. Richard F. Burton derives both words from the Egyptian sfet. The English term scimitar is attested from the mid-16th century, derives from either the Middle French cimeterre (15th century) or from the Italian scimitarra. The ultimate source of these terms is unknown. Perhaps they are corruptions of the Persian shamshir, but the OED finds this explanation "unsatisfactory". No scabbard
A 19th Century Leather Shot Flask By Renown Maker James Dixon and Son Embossed leather relief design of hanging game. J Dixon & Sons (James Dixon & Sons) founded 1806 in Sheffield, was one of the major British manufacturers in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century. They were well known as manufacturers of Pewterware, Electroplated Britannia metal Silverware and Electroplated nickel silver. Their products included hundreds of items for use in the kitchen (e.g. bowls, cutting-tools) and the dining room(e.g. tea services, cocktail shakers and mixers) as well as items like candlesticks for all rooms. They were a world leader in manufacturing shooting accessories through nineteenth century and exported powder flasks in large quantities to America, They were known as whistle makers, which like most of their products were of outstanding quality; they were one of the 4 great whistle makers, the others being W Dowler & Sons, J Stevens & Son & T Yates. It was located first at Silver Street (1806), Cornish Place (1822) Sheffield . They were also famous for their sporting trophies. Two of the most well-known are the Hales Trophy commissioned in 1932 (sometimes called the Blue Riband) though this really refers to the pendant flown by the sailing ship currently holding the record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic. The trophy was then held by the owners of that ship. The other great trophy is the one presented to the winner of the American Masters Golf tournament held annually in Augusta Georgia. This trophy is a scale model of the clubhouse made in 1959-60 and contains 453 troy ounces of silver.
A 19th Century Medievil Style Knightly Sword 13th-14th Century style, but made in the Victorian era, most probably as a faithful representation and display piece for a country estate. In the early 19th century Sir Walter Scott's novels created a great resurgence in the interest in romantic Knightly tales of derring do and chivalry, and this was strongly followed in architecture at the time. To reflect the interest, numerous great castles and gothic mansions were built, and many were furnished with Knightly Armour and Weaponry such as this.
A 19th Century Short Sword With Brass Hilt and Steel Blade A strong gladius type short sword of stout proportions, likely Continental, probably 1840's but an element of mystery as to it's country of origin. Possibly from a smaller German state or Grand Duchy.
A 19th Century Silver North African Jambiya Koummya With Rope Mount Two ring mounting with beautiful and finely scroll engraved panelled silver front decoration and engraved brass reverse side. The koummya is the characteristic traditional dagger of the Berber and Arabic peoples of Morocco. Stone classifies these as being one localized variant of the Arabic jambiya, and the contoured handles, curved double-edged blades and exaggeratedly upturned scabbard tips are all features consistent with such an interpretation. In the context of the traditional regional manner of dress, the koummya is worn visibly at the left side, generally about at the level of the waist and is suspended vertically, with the scabbard tip forward, by a long woolen baldric, attached at either end to one of the two scabbard rings, and worn crossing in front and back of the torso and over the right shoulder. A much greater diversity in forms and decoration exists than is represented by the examples presented here and presumably such features could be used to place particular examples geographically and temporally. Koummya blades are curved and double edged with the portion nearer the hilt remaining relatively straight while the curvature becomes pronounced in the half towards the tip. The length of the blade which is beveled and sharpened is longer along the concave side than along the opposite convex side. Blade thickness tapers from the base of the blade, where it is thickest, to the tip. While the edge bevels may give the blade a flattened diamond or lenticular cross-section towards the tip, the cross-section is rectangular at the forte. These blades are characteristically relatively thin and utilitarian and the presence of fullers or ridges is not typical.
A Battle of Trafalgar Period 1805 Pattern Officers Sword Coverted to a Dirk Although officially known as the 1805 Pattern, Royal Navy Officer's sword, they were actually used from the end of the 18th century [from around the 1790's] right through the Napoleonic Wars era. It has a traditional very nice quality cast relief fouled anchor langet, and a somewhat shortened blade and the knuckle bow removed. Carved ebony grip with small losses at the pommel area, bound with original triple wire copper binding. Blade shows nice traces though feint of traditional naval etching. So called midshipman's dirks [that were in fact used by officers as well] were usually custom made by sword cutlers for officers uniform tailors and outfitters, but, they could also be made on board, in the field of battle so to speak, by the ship's armourer utilising a battle damaged officers combat sword. This is one of those very such sword-dirks. There are a few most similar surviving examples from Nelson's navy of this very type of adapted sword/dirk in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich. A very good sword-dirk for a Royal Naval Officer from The Battle of Trafalgar, the Wars with France, the Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812 [with America] eras. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under the French Admiral Villeneuve in the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, in Caños de Meca. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England. The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy. This involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the enemy fleet, with decisive results. Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle. Villeneuve attended Nelson's funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. No scabbard Overall 26.75 inches long, blade 22.25 inches long.
A Battle Worn Original Early 17th Century Italian Partizan Polearm Head Steel three prong partizan decorated with birds on a floral background from the 1620's. Battle damaged and a fabulous artifact of 17th century warfare. With later haft [not shown] A partizan (also partisan) is a type of polearm that was used in Europe in the Middle Ages. It consisted of a spearhead mounted on a long shaft, usually wooden, with protrusions on the sides which aided in parrying sword thrusts. From the era of the Italian Wars of Castro. They were a series of conflicts during the mid-17th century revolving around the ancient city of Castro (located in present-day Lazio, Italy), which eventually resulted in the city's destruction on 2 September 1649. The conflict was a result of a power struggle between the papacy – represented by members of two deeply entrenched Roman families and their popes, the Barberini and Pope Urban VIII and the Pamphili and Pope Innocent X – and the Farnese dukes of Parma, who controlled Castro and its surrounding territories as the Duchy of Castro.
A Beautiful 1796 Blue and Gilt Officer's Light Dragoon Sabre With brass combat scabbard, brass hilt, carved bone grip and traditional 1796 Light Dragoon form blade, used in the Waterloo era, with wide swollen tip. The blue and gilt is good but has some wear and fading due to to use. Officers both regular and volunteers carried fighting swords very similar in form to those of the trooper version, though they tended to be lighter in weight and show evidence of higher levels of finish and workmanship. Officers stationed in India sometimes had the hilts and scabbards of their swords silvered as a protection against the high humidity of the Monsoon season. Unlike the officers of the heavy cavalry, light cavalry officers did not have a pattern dress sword. As a result of this there were many swords made which copied elements of the 1796 pattern design but incorporated a high degree of decoration, such as blue and gilt or frost-etched blades, and gilt-bronze hilts such as this one. The mounted swordsmanship training of the British emphasised the cut, at the face for maiming or killing, or at the arms to disable. This left masses of mutilated or disabled troops; the French, in contrast, favoured the thrust, which gave cleaner kills. A cut with the 1796 LC sabre was, however, perfectly capable of killing outright, as was recorded by George Farmer of the 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons, who was involved in a skirmish on the Guadiana River in 1811, during the Peninsular War: "Just then a French officer stooping over the body of one of his countrymen, who dropped the instant on his horse's neck, delivered a thrust at poor Harry Wilson's body; and delivered it effectually. I firmly believe that Wilson died on the instant yet, though he felt the sword in its progress, he, with characteristic self-command, kept his eye on the enemy in his front; and, raising himself in his stirrups, let fall upon the Frenchman's head such a blow, that brass and skull parted before it, and the man's head was cloven asunder to the chin. It was the most tremendous blow I ever beheld struck; and both he who gave, and his opponent who received it, dropped dead together. The brass helmet was afterwards examined by order of a French officer, who, as well as myself, was astonished at the exploit; and the cut was found to be as clean as if the sword had gone through a turnip, not so much as a dint being left on either side of it" The blade is remembered today as one of the best of its time and has been described as the finest cutting sword ever manufactured in quantity. Officers of the famous 95th Rifles, other light infantry regiments and the "flank" companies of line regiments adopted swords with an identical hilt to the 1796 light cavalry sabre, but with a lighter and shorter blade. The sabre was also copied by the Prussians; indeed, some Imperial German troops were equipped with almost identical swords, but smaller, into the First World War.
A Beautiful 17th Cent.Chinese Qing Dynasty Sword, Rayskin Coral & Turquoise Scabbard. From the early Qing dynasty that followed the late Ming. A most rare and original antique sword, and what a find! Old original Chinese antique arms very rarely survive, and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. The fittings are very much in the form popular in the south to eastern region of the old Chinese empire in the Xizang province. This sword is a textbook representative example of the familiar Chinese form, well made and of good quality. The blade has traces still visible of the prominent hairpin pattern, the hallmark of traditional Sino-Tibetan blades, consisting of seven dark lines alternating with six light lines, caused by the different types of iron that were combined during the forging process. This was formed by combining harder and softer iron, referred to as "male iron" and "female iron" in traditional Tibetan texts, which was folded, nested together, and forged into one piece in a blade-making technique called pattern welding. The hilts are often made of engraved silver set with coral or turquoise, or in some rare instances are intricately chiseled and pierced in iron that is damascened in gold and silver. The different styles of swords that were once found in China and Tibet can be distinguished by several basic features, which include the type of blade, the form of hilt, the type of scabbard, and how the sword was designed to be worn. Traditional Tibetan texts divide swords into five principal types, each of which has a main subtype, for a total of ten basic types. These are in turn subdivided into dozens of further subtypes, many of which may, however, reflect legends and literary conventions rather than actual sword forms. Armour and weapons are certainly not among the images usually called to mind when considering the art or culture of Tibet, which is closely identified with the pacifism and deep spirituality of the Dalai Lama and with the compassionate nature of Tibetan Buddhism. However, this seeming paradox resolves itself when seen in the context of Tibetan history, which includes regular and extended periods of intense military activity from the seventh to the mid-twentieth century. Some excellent examples of Tibetan arms and armour can be found in museum collections today Other types were preserved for ceremonial occasions, the most important of which was the Great Prayer Festival, a month-long event held annually in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. Historical armour and weapons were also preserved due to the long-standing tradition of placing votive arms in monasteries and temples, where they are kept in special chapels, known as gonkhang (mgon khang), and dedicated to the service of guardian deities. The title of Dalai Lama is first bestowed on Sonam Gyatso (1543–1588), the third hierarch of the Gelukpa school of Tibetan Buddhism, by the Mongolian prince Altan Khan, a descendent of the great Genghis Khan, in the sixteenth century. Because his two predecessors received the title posthumously, Sonam is called the Third Dalai Lama. His incarnation and successor, the Fourth Dalai Lama, is Mongolian and a relative of the Khan. In 1642, the Fifth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), is installed as the undisputed ruler of Tibet. He becomes both a great scholar and an able administrator, earning the nickname "the Great Fifth." The Fifth Dalai lama creates the Tibetan theocratic state with the Dalai Lama at its head. For a dozen years, news of his death is hidden from the Chinese Qing emperor Kangxi by the regent Sangye Gyatso. Gyatso's protégé, the Sixth Dalai Lama, accedes in 1695. In 1717, after years of unrest, the Chinese emperor finally installs the Seventh Dalai Lama and proclaims Tibet a Chinese protectorate. Although there are representatives of the Manchus in Tibet, the region is largely left to function independently and does so for the next 200 years. Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Nepal is divided between the three sons of King Jayayakshamalla into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan. Over the next 250 years, the three kingdoms go through a process of consolidation and splintering, culminating in the reunification of the country under the Gorkha king Prithvi Narayana Shah in 1768–69. Kathmandu becomes the capital of the Gorkha kingdom shortly thereafter. Currently in one of the worlds greatest museums, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is an exhibition of Chinese Tibetan arms and armour. Item 36.25.1464., within the exhibition, is a near identical sword, dated as 17th century, used until the 19th century. Overall 23 3/4 inches long.
A Beautiful 1850's Victorian Albert Pattern South Salopian Cavalry Helmet In nice order for it's age and use that may well have been over 50 years. Good regimental badge with copper crown, replacement red horsehair plume. The Shropshire Yeomanry dates its origins to the French wars of 1793-1815. Volunteer cavalry units were raised throughout the country, with Shropshire raising many varied and exotic corps - the Brimstree Loyal Legion, the Pimhill Light Horse, the Oswestry Rangers and others. These mixed units were amalgamated in 1814 to form the Shrewsbury Yeomanry Cavalry, the South Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry and the North Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1828, the Shrewsbury Y.C. was absorbed into the South Shropshire, leaving two Regiments, known as the South Salopian and the North Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry. These in turn amalgamated in 1872 to form the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. They date their origins to the raising of the Wellington Troop in 1795. The regiment's first active service came during the South African War, when volunteers served in the 13th (Shropshire) Company of the 5th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry. Three contingents of 13/5 served in South Africa, earning the first Shropshire Yeomanry battle-honour, 'South Africa 1900-1902'. During the 1914-18 War, The Shropshire Yeomanry served in the Western Desert of Egypt and in Palestine (against the Turks). The only V.C. to a Shropshire Regiment was won by Sgt. Harold Whitfield of the Yeomanry, for gallantry at Burj-el-Lisaneh in Palestine in 1918. This helmet is complete with it's original, 160 [or more] years old Victorian plume, but the plume is in very poor condition [not shown]. Overall light surface wear denting and surface fracture to the rear [see photos].
A Beautiful 18th Century Italianate Flintlock Long Holster Pistol Made and used from the 1740's until circa 1820. During the age of the flintlock the largest sizes would be carried in holsters across a horse's back just ahead of the saddle. In-between sizes included the coat pocket pistol, or coat pistol, which would fit into a large pocket, the coach pistol, meant to be carried on or under the seat of a coach in a bag or box, and belt pistols, sometimes equipped with a hook designed to slip over a belt or waistband. Larger pistols were called horse pistols. As a result of the flintlock's long active life, it left lasting marks on the language. Terms such as: "lock, stock and barrel", "going off half-cocked" and "flash in the pan" remain current in English. This is exactly the type of flintlock one sees, and in fact expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A beautifully sprauncy sidearm, with long flared barrel. This is an original, honest and impressive antique flintlock that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This super piece may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the very form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course. Contemporary fore end stock repair.
A Beautiful 18th Century Long Holster Flintlock of the Mediterranean Finely carved walnut stock, long holster barrel beautifully chisseled and inlaid with silver. Silver buttcap, traditional early banana shaped lock. An Italianate style flintlock, made in the area of the Mediterranean, used throughout Europe in the 18th and early 19th century in the Napoelonic Wars and throughout the Ottoman Empire. This is exactly the type of flintlock one sees, and in fact expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A beautifully sprauncy sidearm, with long flared barrel. This is an original, honest and impressive antique flintlock that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This super piece may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the very form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course. The buttcap has seen damage when used as a skull crusher and had a field repair to the ears.
A Beautiful 18th Century Sikh Tulwar Gold Inlaid Hilt & Watered Steel Blade The hilt is covered in pure gold koftgari decoration. The Tulwar had historically been the quintessential combat sword used by Sikhs as their sacred kirpan due to its superior handling while mounted on horseback. With a curved blade optimized for cutting and slashing with sweeping cuts delivered from the shoulder by a horseman the curved blade of the tulwar could strike repeated blows without the danger of the blade getting stuck in bone or armour. It allowed for fierce slashing on all sides cutting through enemy formations while mounted on horseback. This tulwar has a curved blade of approximately 73cm in length with a graduating blade where it eventually begins it’s taper to the point. With its curved blade the point of the sword cannot be very effectively used for thrusting and the Tulwars defensive capabilities are limited. In this circumstance defence was taken up by using the shield (Dhal) in tandem with the Tulwar as an integral duo on the battlefield. The blade was firmly attached to the hilt of the Tulwar commonly using a heated paste of lac or red dye from the papal tree which when it hardened provided a solid and effective adhesive between the two parts of the sword. The hilt of the Tulwar has a button on top and a circular dished pommel disk featuring the koftgari design patterns of flowers in pure hammered gold. The grip of the Tulwar below the pommel disk narrows at the top and bottom while bulging out in the middle. The crossguard between the grip and the blade features two short but very thick rounded quillions. The index finger could be wrapped around a quillion rather than the grip providing the swordsman with extra maneuverability of the sword. Some Tulwars feature a knuckle guard extending from the quillion to the pommel disk, while others do not, both styles of Tulwars were commonly used by Sikhs. Guru Hargobind, the 6th Sikh Guru is said to have always carried two Tulwars representing his temporal and spiritual authority. They both had gold onlaid hilts.
A Beautiful 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask Not maker marked, but of very fine quality indeed. I small body dent. Good spring action to the multi measure spout.
A Beautiful Antique Fijian 'Snake Club' Gata Waka With Skull Splitter 18th to 19th century. Early 19th century Fiji battle club. Excellent condition with fabulous natural patina. So called because of their resemblance to the butt of a gun, they are actually have no relation to rifles or muskets, and predate their appearance. This Gatawaka or gunstock club is around 37.5 inches long and an absolute beauty. It could be described as a dueling club as it could be used to parry, and then bring the bladed end down on its victim. Another trick the Fijians would use is to pin them down by the neck with the crook of the club and then snap. Probably nokonoko wood. These clubs are made from the buttress roots of an uprooted sapling that has been planted and deliberately and carefully trained to produce the desired shape. The heavy two handed war club in all its various forms is regarded as being the favourite arm of the Fijian warrior. To slay an enemy with a club brought the warrior more prestige than to kill with any other weapon. Sometimes in order to gain ‘Koroi’, killer status, a detained prisoner would be speared and then administered a killing blow by a warrior to the head with a club. The fact that the club shattered that part of the body held most sacred by Fijians; the head, accounted in some degree for the special psychological aura surrounding it and distinguishing it from every other weapon in the Fijian warrior’s armoury. A tally of kills made with a club was often kept by a means of nicks or notches on the head or handle, by boring small holes in the shaft. A 19th century Fijian Gata Waka [snake club] of dark brown patina, the heavy gunstock head the main section with raised medial ``skull splitter`` ridge, the tapering oval section haft with swelling butt. The role of the craftsman in Fijian culture was a much-valued skill and the woodcraftsmen in Fiji formed a distinct group in the community, with their own chiefs and specialists in making various items. Clubs were lovingly crafted and some clubs required years to make. Club carvers ‘matai ni malumu’ were highly skilled in selecting the correct type of wood for making the club and experienced enough to experiment with design as the variation in design and ornamentation on Fijian clubs attest to. According to Rod Ewins, "This type of club is notable for the cheeks that were pounded with rocks while the tree was growing. The ridges running across the cheeks are typical." (Traditional Fijian Artefacts, Just Pacific, 2014, p. 89, fig. 6.34(i)) A small rounded ridge is located at the base of the spur at the head of the club. It is called the Tere Tere after the frill of an iguana. Small defensive wood cut in the haft midsection.
A Beautiful Antique Royal Vienna Porcelain Cabinet Plate By Griener Hand painted by one of the finest artists of Royal Vienna, and signed Griener. A portrait bust of Graf von Zeppelin With gold reflief border. Pre WW1 early 20th Century. Royal Vienna mark in underglazed blue. Gilding of the finest quality 99% good or better condition.
A Beautiful British Dragoon Basket Hilted Sword Culloden Period As used by the Scot's Dragoon's and the 7th Queens Dragoons, in fact all the British heavy dragoons in the 1740's to 1790's. Likely made by the world famous English blade maker of his day, Samuel Harvey, and bearing the royal GR Cypher of King George. The Harvey surname was one of the marks of renown Birmingham maker, Samuel Harvey, 1718-1778, who supplied many basket hilted swords to the British Crown, mostly for use by Highland troops. This sword is marked with the surname alone, HARVEY below the Crown and Cypher [the overlapping monogramme of GR] for King George. His more common mark was a running wolf, his other marks could be Harvey or S.Harvey. The fabulous basket hilt has the large oval ring insert, for the holding of the horses reins while gripping the sword when riding to battle, and part of the original buff hide basket liner. Wire bound fishskin grip, discoid pommel. The British dragoon regiments were a decisive force in the Battle of Culloden for example; At the close of the battle the stand by the Royal Écossais may have given Charles Edward Stuart the time to make his escape. At the time when the Macdonald regiments were crumbling and fleeing the field, Stuart seems to have been rallying Perth's and Glenbuchat's regiments when O'Sullivan rode up to Captain Shea who commanded Stuart's bodyguard: "Yu see all is going to pot. Yu can be of no great succor, so before a general deroute wch will soon be, Seize upon the Prince & take him off …". Shea then led Stuart from the field along with Perth's and Glenbuchat's regiments. From this point on the fleeing Jacobite forces were split into two groups: the Lowland regiments retired in order southwards, making their way to Ruthven Barracks; the Highland regiments however were cut off by the government cavalry, and forced to retreat down the road to Inverness. The result was that they were a perfect target for the government dragoons. Major-general Humphrey Bland led the charge against the fleeing Highlanders, giving "Quarter to None but about Fifty French Officers and Soldiers He picked up in his Pursuit". The basket hilted sword of this very form and character were used by British heavy dragoons for several decades, importantly in the American Revolutionary war. There is a near identical sword by Harvey, bearing the same form of maker mark and crown GR in a collection of American War of Independence weaponry featured in "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann. Page 148 sword 261s The shortage of cavalry in the Revolutionary War was a major drawback for the British. A strong cavalry presence at battles like Long Island and Brandywine could have enabled the British to encircle the Americans and prevent their retreat. It is possible that a strong cavalry force would have captured Washington’s army entirely during the march south through New Jersey in 1776. This is the form of sword used by the Scot's Greys Dragoons in the 7 Years War against France, and by the 7th Queen's Dragoons. One of the earliest basket-hilted swords was recovered from the wreck of the Mary Rose, an English warship lost in 1545. Before the find, the earliest positive dating had been two swords from around the time of the English Civil War. At first the wire guard was a simple design but as time passed it became increasingly sculpted and ornate. During the 18th century, the fashion of duelling in Europe focused on the lighter smallsword, and fencing with the broadsword came to be seen as a speciality of Scotland. A number of fencing manuals teaching fencing with the Scottish broadsword were published throughout the 18th century. Portraits from the time show this very sword as worn.
A Beautiful Early 19th Century American Folk Art Pen Work Walking Stick Later mounted in England with a staghorn handle with a silver hallmarked collar made in Sheffield silver in 1904. The scene is beautifully done and highly intricate. It depicts a brick built house, within a garden of pine trees and a great tree. The scene also has mounted huntsmen, coming past the house, with whips and chasing a fox or a wolf with hounds. There is also a walking, pipe smoking figure, and a man holding an iron pronged capture device, and a dog walking from a kennel. All the men are wearing Shakos.
A Beautiful Fine Quality Napoleonic Wars Era Continental Dragoon Pistol With fine walnut stock, steel barrel, brass forend barrel band and brass furniture. Very similar to the French Royal and Imperial style and very possibly Austrian. Percussion conversion action to enhance it's performance and to increase it's working life into the 19th century. The Austrian cavalry consisted of cuirassiers, dragoons, chevaulegeres (light dragoons), hussars and uhlans. They were excellent swordsman and horsemen, well-trained and well-mounted and enjoyed great reputation in Europe. For French cavalry officer, de Brack, the Hungarian hussars were some of "the best European cavalry." Sir Wilson wrote about the Austrian cavalry: "... both cuirassiers and hussars are superb". Anoher British observer described their cuirassiers in 1814 in Paris as "outstanding". According to "The Armies of Europe": "The [Austrian] cavalry is excellent. The heavy or "German" cavalry, consisting of Germans and Bohemians is well horsed, well armed, and always efficient. The light cavalry has, perhaps, lost by mixing up the German chevau-légers with the Polish lancers, but its Hungarian hussars will always remain the models of all light cavalry." Possibly used at such great battlews such as Austerlitz. The Battle of Austerlitz, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's greatest victories, where the French Empire effectively crushed the Third Coalition. On 2 December 1805 (20 November Old Style, 11 Frimaire An XIV, in the French Republican Calendar), a French army, commanded by Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting. The battle took place near Austerlitz (Slavkov u Brna) about 10 km south-east of Brno in Moravia, at that time in the Austrian Empire. The battle was a tactical masterpiece of the same stature as the ancient battles of Gaugamela and Cannae, in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Napoleon's words to his troops after the battle were full of praise: Soldats! Je suis content de vous ( Soldiers! I am pleased with you). The Emperor provided two million golden francs to the higher officers and 200 francs to each soldier, with large pensions for the widows of the fallen. Orphaned children were adopted by Napoleon personally and were allowed to add "Napoleon" to their baptismal and family names. This battle is one of four that Napoleon never awarded a victory title, the others being Marengo, Jena and Friedland
A Beautiful Harlequin Pair Chinese Ching Dynasty 18th Cent. 'Shoe' Stirrups Shaped like chinese shoes and worn as protective armour for the feet when a mandarin or officer travelled around the Ching empire on horseback. The more regular type we are used to seeing today were used, but this most scarce high quality bronze 'shoe-form' type is very rarely seen to survive. Peasants in Qing China were not permitted to travel and certainly never on horseback. The stirrup was invented in China in the first few centuries AD and spread westward through the nomadic peoples of Central Eurasia. The use of paired stirrups is credited to the Chinese Jin Dynasty and came to Europe during the Middle Ages. Some argue that the stirrup was one of the basic tools used to create and spread modern civilization, possibly as important as the wheel or printing press. The stirrup, which gives greater stability to a rider, has been described as one of the most significant inventions in the history of warfare, prior to gunpowder. As a tool allowing expanded use of horses in warfare, the stirrup is often called the third revolutionary step in equipment, after the chariot and the saddle. The basic tactics of mounted warfare were significantly altered by the stirrup. A rider supported by stirrups was less likely to fall off while fighting, and could deliver a blow with a weapon that more fully employed the weight and momentum of horse and rider. Among other advantages, stirrups provided greater balance and support to the rider, which allowed the knight to use a sword more efficiently without falling, especially against infantry adversaries. The Qing [or Ching] dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Qing Empire by itself or the Manchu dynasty by foreigners, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for the modern Chinese state. After conquering "China proper", the Manchus identified their state as "China", and referred to it as Dulimbai Gurun in Manchu (Dulimbai means "central" or "middle," gurun means "nation" or "state"). The emperors equated the lands of the Qing state (including present-day Northeast China, Xinjiang, Mongolia, Tibet and other areas) as "China" in both the Chinese and Manchu languages, defining China as a multi-ethnic state, and rejecting the idea that "China" only meant Han areas. The Qing emperors proclaimed that both Han and non-Han peoples were part of "China". They used both "China" and "Qing" to refer to their state in official documents, international treaties (as the Qing was known internationally as "China" or the "Chinese Empire") and foreign affairs, and "Chinese language" (Dulimbai gurun I bithe) included Chinese, Manchu, and Mongol languages, and "Chinese people" referred to all subjects of the empire. In the Chinese-language versions of its treaties and its maps of the world, the Qing government used "Qing" and "China" interchangeably.
A Beautiful Islamic 19th Century Shamshir Sabre With Islamic Text Just returned from a week and 40 hours of intensive expert conservation to clean and preserve the steel wood and leather and conserve the gold inlay to the blade, with an Islamic cartouch, numerous decorative features and the seal of Suleiman with script inlaid. Somewhat in the form of a kilij but with a more elegant slender blade that takes it more in to shamshir territory, although often either name can be used to describe it. In the gallery is beautiful painting the type of person as would have a sword of this form. The painting refers to the cycle of works created by the artist under the impression of traveling to Egypt, Palestine and Turkey. Mamelukes were soldiers from the personal guard of the Arab caliphs. During the reign of Napoleon, a detachment of Mamelukes dressed in oriental costumes was introduced into the Imperial Guard. While the curve of the blade is largely parabolic, the limb of the curve terminating in the hilt is a few inches longer and the blade straightens as the hilt is approached. This asymmetry presents a challenge for the scabbard maker. Persian and Indian scabbard mouths are somewhat wider than their blade; the blades at their widest being 70 to 75% of the inside width dimension of the scabbard mouth. When first inserted, the spine of the blade will glide smoothly along the back edge of the scabbard, however, once the blade is three quarters inserted, the cutting edge will begin to shift toward the opposite side of the scabbard mouth. Turkish scabbards and some Arab scabbards are narrower, employing a slot extending from the spine end of the scabbard mouth for short distance to deal with the asymmetry. Shamshir blades will often include one or more of the following inscriptions: the maker's name, the owner's name, a dedication to a ruler, quotations from the Koran and talismanic devices. The most celebrated swordsmith to create shamshirs, Assadullah (or: Asad Allah, Asad Ullah, Asadullah) of Isfahan, worked during the high renaissance of the Safavid Persian Empire in the time of Shah 'Abbas, who reigned between 1588 and 1629 A.D.Contemporary illustrations most often show these swords being worn within scabbards, suspended horizontally to diagonally and edge down, at the wearer's left side. Though the deeply curved blades are clearly adapted for the draw cut at considerable expense to the potential for thrusting use, these swords are known to have been carried by dismounted as well as mounted warriors. Shamshirs are usually regarded as being optimized for mounted combat at close quarters and such use is supported by period illustrations and writings.
A Beautiful Javanese Kris With Pure Gold Snake God Symbol Onlaid On of the most beautiful we have seen. A sarpa lumarka wavy blade with a gold Naga [snake] in sangkelat [13 waves, or lok]. Ladrang form of wrangka hilt crosspiece [boat form] of a simply stunning wood, which may be Javan pelet. In Java, the metal sleeve is called pendokbunton, which is a full metal sleeve. The keris is considered a magical weapon, filled with great spiritual power. In Javanese there is a term "Tosan Aji" or "Magic Metal" used to describe the keris. The keris is replete with the totems of Malay-Indonesian culture of hindu and islam. The blade is a mixture of meteoric steel and nickel According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart
A Beautiful Noble's Antique Sinhalese [Ceylonese] Piha Kaetta Knife Dagger A most engaging ornate pihas and likely made exclusively by the Pattal Hattara (The Four Workshops). They were employed directly by the Kings of Kandy. Kandy, the independent kingdom, was first established by King Wickramabahu (1357–1374 CE). The last Kandyan king was in the early 1800's, and the workshops are no longer in existence today.The simplest are of plain steel, but very graceful form, with wooden or horn handles, and carried in the belt by every villager, to lop off inconvenient branches as he passes through the jungle, to open coconuts, or cut jungle ropes. From these knives there are all transitions to the most elaborate and costly of silver or gold inlaid and overlaid knives worn by the greatest chiefs as a part of the costume, and never intended for use. The workmanship of many of these is most exquisite but this fine work is done rather by the higher craftsmen, the silversmiths and ivory carvers, than by the mere blacksmith. Many of the best knives were doubtless made in the Four Workshops, such as is this example, the blades being supplied to the silversmith by the blacksmiths. "The best of the higher craftsmen (gold and silversmiths, painters, and ivory carvers, etc.) working immediately for the king formed a close, largely hereditary, corporation of craftsmen called the Pattal-hatara (Four Workshops). They were named as follows; The Ran Kadu [Golden Arms], the Abarana [Regalia], the Sinhasana [Lion Throne], and the Otunu [Crown] these men worked only for the King, unless by his express permission (though, of course, their sons or pupils might do otherwise); they were liable to be continually engaged in Kandy, while the Kottal-badda men were divided into relays, serving by turns in Kandy for periods of two months. The Kottal-badda men in each district were under a foreman (mul-acariya) belonging to the Pattal-hatara. Four other foremen, one from each pattala, were in constant attendance at the palace.This beautiful noble's dagger is stunningly decorated with veka deka liya vela [double curve vine motif] and the flower motif sina mal, and a bold vine in damascene silver. The blade is traditonal iron and the hilt beautifully carved black coral
A Beautiful Pair of Original Antique American West Frontier Gauntlets A Beautiful Pair,19th century from the early 'Wild West Frontier' period. Treated at some time with some form of water proofing agent. All the embroidery is incredibly technical micro stitching of amazing beauty and intricacy. These stunning and fringed gauntlets are beautifully embroidered with flowers, florid patterns and a western monogram, and were likely from the Cree, or the Lakota Sioux tribes of North and South Dakota. It is more usual to see beadwork as opposed to stitched embroidery. The most famous members of the Lakota Sioux were Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. In yellow hide [likely buckskin] with long fringing. Excellent condition, small split in base of finger. The style of Gauntlets worn by 'Kit Carson' and his contemporaries. Superb, charming and highly collectable pieces from the old, American, Wild West Frontier. Gauntlets are protective gloves that have a flared cuff. For centuries, these cuffs protected European and Asian bow hunters and military archers from being snapped on the wrist by their bowstrings. Medieval soldiers and knights began wearing chain-mail gauntlets during the 1300s, and armoured gauntlets appeared in Europe during the 1400s. Four hundred years later and halfway around the world, leather gauntlets appeared in the American West as military uniform accessories. They were soon appropriated by Indian artists, embellished with diverse ornaments, and incorporated into the civilian wardrobe. Here they became intrinsically linked with Western people, history, and landscape, and a symbol of the frontier. The original European form was reworked with a wild American veneer. Former mountain men -- Jim Bridger and Kit Carson among them -- occasionally worked guiding emigrant trains and military units through little-known country. They also helped track renegades of diverse stripes. These scouts were colourful characters, highly skilled, and not required to maintain a military dress code. Their attire was subsequently functional, comfortable, and drawn from a variety of media and cultural sources. By the 1870s, long and abundant fringe was in style and pinked edges provided decorative flair to leather clothing that was by nature quite showy. A similar pair [though later] of Lakota Sioux gauntlets can be seen in the Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art in the Fenimore Art Museum NY. The inner lining is some kind of quilted cloth.
A Beautiful, Antique, Long Straight Bladed Executioner's Keris [or Kris] Carved buffalo horn hilt, meteoric metal blade of iron and nickel. Excellent and ancient grain shown in the blade Yearly cleanings, required as part of the spirituality and mythology surrounding the weapon, often left ancient blades worn and thin. The repair materials depended on location and it is quite usual to find a weapon with fittings from several areas. For example, a kris may have a blade from Java, a hilt from Bali and a sheath from Madura.The making of a kris was the specialised duty of metalworkers called empu or pandai besi (lit. "iron-skilled"). In Bali this occupation was preserved by the Pande clan to this day, members of whom also made jewellery. A bladesmith makes the blade in layers of different iron ores and meteorite nickel. Some blades can be made in a relatively short time, while more intricate weapons take years to complete. In high quality kris blades, the metal is folded dozens or hundreds of times and handled with the utmost precision. Empu are highly respected craftsmen with additional knowledge in literature, history, and the occult In many parts of Indonesia, the kris used to be the choice weapon for execution. The executioner's kris has a long, straight, slender blade. The condemned knelt before the executioner, who placed a wad of cotton or similar material on the subject's shoulder or clavicle area. The blade was thrust through the padding, piercing the subclavian artery and the heart. Upon withdrawal, the cotton wiped the blade clean. Death came within seconds. The kris blade is called a wilah or bilah. Kris blades are usually narrow with a wide, asymmetrical base. The kris is famous for its wavy blade; however, the older types of kris dated from the Majapahit era have straight blades. The number of luk or curves on the blade is always odd. Common numbers of luk range from three to thirteen waves, but some blades have up to 29. In contrast to the older straight type, most kris have a wavy blade which is supposed to increase the severity of wounds inflicted upon a victim. During kris stabbing, the wavy blade severs more blood vessels, creating a wider wound which causes the victim to easily bleed to death. According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart The scabbard have now been repaired invisibly and we will photograph later
A Beautiful, Original, Roman Legionary's or Praetorian's Long Spear Head A magnificent piece of classical Roman military weaponry, around 2000 years old, from ancient Rome, wonderfully displayed on a bespoke marble stand. A piece one would only normally see in a capitol museum, such as the British Museum or the Metropolitan in America. Made circa 1st century BC, used through to the 1st century AD. From the time of Julius Caesar and Emperor Augustus, probably the greatest and most influential time in the history of the Roman Empire. Large Roman iron spearhead. With wide, flat robust and significant quality blade with raised central midrib, long, tapered, socketed base, and rivet hole which would have held it onto the heavy wooden shaft. In superbly preserved condition. One picture in the gallery is of a carved marble Roman panel that depicts a Roman Praetorian, a member of the Roman elite forces and bodyguard of the Emperor holding a similar spear, plus, a scene from the carved marble Trajan's Column in Rome, also with a Roman soldier in battle with a similar spear. Gaius Julius Caesar known by his nomen and cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed the First Triumvirate, a political alliance that dominated Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power as Populares were opposed by the Optimates within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar rose to become one of the most powerful politicians in the Roman Republic through a number of his accomplishments, notably his victories in the Gallic Wars, completed by 51 BC. During this time, Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both the Channel and the Rhine, when he built a bridge across the Rhine and crossed the Channel to invade Britain. Caesar's wars extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to step down from his military command and return to Rome. Leaving his command in Gaul meant losing his immunity from being charged as a criminal for waging unsanctioned wars. As a result, Caesar found himself with no other options but to cross the Rubicon with the 13th Legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman Italy under arms. Civil war resulted, and Caesar's victory in the war put him in an unrivalled position of power and influence. Assuming control of government, Caesar began a programme of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He gave citizenship to many residents of far regions of the Roman Empire. He initiated land reform and support for veterans. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity", giving him additional authority. His populist and authoritarian reforms angered the elites, who began to conspire against him. On the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC Caesar was assassinated by a group of rebellious senators led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Marcus Junius Brutus and Decimus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out and the constitutional government of the Republic was never fully restored. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, first Emperor of Rome, rose to sole power after defeating his opponents in the civil war. Octavian set about solidifying his power and the era of the Roman Empire began. In regards to surviving iron artefacts of the past two millennia, if Western ancient edged weapons were either lost, discarded or buried in the ground, and if the ground soil were made up of the right chemical composition, then some, may survive exceptionally, well just as did this one, and if well conserved it can be a remarkable item of antiquity looking much as it did before it was lost two millenia ago . Spearhead 18 inches long overall, Very well preserved, and conserved with great skill. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.
A British 'Great Game' Period Sikh Bronze Medal. The Tibet Campaign 1903-4 Medal direct from the period of 'The Great Game'. "The Great Game" was the strategic rivalry and conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia. The classic Great Game period is generally regarded as running approximately from the Russo-Persian Treaty of 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907. A less intensive phase followed the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. In the post-Second World War post-colonial period, the term has continued in use to describe the geopolitical machinations of the Great Powers and regional powers as they vie for geopolitical power and influence in the area. The term "The Great Game" is usually attributed to Arthur Conolly (1807–1842), an intelligence officer of the British East India Company's 6th Bengal Light Cavalry. It was introduced into mainstream consciousness by British novelist Rudyard Kipling in his novel Kim (1901). The British under direction of Viceroy Lord George Curzon launched the Younghusband expedition in 1903 under the strong perception that Russia had been meddling in Tibet in order to gain dominance in the region as a means to use Tibet as a gateway to threaten Britain’s imperial colony of India. Although this perception proved false in the end, the decision and judgement was built up primarily out of the Viceroy’s own suspicions and experiences with Russia’s Asiatic policies. Through the expedition Curzon also sought to establish a definitive northern border with Tibet so that British India could properly fortify its frontier and to make sure that the agreed borders would be respected. Free trade between Tibet and British India was also sought to be opened through the expedition which would seek the opening of the Chumbi route to Lhasa. Lastly, the expedition was spurred out of European curiosities for the Tibet region that had been shrouded in mystery due to the isolationist policies imposed by both Tibet and its Chinese suzerain. The expedition fought its way to Gyantse and eventually reached Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, in August 1904. The Dalai Lama had fled to safety, first in Mongolia and later in China, but thousands of Tibetans armed with antiquated muzzle-loaders and swords had been mown down by modern rifles and Maxim machine guns while attempting to block the British advance. At Lhasa, the Commission forced remaining low-level Tibetan officials to sign the Treaty of Lhasa (1904), before withdrawing to Sikkim in September, with the understanding the Chinese government would not permit any other country to interfere with the administration of Tibet. Awarded to Cooly ???? Khan of the Supply and Transport Corps.
A British Napoleonic Wars Light Dragoon Officer's Pistol With Paget Ramrod Made by Henry Nock, Circa 1800, one of the great British gunmakers of the late 18th to early 19th century. An officer's high quality flintlock pistol bearing the distinctive and ingenious captive linked ramrod, said to have been promoted by Colonel Lord Henry Paget, for his cavalry issued carbines, but actually designed by Henry Nock. The Paget carbines started to see service in the Light Dragoon regiments around 1808. The Paget system worked thus, if the rammer was dropped in combat or in error the rammer would not fall the ground, but be retained connected to the pistol by its link rammer system, otherwise if dropped it would it would make the pistol unserviceable during combat. This concept was adopted for the British cavalry troopers regulation issue New Land Pattern flintlock pistol in the early 19th century. A fine Georgian pistol in great condition with a superbly tight and crisp action. Finest walnut stock, brass furniture and steel proved barrel. Henry Nock (1741–1804) was a British inventor and engineer of the Napoleonic period, best known as a gunsmith. Nock produced many innovative weapons including the screwless lock and the seven-barrelled volley gun, although he did not invent the latter despite it commonly being known as the Nock gun. He was a major supplier to the military during the Napoleonic wars. His high quality duelling pistols and double-barrelled shotguns were much sought after and it is largely through Nock that the latter became the weapon of choice for hunters. As well as supplying the military and civilian markets, Nock made expensive pieces for the aristocracy and royalty and was an appointed gunmaker to the king. Nock's business eventually became Wilkinson Sword, a company which today makes razor blades and other shaving equipment and, until 2005, made ceremonial officer's swords for the British Army. In 1789 Nock was appointed gunmaker-in-ordinary to King George III, largely as a result of his patented breech for hunting guns and other inventions. In 1802 Nock became Master of the Gunmakers Company. He died at Sutton in December 1804, aged 63
A British Napoleonic Wars New Land Pattern Dragoon Pistol Circa 1802. Excellent walnut stock with original patina, numerous Board of Ordnance inspection stamps and crown stamps, GR inspection stamp to stock. Traces of large GR crown stamp to lock face plus inspection stamp. All fine brass fittings and captive ramrod. In original flintlock and likely made at the Tower of London and used by the frontline British Cavalry regiments during the Peninsular War, War of 1812, and the Hundred Days War, culminating at Waterloo. Introduced in the 1796 and in production by 1802, the New land Cavalry Pistol provided one model of pistol for all of Britain's light cavalry and horse artillery. Another new element was the swivel ramrod which greatly improved the process of loading the pistol on horseback. The service of British Cavalry regiments, particularly the Light Dragoons, proved essential in the mastery of the Indian Subcontinent. The Duke of Wellington, then Arthur Wellesley, was primarily recognized for his military genius by his battles in India. Of particular note was the Battle of Assaye in 1803 where the 6000 British faced a Mahratta Army of at least 40,000. During the engagement the 19th Light Dragoons saved the 74th Regiment by charging the enemy guns 'like a torrent that had burst its banks'. Pistols firing and sabre slashing, the 19th broke the enemy's position and the day was won. 19th Light Dragoons gained "Assaye" as a battle honour, and the nickname "Terrors of the East". The 19th Light Dragoons eventually served in North America during the War of 1812 and so did this form of pistol. Cavalry was the 'shock' arm, with lance and saber the principal hand weapons. The division between 'heavy' and light was very marked during Wellington's time: 'heavy' cavalry were huge men on big horses, 'light' cavalry were more agile troopers on smaller mounts who could harass as well as shock. During the Napoleonic Wars, French cavalry was unexcelled. Later as casualties and the passage of years took their toll, Napoleon found it difficult to maintain the same high standards of cavalry performance. At the same time, the British and their allies steadily improved on their cavalry, mainly by devoting more attention to its organization and training as well as by copying many of the French tactics, organization and methods. During the Peninsular War, Wellington paid little heed to the employment of cavalry in operations, using it mainly for covering retreats and chasing routed French forces. But by the time of Waterloo it was the English cavalry that smashed the final attack of Napoleon's Old Guard. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A British Pattern 1863 Whitworth Rifle Sword Bayonet – Ultra Rare The Holy Grail to bayonet collectors. A superb condition Enfield manufactured yataghan bladed, British pattern 1863 Whitworth Rifle sword bayonet, with frog, used by the British Army & the US Civil War, Confederate States Army. A hugely desireable collectors piece on both sides of the Atlantic. This is a rare, original sabre bayonet for the artillery model of the Whitworth rifle, and only a mere 8200 were ever made, a positively tiny quantity in the world of bayonet production. It is almost identical to the standard 2 band Enfield sabre bayonet, except the spring rifle bar mount takes the circular lug that is unique to the Whitworth. The blade is full-length at 22-3/4ths inches with a superb even smooth tone all over. On the right side of the blade is an "E" over a number inspection mark. The crossgaurd also has a number stamped. The original pressed leather handle is present and all the steel has overall salt and pepper pitting throughout. On the end of the grip it has the original retainer spring that was designed to keep the bayonet locked in place on the end of the rifle. The bayonet is accompanied by the original leather and metal scabbard and it's frog. The scabbard is 100% complete that shows natural surface age pitting. This is a rare, solid, Whitworth pattern sabre bayonet with the original scabbard that displays very well. Sir Joseph Whitworth, one of the premier inventors and firearms designers of his era, manufactured his singular rifle in Manchester, England. It fired a unique, hard metal, hexagonal-sided bullet with a very long aspect ratio (.445 inches by 1.45 inches, or 2½ times its diameter) that gave it superior ballistic performance at extended ranges. In order to give his long bullet the same 530-grain weight as that of the Enfield, Sir Joseph reduced the caliber to .451. Seventy to eight-five grains of British-manufactured powder launched the bullet at twelve hundred to fourteen hundred feet per second, considerably faster than the Enfield. While the Whitworth's light weight meant that while a soldier could easily carry it around the battlefield, he could count on it giving him a heavy kick when he pulled the trigger. Overall, the Enfield made a better all-purpose infantry weapon, and equaled the Whitworth's accuracy to five hundred yards. The rifle was available with and without bayonet attachments and came with a 36-inch or a 33-inch barrel, which made for an overall length of 49 to 52½ inches. All had a hexagonal bore and a fast 1:20 twist. "Typical 'Confederate Whitworths' featured a 33-inch barrel, two Enfield pattern barrel bands, iron mounts of the military target rifle pattern, and Enfield-type lock with no safety bolt and an Enfield-style hammer; open sights, with a blade front being adjustable for windage allowance, and a stock which extends to within a short distance of the muzzle, giving the rifle a snub-nosed appearance." Sighting arrangements varied also. Some Whitworths had Enfield-type sights graduated to twelve hundred yards, and others had a sophisticated sliding blade sight with a vernier screw adjustment for windage; some had simple front sights, and others boasted an adjustable post-and-globe front sight. A few rifles sported a four-power telescopic sight, fitted in an adjustable mount on the gun's left side. While it was a state-of-the-art system in 1864 it did have its drawbacks. "After a fight those who used them had black eyes," remembered one sharpshooter, "as the end of the tube rested against the eye while taking aim, and the 'kick,' being pretty hard, bruised the eye." Most of the men in the Army of Northern Virginia's sharpshooter battalions used Enfields, and only one or two men per battalion carried Whitworths. Thus in the approximately thirty-six infantry brigades of the Army of Northern Virginia, there were most likely between thirty-six and seventy-two of these rifles in service. Although some claims of its accuracy are no doubt exaggerated, the fact remains that the Whitworth could and did strike at a thousand yards and beyond. "The claim of 'fatal results at 1,500 yards,'" concluded one modern expert, "was no foolish boast." Overall, it was a deadly weapon that, in the right hands, repaid its high cost many times over. "I do not believe a harder-shooting, harder-kicking, longer-range gun was ever made than the Whitworth rifle," asserted sharpshooter veteran Isaac Shannon. (courtesy West Point Museum).
A British White Helmet. Victorian, Oxfordshire Rifles Helmet Plate Whitened cloth over traditional cork skull, with square tail, and X cross cloth covering. Leather sweatband with cork spacers,eight spoke ventilator. The 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot was a light infantry regiment of the British Army throughout much of the 18th and 19th centuries. The regiment first saw active service during the American War of Independence, and were posted to India during the Anglo-Mysore Wars. During the Napoleonic Wars, the 52nd were part of the Light Division, and were present at most of the major battles of the Peninsula campaign, becoming one of the most celebrated regiments, described by Sir William Napier as "a regiment never surpassed in arms since arms were first borne by men". They had the largest British battalion at Waterloo, 1815, where they formed part of the final charge against Napoleon's Imperial Guard. They were also involved in various campaigns in India. The regiment was raised as a line regiment in 1755 and numbered as the "54th Foot"; they were renumbered as the "52nd Regiment of Foot" in 1757. In 1781 the regional designation "52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot" was given, and in 1803 the regiment was designated "Light Infantry". The 52nd served in India, arriving in Allahabad in 1853. The regiment found the heat and dust of India gruelling, and Major John Arthur Bayley of the 52nd, who published an account of the regiment's operations in India and described the great clouds of dust which rose over their columns in the march from Allahabad to Umballa in 1853–4; "it was worse in the rear than in the front; so, in order that everyone should have a fair chance, the order of march was changed daily." They were in India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, where they took part in the Siege of Delhi. Once breaches had been made by the artillery by a bombardment of the walls, an attempt was made on the city on 14 September. The Kashmir Gate was blown by a party of engineers, accompanied by Bugler Robert Hawthorne of the 52nd, who won the Victoria Cross for his bravery. The 52nd led the assault on the blown gate; amidst the action, Lance Corporal Henry Smith also won the Victoria Cross. After six days of heavy fighting, the city was won
A Bronze Age Sword From Before the Era Of Achilles and Hector Circa 1400 B.C. [around 3,500 years old, probably Marlik] with a fabulous patina and in a very sound and excellent condition indeed. This is a most handsome and beautiful ancient bronze sword blade, with a tapering form, double edged, a central rib and short hilt tang with two side mounting holes. From one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the era of the so called Trojan Wars. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy. This dagger comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns. According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history. Swords daggers and weapons from this era were made within the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this piece, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels. A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger sword is in very nice condition with typical ancient patina encrustations . 36 cm long. Picture in the gallery of Achilles and Penthesella on the Plain of Troy, with Athena, Aphrodite and Eros. 16.5 inches long, 2.25 inches wide at forte.
A Byzantine (Eastern Roman) 6th - 11th Cent. A.D. This kind of axe is a typical axe for infantryman, similar and a somewhat similar correspondent to the type 1 of the classification made by the Kirpichnikov for the Russian axes. Particularly, it seems akin to the specimens of Goroditsche and Opanowitschi, dated in the turn of 10th - 11th centuries however, its shape is slightly different, and considering the strong influence of the Roman Armies on the Russian ones in 11th century, a local prototype used in the Balkan wars of Basil II (976-1025). The general Nikephoros Ouranos remembers in his Taktika (56, 4) that small axes were used at the waist of the selected archers of infantry : "…You must select proficient archers - the so called psiloi - four thousand. These men must have fifty arrows each in their quivers, two bows, small shields and extra bowstrings. Let them also have swords at the waist, or axes, or slings in their belts…". The axe was inserted in its wooden shaft and fixed to it by means of dilatation of the wood, dampened by water. The Byzantine Empire is the great Greek-language Christian empire that emerged after 395AD from the eastern part of the Roman Empire, Thanks to efficient government and clever diplomacy that divided its many enemies, the empire survived. Much diminished after 1204 AD when it was sacked by Christian Crusaders from the west en route to liberate Jerusalem, it finally fell to the Turks in 1453--indeed its fall is often used to date the end of the Middle Ages. Its capital was Constantinople, built on the site of the Greek colony of Byzantium and which is now known as Istanbul). The center of Orthodox Christianity, it is famous as well for its art and culture. The inhabitants of the empire referred to themselves as 'Romans' and considered themselves as such, the term 'Byzantine' not being used to describe the empire and its peoples until the seventeenth century, but after the seventh century the language of empire changed from Latin to Greek.
A Chinese Cloisonne Enamel and Gilt Bronze Dagger straight bladed dagger, this hilt and sheath are both gold washed brass with wire cloisons used to create the compartments, ranging in thickness from around .7mm to 4.5mm, with the larger wire sections. The designs are a mixture of scrollwork, of floral patterns, with elongated tendrils, on a sang de boeof enamel ground, white white, yellows and greens in the floral panels accompanied with small areas of cobalt blue. The floral sections call for special note, having been enameled in blue, transitioning to white, green to white, and small pinkish polychrome areas, with an effect achieved by mixing pink and other colour enamels within a single compartment, without using cloisons [dividers]. Overall length in the sheath is 15.5 inches, with a flared pommel on the grip. Blade [with a single fuller] of 9.75 inches long. Blade has some pitting near the tip.
A Dayak's Mandau Headhunting Sword A Mandau of the Dayak people, of Kalimantan, Indonesia. Wooden sheath with upper and lower surfaces carved in relief with matching motif, bound with wonderfully woven reed wraps. The last photo in the gallery is a period photo of an indigenous Head Hunter, holding his 'prize', achieved with his Mandau.[Photo not included] This Mandau (sometimes also called “Parang Ihlang”) is the traditional sword of the Dyak tribes of Borneo. It was primarily associated with the Head Hunting tradition of the Dyaks. Carved wooden hilt, rattan bound scabbard. Traditional blade with convex obverse and concave reverse.The blade was apparently designed in such a way as the head could be decapitated more easily by a swinging arc while running. Likely late 19th century, and into the 20th century period.
A Delightful 18th Century Flintlock Long Holster Pistol, Circa 1750 Octagonal long eared butt cap in brass, with a matching suite of brass furniture, including pear finial sideplate, tubular barrel pipes, and bevelled banana shaped lock plate. 9.6 inch barrel with silver crescent blade foresight. Fine walnut stock and good tight working action. Probably Prussian. Overall around 17 inches long.
A Despatch From Commodore James Poo Beresford HMS Theseus 2 Feb 1809 Shortly before the Battle of the Basque Roads. Written and signed by Commodore [Later Admiral] Beresford aboard and in command of HMS Theseus. Some few years earlier Theseus was the flagship of Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson's fleet for the 1797 Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Day to day command at that time was vested in her flag captain Ralph Willett Miller. Unfortunately on this occasion the navy was defeated and Nelson was wounded by a musket ball while aboard the Theseus, precipitating the amputation of his right arm. In 1798, Theseus took part in the decisive and hugely successful Battle of the Nile, under the command of Captain Ralph Willett Miller. The Royal Navy fleet was outnumbered, at least in firepower, by the French fleet, which boasted the 118-gun ship-of-the-line L'Orient, three 80-gun warships and nine of the popular 74-gun ships. The Royal Navy fleet in comparison had just thirteen 74-gun ships and one 50-gun fourth-rate. During the battle Theseus, along with Goliath, assisted Alexander and Majestic, who were being attacked by a number of French warships. The French frigate Artemise surrendered to the British, with the crew setting fire to their ship to prevent it falling into the hands of the British. Two other French ships Heureux and Mercure ran aground and soon surrendered after a brief encounter with three British warships, one of which was Theseus. L'Orient was destroyed in the battle by what was said to be the greatest man made explosion ever to have been witnessed. It was heard and felt over 15 miles distant. The battle was a success for the Royal Navy, as well as for the career of Admiral Nelson. It cut supply lines to the French army in Egypt, whose wider objective was to threaten British India. The casualties were heavy; the French suffered over 1,700 killed, over 600 wounded and 3,000 captured. The British suffered 218 dead and 677 wounded. Nine French warships were captured and two destroyed. Two other French warships managed to escape. Theseus had five sailors killed and thirty wounded, included one officer and five Royal Marines. A painting in the gallery of Commodore Beresford leading his squadron of ships from 'The Naval Chronology of Great Britain', by J. Ralfe, leading a British squadron of 4 sail of the line near the Isle of Grouais in the face of the French Brest fleet of 8 of the line obliging the French to haul their wind and preventing them from joining the L'Orient squadron. The three ships alongside Beresford were HMS Revenge, Valiant and Triumph, and the Triumph was commanded by none other than Capt. Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy. Beresford was a natural son of Lord de la Poer the Marquess of Waterford. He joined the Royal Navy and he served in HMS Alexander in 1782. He was appointed as a Lieutenant RN serving on H.M.S. Lapwing 1790. He served in H.M.S. Resolution 1794. He served in H.M.S. Lynx (In command) in 1794. He was appointed as Acting Captain RN in 1794 serving in H.M.S. Hussar (In command). He was appointed as a Captain RN (With seniority dated 25/06/1795). He served in H.M.S. Raison (In command) 1795. He served in H.M.S. Unite (In command) 1798. He served in H.M.S. Diana (In command). He served in H.M.S. Virginie (In command) 1803. He served in H.M.S. Cambrian (In command) 1803. He was appointed as a Commodore RN 1806. He was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief in the River St. Lawrence, along the Coast of Nova Scotia, the islands of St. John and Cape Breton and in the Bay of Fundy and the Islands of Bermuda. He served in H.M.S. Theseus (In command) 1808. He served in H.M.S. Poitiers (In command) 1810. He served on to the staff of Lord Wellington at Lisbon Portugal 1810. During the War of 1812, he served as captain of HMS Poictiers, during which time he ineffectually bombarded the town of Lewes in Delaware. More importantly, Poictiers participated in an action where, four hours after USS Wasp, commanded by Jacob Jones, captured HMS Frolic, Capt Beresford captured Wasp and recaptured Frolic, and brought both to Bermuda. He was appointed as a Commodore RN in 1813. He served in HMS Royal Sovereign (In command) 1814. He was appointed as a Rear Admiral of the Blue (With seniority dated 04/06/1814). He was appointed as Commander-in-Chief at Leith 1820-23. He was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief at The Nore 1830-33. He was appointed as a Vice Admiral RN (With seniority dated 27/05/1825). He was appointed as a Junior Lord of the Admiralty in 1835. He was finally appointed as a Admiral RN (With seniority dated 28/06/1838). The typed transcript shown in the gallery states 'mediant servant' of course it should be 'obedient servant'
A Fabulous Ancient, Classical, Early Iron & Bronze Age Dagger From the ancient Persian Empire made in the time of the ancient Phoenicians, and the earliest period of ancient Greek history. It is incredible to comprehend that this fine piece would have been a revered ancestral weapon of great antiquity when it was used in the time of the Siege of Troy, and the earliest Greek-Persian Wars. It would have already been 700 years old when Alexander The Great was embarking on his extraordinary campaign to conquer the Persian Empire, half the known world and to become the greatest ruler in history. An exceptionally beautiful and rare artefact. Around 3000 years old, and superbly demonstrating the skill of the artisans from the bronze age and iron age combined. With a flanged eared pommel in iron, bronze hilt and grip and a double ribbed double edged blade in steel. Around 3000 BC, iron was a scarce and precious metal in the Near East. The earliest known iron artefacts are nine small beads, dated to 3200 BC, from burials in Gerzeh, northern Egypt, that were made from meteoric iron, and shaped by careful hammering. Iron's qualities, in contrast to those of bronze, were not understood. Between 1200 BC and 1000 BC, diffusion in the understanding of iron metallurgy and use of iron objects was fast and far-flung. In the history of ferrous metallurgy, iron smelting — the extraction of usable metal from oxidized iron ores — is more difficult than tin and copper smelting. These other metals and their alloys can be cold-worked, or melted in simple pottery kilns and cast in moulds; but smelted iron requires hot-working and can be melted only in specially designed furnaces. It is therefore not surprising that humans only mastered iron smelting after several millennia of bronze metallurgy. 11.5 inches overall, approx 16 ozs
A Fabulous and Huge South Seas Island War Club in Palm Wood In superb condition with stunning patina. Clubs were the South Seas Islanders favourite weapon, who in the early 19th century lived in a virtually constant state of warfare. A greater variety of clubs were made on Fiji than in many other Pacific islands, but by 1870 the iron axe has almost superseded the wood club as a fighting weapon. The hatchet or splitting axe head being hafted onto long club type handles. This early example from the 18th or 19th century has a very long haft and a fabulous patina over time. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of life. An item very likely traded from the time of Cpt's Cook and Bligh. The goal of Europeans who sailed the Pacific during the 17th and 18th centuries was to find terra australis incognita, the great 'unknown southern land' later called Australia. Some of them bumped into Fiji on the way. Abel Tasman became the first European to sail past the Fiji islands in 1643, and his descriptions of treacherous reef systems kept mariners away for the next 130 years. The English navigator James Cook visited uneventfully, stopping on Vatoa in the southern Lau Group in 1774. After the famous mutiny on the Bounty in 1789, Captain Bligh and his castaway companions passed between Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, through a channel now known as Bligh Water. Tongans had long traded colourful kula feathers, masi (printed bark cloth) and weapons with the eastern Fiji islands. From the early 19th century, European whalers, and traders of sandalwood and bêche-de-mer (sea cucumber), tackled their fears of reefs and cannibals and also began to visit. Fragrant sandalwood was highly valued in Europe and Southeast Asia. Tongans initially controlled the trade, obtaining sandalwood from the chiefs of Bau Bay on Vanua Levu, and then selling it to the Europeans. However, when Oliver Slater - a survivor of the shipwrecked Argo - discovered the location of the supply, he spread the news of its whereabouts and in 1805 Europeans began to trade directly with Fijians, bartering metal tools, tobacco, cloth, muskets and gunpowder. By 1813 the accessible supply of sandalwood was exhausted, but the introduction of firearms and the resulting increase in violent tribal warfare were lasting consequences of the trade. Warfare in Fiji was a way of life. The Fijian’s produced what seemed to be an infinite array of the most equisitely sculptured warclubs. As collectors it is easy to appreciate their form, beauty and rarity, and forget how deadly these objects are. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of the most readable and absorbing book on this is by Fergus Clunie ‘Fijian Weapons and Warfare” which has recently been reprinted. This club is similar to the Vunikau type or root stock club. Like other root type clubs it is often called after the root from which they are made. Some of the clubs are designed to slash and snap. Others like the Vunikau are for smashing and crushing. The designs followed tradition and didn’t often vary although the quality of carving did. 51 inches long overall
A Fabulous and Rare Cowen's Patent 'Gadget' Slasher-Machete-Stick A simply wonderful example of the Victorian walking stick accoutrement inventors art. One could easily imagine anyone from Dr Watson to Charles Darwin ejaculating that this would be a piece of most essential kit for exploring forests, jungles and English country lanes alike. A strong stout wooden hawthorn type stick, with a most effective machete form blade with inverse curvature. A perfect blade for lopping off an errant thick branch, cutting down sugar cane or progressing through jungle growths, or defending oneself from an errant neer'do well. Many decades ago we were requested, by a ardent collector, an identical Cowens example, as one was apparently carried by Gertrude Jekyll, the great horticulturist, designer of 400 of the greatest English gardens, and artist. As hers, we were told, regularly assisted her in her work and undertakings. However, we never thought we would actually ever find such a fine example. Interestingly, it was her younger brother's family name that Robert Louis Stevenson [due to their friendship] borrowed for his horror novel character Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Heavy grade 8 inch x 1.5 inch blade with maker's patent mark stamp. Small leather strap adrift in part.
A Fabulous George IIIrd, Presentation Quality Sword Belt Complete with mint condition, mecurial gilt lion mask adornment plaques, and it's serpent link lion's mask buckle, all in the similar pattern to the belts supplied with the fabulous Lloyd's Patriotic Fund swords. With it's gold wire bullion belt, edged with black velvet over leather. With original sword hanging straps and sprung clip hooks. This is ideal for the owner of a very fine highest presentation quality, Napoleonic Wars officer's sword, both army or naval [both French or British] a most rarely seen gem, and a piece that can easily elevate any fine, mecurial gilt mounted Georgian sword, to the next highest level. Naturally this belt would compliment any fine mecurial gilt sword not just of Lloyds Patriotic Fund quality. Lloyd's Patriotic Fund was founded on 28 July 1803 at Lloyd's Coffee House, and continues to the present day. Lloyd’s Patriotic Fund now works closely with armed forces charities to identify the individuals and their families who are in urgent need of support. The contributors created the fund to give grants to those wounded in service to the Crown and to set up annuities to the dependents of those killed in action. The Fund also awarded prizes to those British combatants who went beyond the call of duty. The rewards could be a sum of money, a sword or a piece of plate. The awards were highly publicized to help raise morale during wartime. In 1807 the fund also donated £61,000 to the Royal Naval Asylum, giving Lloyd's Patriotic Fund the enduring right to nominate children to the school. The Fund issued 15 swords worth 30 pounds each, to midshipmen, masters' mates and Royal Marine lieutenants. Also, 91 swords worth 50 pounds each went to naval lieutenants and Royal Marine captains. It issued 35 swords worth 100 pounds each to commanders and naval captains. In addition, it issued 23 swords worth 100 pounds each to 23 naval captains who fought at Trafalgar. In addition, some 60 officers requested a piece of plate of equal value instead of a sword. Lastly, a number of officers opted for cash instead, either for themselves or to distribute to their crew. On 24 August 1809 the Fund held a general meeting of its subscribers. The subscribers decided at that time to discontinue awards for merit. The Peninsular War was putting such demands on the Fund that it was felt that priority would have to go to support for the wounded and the dependents of those killed. Still, when the Fund awarded officers money for wounds received, some officers asked that the Fund give them an inscribed sword instead. We show in the gallery a portrait of Admiral Lord De Suamarez wearing his identical belt. Also, a Lloyds Patriotic Fund sword belt in the British, National Maritime Museum Collection. Patriotic fund swords can now fetch up to $130,000.
A Fabulous Griffiths [Jacobs Type] Double Barrel Rifle-Carbine Circa 1848 Just returned from being on loan for use in a documentary on the 1850's Indian Irregular Cavalry. The gun is the very inspiration for the famous Military Jacob's Rifle, used by the Sinde Irregular Force, Jacob’s Rifles, in the early 1850's. Possibly commissioned for an officer of such a regiment. Apparently experimental versions of the rifle were manufactured for Jacob by George H. Daw, and we are told, Griffiths, who (among others) later advertised these sporting models of the piece. A writer of the period described shooting a gun made on this pattern: “The recoil is by no means pleasant.[Jacob recommended a powder charge of some 2 ½ drams—68 grains of gunpowder!] This rifle does not seem to have any advantages at sporting ranges; but for military purposes it has been strongly recommended. Especially in reference to the explosive shells which are used with it….the shells…require a short stout barrel, and cannot be used with a long thin one, like the Enfield [still, Enfield-style rifles were actually manufactured with Jacob rifling, and seemed relatively popular]. For killing large animals, like the elephant or rhinoceros, they are particularly qualified; and I should strongly recommend elephant hunters to examine the merits of this rifle…” This rifle was made to accompany the howdah pistol as the big game hunting rifle to be equally at home on foot, on horseback or while standing in a howdah on one's elephant. But also for perfect use in Indian irregular cavalry by gentlemen officers. The brass mounts are superbly engraved throughout, including a Bengal tiger and lion below mount Kilimanjaro, and profuse, highly accomplished decorative scrolling. This is a finest gentleman's hand made double rifle, circa 1848, made by Griffiths of England, is also bearing Queen Victoria's crown mark to both locks, which would further indicate government military service. By comparing the Jacob's Rifle by photograph, to this fine rifle alongside each other, one can easily see where the inspiration came from. This gun also bears influences from the design of the earlier British military Baker and [contemporary] Brunswick rifles, with a near identical patchbox arrangement to Jacobs rifles but rectangular. The Jacob's rifle was designed by General Jacobs of the Honourable East India Co. who was so admired and respected by all who knew him, for his intelligence and skill of command, he had a city named after him, in modern day Pakistan, called Jacobabad. He had spent 25 years improving rifled firearms, carrying on experiments unrivalled even by public bodies. A range of 200 yards sufficed in cantonments, but at Jacobabad he had to go into the desert to set up butts at a range of 2000 yards. He went for a four grooved rifle and had numerous experimental guns manufactured in London by the leading gunsmith George Daw and completely at his expense. Jacob, like Joseph Whitworth, was renowned not only as a soldier but as a mathematician, and his rifle was as unconventional as its designer. Rather than using a small .45 caliber bore Jacob stayed with more conventional .57-58 caliber (Bill Adams theorizes that this would allow use of standard service ammo in a pinch). In any case his rifle used four deep grooves and a conical bullet with corresponding lugs. Though unusual the Jacob’s rifle, precision made in London by master gunsmiths like George Daw, quickly gained a reputation for accuracy at extended ranges. They appealed in in particular to wealthy aristocratic scientists like Lord Kelvin, who swore by his. Jacob wanted to build a cannon on the same pattern, but died early at age 45. A few Jacob’s were used during the American Civil War, and those were privately owned, usually by men able to afford the best. There is one account of one of Berdan’s men using one (the chaplain, Lorenzo Barber), who kept one barrel of his double rifle loaded with buckshot and the other with ball. Jacob's Rifles was a regiment founded by Brigadier John Jacob CB in 1858. Better known as the commandant of the Sind Horse and Jacob's Horse, and the founder of Jacobabad, the regiment of rifles he founded soon gained an excellent reputation. It became after partition part of the Pakistani Army, whereas Jacob's Horse was assigned to the Indian Army. A number of his relatives and descendants served in the Regiment, notably Field Marshal Sir Claud Jacob, Lieutenant-Colonel John Jacob and Brigadier Arthur Legrand Jacob, Claud's brother. As commander of the Scinde Irregular Horse, Jacob had become increasingly frustrated with the inferior weapons issued to his Indian cavalrymen. Being a wealthy man, he spent many years and much money on developing the perfect weapon for his 'sowars'. He eventually produced the rifle that bears his name. It could be sighted to 2000 yards (1 830m), and fire explosive bullets designed to destroy artillery limbers. It also sported a 30 inch (76,2cm) bayonet based on the Scottish claymore. Jacob was an opinionated man who chose to ignore changing trends in firearm development, and he adopted a pattern of rifling that was both obsolete and troublesome. Nevertheless, his influence was such that during the Mutiny he was permitted to arm a new regiment with his design of carbine. It was named Jacob's Rifles. Orders for the manufacture of the carbine and bayonet were placed in Britain, and all was set for its demonstration when Jacob died. In the hope the East India Company would honour the order, production continued for a little over a year. This gun is overall in super condition with excellent action. A most rare and highly desirable gun indeed, a super gentleman and officer's example. We show in the gallery a photo of a most similar Jacob's military rifle [in it's case with accessories] to compare the two side by side, this is for comparison information only. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fabulous Large Viking Fluted Blade Spearhead Around 1,200 to 1,100 years old. Large very fine quality size, likely suitable for a Viking chief. Superbly preserved and displayed on a modern marble stand. In chapter 55 of Laxdæla saga, Helgi had a spear with a blade one ell long (about 50cm, or 20in). He thrust the blade through Bolli's shield, and through Bolli. In chapter 8 of Króka-Refs saga, Refur made a spear for himself which could be used for cutting, thrusting, or hewing. Refur split Þorgils in two down to his shoulders with the spear. The spearheads were made of iron, and, like sword blades, were made using pattern welding techniques (described in the article on swords) during the early part of the Viking era . They could be decorated with inlays of precious metals or with scribed geometric patterns After forming the head, the smith flattened and drew out material to form the socket . This material was formed around a mandrel and usually was welded to form a solid socket. In some cases, the overlapping portions were left unwelded. Spear heads were fixed to wooden shafts using a rivet. The sockets on the surviving spear heads suggest that the shafts were typically round, with a diameter of 2-3cm (about one inch). However, there is little evidence that tells us the length of the shaft. The archaeological evidence is negligible, and the sagas are, for the most part, silent. Chapter 6 of Gísla saga tells of a spear so long-shafted that a man's outstretched arm could touch the rivet. The language used suggests that such a long shaft was uncommon. Perhaps the best guess we can make is that the combined length of shaft and head of Viking age spears was 2 to 3m (7-10ft) long, although one can make arguments for the use of spears having both longer and shorter shafts. A strong, straight-grained wood such as ash was used. Many people think of the spear as a throwing weapon. One of the Norse myths tells the story of the first battle in the world, in which Oðin, the highest of the gods, threw a spear over the heads of the opposing combatants as a prelude to the fight. The sagas say that spears were also thrown in this manner when men, rather than gods, fought. At the battle at Geirvör described in chapter 44 of Eyrbyggja saga, the saga author says that Steinþórr threw a spear over the heads of Snorri goði and his men for good luck, according to the old custom. More commonly, the spear was used as a thrusting weapon. The sagas tell us thrusting was the most common attack in melees and one-on-one fighting, and this capability was used to advantage in mass battles. In a mass battle, men lined up, shoulder to shoulder, with shields overlapping. After all the preliminaries, which included rock throwing, name calling, the trading of insults, and shouting a war cry (æpa heróp), the two lines advanced towards each other. When the lines met, the battle was begun. Behind the wall of shields, each line was well protected. Once a line was broken, and one side could pass through the line of the other side, the battle broke down into armed melees between small groups of men. Before either line broke, while the two lines were going at each other hammer and tongs, the spear offered some real advantages. A fighter in the second rank could use his spear to reach over the heads of his comrades in the first rank and attack the opposing line. Konungs skuggsjá (King’s Mirror), a 13th century Norwegian manual for men of the king, says that in the battle line, a spear is more effective than two swords. In regards to surviving iron artefacts of the past two millennia, if Western ancient edged weapons were either lost, discarded or buried in the ground, and if the ground soil were made up of the right chemical composition, then some, may survive exceptionally, well just as did this one, and if well conserved it can be a remarkable item of antiquity looking much as it did before it was lost millenia ago . As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity. Approx 14 inches long.
A Fabulous Native American 'Chiefs' Musket Circa 1805 A simply stunning example of these highly distinctive long guns, used by the Native American plains tribes of the 18th and 19th century. In over 45 years we have never seen a nicer example, in or out of a museum, decorated with such profusion and complexity. An absolutely delightful example. A fine French made flintlock military style musket bearing the lock of the Imperial Napoleonic period of 1805. Fully brass studded walnut stock with a regular geometric pattern typical of use by Native American 'Chiefs' of the time and through to the 1870's. The higher quality guns such as this one were called Chief's Guns as the finer guns were given to the tribes chief by either the French or English military in order to encourage the tribe to fight on the protagonists side, such as was incredibly prevalent in the French Indian Wars of the 1760s throughout the American frontier states. The tradition continued both in peacetime and war right until the 1870's. The English made Chiefs Guns often had an engraved wrist escutcheon bearing a GR cypher surmounted by the King's crown. One of the earliest accounts of firearms possession by Indians out West dates to the 1750s, in New Mexico, where French traders cited a brisk exchange of flintlocks to the Wichitas and Comanches for their horses. Firearms, or in some cases the lack of them, played a major role in Indian life from the time they were first introduced to the end of the Indian Wars of the 19th century. Those tribes that possessed both horses and guns were far better equipped to forage for food, wage war or defend themselves than were those who had neither. Together, the horse and the gun combined to make the Indian of the Great Plains the finest light cavalryman the world had ever seen. Sometimes they hammered in iron or brass nails to hold together a broken stock, but usually they reserved such hardware to decorate the firearm. Feathers, beads, even human trigger fingers cut from an enemy, as well as other body appendages, could also adorn an Indian’s gun throughout the 19th century. The Great Plains Indians acquired guns from the French and British Traders. Apparently a common trading deal for the price of the gun was a stack of furs as high as the rifle. The trade of firearms had a startling impact on the Native American tribes of North America. The balance of power shifted to those tribes that possessed firearms and those tribes that did not which is further explained in the Beaver Wars in which the Iroquois League destroyed several large tribes including the Hurons, Eries and Susquehannocks. Native American Indians viewed the gun as a delivery system for poison, similar to a snake. We show in the gallery severla paintings and engraving of Indians of the time holding their prized guns, and Sitting Bulls flintlock, studded with brass nail head, that he surrendered at Fort Buford, Dakota in 1881, carved with his name that he had learnt to write in English while in Canada. Sitting Bull [c. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies. He was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him, at a time when authorities feared that he would join the Ghost Dance movement. Before the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull had a vision in which he saw many soldiers, "as thick as grasshoppers," falling upside down into the Lakota camp, which his people took as a foreshadowing of a major victory in which a large number of soldiers would be killed. About three weeks later, the confederated Lakota tribes with the Northern Cheyenne defeated the 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer on June 25, 1876, annihilating Custer's battalion and seeming to bear out Sitting Bull's prophetic vision. Sitting Bull's leadership inspired his people to a major victory. Months after their victory at the battle, Sitting Bull and his group left the United States for Wood Mountain, North-West Territories (now Saskatchewan), where he remained until 1881, at which time he and most of his band returned to US territory and surrendered to U.S. forces. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fabulous Original Victorian Woolwork Regimental Crest of the Suffolk Regt In still highly vividly embroidered colours, and superbly executed with great skill. Bearing the regiments crest surmounted with Queen Victoria's crown, with a scrolls of the regiments battle honours, from Dettingen up to the South African Wars against the Boers. Very unusually is it surmounted with a Union Flag and a Moon and Crescent flag of Egypt. In a gesso mounted gilt wooden framed. Members of the Suffolks were based in Egypt from - 17 December, 1889 - to 10 February, 1891. The 1st Battalion served in the Second Boer War: it assaulted a hill near Colesberg in January 1900 and suffered many casualties including the commanding officer. Between 1895 and 1914, the 2nd Battalion, Suffolk Regiment was stationed for the majority of the time in India. Garrison postings during this period include; Secunderabad (India) 1895, Rangoon and the Andaman Islands (Burma) 1896 to 1899, Quetta (North West Frontier) 1899 to 1902, Karachi and Hyderabad (Northern India, now Pakistan) 1902 to 1905, Madras (India) 1905 to 1907, Aden 1907, returning to England in 1908. During its service in India the 2nd Battalion became known as a "well officered battalion that compared favourably with the best battalion in the service having the nicest possible feeling amongst all ranks". The 2nd was also regarded as a good shooting battalion with high level of musketry skills. The spirit of independence and self-reliance exhibited by officers and non-commissioned officers led to the 2nd Battalion taking first place in the Quetta Division of the British Army of India, from a military effectiveness point of view, in a six-day test. This test saw the men under arms for over 12 hours a day conducting a wide selection of military manoeuvres, including bridge building, retreats under fire, forced marches and defending ground and fixed fortifications. The 1st Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 84th Brigade in the 28th Division in January 1915 for service on the Western Front and then transferred to Egypt in 24 October 1915.[30] It suffered some 400 casualties at the Second Battle of Ypres in May 1915. The 2nd Battalion landed at landed at Le Havre as part of the 14th Brigade in the 5th Division in August 1914. The value of the 2nd Battalion's 20 years of peacetime training was exemplified at the Battle of Le Cateau on 26 August 1914, a mere 23 days since Britain had declared war on Germany. In this action the 2nd Battalion undertook a fierce rear-guard defence out-manned and out-gunned by superior numbers of enemy. The 2nd Battalion held their defensive position despite losing their commanding officer, Lt. Col. C.A.H. Brett DSO, at the commencement of the action and their second in command, Maj. E.C. Doughty, who was severely wounded after six hours of battle as he went forward to take ammunition to the hard-pressed battalion machine gunners. Almost totally decimated as a fighting unit after over eight hours of incessant fighting, the 2nd Battalion, Suffolk Regiment was gradually outflanked but would still not surrender. This was despite the fact that the German Army, knowing the 2nd Battalion had no hope of survival, entreated them to surrender, even ordering the German buglers to sound the British Cease Fire and gesticulating for the men of the 2nd to lay down their arms. At length an overwhelming force rushed the 2nd Battalion from the rear, bringing down all resistance and the 2nd's defence of Le Cateau was at an end. Those remaining alive were taken captive by the Germans, spending the next four years as prisoners of war and not returning home until Christmas Day 1918
A Fabulous Rare Light Infantry Sword, Circa 1790's, With Talisman Blade A superb King George IIIrd Light Infantry or Rifles Regt officer's sabre. With it's original mercurial gilt hilt bearing almost all it's original burnished gilt finish. It has it's original wire bound fish skin grip, Light Infantry bugle langet, and a deeply curved blade superbly engraved with King George IIIrd Royal cypher and secret Talismanic symbols. The crescent moon, a resplendent sun, and a turbaned Turk's head, and an enigmatic astrological inscription in a secret cypher. It is said in some quarters these beautiful yet intriguing blades were engraved at the time to award the sword bearer good fortune and invulnerability in battle. They can be seen on both English and French blades, and are sometimes referred, in France, as Cabalistic. It has also been said they were used by members of a secret society, by way of identifying oneself to a combatant protagonist as a brother of the society. Somewhat like the Masonic order. We have seen such symbols on British and French 17th, 18th and very early 19th century blades, but very rarely later. We have also seen their like on swords that we have had in the past once used by known members of the infamous Hellfire Club. This was a name for several exclusive clubs for high society rakes established in Britain and Ireland in the 18th century. The name is most commonly used to refer to Sir Francis Dashwood's Order of the Friars of St. Francis of Wycombe. Such clubs were rumoured to be the meeting places of "persons of quality" who wished to take part in immoral acts, and the members were often very involved in politics. Neither the activities nor membership of the club are easy to ascertain. The first Hellfire Club was founded in London in 1719, by Philip, Duke of Wharton and a handful of other high society friends. The most notorious club associated with the name was established in England by Sir Francis Dashwood, and met irregularly from around 1749 to around 1760, and possibly up until 1766. In its later years, the Hellfire was closely associated with Brooks's, established in 1764. Other clubs using the name "Hellfire Club" were set up throughout the 18th century. Most of these clubs were set up in Ireland after Wharton's were dispelled. Francis Dashwood was well known for his pranks: for example, while in the Royal Court in St Petersburg, he dressed up as the King of Sweden, a great enemy of Russia. The membership of Sir Francis' club was initially limited to twelve but soon increased. Of the original twelve, some are regularly identified: Dashwood, Robert Vansittart, Thomas Potter, Francis Duffield, Edward Thompson, Paul Whitehead and John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. The list of supposed members is immense; among the more probable candidates are George Bubb Dodington, a fabulously corpulent man in his 60s; William Hogarth, although hardly a gentleman, has been associated with the club after painting Dashwood as a Franciscan Friar and John Wilkes, though much later, under the pseudonym John of Aylesbury. Benjamin Franklin is known to have occasionally attended the club's meetings during 1758 as a non-member during his time in England. However, some authors and historians would argue Benjamin Franklin was in fact a spy. As there are no records left (if there were any at all), many of these members are just assumed or linked by letters sent to each other. No scabbard
A Fabulous Tudor Period 'Dog of War' Multi Spiked Forged Iron Collar. 15th to 16th Century. In forged iron with it's multiple rows of spikes within a frame body, complete with it's circular neck shape form intact. Between years 1387-1388, in the ¨Hunting Book¨, Gastón Fébus speaks about dogs ¨Alaunts are able to cross all other bloods, to which it cuts their ears to evenness to avoid to them be wounded in the fight”. In Spain the great war dog was the alaunt or prey-dog, in Britain it was the similar Mastiff or Bull Mastiff. In the stories of the writers of the time, it was spoken of the Alaunts that the Spanish explorers took to cross the virgin forests of South America. There was some of these stories, in which they narrated an infinity of anecdotes with respect to intelligence, bravery and fidelity that owned the Alaunts. In March 24, 1495, within the Antilles was the first battle of the native Indians, and commanded by the Caonabo Cacique was a battle with dogs. The brother of Cristóbal, Bartolomé Colón, employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alaunts like Spanish forces. It was the “debut” of the Alaunts in the American Conquest. Some Alaunts deserved, for their services, that one pays to them their fair due. Fernandez de Oviedo speaks of a Alaunt called “Becerrillo", which always accompanied the conqueror Diego de Salazar. One said that ten soldiers with “Becerrillo", were made more fearful than more than one hundred soldiers without the dog. For that reason it had its part in booties, and received it's pay like any soldier. War Dogs were trained to fight in combat either against man or beasts such as bulls. We show pictures in the gallery of famous war dogs from the time of Ancient Rome by Romans, by Ancient Britons, being used in Medieval England and in the US Civil War.
A Fabulous Victorian Uniform of a Captain of the Pembrokeshire Hussars blue cloth with white facings, silver bullion lace and braid trim including pointed ornamental cuffs, Austrian knot devices to back, 17 loops, with plain silver plated buttons to chest, shoulder cords with regimental buttons and 3 embroidered rank stars, white silk lining, pair matching overalls with double silver lace stripe. Good Condition, the lace generally bright overall. The officer who wore this superb uniform served alongside Col Cropper as a fellow Captain of the Pembrokeshire Hussars. As we know not this uniform's officer's name we show with the gallery the details of Col. Croppers distinguished career in the Zulu War and both Boer Wars. Hussar refers to a number of types of light cavalry. This type of cavalry first appeared in the Hungarian army of King Matthias Corvinus. The title and distinctive dress of these horsemen was subsequently widely adopted by light cavalry regiments in European and other armies. The hussars played a prominent role as cavalry in the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815). As light cavalrymen mounted on fast horses, they would be used to fight skirmish battles and for scouting. Most of the great European powers raised hussar regiments. The armies of France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia had included hussar regiments since the mid-18th century. In the case of Britain, four light dragoon regiments were converted to hussars in 1806–1807. Hussars were notoriously impetuous, and Napoleon was quoted as stating that he would be surprised for a hussar to live beyond the age of 30, due to their tendency to become reckless in battle, exposing their weaknesses in frontal assaults. The hussars of Napoleon created the tradition of sabrage, the opening of a champagne bottle with a sabre. Moustaches were universally worn by Napoleonic-era hussars; the British hussars were the only moustachioed troops in the British Army—leading to their being taunted as being "foreigners", at times. French hussars also wore cadenettes, braids of hair hanging on either side of the face, until the practice was officially proscribed when shorter hair became universal. The uniform of the Napoleonic hussars included the pelisse, a short fur-edged jacket which was often worn slung over one shoulder in the style of a cape and was fastened with a cord. This garment was extensively adorned with braiding (often gold or silver for officers) and several rows of buttons. The dolman or tunic, which was also decorated in braid, was worn under it. The hussar's accoutrements included a Hungarian-style saddle covered by a shabraque, a decorated saddlecloth with long, pointed corners surmounted by a sheepskin. On active service, the hussar normally wore reinforced breeches which had leather on the inside of the leg to prevent them from wearing due to the extensive time spent in the saddle. On the outside of such breeches, running up each outer side, was a row of buttons, and sometimes a stripe in a different colour. A shako or fur kolpac (busby) was worn as headwear. The colours of the dolman, pelisse and breeches varied greatly by regiment, even within the same army. The French hussar of the Napoleonic period was armed with a brass-hilted sabre, a carbine and sometimes with a brace of pistols, although these were often unavailable. The British hussar was armed with, in addition to his firearms, the 1796-pattern light-cavalry sabre. British hussars also introduced the sabretache (a leather pouch hung from the swordbelt) to the British Army. A famous military commander in Bonaparte's army who began his military career as a hussar was Marshal Ney, who, after being employed as a clerk in an iron works, joined the 5th Hussars in 1787. He rose through the ranks of the hussars in the wars of Belgium and the Rhineland (1794–1798), fighting against the forces of Austria and Prussia before receiving his marshal's baton in 1804, after the Emperor Napoleon's coronation.
A Fabulous Zulu War 2nd Model 'Dragoon' Double Action Tranter Revolver Made and used by a Zulu War British officer [name unknown]. Made in London and retailed in South Afrika in 1878/9. Single trigger model. In fabulous condition for age, excellent action and much original blue remaining. These world famous second model Tranters were well recorded as being used by British officers during the Zulu War, in fact only a few years ago a relic of one was found under a rock at a famous battle site of the 1879 war, apparently also sold by Hayton of Grahamstown. World reknown Confederate General 'Jeb' Stuart' was also given the very same second model example [see photo] by his aide and friend, and used it in the Civil War. This is the big, Tranter 'Dragoon', a large calibre revolver sold by the famous South African gunsmith, John Hayton of Grahamstown. Of officer quality with blued finish, octagonal sighted barrel engraved around the muzzle and with scrolling foliage at the breech, blued border engraved top-strap with retailer's details, bright cylinder with knurled forward edge, blued border engraved frame, trigger-guard and ovoidal butt-cap decorated with scrolling foliage, blued hinged safety-stop and arbor-pin catch, bright foliate engraved patent rammer, and chequered rounded butt. John Hayton is recorded working in Grahamstown, South Africa, from about 1850 to 1873. He became famous as the designer of the Hayton or 'Cape' rifle. The Tranter revolver was a double-action cap & ball revolver invented around 1856 by English firearms designer William Tranter (1816–1890). Originally operated with a special dual-trigger mechanism (one to rotate the cylinder and cock the gun, a second to fire it) later models employed a single-trigger mechanism much the same as that found in the contemporary Beaumont-Adams Revolver. Early Tranter revolvers were generally versions of the various Robert Adams-designed revolver models, of which Tranter had produced in excess of 8000 revolvers by 1853. The first model of his own design used the frame of an Adams-type revolver, with a modification in the mechanism which he had jointly developed with James Kerr. The first model was sold under the name Tranter-Adams-Kerr. After the American Civil War, production continued of the Tranter percussion revolver (despite the increasingly availability of cartridge-firing designs) because many people thought percussion firearms were safer and cheaper than the "new-fangled" cartridge-based designs of the time. In 1863, Tranter secured the patent for rimfire cartridges in England, and started production using the same frame as his existing models. As early as 1868, Tranter had also began the manufacture of centrefire cartridge revolvers. Famous users of Tranter revolvers included Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency, the Confederate General James Ewell Brown Stuart, and Ben Hall, the Australian bushranger, and Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. It is also known that Dr Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor of the Gatling Gun owned a Tranter First Model (Pocket 109mm barrel) 80 bore retailed by Cogswell London in 1857. In 1878, Tranter received a contract from the British Army for the supply of revolvers for use in the Zulu War. Original antique percussion action revolver, no licence required in order to own or collect. Photo of Zulu War officers kit and revolver from "An Officer in the Zulu War" by James A. Holt
A Fabulous, Spectacular, IInd Empire Napoleonic French Officers Sword Fit for an Emperor!.. A most stunning high ranking French 19th century officers sword, with all its original mercurial gilt remaining. Cast and chisselled hilt with the Imperial Napoleonic French eagle surrounded by an oakleaf wreath upon the shell guard. Mother o'pearl grip plates. Rococo scrolling throughout. Blade signed and made by the famous French sword maker Coulax of Klingenthal. In fantastic condition for age. Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, later known as Louis Napoleon and then Napoleon III, was born in Paris on the night of 20–21 April 1808. His presumed father was Louis Bonaparte, the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made Louis the King of Holland from 1806 until 1810. His mother was Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter by the first marriage of Napoleon's wife Joséphine de Beauharnais. As empress, Joséphine proposed the marriage as a way to produce an heir for the Emperor, who agreed, as Joséphine was by then infertile. Louis married Hortense when he was twenty-four and she was nineteen. They had a difficult relationship, and only lived together for brief periods. Their first son died in 1807, and, though separated, they decided to have a third. They resumed their marriage for a brief time in Toulouse in July 1807, and Louis was born premature, two weeks short of nine months. Louis-Napoleon's enemies, including Victor Hugo, spread the gossip that he was the child of a different man, but most historians agree today that he was the legitimate son of Louis Bonaparte. Charles-Louis was baptized at the Palace of Fontainebleau on 5 November 1810, with Emperor Napoleon serving as his godfather and Empress Marie-Louise as his godmother. His father stayed away, once again separated from Hortense. At the age of seven, Louis-Napoleon visited his uncle at the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Napoleon held him up to the window to see the soldiers parading in the courtyard of the Carousel below. He last saw his uncle with the family at the Château de Malmaison, shortly before Napoleon departed for Waterloo. All members of the Bonaparte dynasty were forced into exile after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo and the Bourbon Restoration of monarchy in France. Hortense and Louis-Napoleon moved from Aix to Berne to Baden, and finally to a lakeside house at Arenenberg in the Swiss canton of Thurgau. He received some of his education in Germany at the gymnasium school at Augsburg, Bavaria. As a result, for the rest of his life his French had a slight but noticeable German accent. His tutor at home was Philippe Le Bas, an ardent republican and the son of a revolutionary and close friend of Robespierre. Le Bas taught him French history and radical politics. In foreign policy, Napoleon III aimed to reassert French influence in Europe and around the world. He was a supporter of popular sovereignty, and of nationalism. In Europe, he allied with Britain and defeated Russia in the Crimean War (1854–56). French troops assisted Italian unification by fighting on the side of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. In return, in 1860 France received Savoy and the county of Nice. Later, however, to appease fervent French Catholics, he sent soldiers to defend the residual Papal States against annexation by Italy. No scabbard
A Fascinating Bronze Age Spear or Lance Around 3400 Years Old It is mounted on an early haft in the early wire bound manner. The old haft is a later replacement. Spearheads were mostly made in two-piece moulds which have been found in Ireland and the Highlands. During the Early Bronze Age soft stone moulds were used but in the late Bronze Age clay moulds became more popular. There is no evidence to indicate that bronze moulds were used to cast spearheads. After casting a spearhead would have been finished, hammered and occasionally decorated. The remains of hafts are occasionally recovered inside spearheads and they indicate that hafts were mostly made of ash and pinewood. Looped spearheads were probably secured by a cord or leather thong. Pegged spearheads would have been pegged to the spear haft by bronze or wooden pegs. The variation of spearhead size indicates they may have been used for different purposes. For example smaller spearheads may have been thrown while larger ones may have been used as thrusting weapons. Evidence suggests that they were used in warfare and hunting. Some large decorative and barbed spearheads may have been used in ceremonies as appear to be too large and valuable for fighting or hunting. Like many weapons, a spear may also be a symbol of power. In the Chinese martial arts community, the Chinese spear is popularly known as the "king of weapons". The Celts would symbolically destroy a dead warrior's spear either to prevent its use by another or as a sacrificial offering. In classical Greek mythology Zeus' bolts of lightning may be interpreted as a symbolic spear. Some would carry that interpretation to the spear that frequently is associated with Athena, interpreting her spear as a symbolic connection to some of Zeus' power beyond the Aegis once he rose to replacing other deities in the pantheon. Athena was depicted with a spear prior to that change in myths, however. Chiron's wedding-gift to Peleus when he married the nymph Thetis in classical Greek mythology, was an ashen spear as the nature of ashwood with its straight grain made it an ideal choice of wood for a spear. The Romans and their early enemies would force prisoners to walk underneath a 'yoke of spears', which humiliated them. The yoke would consist of three spears, two upright with a third tied between them at a height which made the prisoners stoop. It has been surmised that this was because such a ritual involved the prisoners' warrior status being taken away. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the arrangement has a magical origin, a way to trap evil spirits.The word subjugate has its origins in this practice In Norse Mythology, the God Odin's spear (named Gungnir) was made by the sons of Ivaldi. It had the special property that it never missed its mark. During the War with the Vanir, Odin symbolically threw Gungnir into the Vanir host. This practice of symbolically casting a spear into the enemy ranks at the start of a fight was sometimes used in historic clashes, to seek Odin's support in the coming battle. In Wagner's opera Siegfried, the haft of Gungnir is said to be from the "World-Tree" Yggdrasil. Other spears of religious significance are the Holy Lance and the Lúin of Celtchar, believed by some to have vast mystical powers. Sir James George Frazer in The Golden Bough noted the phallic nature of the spear and suggested that in the Arthurian Legends the spear or lance functioned as a symbol of male fertility, paired with the Grail (as a symbol of female fertility). The picture in the gallery is of the Norse god Odin, carrying the spear Gungnir on his ride to Hel, note the thickness of the haft and the binding of the tang. The central rib has had an old repair on the blade. Blade 15.5 inches long [not including tang]
A Feature on The Lanes Armoury in the London Daily Telegraph November 4th Celebrating Britain's Unique Retailers; A most kind review of Mark Hawkins and The Lanes Armoury by Tom Ough of the Daily Telegraph. See a scan of the article, as it appeared in the Daily Telegraph, in the gallery ………………………………………………………………………This other review was completed earlier this year; Mark Hawkins celebrates 45 years at The Lanes Armoury this year. The story so far of the Hawkins Brothers and "The Lanes Armoury" written and updated by Francis Taylor; Sadly it is likely the last, true, original 'armoury' shop left in the whole of Britain. They were described as one of the most highly recommended visitors attractions in the whole of the UK by the New York Times. It is also regularly featured by many other world wide publications, appearing in too many television programmes to list, including Italian and Japanese documentaries, plus the Discovery Channels "Mud Men", and Ian McShane's world famous tv series, "Lovejoy". Several film locations have been filmed in their shops, including Graham Greene's " Brighton Rock", and Roger Moore's film series "The Persuaders", way back in 1971. Hundreds of thousands of tourists [and regular visitors] come to see them every single year, including in the 1970's President Ronald Reagan, and in October 1970 Elizabeth Taylor with Richard Burton also visited [and it was during that extraodinary visit Elizabeth Taylor sold to Camilla, {Mark and David's mother}, her bespoke diamond and ruby encrusted Rolex watch]. Also in the 1960's Edward G. Robinson visited, and H.M. Queen Elizabeth and HRH Prince Philip came through the Lanes, and their store in the 1980's, as did the HRH the Aga Khan. The 'Hawkins brothers' evolved their company from one of the oldest established family businesses in Sussex, with a client base that includes museums, heads of state, presidents, princes and kings. But whether you are a movie star, a head of state or a student, all will be treated with the same courtesy and respect. Every sale is important to them, albeit a £5 badge, a £500 sword, a £50,000 medieval book, or maybe a Gothic suit of armour for £40,000. Every day they are told that to some, this is their favourite shop in the world, with some foreign visitors returning year in year out for 40 years or even more, so they truly believe they have a great responsibility to their customers, their reputation, and to the amazing city of Brighton. Their oldest customer has incredibly been a regular buyer, for an amazing, near 65 years. The partners, Mark and David regularly appear on the BBC and numerous UK TV channels on various antique 'discovery' programs, and act as consultant appraisers. During Mark's 45 years, and David's 35 years [that's 80 years combined] with the family business, it is estimated they have had pass through their hands, and appraised, possibly more items than any other living dealers in the country, and their breadth of knowledge and experience is simply astonishing. While in his capacity as export director of the old family company Mark was personally responsible for the sale and export of over 2,000 individual antique items every single week for nearly ten years. Shipping their treasures to the four corners of globe. Of course, these days [and for the past 25 years] the brothers are concentrating their attention to being England's leading specialist arms and militaria dealers, limiting their business to fine, ancient, antique or vintage samurai weaponry, armour, militaria and historical books, covering the past three millennia. It is now said they are the largest samurai weapon dealers in the western world, and this website is the largest of it's type in the world including over 15,000 full colour photographs of some of their items for sale. With so many different histories to offer, you can feel freer in Brighton than in most British cities to select trips which coincide with your interests – and of course, you're much more likely to find in Brighton things to do which bring the history you love to life. For the lover of militaria, a visit to The Lanes Armoury is a must with a difference. The Armoury's housed in a three-storey 16th century building and is a real treasure trove – it's a museum which is not a museum as everything is for sale. It has been nominated and then short-listed for the British Antique & Collectors Awards as the best Antique Shop in Great Britain and is the latest incarnation of a much older business – David Hawkins [Brighton] Ltd – which was one of the earliest and largest dealers in Antiques and Collectibles within the whole of Europe in the last century. It's their current specialisation in Arms, Armour, Militaria, and Books which really marks them out and creates such a fascinating and fantastic place to visit. From bronze-age swords, axes and daggers, suits of samurai and European armour, muskets, revolvers, duelling pistols, American civil war swords, right through to medals and World War II militaria, it's all there to be viewed and drooled over. For example, they have in stock at present a 19th century 'Vampyre Killing Kit', [near identical to one in the Tower Collection] essential for those Victorian trips to the Carpathian mountains and Transylvania, and a signed 1st Edition book that once personally belonged to Winston Churchill detailing a story of combat in the American Revolutionary War. It was presented to him during WW2 and signed by it's author, Robert Graves, one of England's greatest WW1 poets and novelists. It was declared by Churchill, in a personal letter to Robert Graves thanking him for the gift, that it was one of only 6 or 7 novels that he had read during his premiership in the war, and subsequently this very book was used by him to advise the creation and modus operandi of the new British Commandos. They have two pages in a folio from one of the earliest printed books, and a Ist Ed, book of 1479 By Bartolomaeus Platina, and just recently in, an Autographed copy of Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens at just under £25,000 [now sold]. It's not a museum, although often believed to be, and when you leave, you've really have had the same experience! I can honestly say the experience of a visit to the armoury, although not a vast premises by any means, in fact probably the smallest recommended by the New York Times, but is utterly memorable, and every single person that passed through their doors while I was there was either astonished, amazed, or both! But remember…although it looks and feels like a museum, as the brothers reminded me, everything is for sale!....
A Fine & Beautiful Antique Fijian Ula Throwing Club A cerved hardwood throwing club "ula". With fine globed assymetrical head with top knob, and geometric carved patterning on the haft. It is perhaps the most famous and recognizable of all oceanic weapons. The ula was the most personal weapon of the Fijian warrior and was inserted into a man's fibre girdle sometimes in pairs like pistols. The throwing of the ula was achieved with great skill, precision and speed. It was often carried in conjunction with a heavier full length club or spear which served to finish an opponent after initially being disabled by a blow from the ula. Was made by a specialist from a variety of uprooted bushes or shrubs. Across 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) from east to west, Fiji has been a nation of many languages. Fiji's history was one of settlement but also of mobility. Over the centuries, a unique Fijian culture developed. Constant warfare and cannibalism between warring tribes were quite rampant and very much part of everyday life.[22] During the 19th century, Ratu Udre Udre is said to have consumed 872 people and to have made a pile of stones to record his achievement."Ceremonial occasions saw freshly killed corpses piled up for eating. 'Eat me!' was a proper ritual greeting from a commoner to a chief. The posts that supported the chief's house or the priest's temple would have sacrificed bodies buried underneath them, with the rationale that the spirit of the ritually sacrificed person would invoke the gods to help support the structure, and "men were sacrificed whenever posts had to be renewed" . Also, when a new boat, or drua, was launched, if it was not hauled over men as rollers, crushing them to death, "it would not be expected to float long" . Fijians today regard those times as "na gauna ni tevoro" (time of the devil). The ferocity of the cannibal lifestyle deterred European sailors from going near Fijian waters, giving Fiji the name Cannibal Isles; as a result, Fiji remained unknown to the rest of the world.
A Fine & Rare NCO's Last Shako Plate 1869-78, The 22nd Foot, Cheshire Regt. In March 1689 James II landed in Ireland and began raising an army to take back the British throne from his son-in-law William III. Facing Ireland's east coast, Cheshire was particularly vulnerable and so in that same month Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk founded a regiment of foot on the Roodee racecourse in Chester. This unit was sent to Ireland later in 1689 and fought at both the Boyne and Aughrim. It then stayed in Ireland as a garrison unit until 1702, with a brief redeployment to the Netherlands. The unit then spent 12 years in Jamaica from 1702 onwards and then 22 years on Minorca. In between these postings, it was ordered to disband in 1714, but that order was revoked a year later. During its time on Minorca it sent detachments to Dettingen and Gibraltar and in 1749 the regiment as a whole moved back to Ireland. Two years later it became the 22nd Regiment of Foot, under which name it helped take Louisberg in Canada in 1758. Its grenadiers also joined James Wolfe's force at Quebec in 1759 and soon afterwards the regiment helped capture Martinique and Havana. It spent 1765 to 1773 in England and Ireland and then fought in the Philadelphia and Southern campaigns of the American Revolutionary War, finally having to surrender at Yorktown with Cornwallis. In 1795 it recruited the poor-house boy John Shipp, who gained two commissions from the ranks for bravery before reaching the age of 30. 'Cheshire' was officially incorporated into its regimental title during its voyage home from North America. The 1790s saw it back in the West Indies, while from 1803 to the end of the Napoleonic Wars it fought in South Africa and India. Its soldiers remained in India as garrison troops until 1819 and again from 1841 to 1855. It was the only English unit to participate in the Scinde expedition in 1843. In 1858 it raised a 2nd Battalion of regular troops, reviving a 2nd Battalion that had been raised for less than a year in 1814. As a two-battalion regiment, it was not merged with another unit during the 1881 reforms. The 2nd Battalion fought in the Boer War.
A Fine 17th C. English Hunting Sword, King William and Queen Mary Décor. Short double fullered blade. Antler handle, brass single bar hilt with cap pommel and single ovoid guard. Blade bears two armourer's marks. Most unusual fully pierced shell guard decorated with two stylised heads in profile, of queen Mary on one side and the king William on the other. William and Mary were the co-regnants over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, namely the Dutch Prince of Orange King William III (& II) and his spouse (and first cousin) Queen Mary II. Their joint reign began in February 1689 after they were offered the throne by the Convention Parliament irregularly summoned by William after his victorious invasion of England in November 1688, the so-called Glorious Revolution. They replaced James II (& VII), Mary's father, who fled the country. Parliament offered William and Mary a co-regency, at the couple's behest. After Mary died in 1694, William ruled alone until his death in 1702. William and Mary were childless and were ultimately succeeded by Mary's younger sister, Anne. This was the most popular form of sword used by the early British Naval Commanders when at sea. There are numerous great portraits in the National Gallery, and at the National Maritime Museum, of 17th and 18th century Admirals adorned with identical swords. Such as Admirals Benbow, Shovel et al.
A Fine 1805 Vintage Royal Naval Junior Officers Sword, Original Gilding Complete with original binding over sharkskin shagreen. A light grade Royal Naval sword for use by Masters, Mates, Warrant Officers and Midshipmen. A painting in the gallery Nelson Before Trafalgar by George Lucy Good [in the National Maritime Muesuem] shows his 1805 pattern sword leaning by his desk. Although known and classified as the 1805 pattern officer's sword, they were known to have been made from up to six or seven years earlier, from the late 1790's. Copper gilt hilt with wire bound shagreen [sharkskin] grip and twin fouled anchor engraved langets. Single fullered blade. Used from 1798 until the 1820's, a very good sword for the Royal Naval from The Battle of Trafalgar, the Wars with France, the Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812 [with America] eras. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under the French Admiral Villeneuve in the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, in Caños de Meca. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England. The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy. This involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the enemy fleet, with decisive results. Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle. Villeneuve attended Nelson's funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. Some shagreen [sharkskin] loss on one side of the grip. No scabbard
A Fine 18th Century Blunderbuss by John Rea of London A very fine example with finest juglans regia walnut stock with exceptional patina, fine brass furniture finely engraved throughout. Acorn finail trigger guard and brss cannon barrel with Tower proofs. A similar blunderbuss by John Rea, and the same size, is on display in the Cody Firearms Museum, the Buffalo Bill Center of the West, in Cody, Wyoming, from the Winchester Arms Collection This blunderbuss is of the so-called "cannon mouth" pattern. It is typical of the British Naval blunderbuss and dates from circa 1780. This type of weapon fires a multitude of shot about .25 inch in diameter. John Rea is listed as working in London from 1782 to 1793. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling 16 inch barrel 31 inches long overall As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine 18th Century Flintlock Long Holster Pistol Finely carved walnut stock, long holster barrel beautifully chisseled and stock inlaid with silver scrolls. Silver onlaid brass buttcap, traditional early banana shaped lock. An Italianate style flintlock, made in the area of the Mediterranean, used throughout Europe in the 18th and early 19th century in the Napoelonic Wars and throughout the Ottoman Empire. This is exactly the type of flintlock one sees, and in fact expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A beautifully sprauncy sidearm, with long flared barrel. This is an original, honest and impressive antique flintlock that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This super piece may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the very form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course.
A Fine 18th Century Irish Brass Cannon-Barrel Blunderbuss, by Muley Dublin This American Revolutionary War period blunderbuss is of the so-called "cannon mouth" pattern and used right through the Napoleonic Wars. It is typical of the British and Irish blunderbuss and dates from circa 1775. This type of weapon fires a multitude of ball shot about .25 inch in diameter. Muley was an Irish gunsmith from Dublin from 1760 till 1795. Known for his fine brass barrelled blunderbusses The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling 16 inch barrel 32 inches long overall approx. Currently in the workshop for final stock polishing. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine 19th Century Ivory and Silver Mounted Burmese Dha Dagger This fine example of a Burmese dagger (dha-hmyaung) a slightly curved, single-edged steel blade; and an ivory hilt with silver mounts. The hilt collar is of silver embellished with a band of finely plaited silver. The blade is fully inlaid with silver mythical beast and mythical bird surrounded by scrolls and a Burmese script panel. Far more frequently they a found with plain blades, and sometimes with small silver inlays but most infrequently with fully inlaid silver décor. 11 inches long overall
A Fine and Beautiful Carved Horn Hilted 18th Century French Hunting Sword American Revolutionary War period, made Circa 1760, a Cuttoe or Couteau de chasse. Single shell guard deer hoofed quillon form, carved horn handle with carved clamshell pommel and twin gilt capped mounting rivets. Single edged blade with a small return false edge and double fuller. Finely geometric scroll engraved blade with a leaping stag [slightly obscured through time] within the fuller on both sides.
A Fine and Rare British Victorian China Medal 1900 Relief of Pekin Bar Issued to a Seapoy of the 24th Punjab Infantry. The 24th were part of the China Expeditionary Force 1900-01, including the relief of Pekin and the actions at Peitsang and Yangtsun. Many contemporary reports state that a small group of the 24th Punjabis and 1st Sikhs were in fact the first to reach the Legations (Russian Artillery first to the city wall, American 14th Infantry Regiment were the first to breech the city wall, 1st Bengal Lancers first to the Legation gate and then the group of 24th Punjabis and 1st Sikhs snook up to the Legations by breeching a sluice.) The 24th Punjabis were also the main participants of the most ferocious fighting of the day, deflecting the evening counter-attack in the region south of the Temple Of Heaven. In all contemporary records the Indians are praised for withstanding the 42 degree heat (whilst at the same time members of the Welsh were dying of heat stroke) and having the best combat readiness of all members of the expedition. They got dirty, got stuck in and with time, forgotten. There are, for example, conflicting reports on how many 24th Punjabis were part of the expedition. Some sources state 250 and some 300.With the fighting in Pekin coming after the 24th distinguished themselves alongside the 1st Sikhs and US 14th Infantry during the Battle Of Yang-Tsun on 6th August. Usually British campaign Medals to Indian troops sell for a lesser amount of those to British troops but in this case, the Indian troops (Bengal Lancers, 51st Sikhs and 24th Punjabis) with the Clasp "Relief Of Pekin" were the backbone and spearhead of the relief and impressed themselves even more positively than the considerably larger Japanese contingent, who were seen as "surprisingly organised for non-westerners". For 55 days, the Boxers laid siege to the heart of Beijing. The rebels kept more than 400 foreigners holed up in Beijing’s Foreign Legation Quarter. The siege was the dramatic denouement of months of anti-Imperialist and anti-Christian sentiment that swept across China at the turn of the 20th century. Known as the Boxer Rebellion, the events cast a long shadow on Chinese history throughout the 20th century, invoked by later nationalists in their own fight against Imperialism. On August 4, 1900, a relief force of more than 3000 soldiers from Sikh and Punjabi regiments left Tianjin, part of the larger eight-nation alliance that was dispatched to aid the besieged quarter, where 11 countries had set up legations. Indian troops were also dispatched to guard churches and Christian missionaries, the targets of the Boxer uprisings. The history of the Boxer Rebellion is well known. What isn’t is the crucial role played by troops from British India in lifting the siege, which eventually paved the way for the occupation of Beijing by foreign troops. Indian regiments made their way to the foreign quarter “crawling through the Imperial sewage canals”, undetected by the Boxers, and were the first troops to come to the aid of the besieged foreigners. The lifting of the siege was one of only several key instances where Indian troops left an unlikely mark on the course of Chinese history in the early twentieth century. The heroic exploits of the 24th Punjabis were featured on the front page of the London Illustrated News Saturday November 24th 1900, with a full page engraving of them coursing the water drainage tunnels to relieve the legations.
A Fine and Rare Russian Empire Cossack Pistol 18th to 19th Century Fine striped wood stock possibly elm. Overlaid with finely decorated traditional Russian metalwork. Shortened steel barrel and typical miquelet lock and ball trigger. During the French Revolutionary War the Don and Ural Cossacks were in the vanguard of the Austrian and Russian armies in 1799, their military prowess soon got the attention of Europe and the Russians under Marshal Suvorov proved equal to the French armies. Western Europe also felt the depredation of the Cossacks for the first time as they foraged for food, taking what they needed from the local population. In 1800 the Russian armies returned home. The Cossacks next military campaign saw them thrust into one of the strangest schemes of Tsar Paul I, known to his subjects as the “Madman”. After renouncing an alliance with Britain, Paul’s plan, hatched in conjunction with Napoleon, was to attack India and retake lost French holdings from the British. A force of 22,000 Don Cossacks was assembled under the command of Cossack Major-General Matvei Platov, General Basel Orlov led the expedition. The expedition set off on 12 January 1801 in the depths of winter, their aim to march to Bukhara on the Silk Road, through Afghanistan to northern India then down the Ganges. Buy the time that had cleared the Steppe and entered the deserts of central Asia their supplies had already dwindled, but they were reprieved when a messenger caught them three weeks into the trek. Paul had been assassinated and the expedition was called off. A march to certain death had been avoided. The new Tsar Alexander I was soon involved in war in Europe and in 1805 Cossacks were at the head of a Russian army heading for Austria to aid them against Napoleon. During the intervening years Alexander had increased the number of Cossacks in service to 50 Regiments totalling 50,000 men, over half from the Don. Cossack uniforms were standardised to some extent and some Cossacks served as infantry and horse artillery. For the Russians the battle of Austerlitz was a disaster, but the Russian army would improve and its Generals would become more able to deal with Napoleon’s style of war. From 1805 to 1815 the Cossack would be involved in even Russian battle and campaign and would earn a fearsome reputation. After Napoleons defeat in Russia in 1812 it was the Cossack who harried the French retreat all the way back to Germany. After the 1813 German campaign, Cossacks left memories of terror imbedded in the minds of the German population that would be rekindled in 1945. 19th Century During the European revolutions of the 1830s and 1840s Cossacks were used extensively to crush uprisings. Tsar Nicolas I used them to crush the Poles in Russian Poland and Cossack regiments were sent into Hungary and Czechoslovakia to aid the Austrians against uprisings. The pistol has a very old crack through the butt [although perfectly sound] that likely occurred during it's working life. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine and Rare Xth Legion Roman Legionary's Lead Sling Shot Stamped with the Roman letters [retrograde] C and M and X for 10th Legion. The Legio X Equestris (Latin: Tenth Legion "Mounted"), a Roman legion, was levied by Julius Caesar in 61 BC when he was the Governor of Hispania Ulterior. The Tenth was the first legion levied personally by Caesar and was consistently his most trusted. The name Equestris was applied after Caesar mounted legionaries from the Tenth on horses as a ruse in a parley with the German King Ariovistus in 58 BC because he did not trust his Gallic cavalry auxiliaries from the Aedui tribe. Legio X was famous in its day and throughout history, because of its portrayal in Caesar's Commentaries and the prominent role the Tenth played in his Gallic campaigns. Its soldiers were discharged in 45 BC. Its remnants were reconstituted, fought for Mark Antony and Octavian, disbanded, and later merged into X Gemina. The late Roman writer Vegetius, in his work De Re Militari, of Roman legionary combat in the Empire wrote: Recruits are to be taught the art of throwing stones both with the hand and sling. The inhabitants of the Balearic Islands are said to have been the inventors of slings, and to have managed them with surprising dexterity, owing to the manner of bringing up their children. The children were not allowed to have their food by their mothers till they had first struck it with their sling. Soldiers, notwithstanding their defensive armour, are often more annoyed by the round stones from the sling than by all the arrows of the enemy. Stones kill without mangling the body, and the contusion is mortal without loss of blood. It is universally known the ancients employed slingers in all their engagements. There is the greater reason for instructing all troops, without exception, in this exercise, as the sling cannot be reckoned any encumbrance, and often is of the greatest service, especially when they are obliged to engage in stony places, to defend a mountain or an eminence, or to repulse an enemy at the attack of a castle or city. The Tenth played a crucial part in the Gallic Wars, fighting under Caesar in virtually every battle. At the beginning of the Gallic campaign, Caesar brought the 10th legion from Spain (with the 7th, 8th, and 9th legions). Almost immediately, in the summer of 58 BC, the legion fought in two major actions, the battles of Arar and Bibracte. They played a central part in Caesar's defeat of the Helvetii tribes, preventing their migration from present day Switzerland to western France. Following the defeat of the Helvetii, the leaders of the Gallic tribes petitioned Caesar for his aid against Ariovistus, king of the German Suebi tribe. Prior to battle, Ariovistus suggested a peace conference but insisted that each side should only be accompanied by mounted troops. Ariovistus made this a condition knowing that Caesar's cavalry was composed mainly of Aedian horsemen whose loyalty to Caesar was questionable. Caesar ordered a group of his Gallic auxiliaries to dismount and had legionaries from the 10th ride in their place to accompany him to the peace conference. This incident earned the legion its nickname Equestris (mounted). One of the legionaries jokingly said that Caesar was better than his word: he had promised to make them foot guards, but now they appeared as equestrians. Legio X saved the day in the Battle against the Nervians in 57 BC. Together with the Ixth, the Xth defeated the Atrebates, moved against the Belgae on the other side of the river and captured the enemy camp. From that position, the Tenth could see how desperate the situation was for the XII Victrix and the VII, so it quickly charged downhill, crossed the river, and attacked the Nervii from the rear, trapping them so that there was little hope of survival. In 55 BC Legio X was one of the two legions (together with the VII) which took part in Caesar's first invasion of Britain. It is probable that it also participated in the second invasion in 54 BC.
A Fine Antique Maasai [or Masai] Warrior 'Lion Hunters' Seme Sword A very good original antique sword of a Masai herdsman. 19th century, with double edged flared blade, cord under leather bound handle in a stained hardened red leather scabbard. A Fine Antique Maasai Warrior 'Lion Hunters' Seme Sword. Traditionally, lion hunting with hand weapons (ie not missile weapons) was an integral part of Maasai custom. In a lion hunt the seme would be a weapon of last resort. In war the Masai were relatively well organised and fielded war-bands of shield-bearing spearmen who often fought in fairly close-order, shoulder to shoulder. Again the seme would be a side-arm to be used if the spear was lost. Two photos in the gallery of vintage Maasai, including a Kokuyu Maasai. The in days long past fearless lion hunter of the Masai killed their first Lion to become a recognised Moran [warrior] of the tribe [providing they survived to claim the title of course]. The Maasai territory reached its largest size in the mid-19th century, and covered almost all of the Great Rift Valley and adjacent lands from Mount Marsabit in the north to Dodoma in the south. At this time the Maasai, as well as the larger Nilotic group they were part of, raised cattle as far east as the Tanga coast in Tanganyika (now mainland Tanzania). Raiders used spears and shields, but were most feared for throwing clubs (orinka) which could be accurately thrown from up to 70 paces (appx. 100 metres). In 1852, there was a report of a concentration of 800 Maasai warriors on the move in what is now Kenya. In 1857, after having depopulated the "Wakuafi wilderness" in what is now southeastern Kenya, Maasai warriors threatened Mombasa on the Kenyan coast. The Maasai people stood against slavery and lived alongside most wild animals with an aversion to eating game and birds. Maasai land now has East Africa's finest game areas. Maasai society never condoned traffic of human beings, and outsiders looking for people to enslave avoided the Maasai
A Fine British Flintlock Pocket Boxlock Pistol By Hunter and Gould Circa 1805, Napoleonic Wars era. Nice tight action with strong spring. Fold down concealed trigger. Walnut stock all steel mounts and barrel. Breech loading by means of unscrewing the barrel. Boxlock pistols were pocket pistols popular in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism. Unlike most firearms which have the cock located off to the side of the pistol, a boxlock pistol had the cock located directly on top of the pistol. They were called a boxlocks because all of the working mechanisms for the cock and the trigger was located in a “box” or receiver directly below the top mounted hammer. While the cock obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun more compact and concealable than other pistols. The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock. Unlike modern firearms, these pistols were not mass produced, but were hand made in gunsmith's workshops. Old replacement top jaw screw. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine British Napoleonic Wars Guards Officer's Pistol A large and fine officer's pistol from the Napoleonic Wars, bearing feint traces of an engraved barrel denoting a Guards Regimental officer. Finest traditional brass funiture including acorn finial trigger guard, and finely deluxe engraved sideplate. Shape and form of the traditional British 1796 heavy dragoon pistol of the era, but a smaller bore more suited to foot guards. The pistol has an improved percussion action that was undertaken through adaption circa 1830 to avail the pistol for use in foul weather and continued service for a potential of another thirty years. Each Foot Guards regiment had in theory one Lieutenant-Colonel, plus one Major per battalion (therefore the 1st Foot Guards had a 3rd, 2nd and 1st Major); and company officers were styled ‘Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel’ to make their status above line officers clear to all. But in addition, many of these officers held these regimental ranks whilst also being general officers in the Army. For example, at the beginning of 1814, the 1st Foot Guards numbered 4 field officers (2 of whom were also Lieutenant-Generals and 2 were Major-Generals) and 17 Captain & Lieutenant-Colonels (1 of whom was also a Lieutenant-General, 4 were Major-Generals and 5 were Colonels in the Army). Frequently these officers were on detached duty, leaving the running of their companies to the senior Lieutenant (styled ‘Lieutenant & Captain’ in the Guards). Therefore in theory a company in the Guards could have been commanded by a Captain who ranked the same as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the line, but who was also a Lieutenant-General in the Army. At the beginning of the 19th century, Britain was busy preparing for Napoleon's invasion, but after Trafalgar the government felt confident enough to send a force to occupy Sicily in 1805. This force included the 1st Guards Brigade (1st and 3rd Battalions 1st Guards). But in 1808 there was more important work to be done. The Brigade, part of a 13,000 strong force, was sent to the Peninsula to reinforce Wellesley's army which had successfully driven the French from Portugal. They landed at Corunna and marched inland to join up with Sir John Moore's 20,000. They then moved north to fight Soult's army beyond Valladolid but on Christmas day news arrived that Napoleon himself was leading a superior force to cut them off from their base at Corunna. Moore had no choice but to retreat to Corunna and save the Army. Napoleon's last hundred days brought about the most famous battle in European history. When he escaped from Elba on 26th February and entered Paris on 20th March, he was able to raise an army of 123,000. Wellington had to work fast to raise enough seasoned troops to stop him but he was disappointed with the men available. There were not enough 1st battalions from the infantry regiments. His final tally of 106,000 was made up of Belgian, Dutch and German allies as well as the British troops. The British infantry that fought at Waterloo numbered 17,000. Of these, 3,836 were Foot Guards. The Guards were organised in two brigades in the 1st Division. The 1st Brigade was made up of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the 1st Guards, and the 2nd Brigade consisted of Coldstreamers and Scots Guards. Major-General Peregrine Maitland commanded the 1st Guards Brigade whose strength was: 2/1st Guards, 29 officers and 752 men, and 3/1st Guards, 29 officers and 818 men. Each battalion had about 40 sergeants and 20 drummers. Pistol 14.5 inches long, barrel 9 inches.
A Fine Cased Pair of 1840's Victorian Rear Admirals Epaulettes. Overall in jolly good condition for age, in their original Japanned lacquer tin case. Made and used in the days of sail, aboard the great ships-of-the-line and the '100 gunners'. Admirals always served aboard the larger vessels in the fleet [also known now as capital ships] in the Royal Navy, His vessal would be known as the admiral's 'flag ship' and flying his personal rank flag. Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S. equivalent of rear admiral lower half) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral. It is generally regarded as the lowest of the "admiral" ranks, which are also sometimes referred to as "flag officers" or "flag ranks". It originated from the days of naval sailing squadrons and can trace its origins to the Royal Navy. Almost all of the modern traditions of the world's navies can trace there traditional origins back to the British Royal Navy. Each naval squadron would be assigned an admiral as its head, who would command from the centre vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The admiral would in turn be assisted by a vice admiral, who commanded the lead ships which would bear the brunt of a naval battle. In the rear of the naval squadron, a third admiral would command the remaining ships and, as this section of the squadron was considered to be in the least danger, unless from a surprise attack from the rear. The admiral in command of the rear would typically be the most junior of the squadron admirals. This ranking has survived into the modern age, with the rank of rear admiral the most-junior of the admiralty ranks of many navies. Epaulette is a type of ornamental shoulder piece or decoration used as insignia of rank by armed forces and other organizations. In the French and other armies, epaulettes are also worn by all ranks of elite or ceremonial units when on parade. It may bear rank or other insignia, and should not be confused with a shoulder mark - also called an shoulder board, rank slide, or slip-on - a flat cloth sleeve worn on the shoulder strap of a uniform (although the two terms are often used interchangeably). Epaulettes are fastened to the shoulder by a shoulder strap or passenten, a small strap parallel to the shoulder seam, and the button near the collar, or by laces on the underside of the epaulette passing through holes in the shoulder of the coat or by a metal slide arrangement. Colloquially, any shoulder straps with marks are also called epaulettes. The placement of the epaulette, its colour and the length and diameter of its bullion fringe are used to signify the wearer's rank. Although originally worn in the field, and they certainly were when these were made, epaulettes are now normally limited to dress or ceremonial military uniforms. A photo in the gallery of Nelson's shot-through epaulette from Trafalgar. He has two stars due to his superior Admirals rank.
A Fine Caucasian Priming Flask in Silver and Brass. 18th -19th Century. This priming powder flask was used to carry small grain gunpowder. A measured quantity of powder was drawn off by using the spring-loaded pivoting cap on the nozzle.The case is silver and brass nicely tooled and decorated. Firearms became more and more sophisticated during the 16th-century but still required a number of accessories to load and operate them. The main charge, placed in the barrel with the shot, was carried in the powder flask. Smaller priming flasks contained fine-grain powder for priming the pans of wheel-lock firearms. Flasks were attached to a bandolier, a type of sling worn over the shoulder or around the waist, from which hung the various accessories required for a weapon including spanners for the mechanism, measured charges, powder flasks and priming flasks. The flasks were continually used in much the same way right throughout the evolution of the firearm until the 1870's and the development of cartridge taking guns where loose powder was no longer required. Arms and armour are rarely associated with art. However, they were influenced by the same design sources as other art forms including architecture, sculpture, goldsmiths' work, stained glass and ceramics. These sources had to be adapted to awkwardly shaped devices required to perform complicated technical functions. Armour and weapons were collected as works of art as much as military tools. Like the pistols and guns that accompanied them, decorated flasks were costly items. Inlaid firearms and flasks reflected the owners' status and were kept as much for display as for use. Daggers, firearms, gunpowder flasks and stirrups worn with the most expensive clothing projected an image of the fashionable man-at-arms. The most finely crafted items were worn as working jewellery. 4 inches across approx.
A Fine Early 17th Century Spanish, Pierced Cup Hilt Rapier Original armourers stamped blade of 40” long with narrow fuller on both sides for 2/3 of its length, and with shield shaped maker’s mark at the forte. The hilt comprising deep cup pierced with two rows of intersecting circles and tear drop shaped panels pierced with triangles, long straight quillons and knucklebow with facetted decoration, facetted flattened bun shaped pommel, and wire bound grip with Turks heads. A rapier is a slender, sharply pointed sword, ideally used for thrusting attacks, used mainly in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. The word "rapier" generally refers to a relatively long-bladed sword characterized by a complex hilt which is constructed to provide protection for the hand wielding it. While the blade might be broad enough to cut to some degree (but nowhere near that of the wider swords in use around the Middle Ages), the long thin blade lends itself to thrusting. The blade might be sharpened along its entire length or sharpened only from the centre to the tip (as described by Capoferro). Pallavicini, a rapier master in 1670, strongly advocated using a weapon with two cutting edges. A typical example would weigh 2.2 lb and have a relatively long and slender blade of .98 in or less in width, 39 in or more in length and ending in a sharply pointed tip. In England the use of this sword for defence and duelling would have been instructed by such as Joseph Sweetnam. In his 1617 fencing treatise, "The Schoole of the Noble and Worthy Science of Defence", Joseph Swetnam represents himself as the fencing instructor for the then-deceased Prince Henry, who, after having read the treatise, urged Swetnam to print it—according to Swetnam. There is no record of his employment in Henry's service. The treatise itself is a manual detailing the use of the rapier, rapier and dagger, backsword, sword and dagger, and quarterstaff, prefaced with eleven chapters of moral and social advice relating to fencing, self-defense, and honor. Swetnam claims that his is the first complete fencing treatise authored by an Englishman. Swetnam is known for teaching a unique series of special guards (such as the fore-hand guard, broadwarde, lazie guard, and crosse guard), though his primary position is a "true guard", which varies slightly for each weapon. He advocates the use of thrusts over cuts and makes heavy use of feints. Swetnam favored fencing from a long distance, using the lunge, and not engaging weapons. His defenses are mostly simple parries, together with slips (evasive movements backward). Swetnam's fencing system has been linked both to contemporary Italian systems as well as the traditional sword arts of England; his guard positions resemble those of contemporary Italian instructors, but his fencing system appears structurally different, and more closely related to a lineage of English fencing. He is also distinctive in his advice to wound rather than kill an opponent. Basically jolly nice condition (some wear and pitting to the hilt, grip binding worn).
A Fine Early 18th Century Pesh Kabz Fidai Hashashin Dagger All pesh-kabz use a hollow-ground, tempered steel single-edged full-tang blade with a thick spine bearing a "T" cross-section for strength and rigidity. A pair of bone handle scales that are fixed to the full-tang grip by four hand made rivets, which features a hooked butt. The earliest form of this knife, featuring the recurved blade, is highly suggestive of its Persian origins The blade is broad at the hilt, and tapers progressively and radically to a needle-like, triangular tip. An early version of this knife that is a most likely candidate for being used by an 18th century incarnation of a Fidai Hashashin because upon striking a coat of mail, the reinforced tip spreads the chain link apart, enabling the rest of the blade to penetrate armour. The knife is typically used as a thrusting weapon. However, the wide hollow-ground blade also possesses considerable slicing performance, and as such may also be used effectively with slashing or cutting strokes. Its ability to be used as either a cutting or thrusting weapon has caused more than one authority to erroneously classify the pesh-kabz as simply just a fighting dagger. Ismailis killers of the Assassin Order were termed to be Fidais or Assassins. The word 'Fidai' is derived from 'Fida' meaning sacrifice. Because Ismailis used to sacrifice, i.e. give away their lives and everything for the order, they are termed as 'Fidais'. But as far as the word 'Assassin' is concerned there is a controversy. Some say it is derived from the word 'Hasaneen' meaning followers of 'Hasan'. Some say that the word actually was 'Hashish' meaning addict of a green intoxicating herb 'Hashish'. This assumption is founded on their belief that at the time of war, or during initiations, Hasan used to drug them with 'Hashish' to keep up the spirit of his soldiers. The Fida'I are said to be adept in an early form of furusiyya, or the Islamic warrior code. In the case of the Assassins, they were trained in combat, disguises, and most likely horseback riding. Common disguises used by the Fida'I were the guises of a Christian monk, Sufi dervish, Muslim fakir (ascetic), traveling merchant, school teacher or soldier. A Fida'is using the guise of a Christian monk they killed Conrad of Montferrat and Ibn al-Kashshab. Using the guise of a Sufi they killed Il-Bursuqi of Mosul. The Assassins that attempted to kill Saladin were disguised as soldiers. The Fida'I would often fully commit to his guise. The Assassins that killed Conrad of Montferrat whilst disguised as monks were allegedly baptized and lived in a monastery. According to one account, one of the two Fida'is was able to flee to a church after attacking Conrad and due to his robes, blended in. According to the same account, he was caught and "seized and dragged until he was dead". Codes of conduct are followed, and the Assassins are taught in the art of war, language, and strategies. The training possibly included certain games like chess. Archery and sword fighting were also included in their training. As an ethical code, it is comparable to the contemporary European notion of chivalry. Furussiya and European chivalry has both influenced each other as a means of a warrior code for the Saracen, knight and Fida'i. This art was practiced throughout the Muslim world, and saw its greatest achievement in Mamluk Egypt during the 14th century. 11.25 inch blade 15.5 inches long overall
A Fine English Silver Enamel Boer War Cigarette Case by Saunders & Shephard This exceptional antique Victorian sterling silver cigarette case has a plain rectangular form with rounded corners. This Victorian case has a subtly curved form proffering a comfortable fit in the majority of pockets. The anterior cover of this Victorian case is embellished with an impressive painted enamel panel depicting a British soldier holding a rifle and standing on a rocky hillside, with a blooded bandage around his head and a helmet to his feet. The enamel decoration is accented with the quote ‘A Gentleman in Kharki’* with the engraved word ‘copyright’ to the lower edge. The posterior surface and rounded sides of this cigarette case are plain and unembellished. This silver Victorian cigarette case is fitted with a push fit catch, which when released reveals two hinged compartments.This impressive case retains the original gilded interior and two retaining straps. It was crafted by the Birmingham silversmiths Cornelius Desormeaux Saunders & James Francis Hollings (Frank) Shepherd. This notable illustration is a representation of Richard Caton Woodville’s ‘A Gentleman in Kharki’. This design accompanied the song/poem ‘The Absent-Minded Beggar’ by Rudyard Kipling, was used in a press release to raise funds for the British soldier in the Boer War. Made by Cornelius Saunders & Francis Shepherd Halmarked 1899 made in Birmingham, England. 83mm long, 99.5 grams
A Fine French Royal Sword From 1814 Used from the era when Napoleon first lost his throne in 1814 and then after he lost it for the second time in 1815. Bears the crowned fleur de lis a symbol used by French Royal Guard and Royal regiments. The Kings Guard or guard du corps has three fleur de lis, Royal princes etc, had one. Flowering rose celtique décor to the knuckle bow, which replaced the egyptian and greek lotus. It is a sword pattern that would also have been seen before the French Revolution in the reign of Louis XVIth
A Fine George IIIrd Napoleonic Wars Officers Holster Coaching Pistol Finely engraved brass furniture including sideplate, ramrod pipes and trigger guard with an acorn finial. Round steel barrel and engraved flintlock action. Circa 1796, somewhat similar in appearance to the 1796 heavy cavalry pattern flintlock pistol. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution of 1789, they revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly as Napoleon's armies conquered much of Europe but collapsed rapidly after France's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. The alliance led by Britain and one of it's finest General's, the Duke of Wellington, brought about Napoleon's empire ultimately suffering a complete and total military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France and the creation of the Concert of Europe. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine Gras Rifle Sword Bayonet, Matching Numbers, Dessert Camo Paint. The blade is excellent as are the mounts. Dated blade 1878. Used for almost 70 years in service. Desert camouflage paint may indicate Foreign Legionary use. The Gras rifle had a calibre of 11mm and used black powder centrefire cartridges that weighed 25 grams. It was a robust and hard-hitting weapon, but it had no magazine and so could only fire one shot after loading. It also had a triangular-shaped sword bayonet, known as the Model 1874 "Gras" sword bayonet. It was replaced by the Lebel rifle in 1886, the first rifle to use smokeless gunpowder. In the meantime, about 400,000 Gras rifles had been manufactured. The metallic-cartridge Gras was manufactured in response to the development of the metallic cartridge designed by Colonel Boxer in 1866 (Boxer cartridge), and the British 1870 Martini-Henry rifle. Those were soon emulated by the Germans with the 1871 Mauser. The Hellenic Army adopted the Gras in 1877, and it was used in all conflicts up until the Second World War. It became the favourite weapon of Greek guerrilla fighters, from the various revolts against the Ottoman Empire to the resistance against the Axis, acquiring legendary status. The name entered the Greek language, and grades was a term colloquially applied to all rifles during the first half of the 20th century. It was manufactured by Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne, one of several government-owned arms factories in France. However most of the Gras rifles (60,000) used by the Hellenic military were manufactured under licence by Steyr in Austria. The Gras rifle was partly the inspiration for the development of the Japanese Murata rifle, Japan's first locally-made service rifle. It saw service in the following conflicts; The French colonial expeditions Sino-French War War of the Pacific Chilean Civil War of 1891 Thousand Days' War Greco-Turkish War (1897) Balkan Wars World War I Greco-Turkish War (1919–22) Spanish Civil War World War II
A Fine King Edward IIIrd Period Knight's Rowel Spur, 14th Century From the era of The Battle of Crecy of 1346 a beautiful Knightly Rowel Spur in iron. A battelfield recovery a souvenir from the Grand Tour period of the 18th century. Original medieval picture in the gallery of battling Knights at Crecy wearing this very rowel spur type. Battle of Crécy Part of the Hundred Years' War The Battle of Crécy (26 August 1346), also spelled Cressy, was an English victory during the Edwardian phase of the Hundred Years' War. It was the first of three famous English successes during the conflict, followed by Poitiers in 1356 and Agincourt in 1415. The battle was fought on 26 August 1346 near Crécy, in northern France. An army of English, Welsh, and allied mercenary troops led by Edward III of England, engaged and defeated a much larger army of French, Genoese and Majorcan troops led by Philip VI of France. Emboldened by the lessons of tactical flexibility and utilisation of terrain learned from the earlier Saxons, Vikings, Muslims and the recent battles with the Scots, the English army won an important victory. The battle heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon on the Western European battlefield, and helped to continue the rise of the infantryman in medieval warfare. Crécy also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English army. The heavy casualties taken by the French knightly class at the hands of peasants wielding ranged weapons was indicative of the decline of chivalry, and the emergence of a more practical, pragmatic approach to conducting warfare. The battle crippled the French army's ability to come to the aid of Calais, which fell to the English the following year. Calais would remain under English rule for over two centuries, falling in 1558.
A Fine Napoleonic French Senior Officer's Small Sword Bronze hilt with Napoleonic eagle shell guard with pedestal top pommel and Imperial purple velvet grip. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon; the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), Fifth (1809), Sixth (1813), and the Seventh and final (1815). Historians have explored how the Napoleonic wars became total wars. Most historians argue that the escalation in size and scope came from two sources. First was the ideological clash between revolutionary/egalitarian and conservative/hierarchical belief systems. Second was the emerging nationalism in France, Germany, Spain, and elsewhere that made these "people's wars" instead of contests between monarchs. According to Bell, David A. The First Total War: Bell has argued that even more important than ideology and nationalism were the intellectual transformations in the culture of war that came about through the Enlightenment. One factor, he says, is that war was no longer a routine event but a transforming experience for societies—a total experience. Secondly the military emerged in its own right as a separate sphere of society distinct from the ordinary civilian world. The French Revolution made every civilian a part of the war machine, either as a soldier through universal conscription, or as a vital cog in the home front machinery supporting and supplying the army. Out of that, says Bell, came "militarism," the belief that the military role was morally superior to the civilian role in times of great national crisis. The fighting army represented the essence of the nation's soul. As Napoleon proclaimed, "It is the soldier who founds a Republic and it is the soldier who maintains it.
A Fine Pair of Original Victorian Hiatt 'Come Along' Handcuffs A figure of eight shaped pair of hand cuffs designed to be worn by police officer captor and the captive felon. Made to be keyless and only operable by the policeman lifting the strongly sprung catch on his side of the cuff. Stamped Hiatt by the catch. Originally handcuffs were made of a large wooden toggle with a loop of cord, which was slipped over a prisoner’s wrists and twisted. Manufacturers Hiatt and Company, founded in Birmingham in 1780, developed a new patent for restraints, which became standard issue when the Metropolitan Police was created in 1829. In 1818 Thomas Griffin Hiatt appears in the Wrightson Directory for the first time as a manufacturer of felon's irons and gate locks, located on Moor St. in Birmingham. Some time in the next few years Hiatt moved around the corner to 26 Masshouse Lane, where he is located in the next edition of the Wrightson's Birmingham directory as a manufacturer of felon's irons, gate lock, handcuffs, horse and dog collars. The Hiatt Company remained at the 26 Masshouse Lane address until the premises were destroyed by the World War II German bombing in 1941.
A Fine Presentation George IIIrd Brass Barrel Blunderbuss By Thomas, London Presented in 1800 to John Holmes from Vincent Drew Esq. Finest walnut stock with wonderous patination. Excellent action and overall in superb condition. Probably by Isaac Thomas. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling. In fact, the short-form version of the Blunderbuss came to be known as the "Dragon", giving rise to the term "Dragoon" for such gun-wielding cavalrymen. Dragoons went on to form specialized units of mounted infantrymen within their respective armies during the end of the 17th Century and into the middle of the 18th Century - in a way, becoming an evolutionary step of the fabled mounted knight of the Middle Ages. Their use of Dragons soon gave way to the widely-accepted carbine musket. The Blunderbuss was also known as the "Blunderbess" As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine Prussian 2nd Imperial Garde Uhlan [Lancers] Regiment Officer's Sword Fully etched blade with the Imperial Garde Garter Star motif and regimental name of the [Imperial Prussian] Garde 2nd Uhlan Regiment. Included in the officers of the 2nd Garde Uhlans was Field Marshal Count Alfred Graf von Schlieffen who joined the 2nd Garde Uhlans as a young officer in Berlin. He first saw active war service as a staff officer with the Prussian Cavalry Corps, in the uhlans, at the Battle of Königgrätz of 1866, during the Austro-Prussian War. His carrer saw rapid promotion due to his obvious tactical skills. He became Lieutenant General on 4 December 1888, and eventually General of the Cavalry on 27 January 1893., follwed by Field Marshal. Schlieffen was perhaps the best-known contemporary strategist of his time, although criticized for his "narrow-minded military scholasticism." Schlieffen's operational theories were to have a profound impact on the development of maneuver warfare in the twentieth century, largely through his seminal treatise, Cannae, which concerned the decidedly un-modern battle of 216 BC in which Hannibal defeated the Romans. Cannae had two main purposes. First, it was to clarify, in writing, Schlieffen's concepts of maneuver, particularly the maneuver of encirclement, along with other fundamentals of warfare. Second, it was to be an instrument for the Staff, the War Academy, and for the Army all together. Schlieffen held that the destruction of an attacking force required that it be surrounded and attacked from all sides until it surrendered, and not merely repulsed as in a 'passive' defense:His theories were studied exhaustively, especially in the higher army academies of the United States and Europe after World War I. American military thinkers thought so highly of him that his principal literary legacy, Cannae, was translated at Fort Leavenworth and distributed within the U.S. Army and to the academic community. In 1914, the Imperial German Army included twenty-six Uhlan regiments, three of which were Guard regiments, twenty-one line (sixteen Prussian, two Württemberg and three Saxon) and two from the autonomous Royal Bavarian Army. All German Uhlan regiments wore Polish style czapkas and tunics with plastron fronts, both in coloured parade uniforms and the field grey service dress introduced in 1910. Because German hussar, dragoon and cuirassier regiments also carried lances in 1914, there was a tendency among their French and British opponents to describe all German cavalry as "uhlans". No scabbard.
A Fine Prussian Military Honour Medal In Silver 1814. A large silver medal on its original silk ribbon. King Fredrick William III's Ehrenzeichen (honour medal). The inscription "VERDIENST UM DEN STAAT" (Meritorious Service to the State) which appears in the centre of the medal surrounded by a circular wreath of laurel leaves remained unchanged from its inception in 1814 until 1918. To better appreciate the reason why this particular decoration survived virtually unchanged as a continuous service award for subsequent Prussian kings and German Emperors after Friedrich Wilhelm III's death in 1840, to even include the retention of his initials, it may be helpful to understand the historical importance and context of his rule to the eventual founding of the German Empire. In furtherance to this, King Frederick William III (1770-1840) succeeded to the throne of Prussia in 1797, at the age of 27, during the French Revolution. Fearful of the possible spread of democratic concepts to Prussia, he attempted to maintain a policy of strict neutrality in the political and military conflicts which were constantly taking place at that time between the new French republic and her bitter enemies in the long standing monarchies of Austria and England. Medal 1.5 inch across. Silver weight 25 grams approx.
A Fine Spanish 17th Century Bilbo Rapier. Armourers Marked Blade A most attractive rapier of the Iberian Peninsular circa 1660. Most elegant long thin blade with central deep fuller struck with armourers letter marks S. AHC. V.M. plus three armourers stamps. Typical mid 16th to 17th century ribbed egg shaped pommel, somewhat more similar to the form of a guillemot egg than a barnyard fowl. This sword appears to be the direct ancestor of many Spanish Military heavy cavalry swords of the 18th century. There is a fabulous portrait of Fernandez de Velasco, gentleman of Seville, painted in 1659, by the Spanish master, Bartolome Esteban Murillo hanging in the Louvre collection in Paris, wearing his Spanish bilbo rapier. In fact with the appearance of such a near identical example that this could even possibly be the very sword itself. The Rapier or Espada Ropera, is a loose term for a type of slender, sharply pointed sword. With such designing features, rapier is optimized to be a thrusting weapon, but cutting or slashing attacks were also recorded in some historical treatises like Capo Ferro's Gran Simulacro in 1610. This weapon was mainly used in Early Modern Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. The word "rapier" generally refers to a relatively long-bladed sword characterized by a protective hilt which is constructed to provide protection for the hand wielding the sword. Some historical rapier samples also feature a broad blade mounted on a typical rapier hilt. The term rapier can be confusing because this hybrid weapon can be categorized as a type of broadsword. While the rapier blade might be broad enough to cut to some degree (but nowhere near that of the wider swords in use around the Middle Ages such as the longsword), it is designed to perform quick and nimble thrusting attacks. The blade might be sharpened along its entire length or sharpened only from the center to the tip (as described by Capoferro). Pallavicini a rapier master in 1670, strongly advocated using a weapon with two cutting edges. The word "rapier" is a German word to describe what was considered to be a foreign weapon. The word rapier was not used by Italian, Spanish, and French masters during the apogee of this weapon, the terms spada, espada, and épée being instead the norm (generic words for "sword"). Because of this, as well as the great variation of late-16th and 17th century swords, some like Leoni simply describe the rapier as a straight-bladed, two-edged, single-handed sword of that period which is sufficient in terms of both offense and defence, not requiring a companion weapon.
A Fine Victorian G & J W Hawksley Powder Flask A very good copper and brass powder flask for a gun with the oak leaf design incorporating a fox and stag head, the nozzle stamped Drams and graduation values of 2¼, 2½, 2¾ , the nozzle signed G & J. W. Hawksley, slight dent one side at the top of the body, and in working order. Overall 8 by 3½ inches. See THE POWDER FLASK BOOK, Ray Riling page 315 fig 580. Riling says in the book that the flask illustrated as fig 580 was made by Hawksley for Barton of New York and implies that this was an exclusive design to them and does not mention having seen one marked Hawksley which might suggest that this is rare.
A Fine, Antique Middle Eastern Jambiya 'Tiger Tooth' Form Dagger Tooled black leather scabbard, double edged ribbed blade of fine steel, carved horn hilt. 15 inches overall 9 inch blade. Janbiya, also spelled janbia, jambiya, and jambia is the Arabic term for dagger, but it is generally used to describe a specific type of dagger with a short curved blade and a medial ridge. Though the term janbiya is used in various Arab countries and India, it is most closely associated with the people of Najran in Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. It is also prevalent among Muslim men in the Horn of Africa (primarily the Afars of Djibouti). Men typically above the age of 14 wear it as an accessory to their clothing. In Oman the janbiya is commonly referred to as a khanjar.
A Flintlock Holster Pistol by Ketland & Co, Circa 1780. Possibly American made with typical American plainer mounts and non proved barrel. Ketland & Co. Lock. With round steel barrel, flat lock plate signed ‘Ketland & Co’ figured walnut full-stock decorated with plain barrel tang and completed with plain engraved brass mounts comprising long-eared butt cap, open pierced side plate, steel belt hook, trigger guard with acorn finial, turned ramrod pipes, and oval escutcheon at the wrist. Ketland [1740-1804] William Ketland, Sr., established a gunsmithy at Birmingham in 1740, and after his death his eldest grandson, William Ketland, carried on the business until his death in 1804. During this period they operated under the name of Ketland & Co. It is not definitely known when they opened the London shop but it is believed to be about 1760, and were one of the first birmingham gunmakers to compete with London gunmakers of fine workmanship. The Ketlands arms mark later developed into the Birmingham Proof Mark. William Ketland II's brother-in-law, Thomas Izon continued to operate the company under the name Ketland & Co. until 1831, when they got into financial difficulties and the firm ceased operations. William Ketland, Sr., had two other grandsons, Thomas and John Ketland, both gunsmiths who worked on a co-operative basis with William Ketland under the name Ketland & Co. However, Thomas and John emigrated foto the USA in 1780. A number of American Kentucky rifles had Ketland & Co locks. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Forehand and Wadsworth 'Russian Model' 32 Rimfire Revolver 1870's In 1871 Sullivan Forehand and Henry C. Wadsworth founded Forehand & Wadsworth from the remnants of Ethan Allen & Company after the death of their father-in-law, Ethan Allen. Wadsworth sold his share of the company to Forehand in 1890 in order to retire and the company was rebranded as Forehand Arms. The company was involved with a patent infringement lawsuit on behalf of one of their employees, John C. Howe, against the United States government. Howe had patented an ammunition cartridge in 1864 and the US government infringed upon this design in 1868 with the "Cup Anvil Cartridge" until the expiration of Howe's patent in 1881. Howe asked Forehand to bring a lawsuit against the government and eight years later the company won the suit on behalf of Howe with a judgement of $66,000. The lawsuit was not paid until after Howe's death and a few weeks before the death of Forehand in 1898. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Framed Plaster Cast Portrait Bust Cameo of Napoleon Bonaparte Framed in a gilt frame with a green velvet inner mount. Although Britain's greatest and most formidable enemy he was still much admired throughout England in certain circles and many portraits and likenesses of him were made and thus decorated some of the finest homes in England. The British Museum has whole galleries dedicated to19th century plaster casts of famous renaissance, ancient Roman and Greek busts and statues, such as Michelangelo's David, as the originals will never leave their current residences, such as Florence or Rome. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in Corsica into a gentry family. Educated at military school, he was rapidly promoted and in 1796, was made commander of the French army in Italy, where he forced Austria and its allies to make peace. In 1798, Napoleon conquered Ottoman-ruled Egypt in an attempt to strike at British trade routes with India. He was stranded when his fleet was destroyed by the British at the Battle of the Nile. France now faced a new coalition - Austria and Russia had allied with Britain. Napoleon returned to Paris where the government was in crisis. In a coup d'etat in November 1799, Napoleon became first consul. In 1802, he was made consul for life and two years later, emperor. He oversaw the centralisation of government, the creation of the Bank of France, the reinstatement of Roman Catholicism as the state religion and law reform with the Code Napoleon. In 1800, he defeated the Austrians at Marengo. He then negotiated a general European peace which established French power on the continent. In 1803, Britain resumed war with France, later joined by Russia and Austria. Britain inflicted a naval defeat on the French at Trafalgar (1805) so Napoleon abandoned plans to invade England and turned on the Austro-Russian forces, defeating them at Austerlitz later the same year. He gained much new territory, including annexation of Prussian lands which ostensibly gave him control of Europe. The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Holland and Westphalia created, and over the next five years, Napoleon's relatives and loyalists were installed as leaders (in Holland, Westphalia, Italy, Naples, Spain and Sweden). The Peninsular War began in 1808. Costly French defeats over the next five years drained French military resources. Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 resulted in a disastrous retreat. The tide started to turn in favour of the allies and in March 1814, Paris fell. Napoleon went into exile on the Mediterranean island of Elba. In March 1815 he escaped and marched on the French capital. The Battle of Waterloo ended his brief second reign. The British imprisoned him on the remote Atlantic island of St Helena, where he died on 5 May 1821. 20th century Frame 8.5inches x 8.5inches
A French 1830's Belltop Shako Helmet Plate 2nd Regiment Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party. As a member of the cadet branch of the Royal House of France and a cousin of King Louis XVI of France by reason of his descent from their common ancestors Louis XIII and Louis XIV of France, he had earlier found it necessary to flee France during the period of the French Revolution in order to avoid imprisonment and execution, a fate that actually befell his father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. He spent 21 years in exile after he left France in 1793. He was proclaimed king in 1830 after his cousin Charles X was forced to abdicate in the wake of the events of the July Revolution of that year. His government, known as the July Monarchy, was dominated by members of a wealthy French elite and numerous former Napoleonic officials. He followed conservative policies, especially under the influence of the French statesman François Guizot during the period 1840–48. He also promoted friendship with Britain and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the conquest of Algeria. His popularity faded as economic conditions in France deteriorated in 1847, and he was forced to abdicate after the outbreak of the French Revolution of 1848. He lived out his life in exile in Great Britain.
A French Brass-Mounted Horn Powder-Flask Attributed To Nicolas Boutet A rare 18th century French flask with a most unusual fold down nozzle system. With large rounded lanthorn body (minor damage) flattened on the back, with shaped top mount and folding swelling nozzle, reeded brass medial mount, and rings for suspension High. For an almost identical example mounted in silver see Herbert G. Houze, The Sumptuous Flaske, 1989, pp. 116-117 (illustrated). Nicolas Noel Boutet was one of the world's greatest gunsmiths, and he made guns for most of the crowned heads of Europe, including Napoleon Bonaparte.
A French Early 19th Cut Steel Small Sword with a Klingenthal Trefoil Blade Adam style pommel with single knuckle bow pas dans and quillon. In the conservation workshop. Shell guard inlaid with a geometric pattern of a cut steel facetted nail head design. Signed blade in script by 'Bisch' [possibly, as all the script is partly worn] followed by 'fourbisseur' and on the opposite side, Klingenthal. The small sword or smallsword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the épée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis. The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the smallsword as their foundation; Alfred Hutton, an English officer of the King's Dragoon Guards, wrote extensively on self-defense techniques based on the short sword-bayonet. Militarily, small swords continued to be used as a standard sidearm for infantry officers. As a rule, the blade of a small sword is comparatively short at around 0.6 to 0.85 metres (24 to 33 in), though some reach over 0.9 metres (35 in). It usually tapers to a sharp point but may lack a cutting edge. It is typically triangular in cross-section, although some of the early examples still have the rhombic and spindle-shaped cross-sections inherited from older weapons, like the rapier. This triangular cross-section may be hollow ground for additional lightness. 31 inch blade.
A French Mid to Late 19th Century Heavy Cavalry Sword Typical Cuirassier double fullered 95 cm straight blade, aresenal engraved along the spine, Manf D'armes Du Chatl: Avril 1874 Cavalrie De Reserve [Cuirassiers] Mdl. 1854. All steel, single ring combat scabbard. Brass guard, somewhat of the Sabre de Cavalerie modele M1822 type, with replaced leather bound grip. Much of the French heavy cavalry wore armoured cuirass and were armed with their straight swords, pistols and carbines. Though the armour could not protect against contemporary flintlock musket fire, it could deflect shots fired from long-range, stop ricochets and offer protection from all but very close range pistol fire. More importantly, in an age which saw cavalry used in large numbers, the breastplates (along with the helmets) provided excellent protection against the swords and lances of opposing cavalry and against infantry bayonets. It also had some psychological effect for the wearer (effectively making the cuirassier more willing to plunge into the thick of fighting) and the enemy (adding intimidation), while it also added weight to a charge, especially in cavalry versus cavalry actions. Napoleonic French cuirasses were originally intended to be proof against three musket shots at close range; however, this was never achieved in practice. The regulations eventually recognised this, and cuirasses were subsequently only expected to be proof against one shot at long range. Dragoon regiments were not armoured. The French cuirassiers numbered 11 regiments at the outbreak of war but had not seen active service since the Battle of Waterloo. A brigade comprising the 6th and 9th Regiments had served in the Crimean War but had not actually encountered the enemy. Accordingly, the prospect of action against the Prussian Army, which included 10 cuirassier regiments of its own, was seen as an opportunity for a strongly traditional branch of the French cavalry to prove its continuing relevance. In the event, in a series of massed charges against Prussian infantry and artillery at Froeschwiller and Rezonville, the French cuirassiers suffered very heavy losses for little return. To cover the French retreat General Michel's brigade of cavalry was ordered to charge. The order was somewhat vague, and in his position under cover near Eberbach, General Michel's had no knowledge of the actual situation. Thus it came about that, without reconnoitering or manoeuvering for position, the French cavalry rode straight at the first objective which offered itself, and struck the victorious Prussians as they were crossing the hills between the Albrechtshäuserhof and Morsbronn. Hence the charge was costly and only partly successful. However, the Prussians were ridden down here and there, and their attention was sufficiently absorbed while the French infantry rallied for a fresh counterstroke. This was made about 13:20 h with the utmost gallantry. The Prussians were driven off the hillsides between the Albrechtshäuserhof and Morsbronn which they had already won. But the counter-attack turned into disaster when 700 French cuirassiers were trapped inside Morsbronn and massacred within a few minutes by rapid close-range fire. The rest of the French cavalry eventually came under fire from the great artillery mass above Gunstett; von Bose having at length concentrated the main body of the XI corps in the meadows between the Niederwald and the Sauer, the French had to withdraw. The story of the Cuirassiers at Reichshoffen displayes well the courage of the French cavalrymen. The French infantry withdrawal involved the retreat of the troops who had fought all day in defence of the Niederwald. In desperation, MacMahon ordered General Michel's Cuirassier brigade (8th and 9th Cuirassiers) to attack the Prussians and buy his infantry the time they needed to fall back. Morsbronn and the flank of the Prussian XI Corps was to be the target of the charge. Obediently Michel led his cuirassiers out of Eberbach where they had been held in reserve all morning. Sunlight glinted off polished cuirasses and helmets and harness jangled as the magnificent cavalry trotted off towards the south. As they emerged from the narrow Eberbach valley, Michel quickly lined up his squadrons and sounded the charge. Their swords drawn and horsetail crests streaming behind them, the cuirassiers thundered towards the Prussians. Suddenly the charging troopers were met not by a hail of bullets, but by hedged fields, fences, and trellised vineyards. The formation began to come apart. The various captains rallied their squadrons and continued the advance, but momentum had been lost. Now Prussian infantry opened on the French cavalry at point-blank range, and Krupps guns tore huge gaps in the charging ranks as horses and riders plunged and went down in writhing masses. A few squadrons actually reached Morsbronn where the Prussians blasted them from second story windows and trapped them in barricaded streets. Nine squadrons were shot to pieces.
A French Napoleonic Naval Cutlass, With Iron Basket Hilt and Steel Blade With the formed quillon on the guard only ever seen on the Napoleonic French cutlasses. The Sabre du Bord. This is a most scarce sword as most of the French fleet were captured or destroyed during the Napoleonic Wars. The hilt is remarkably sound even complete with it's original paint, the blade has the engraved anchor symbol, but the bottom section has rusted away in parts. Full lenth 678mm blade. The French sabre du bord was the cutlass of the French matelots used in all the French fleet against Nelson at Trafalgar. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a sea battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve off the south-west coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the previous century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy, which involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the larger enemy fleet, with decisive results. Nelson was mortally wounded during the battle, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. The commander of the joint French and Spanish forces, Admiral Villeneuve, was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Spanish Admiral Federico Gravina escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle.
A French Revolutionary Officer's 'Folding' Attack-Guard Infantry Sword This is a beautiful example of a French 18th century most rarely seen sword used from the French Revolutionary period up to the Napoleonic Wars era. Our previous near identical examples were made for the King's Grenadiers. It's single pierced knucklebow guard rather uniquely and ingeniously can fold out, and lock an inner section to form a half-basket attack-guard. Although having had many hundreds of French sword from this era, this is only the third we have seen of its rare type in over 30 years. From 1793 to 1815, France was engaged almost continuously (with two short breaks) in wars with Britain and a changing coalition of other major powers. The many French successes led to the spread of the French revolutionary ideals into neighboring countries, and indeed across much of Europe. However, the final defeat of Napoleon in 1814 (and 1815) brought a reaction that reversed some – but not all – of the revolutionary achievements in France and Europe. The Bourbons were restored to the throne, with the brother of executed King Louis XVI becoming King Louis XVIII. The politics of the period inevitably drove France towards war with Austria and its allies. The King, many of the Feuillants, and the Girondins specifically wanted to wage war. The King (and many Feuillants with him) expected war would increase his personal popularity; he also foresaw an opportunity to exploit any defeat: either result would make him stronger. The Girondins wanted to export the Revolution throughout Europe and, by extension, to defend the Revolution within France. The forces opposing war were much weaker. Barnave and his supporters among the Feuillants feared a war they thought France had little chance to win and which they feared might lead to greater radicalization of the revolution. On the other end of the political spectrum Robespierre opposed a war on two grounds, fearing that it would strengthen the monarchy and military at the expense of the revolution, and that it would incur the anger of ordinary people in Austria and elsewhere. The Austrian emperor Leopold II, brother of Marie Antoinette, may have wished to avoid war, but he died on 1 March 1792.[79] France preemptively declared war on Austria (20 April 1792) and Prussia joined on the Austrian side a few weeks later. The invading Prussian army faced little resistance until checked at the Battle of Valmy (20 September 1792) and forced to withdraw. The French Revolutionary Army defeated the combined armies of Austrians, Dutch and British at Fleurus in June 1794. The new-born Republic followed up on this success with a series of victories in Belgium and the Rhineland in the fall of 1792. The French armies defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Jemappes on 6 November, and had soon taken over most of the Austrian Netherlands. This brought them into conflict with Britain and the Dutch Republic, which wished to preserve the independence of the southern Netherlands from France. After the king's execution in January 1793, these powers, along with Spain and most other European states, joined the war against France. Almost immediately, French forces faced defeat on many fronts, and were driven out of their newly conquered territories in the spring of 1793. At the same time, the republican regime was forced to deal with rebellions against its authority in much of western and southern France. But the allies failed to take advantage of French disunity, and by the autumn of 1793 the republican regime had defeated most of the internal rebellions and halted the allied advance into France itself. Picture in the gallery of the Bataille De Fuerus depicting the French against the Austrians Dutch and British. Blade inches long, sword is long, sword in scabbard
A George IIIrd Campaign Sheffield Plate Candelabra of Col. 10th Hussars We acquired this stunning campaign, Sheffield silver plated candelabra, with a yataghan sword, used by a former Colonel of the 10th Hussars throughout his campaigning years in the army. The Sheffield plating has wear on all the dominant edges and this is referred to as copper bleeding. It is actually a traditional good sign of originality, as it shows it is early Sheffield hammered onto a copper base, not the later modern electrotype of plate, usually on nickel or brass. The use of "Sheffield plate" began in 1742 when Thomas Boulsover, a Sheffield cutler (blade smith), discovered that a sheet of silver fused to a piece of copper could then be rolled or hammered out without fracturing the bond. This made possible the use of "plated" base metal, which appeared, outwardly, to be silver, but as the silver "skin" could be only a small proportion of the gauge of the metal the saving in expense was considerable and objects made from the product looked exactly like sterling silver, because the applied 'plate' was indeed sterling. Boulsover's idea was exploited in Sheffield, first by Joseph Hancock from 1755 onwards and Matthew Boulton, one of the greatest and successful manufacturers of his age. This candelabra from the early 1800's and the reign of King George IIIrd was use allegedly by Capt. Wood during his campaign. It disassembles into several smaller pieces and would likely have fitted into a wooden, leather bound travelling case for use in military campaigns around the Empire. It may well have been used originally by an ancestor in the Napoleonic wars era. His medals were sold in auction some 10 years ago. Manners Charles Wood was born on 20 January 1852. He was appointed as Ensign to the 44th Foot on 1 September 1869, but was transferred on the same day to the 66th Foot, becoming Lieutenant in October 1871. He transferred to the 10th Hussars on 15 April 1874, and joined the regiment in India. In 1876 he was selected for escort duty with the Prince of Wales during his visit to India, and was given a silver commemorative medal struck on that occasion. Promoted to Captain on 2 February 1878, Manners Wood accompanied the regiment from Rawal Pindi in the Afghan campaign of 1878-79, and commanded “B” Troop at Fattehabad on the 2nd April 1879, in which action he was wounded, and his life saved by a brother officer, in an incident reported on the front page of the Illustrated London News, published on 17 May 1879. ‘Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher dismounted with most of the men, leaving as few as possible to hold the horses and advanced up the hill in skirmishing order, to dislodge the enemy, who were firing upon them from their strong position. On approaching the top, Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher, who were well in front, noticed a Ghazi, lying on the ground, pointing his jezail at them. He was a typical hillman, of powerful build. Having fired and missed, he jumped to his feet, and rushed at Captain Wood, whose sword was of little use against the long jezail and impetuous rush of the Afghan. He was brought to his knees, and his fanatical assailant, discarding his firearm, with a ponderous knife made a cut at his head, which clove his helmet in two, but, fortunately, did not do more than inflict a slight wound. ‘As Captain Wood lay on the ground, at the mercy of the Afghan, Lieutenant Fisher rushed at the Ghazi, and felled him with the butt end of a carbine which he was carrying and Private Hackett, who had by this time come up with other men of the Troop, gave him the coup-de-grace with his sword. The Troop now fired two volleys into the enemy, which completely dispersed them, and Captain Wood took his men back to Fattehabad. The casualties in the Troop were seven men wounded, one horse killed, eleven wounded, and one missing.’ Captain Wood served with the regiment throughout the remainder of the war, and accompanied it during the march of pestilence to Rawal Pindi, when so many Tenth Hussars died of cholera. He became Major in April 1882, and Lieutenant-Colonel in August 1892, on taking command of the 10th Hussars. The regiment served in Ireland throughout the 4 years of his command. He became Brevet Colonel in August 1896, and retired on 5 April 1899. Wood was almost immediately recalled on the outbreak of the war in South Africa, and was appointed a Special Service Officer with the Rhodesian Field Force. He was afterwards in command of the troops in Rhodesia, from 7th January to 21st June 1901, graded as a Colonel on the Staff. He again left the Army, leading a very active life, and later became a Colonel in the Army Cadet Force. For his services with the Cadets, he received the 1935 Silver Jubilee medal, at the age of 83. Colonel Manners Wood died at Camberley on 12 September 1941, aged 89.
A Georgian Carved Horn Primer or Pistol Flask With powder measure screw on cap. Cow hown with wooden base plate.
A German 19th C. Boat Shaped Hilt Sword Makers stamp on the inner guard of a Crown over N. Single edged fullered blade. Cast brass hilt and leather bound grip. Very similar to the British 1796 heavy cavalry officers sword. 34 inches long overal 27.5 inch blade.
A Gilbert Islands Sharks tooth Kiribati Warriors Sword Called a Tebute. A rarely seen early 20th century shark tooth sword, known as a tebute and was unique to the Gilbert Islands of Micronesia, the islands today are known as the nation of Kiribati. The sword is made from seasoned wood of the coconut palm with cutting edges made from sharks teeth attached with fine fibrous cords. Most of these swords were destroyed by the maritime visitors to the islands. Kiribati has a history of contrived and ritualized duels. The armour was made of thickly woven sennit, a kind of coconut fibre. The duellists wore helmets made of blowfish remains. The helmets were resilient and, due to the structure of blowfish, covered with many points, which had the ability of damaging weapons. The weapons resembled broadswords with a serrated edge created with many shark teeth. The duels were performed mostly for the purpose of settling disputes and maintaining honour. The practicality of the duels is debatable. Due to the difficulty of moving in this armour, falling over and becoming unable to get back up was common enough that duel assistants were required. Kiribati has been known for its traditional martial arts which were kept within the secrets of several families for generations. The Kiribati arts of fighting as opposed to Asian martial arts are not often mentioned or even advertised to be known by the general public. Though, there may be some noticeable parallels in principle to that of Asian martial arts, they are merely really different. For instance, generally, there is no kicking as in Karate kicks or Kung Fu kicks, and speed is more important than power. A list of some of these traditional martial arts is as follows: Nabakai, Nakara, Ruabou, Tabiang, Taborara, Tebania, Temata-aua, Te Rawarawanimon, and Terotauea. The essence of Kiribati traditional martial arts is the magical power of the spirits of the ancestral warriors. All these martial arts skills share one thing in common. That is, they came from an ancestral spirit. "Nabakai" is a martial art from the island of Abaiang originated from the person named Nabakai. Nabakai was a member of the crab clan called "Tabukaokao". The three ancestral female spirits of this clan "Nei Tenaotarai", "Nei Temwanai" and "Nei Tereiatabuki" which usually believed to manifest themselves with a female crab came to him and taught him the fighting art. Overall 61 cm long.
A Gold Inlaid Indo Persian Armour Suite of Helmet, Shield & Arm Defence Early 19th century. A simply stunning suite of armour comprising the traditional Kulah khud, dhal, and bazu band. The helmet has a hemi-spherical skull, pierced with four heart-shaped panels each fitted with an iron plate within a moulded frame, the skull fitted at its apex with a low spike, a pair of plume-holders at the front and with a staple for a sliding optional nasal guard, decorated over the greater part of its surface with gold koftgari flowers and foliage and mail neck-defence of butted links; the bazu band of a gutter-shaped form, fitted with hinged inner arm-defence, each decorated with gold and silver koftgari foliage, and chain mail covering for the hand of butted links, and with a padded lining; and the dhal [somewhat in the size of a buckler] of shallow convex form, the outer face applied with brass and gold and silver koftgari inlay foliage and flowers and decorated with silver koftgari foliage enriched with gold flowers: Koftgari is the Indian form of damascening which closely resembles the damascening found in Persia and Syria. The inlay process begins after the piece is moulded and fully formed. The intended design is engraved into the base metal and fine gold or silver wire is then hammered into the grooves. The base metal is always a hard metal, either steel, iron or bronze, and the inlay a soft metal, either gold or silver. This combination prevents the base from deforming when the wire inlay is hammered into the surface and results in the inlaid areas being well defined and of sharp appearance. Swords, shield and armour were often decorated in koftgari work and domestic items such as boxes and betel containers, were also made.
A Good & Sound Original 1796 British Light Dragoon Cavalry Sword A souvenir of a cavalry man's service in the Peninsular War and Waterloo. Blackened steel hilt with leather covered wooden grip with original wire binding. Blackened steel blade and overall in jolly sound condition, signs of use naturally but a super and historical example. A great swash buckling beauty of a combat sword, with no frills or fancy details, just standard regulation pattern original sabre used from the late 1790's and used to incredible effect in combat in the Napoleonic Wars, the Peninsular campaign and Waterloo. Used by the great iconic front rank regiments such as the 10th, 13th & 15th Light Dragoons. An amazingly effective sword of good and fine quality. British Light dragoons were first raised in the 18th century. Initially they formed part of a cavalry regiment (scouting, reconnaissance etc), but due to their successes in this role, (and also in charging and harassing the enemy), they soon acquired a reputation for courage and skill. Whole regiments dedicated to this role were soon raised; the 15th Light Dragoons 1759 were the first, followed by the 18th Light Dragoons and the 19th Light Dragoons. The 13th Light Dragoons were initially heavy dragoons known as Richard Munden’s Regiment of Dragoons 1715. By 1751 the regiment title was simplified to the 13th Regiment of Dragoons and by 1783 had been converted to the light role. In 1796 a new form of sabre was designed by a brave and serving officer, Le Marchant. Le Marchant commanded the cavalry squadron during the Flanders campaign against the French (1793-94). Taking notice of comments made to him by an Austrian Officer describing British Troopers swordplay as "reminiscent of a farmer chopping wood", he designed a new light cavalry sword to improve the British cavalryman's success. It was adopted by the Army in 1797 and was used for 20 years. Le Marchant was highly praised by many for his superb design and he further developed special training and exercise regimes. King George IIIrd was especially impressed and learnt them all by heart and encouraged their use throughout the cavalry corps. For a reward Le Marchant was promoted to Lt Colonel and given command of the 7th Light Dragoons. He soon realized that the course for educating the officers in his own regiment would spread no further in the Army without suitably trained instructors. His vision was to educate officers at a central military college and train them in the art of warfare. Despite many objections and prejudices by existing powerful members of the establishment, he gained the support of the Duke of York in establishing the Royal Military College, later to become the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst and the Army Staff College. In 1804 Le Marchant received the personal thanks of King George who said "The country is greatly indebted to you." In 1811, when nearing completion of this task, he was removed from his post as Lieutenant Governor of the College by Lord Wellington to command the heavy cavalry in the Peninsula. Appointed as Major General, he arrived in Lisbon fifteen days after leaving Portsmouth. On 22nd July 1812, Lord Wellington and the Allied Army of 48,500 men and 60 cannon were situated at Salamanca, Spain, against the French Commander Marshal Marmont. Wellington had ordered his baggage trains westwards to provide a covering force in the event of a full scale retreat, however Marmont mistakenly took the movement to be the retreat of the Army itself and ordered eight divisions of Infantry and a cavalry division westwards in an attempt to outflank the retreat. Wellington on seeing the enemy's army now spread out over four miles and therefore losing it's positional advantage, ordered the full attack. Le Marchant, at the head of one thousand British cavalry rode at a gallop towards the surprised French infantrymen, who had no time to form squares, and reduced their numbers greatly. The Heavy Brigade had received thorough training under Le Marchant and on reforming their lines charged repeatedly, until five battalions of the French left wing had been destroyed. After twenty minutes, in the final charge, Le Marchant fell from his horse having received a fatal musket shot and General Packenham who watched the attack later remarked " the fellow died sabre in hand…giving the most princely example". Two days later, he was buried, in his military cloak, near an olive grove where he had fallen. Aged forty-six John Le Marchant was buried on the field of battle, however, a monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral, London. The survival today of this sword is a testament to the now little known British hero, who, in many ways transformed the way that cavalry sword combat, and many military tactics were conducted for many decades after his valorous death. His fearsome sabre was, it is said, so feared by the French that protests were submitted to the British government stating that it was simply too gruesome for use in civilized warfare. No Scabbard
A Good 1796 Infantry Sword With A Rarely Seen Pre 1800 Union Flag This is a jolly nice example but with a small very rare feature of breeze blown flying union flag [pre-1800 Act of the Union version] engraved within the blade engraving. In 45 years we can only recall it on a very few examples of the many, many hundreds of these swords we have had during that time. The figure of a standing or seated Britannia bearing a union flag patterned shield was far more usual than a simple breeze blown flag such as this sword has. The engraving also contains the traditional GR crown cypher and royal crest. Copper gilt hilt with folding side guard and muti twist brass wire bound grip. No scabbard
A Good 17th C. 'Venetian' Schiavona Basket Hilted Sword wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade. An almost identical example of another in the Royal Armouries Collection The Schiavona was a Renaissance sword that became popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. Stemming from the 16th-century sword of the Balkan mercenaries who formed the bodyguard of the Doge of Venice, the name may have from the fact that the guard consisted largely of Istrian and Dalmatian Slavs (Schiavoni) late Italian for slave, but some say it could derive from the older Venetian feminine term of 'a woman' alluding to it as the 'Queen' of weapons. Interestingly enough, in Drummond's famous book, "Ancient Scottish Weapons", there are several Schiavonas. It was widely recognisable for its "cat's-head pommel" and distinctive handguard made up of many leaf-shaped brass or iron bars that was attached to the cross-bar and knucklebow rather than the pommel. Classified as a true broadsword, this war sword had a wider blade than its contemporary civilian rapiers. It was basket hilted (often with an imbedded quillon for an upper guard) and its blade was double edged thus this blade was useful for both cut and thrust. The schiavona became popular among the armies of those who traded with Italy during the 17th century and was the weapon of choice for many heavy cavalry. It was popular among mercenary soldiers and wealthy civilians alike; examples decorated with gilding and precious stones were imported by the upper classes to be worn as a combination of fashion accessory and defensive weapon. Lord Stefan d'Gascon: Living in the later half of the 16th Century, in London, he was an ex-mercenary from a number of large and small armies. He wandered the continent, [generally staying out of France.] and visited the Far East for a time, while serving as a personal guard. One time he was a city guard for the Doge of Venice, where he developed a liking for the Schiavona He remarked that; " The Schiavona came in handy while traversing the Sulu Sea and the Sea of Japan in 1549 with Father Francis Xavier’s ship and spent two years in the Japans with Fathers Francis, Cosme de Torres and Juan Fernandz." He was born of English stock, in the Armagnac region of Gascony, near Auch. See Wagner, E. , Cut and Thrust Weapons, Hamlyn, UK (1969). Schiavona. Wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword. The Royal Armouries example is numbered as Object Number IX.1016 [see last photo in the gallery] 33.5 inch blade, 40 inches overall
A Good 17th Century English Hunting Sword. Inlaid With Gold Alloy Blade. Latin inscription FIDES ED CVIVIDE [?] on both side of the blade in gold alloy. Staghorn grip steel hilt. 20 inch blade. In the days of the early Royal Navy, officers carried short swords in the pattern of hunting swords, with both straight or curved blades, fancy mounted single knucklebow hilts with principally stag horn or reeded ebony grips. The hilt was usually repousse with a floral and figural design. There are numerous portraits in the National Portrait Gallery and The National Maritime Musuem that show British Admirals [such as Benbow and Clowdesly Shovel] holding exactly such swords. Picture in the gallery of Admiral Benbow with his near identical sword. In fact so similar it could even be it! John Benbow (10 March 1653 – 4 November 1702) was an English officer in the Royal Navy. He joined the navy aged 25 years, seeing action against Algerian pirates before leaving and joining the merchant navy where he traded until the Glorious Revolution of 1688, whereupon he returned to the Royal Navy and was commissioned. Benbow fought against France during the Nine Years War (1688–97), serving on and later commanding several English vessels and taking part in the battles of Beachy Head, Barfleur and La Hogue in 1690 and 1692. He went on to achieve fame during campaigns against Salé and Moor pirates; laying siege to Saint-Malo; and fighting in the West Indies against France during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714). Benbow's fame and success earned him both public notoriety and a promotion to admiral. He was then involved in an incident during the Action of August 1702, where a number of his captains refused to support him while commanding a squadron of ships. Benbow instigated the trial and later imprisonment or execution of a number of the captains involved, though he did not live to see these results. These events contributed to his notoriety, and led to several references to him in subsequent popular culture.
A Good 18th -19th Century Nepalese Gurkha's Kora Sword With traditional disc hilt and flared blade with inside cutting edge, blade bears two traditional Nepalese talismanic sun disc engravings. The Kora is possibly the oldest form of sword of the Gurkhas and it may well be that their phenomenal military success was largely due to their possession of such a terribly effective weapon." 'Kora,' has an inner cutting edge, with which those who use it skillfully are enabled to cut a foe in two at a single blow." Its appearance reminds of the European Sabre but instead of curving upwards (back) it has a wide tip, a forward curved blade, single edged on its concave side, the latter two characteristic sit shares with the Kukri knife. When used correctly the forward curved blade concentrates the power/energy of the strike to the curved area thus allowing more force to be utilised at the point of contact in each blow. It is designed with its practical application in mind, to chop/slash and not for Classical fencing, yet its usually light enough if the need arises. Like Nepal, the Kora & Kukri are strongly associated with the Gurkhas and was firstly illustrated in Col. William Kirkpatrick's work "An Account of the kingdom of Nepaul…" published in London, 1811 based on his travels in 1793 to Nepal. There both the Kukri and Kora is for the first time illustrated to the wider worlds public. The Kora was traditionally used warfare and personal protection, but also played and still plays a function in the religious sphere where it is used to behead sacrificial animals in one blow, otherwise believed to bring bad fortune and the sacrifice is considered useless. Thus both a skilled man and a formidable blade is needed, the Kora certainly passes the criteria!. Photograph of the Bagbhairab Temple, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. Hanging display of Koras from the battle of Kirtipur during the 1760`s. 22.75 inches long
A Good 18th Century Indian Arquebus Matchlock From the time of Tippu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore. A most superior example as some of their kind used in the 18th century were rather utilitarian and of martial quality. Superb stock with very fine patina, good multi staged barrel. Action linkage not connected. Bears a storage stamp for the armoury of the Maharajah of Jaipur. In the early 16th century, the term "arquebus" had a confusing variety of meanings. Some writers used it to denote any matchlock shoulder gun, referring to light versions as caliver and heavier pieces fired from a fork rest as musket. Others treated the arquebus and caliver synonymously, both referring to the lighter, forkless shoulder-fired matchlock. As the 16th century progressed, the term arquebus came to be clearly reserved for the lighter forkless weapon. When the wheel lock was introduced, wheel-lock shoulder arms came to be called arquebuses, while lighter, forkless matchlock and flintlock shoulder weapons continued to be called calivers. In the mid-17th century, the light flintlock versions came to be called fusils or fuzees. The first usage of the arquebus in large numbers was in Hungary under king Matthias Corvinus (r. 1458–1490). Every fourth soldier in the Black Army had an arquebus in the infantry, and every fifth regarding the whole army, which was an unusual ratio at the time. Although they were generally present in the battlefield King Mathias preferred enlisting shielded men instead, as the arquebus had a low rate of fire. Even a decade after the disbandment of the Black Army, by the turn of the 16th century, only around 10% of the soldiers of Western European armies used firearms. Arquebusiers were effective against cavalry and even other infantry, particularly when placed with pikemen in the pike and shot formation, which revolutionised the Spanish military. An example of where this formation was used and succeeded is the decisive Battle of Cerignola (1503), which was one of the first battles to utilise this formation, and was the first battle to be won through the use of gunpowder-based small arms. 76 inches long, Ideally, suitable for UK delivery only due to length.
A Good 19th Century Pinfire Revolver Pocket Pistol, Very Nice Tight Action With folding trigger for safe concealment. Good rotating cylinder and action. A nice martial quality piece. As a British or European import, pinfire pistols were very popular indeed during the Civil War and the Wild West period [but very expensive] as they took the all new pinfire cartridge, which revolutionised the way revolvers operated, as compared to the old fashioned percussion action. In fact, while the percussion cap & ball guns were still in production [such as made by Remington, Colt and Starr] and being used in the American Civil War, the much more efficient and faster pinfire guns [that were only made from 1861] were the fourth most popular gun chosen in the US, by those that could afford them, during the war. General Stonewall Jackson was presented with two deluxe pinfire pistols with ivory grips, and many other famous personalities of the war similarly used them. The American makers could not possibly fulfill all the arms contracts that were needed to supply the war machine, especially by the non industrialised Confederate Southern States. So, London or continental made guns were purchased, by contract, by the London Arms Company in great quantities, as the procurement for the war in America was very profitable indeed. They were despatched out in the holds of hundreds of British merchant ships. First of all, the gun and sword laden vessels would attempt to break the blockades, surrounding the Confederate ports, as the South were paying four times or more the going rate for arms, but, if the blockade proved to be too efficient, the ships would then proceed on to the Union ports, [such as in New York] where the price paid was still excellent, but only around double the going rate. This pistol is pocket size It was the pocket size that was the type that was so popular, as a fast and efficient personal defender by many of the officers of both the US and the CSA armies, and later, as in this case, in the 1870's onwards by gamblers and n'ear do wells in the Wild West.Liege proofs. 7mm. Cal. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good 19th Century Powder Flask Fluted copper body and brass adjustable spout.
A Good 19th Century Sykes Pistol Powder Flask Absolutely ideal for pistol casing. A nice example with a few small dents. Small pistol flasks are certainly the most desireable type as they can beautifully set off a cased pistol set [and thus increase it's value dramatically], for either a flintlock or percussion gun, that is lacking it's original flask. 4.5 inches long
A Good and Scarce Antique Malaysian Kampilan Sword The standard kampílan is a type of single-edged long sword, used in the Philippine islands of Mindanao, Visayas, and Luzon. This unusual variant has a long 33.5 inch double edged blade more reminiscant of a European broadsword. The kampílan has a distinct profile, with the tapered blade being much broader and thinner at the point than at its base, sometimes with a protruding spikelet along the flat side of the tip and a bifurcated hilt which is believed to represent a mythical creature's open mouth. The Maguindanao and the Maranao of mainland Mindanao preferred this weapon as opposed to the Tausug of Sulu who favoured the barung. The Kapampangan name of the Kampilan was "Talibong" and the hilt on the Talibong represented the dragon Naga, however the creature represented varies between different ethnic groups. Its use by the Illocanos have also been seen in various ancient records. A notable wielder of the kampílan was Datu Lapu-Lapu (the king of Mactan) and his warriors, who defeated the Spaniards and killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan at the Battle of Mactan on April 27, 1521. The mention of the kampílan in ancient Filipino epics originating from other non-Muslim areas such as the Hiligaynon Hinilawod and the Ilocano Biag ni Lam-Ang is possible evidence for the sword's widespread usage throughout the archipelago during the ancient times. Today, the kampílan is portrayed in Filipino art and ancient tradition. The hilt is quite long in order to counterbalance the weight and length of the blade and is made of hardwood.[1] As with the blade, the design of the hilt's profile is relatively consistent from blade to blade, combining to make the kampílan an effective combat weapon. The complete tang of the kampílan disappears into a crossguard, which is often decoratively carved in an okir (geometric or flowing) pattern.The guard prevents the enemy's weapon from sliding all the way down the blade onto bearer's hand and also prevents the bearer's hand from sliding onto the blade while thrusting. The most distinctive design element of the hilt is the Pommel, which is shaped to represent a creature's wide open mouth. The represented creature varies from sword to sword depending on the culture. Sometimes it is a real animal such as a monitor lizard or a crocodile, but more often the animal depicted is mythical, with the naga and the bakonawa being popular designs. Some kampílan also have animal or human hair tassels attached to the hilt as a form of decoration.
A Good and Sound, Untouched in 200 Years, 1796 British Officer's Sabre A Light Infantry Company Officer's sword. Based on the 1796 Light Dragoon sabre, but slightly shorter for foot combat efficiency. During the Peninsular War officer's assigned to the Light companies often felt they required a better sword than the thin, straight bladed, standard 1796 infantry officer's sword prevalent at the time. Thus have a sword custom made, based on the blade of the hugely effective and popular 1796 light dragoon officer's sabre, and with the same form of hilt. This is one of those very swords. The Light Infantry were units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The most famous regiments of Light Infantry of this era was the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo.
A Good Antique Burmese Silver Mounted Prayer Knife (Dha-hmyaung) This particular style, "Prayer Knife", gets its name from the practice of holding it while saying prayers. Having a dagger blessed with prayers in Burmese culture was once not uncommon…for things like safety when hunting in the jungle were there are wild beasts such as tigers, or when going into battle.
A Good Antique French, Franco-Prussian War Chassepot Sword Bayonet Dated 1869 made at Mutzig Arsenal, a stunning example, with pristine steel and brass and full arsenal engraving for it's production at the French armoury at Mutzig. Made to affix to the French Chassepot rifle as a bayonet, or to be used as an infantryman's short sword. Most such sword bayonets one sees are post 1869 examples, it is most rare to find a pre war dated example that was used throughout the Franco-Prussian War. Its inventor was Antoine Alphonse Chassepot, and it became the French service weapon in 1866. It was first used at the battlefield at Mentana, November 1867, where it inflicted severe losses on Garibaldi's troops. The event was reported at the French Parliament: "Les Chassepots ont fait merveille!", {The Chassepots did marvelous execution !} In the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) it proved greatly superior to the German Dreyse needle gun, outranging it by 2 to 1. Although it was a smaller caliber but the chassepot ammunition had more gunpowder and thus faster muzzle velocity. The Chassepots were responsible for most of the Prussian and other German casualties during the conflict. This is the most widely copied of all the sword bayonets. Many countries - including the United States, Egypt, Belgium, and Argentina - have manufactured or used very similar bayonets. The French model was designed to fit on the French Model 1866 Chassepot Rifled Infantry Musket (the musket was revolutionary in itself). It was manufactured from 1866 to about 1874 and was replaced by the French Model 1874 "Gras" Bayonet. This bayonet is brass-hilted with a spring steel latching arrangement on the right side. The crossguard is iron (steel) and has a screw-type tightening arrangement on the muzzle-ring. The lower quillon is a hooked "blade-breaker" type. The blade is steel, single-edged, fullered (both sides), with a re-curved or "yataghan-shape." The blades marked on the back-edge (opposite the cutting edge) with the arsenal, month, and year of manufacture; this is done in engraved cursive fashion Arsenals encountered may be such as Chatellerault, Mutzig, St. Etienne, Paris-Oudry, Tulle, and perhaps Steyr (not confirmed on the 1866). •The French wars during the life-span of this bayonet were: ?French Intervention in Mexico (1861-1867); Franco-Prussian War (July 19, 1870 – May 10, 1871) French Indo-China (1873-1874, 1882-1883); Sino-French War (1883-1885); Madagascar Wars (1883-1885, 1895); 1st Mandingo-French War (1883-1886); 1st Dahomeyan-French War (1889-1990); 2nd Dahomeyan-French War (1892-1894); Franco-Siamese War of (1893) 2nd Mandingo-French War (1894-1895); Conquest of Chad (1897-1914); 3rd Mandingo-French War (1898); Moroccan War (1907-1912); The Wadai War (1909-1911); World War I (early).
A Good Antique George IIIrd Flintlock Holster Pistol Named to its owner. Walnut stock with fabulous age patina, with slab-sided grips, all brass furniture and trigger guard with acorn finial. Made by Wheeler of London. Two stage octagonal to round steel barrel with silver X foresight. A very nice officer's and gentleman's flintlock pistol from the 1790's into the Napoleonic Wars period. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution of 1789, they revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly as Napoleon's armies conquered much of Europe but collapsed rapidly after France's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. The alliance led by Britain and one of it's finest General's, the Duke of Wellington, brought about Napoleon's empire ultimately suffering a complete and total military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France and the creation of the Concert of Europe.
A Good Antique Victorian Bowie Knife With Goat Horn Handle Since the first incarnation, the Bowie knife has come to incorporate several recognizable and characteristic design features, although in common usage the term refers to any large sheath knife with a crossguard and a clip point. The knife pattern is still popular with collectors; in addition to various knife manufacturing companies there are hundreds of custom knife makers producing Bowies and variations. One characteristic of some Bowie knives is the clip point at the top of the blade, which brings the tip of the blade lower than the spine and in line with the handle for better control during thrusting attacks. As the goal is to produce a sharp, stabbing point, most Bowie knives have a bevel ground along the clip, typically 1/4 of the way, but sometimes much further running the entire top-edge. This is referred to as a false edge as from a distance it looks sharpened, although it may or may not be. Regardless of whether or not the false edge is sharp, it serves to take metal away from the point, streamlining the tip and thus enhancing the penetration capability of the blade during a stab. The version attributed to blacksmith James Black had this false edge fully sharpened in order to allow someone trained in European techniques of saber fencing to execute the maneuver called the "back cut" or "back slash". A pair of quillon were attached to protect the hand. 7.75 inch blade
A Good English Civil War Mortuary Basket Hilted Broadsword Armourers mark to the blade and traces of further markings. The tradional basket hilt bears, within oval panels, the engraved facial portraits, it is said, of King Charles Ist and Queen Henrietta. In the Victorian days these swords thus became known as Mortuary hilted swords, due to the executed king's visage being designed within the hilt pattern. It is not known exactly how this came to be, but there is no known use of the term Mortuary hilted before this time. In the Civil War, the opening of the battle usually involved groups of cavalry, with the officers carrying these very form of swords. The main objective was to make the opposing cavalry run away. When that happened, the victorious cavalry turned on the enemy infantry. Well-disciplined pike men, brave enough to hold their ground, could do tremendous damage to a cavalry charging straight at them. There are several examples of cavalry men having three or four horses killed under them in one battle. At the start of the war the king's nephew, Prince Rupert, was put in charge of the cavalry. Although Rupert was only twenty-three he already had a lot of experience fighting in the Dutch army. Prince Rupert introduced a new cavalry tactic that he had learnt fighting in Sweden. This involved charging full speed at the enemy. The horses were kept close together and just before impact the men fired their pistols, then arming themselves with their swords for the all too fearsome hand to hand combat During the early stages of the Civil War the parliamentary army was at a great disadvantage. Most of the soldiers had never used a sword or musket before. When faced with Prince Rupert's cavalry charging at full speed, they often turned and ran. One of the Roundhead officers who saw Prince Rupert's cavalry in action was a man called Oliver Cromwell. Although Cromwell had no military training, his experience as a large landowner gave him a good knowledge of horses. Cromwell became convinced that if he could produce a well-disciplined army he could defeat Prince Rupert and his Cavaliers. He knew that pike men, armed with sixteen-foot-long pikes, who stood their ground during a cavalry attack, could do a tremendous amount of damage. Oliver Cromwell also noticed that Prince Rupert's cavalry were not very well disciplined. After they charged the enemy they went in pursuit of individual targets. At the first major battle of the civil war at Edge hill, most of Prince Rupert's cavalrymen did not return to the battlefield until over an hour after the initial charge. By this time the horses were so tired they were unable to mount another attack against the Roundheads. Cromwell trained his cavalry to keep together after a charge. In this way his men could repeatedly charge the Cavaliers. Cromwell's new cavalry took part in its first major battle at Marston Moor in Yorkshire in July 1644. The king's soldiers were heavily defeated in the battle. Cromwell's soldiers became known as the Ironsides' because of the way they cut through the Cavaliers on the battlefield. The Mortuary hilted swords actually gained their unusual name some considerable time after the Civil War. For, as they bore representational portraits of King Charles Ist, it was believed in Victorian times that they were to symbolize the death of the King, however, as these swords were actually made from 1640, long before he was executed, it was an obviously erroneous naming, that curiously remains to this day. This example is a beautiful, fine and singularly handsome piece and would certainly be a fine addition to any collection of rare English swords. There are a few examples near identical to this sword in the Royal Collection and the Tower of London Collection. With a reforged bottom quarter blade.
A Good French Boche Powder Flask, 19th Century, Shell Pattern By Boche of Paris, a fine quality flask with good working spring action. Boche apparently signed only his best examples and flasks by Boche belong to the highest in society.
A Good Indian Long Katar 'Punch Dagger' 17th to 18th Century With crows beak tip to enable heavy penetrating power for piercing of chain mail armour. The katar originated in Tamil Nadu where its Dravidian name was kattari before being altered to katar in the north. The earliest forms occur in the medieval Deccan kingdom of Vijayanagara. Katar dating back to this period often had a leaf- or shell-like knuckle-guard to protect the back of the hand, but this was discarded by the latter half of the 17th century. The Maratha gauntlet sword or pata is thought to have been developed from the katar. As the weapon spread throughout India it became something of a status symbol, much like the Southeast Asian kris or the Japanese katana. Among the Rajputs, Sikhs and Mughals, princes and nobles were often portrayed wearing a katara at their side. This was not only a precaution for self-defense, but it was also meant to show their wealth and position. Upper-class Mughals would even hunt tigers with katar. For a hunter to kill a tiger with such a short-range weapon was considered the surest sign of bravery and martial skill. The heat and moisture of India's climate made steel an unsuitable material for a dagger sheath, so they were covered in fabric such as velvet or silk. Because the katara's blade is in line with the user's arm, the basic attack is a direct thrust identical to a punch, although it could also be used for slashing. This design allows the fighter to put their whole weight into a thrust. Typical targets include the head and upper body, similar to boxing. The sides of the handle could be used for blocking but it otherwise has little defensive capability. As such, the wielder must be agile enough to dodge the opponent's attacks and strike quickly, made possible because of the weapon's light weight and small size. Indian martial arts in general make extensive use of agility and acrobatic maneuvers. As far back as the 16th century, there was at least one fighting style which focused on fighting with a pair of katara, one in each hand. Katar 18.5 inches long x 3 inches wide at the hilt
A Good Late 17th Century Hunting Cutlass Sword with Most Rare Sawback Blade The traditional hangar as used by all the famous Captains and Admirals in the Royal Navy from the time of King Charles IInd until King George Ist. The glory days of renown during the time of the infamous pirates. There is a superb portrait of Admiral Benbow with the very same type of sword [see gallery]. Similar and identical swords are in the Greenwich Naval Museum the Royal Collection, and illustrated in the standard work. Swords for Sea Service. Admiral Benbow served in the navy and merchant marine before becoming captain of a naval vessel in 1689. As master of the fleet under Admiral Edward Russell, he helped destroy the French fleet in the Battle of La Hougue, in May 1692, and in November 1693 he bombarded the French port of Saint-Malo. After serving as commander of the English fleet in the West Indies from 1698 to 1700, he returned there as vice admiral in 1701. On 19 August 1702, his seven ships sighted nine French vessels off Santa Marta (now in Colombia). He gave chase for five days, but the captains of four of his vessels lagged behind, refusing to engage the enemy. On 24 August, the Admiral's right leg was shattered by French fire. He remained on deck until his captains compelled him to return to Jamaica. There he had two of the captains court-martialled for insubordination and shot. Admiral Benbow died of his wounds. Brass pommel, shell guard and s quillon with staghorn grip. Knuckelbow removed. We show a portrait in the gallery with Admiral Benbow and his hunting cutlass.
A Good Napoleonic Wars Era 1756 Pattern Light Dragoon Trooper's Pistol Elliot pattern British Dragoon troopers pistol designed in 1756. Good Napoleonic Wars London makers based in Fenchurch St and Threadneedle St near to the Bank of England . In singularly good order with exceptional patina. George Augustus Eliott was a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle. The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars. Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon. Available in .62 cal. Smoothbore Fitted with brass furniture throughout it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones like tis example having a straighter lined lock and a ring neck cock. It was however, slowly fazed out after the Napoleonic Wars as the introduction of the New Land Pattern [with it's captive ramrod system] took hold. Pistols of this pattern were frontline issue arms that would have seen incredible service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper, or maybe a lancer, over very likely four decades or more.
A Good Original Antique Nickel G &JW Hawksley Gun Case Oil Bottle 19th century Ideal for all kinds of cased pistols or long guns. Excellent condition. 3cm across [at widest] 5.5cm inches high
A Good Original Colt 1849 Pocket Revolver, Rare 6 Inch Barrel Version Manufactured in 1852. A lovely early Colt 5 shot pocket revolver, with roll-engraved stagecoach holdup scene to the cylinder, with all matching numbers including wedge and loading lever. Side stamped Colt's patent with two line New York address. Brass cone front and hammer notch rear sights. The silver plated back strap and trigger guard retain almost all of it's original crisp silver-plated finish. Action very nice. The family of Colt Pocket Percussion Revolvers evolved from the earlier commercial revolvers marketed by the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company of Paterson, NJ. The smaller versions of Colt's first revolvers are also called "Baby Patersons" by collectors and were produced in .24 to .31 calibers. The .31 caliber carried over into Samuel Colt's second venture in the arms trade in the form of the "Baby Dragoon"-a small revolver developed in 1847–48. The "Baby Dragoon" was in parallel development with Colt's other revolvers and, by 1850, it had evolved into the Revolving Pocket Pistol that collectors now name "The Pocket Model of 1849. It is a smaller version of the "Revolving Belt Pistol of Naval Caliber" introduced the same year and commonly designated by collectors as the "1851 Navy". In 1855 Colt introduced another pocket percussion revolver, the Colt 1855 Sidehammer, designed alongside engineer Elisha K. Root. One legend has it that the pocket models were popular with Civil War officers who did not rely on them as combat arms but as defense against battlefield surgeons bent on amputating a limb. Renown 19th century British explorer, cartographer, linguist and spy, Richard Francis Burton was a devotee of Colt Revolvers and carried a selection of them on his mid-eastern journeys including the trip to Somalia and Ethiopia in 1855. A Pocket model receives prominent mention: "My revolvers excited abundant attention, though none would be persuaded to touch them. The largest, which fitted with a stock became an excellent carbine, was at once named Abu Sittah (the Father of Six) and the Shaytan or Devil: the pocket pistol became the Malunah or Accursed, and the distance to which it carried ball made every man wonder" Burton was a captain in the army of the East India Company, serving in India (and later, briefly, in the Crimean War). Following this, he was engaged by the Royal Geographical Society to explore the east coast of Africa and led an expedition guided by the locals and was the first European to see Lake Tanganyika. In later life, he served as British consul in Fernando Pó, Santos, Damascus and, finally, Trieste. He was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and was awarded a knighthood (KCMG) in 1886. Areas of surface russetting. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good Original Masai Lion Hunter's Simi Dagger In traditional dyed skin covered wooden scabbard. Wide leaf shaped double edged blade. Skin covered wooden hilt.The Maasai people have traditionally viewed the killing of lions as a rite of passage. Historically, lion hunts were done by individuals, however, due to reduced lion populations, lion hunts done solo are discouraged by elders. Most hunts are now partaken by groups of 10 warriors. Group hunting, known in Maasai as olamayio, gives the lion population a chance to grow. Maasai customary laws prohibit killing a sick or infirm lion. The killing of lionesses is also prohibited unless provoked. At the end of each age-set, usually after a decade, the warriors count all of their lion kills to compare them with those hunted by the former age-set in order to measure accomplishment
A Good Plain Sykes Patent Copper Powder Flask. Early 19th Century. Good working spring action and measure.
A Good Queen's South Africa Medal East Surrey Regiment, with 3 Bars Transvaal, Orange Free State, Cape Colony. The Voyage to South Africa The battalion sailed on the 20th Oct on two ships, the Lismore Castle and the Harlech Castle. They had a strength of 26 officers, one sergeant-major, 58 sergeants, 53 corporals, 16 drummers, and 1,038 privates. The number of casualties sustained by the 2nd East Surreys in the Boer War was one officer and 45 men killed, and 10 officers and 234 men wounded. By far the largest number of casualties were as a result of the fighting up to the Relief of Ladysmith (one officer and 36 men killed, and 8 officers and 208 men wounded).
A Good Rare Ottoman Army Cavalry Officers Sword Made in Constantinople Good p hilt of traditional form, leather and wire bound grip, langet engraved with the Turkish crescent and star. Deluxe quality fully etched pipe backed blade bearing further star and crescents, florid scrolls stands of arms and etc. Makers name on the blade spine. Photo in the gallery of two Ottoman Turkish Camel Cavalry officers seated, drinking coffee, with their swords at hand. Also photographs of Ottoman General Staff officers. Recently original weapons of the late Ottoman Empire have become very much sought after by Turkish collectors seeking elements of the old Ottoman period. The Germanic style of the sword hilt falls into place in the latter part of the Ottoman Empire with it's alliance with the Kaiser. Beginning in the 1880s, the Ottoman Empire entered into diplomatic relationships, and later military alliance, with Imperial Germany. The Turks wanted to modernize their ramshackle, obsolescent army and build up their navy. The Germans wanted, among other things, a rail link between themselves and the Levant, for strategic and economic reasons. The equipment of the Turkish Army became Germanized. In 1887, the Ottomans adopted the first of four models of Mauser repeating rifles (total number of variations was seven including carbines) to replace the British and American-made single shots previously used. During this period, regulation swords on the German style were adopted, and the kilij became a thing of the past except in irregular militia formations. The same pattern could be seen in the Ottomans' choice of artillery, saddlery and harness, ships, and even band instruments. German officers, such as Limon von Sanders, went to Istanbul to supervise the re-training of the Turkish officer corps. The effort was not entirely successful, due to cultural inertia, and personality clashes between the two peoples. When war between Turkey and Bulgaria broke out in 1911-12, the Ottoman forces took a terrible drubbing from the Russian-backed Bulgarians. During World War I, the Ottomans made the ill-advised decision to ally with Germany, and suffered the consequences of ending up on the losing side. By the early 1920's, the Ottoman Empire, the "Devlet Aliyeh" or Exalted Dynasty, was no more. The scabbard has a mid section dent.
A Good Scarce, Victorian, 12th Lancers Helmet Plate With Battle Honours In patinated brass. With two screw posts. With it's Victorian, pre Boer War battle honours; Egypt, Salamanca, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1851-2-3, Sevastopol, Central India. The regiment of dragoons that was to become the 12th Royal Lancers was raised by Brigadier-General Phineas Bowles in Berkshire in July 1715 against the threat of the Jacobite rebellion. In 1718 the regiment was placed on the Irish establishment and posted to Ireland, where it remained for seventy-five years. In 1751 the regiment was officially styled the 12th Dragoons. In 1768 King George III bestowed the title of The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons, the regiment was given the badge of the three ostrich feathers, and the motto "Ich Dien". The 12th Dragoons, led by General Sir John Doyle won their first battle honour in Egypt in 1801 against the French Dromedary corps.[3] They had previously had a young Duke of Wellington serve with them as a subaltern between 1789–91. In 1816, the 12th Light Dragoons were armed with lances after the cavalry of Napoleon's Army had shown their effectiveness at Waterloo and were re-titled 12th (The Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Lancers). In 1855 they reinforced the Light Cavalry Brigade in the Crimea after the Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava. In 1861, they were renamed 12th (The Prince of Wales's) Royal Regiment of Lancers. Between 1899 - 1902 they fought in the South African War, taking part in the Relief of Kimberley and Diamond Hill, the last battle of the war.
A Good Sudanese Carved Bone Hilted Dagger From the Mahdist War A super piece of historical weaponry from the days of empire, recovered by a British soldier, valorous men who are known to have 'more steel in their backbone than in their rifle'. A souvenir of a Scots Fusilier Guardsman, from the late 19th century 1880's Mahdist War. Curved steel blade etched with Islamic script, multi-coloured beaded scabbard complete and intact blade decorated with probably thuluth script overall on both sides. The 1st Battalion took part in the expedition 1882 to Egypt under Sir Garnet Wolseley to suppress the revolt of Arabi Pasha, gaining for the regiment the battle honours “Tel-el-Kebir” and “Egypt 1882.” In this campaign the Regiment wore scarlet in battle and carried Colours to the seat of the war for the last time. The Regiment was represented in the expedition for the relief of General Gordon in Khartoum by two companies in the Guards Camel Regiment, which fought most gallantly at Abu Klea, Gubat and Metemneh. At the former battle in January, 1885, the main charge of the Dervishes broke one face of the British square, but the Guards on the further side “faced about, stood like rocks and allowed nothing to pass”
A Good Victorian 1856 Mk I Drummer's Sword The unusual and scarce curved blade model. The Greeks sent warriors off to battle with music. The Romans incorporated music on the battlefield, using assorted fanfares to signal troop movements. The Europeans carried on the tradition -- Napoleon's army traveled with musicians. The tactics, customs and ceremonies of the Civil War came from the Napoleonic tradition The Civil War was something of a bridge war between the wars of old and the wars of modern time. Even during the war, there was an evolution. At the beginning of the war, a lot of units traveled with loud brass bands. As the warfare changed, so did the accompaniment, stripped down to fife and drum corps. The field musicians played a vital role in the life of the regiment. They woke the troops in the morning with reveille and put them to bed with taps. The drummers, during battle, would signal troops when to attack or fire or retreat. Often, during battle, the musicians would retreat to the rear and serve as stretcher bearers. Some generals - Custer among them - had the band play during battle, Guthmann said, believing "it made the men fight harder." Drummer Boy of Waterloo. By Woodland Mary. When battle rous'd each warlike band, And carnage loud her trumpet blew, Young Edwin left his native land, A Drummer Boy for Waterloo. His mother, when his lips she pressed, And bade her noble boy adieu, With wringing hands and aching breast, Beheld him march for Waterloo. With wringing hands, But he that knew no infant tears, His Knapsack o'er his shoulder threw, And cried, ' Dear mother, dry those tears, Till I return from Waterloo." He went—and e'er the set of sun Beheld our arms the foe subdue, The flash of death—the murderous gun, Had laid him low at Waterloo. The flash of death, O comrades ! Comrades !' Edwin cried, And proudly beam'd his eye of blue, ' Go tell my mother, Edwin died A soldier's death at Waterloo.' They plac'd his head upon his drum, And 'neath the moonlight's mournful hue, When night had stilled the battle's hum, They dug his grave at Waterloo. When night had still'd. In the painting of the drummer boy, if one looks behind his left leg one can see the bottom of the drummer boy's sword blade. Also in the gallery there is a snippet from the Siege of Lucknow in the Indian Mutiny 1857. An account of Drummer Ross of the 93rd playing his bugle under fire from the rebels and singing Yankee Doodle standing on the dome of the highest Mosque in Lucknow. On 28 November at the Second Battle of Cawnpore, 15-year-old Thomas Flynn, a drummer with the 64th Regiment of Foot, was awarded the Victoria Cross. "During a charge on the enemy's guns, Drummer Flynn, although wounded himself, engaged in a hand-to-hand encounter with two of the rebel artillerymen". He remains the youngest recipient of the Victoria Cross. A widely reported incident aat the Battle of Isandlwana during the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, spelled the end of boys being sent on active service by the British Army. Part of the British force returned to their camp at night to find that it had been overrun by the Zulu army a few hours previously. An eyewitness reported that "Even the little drummer boys that we had in the band, they were hung up on hooks, and opened like sheep. It was a pitiful sight". Drummer boys although still with the title 'drummer boy' used bugles by then. No scabbard
A Good Victorian Heavy Cavalry Officer's Sword 1821 Pattern c.1840-1850 From the Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava Period of 1854. This sword would have been carried by an officer who would have served in one of the great British Heavy Cavalry regiments, and may have fought in the Crimean War such as at the Charge at Balaklava. Slightly curved single edge blade by Meyer & Mortimer, Conduit St, London, finely etched with crowned VR cypher amidst profuse foliage, regulation scroll pierced iron guard, wire bound fish skin covered grip. Blade 87cms, overall 100cms. Good condition, hilt with fine age patina, no scabbard. During the Crimean War (1854-56) Russian forces mounted an attack on the British position at Balaklava. A large body of some 3,000 Russian cavalry threatened the road to the harbour of Balaklava itself. The British Heavy Brigade, about 800 strong, consisted of 10 squadrons of heavy cavalry, commanded by Major-General (later General) The Honourable (later Sir) James Yorke Scarlett (1799–1871). Seeing the Russian horsemen halted, and thus vulnerable to attack, Scarlett immediately charged uphill with three of his squadrons, being successively reinforced by the remaining seven squadrons of his Brigade.
A Good Victorian Painted Truncheon With Unusual Crest and Brass Base Cap Good hardwood turned truncheon with gilt and coloured VR Crown and heraldic shield. Brass turned base cap with swivel lanyard loop and leasther lanyard complete. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Their primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A Great Close Combat Knife Made From an 1888 British Bayonet Used in the Boxer Rebellion, Battle for Peking in 1900. Part of a Boxer Battle of Peking collection. The rifle and bayonet used in the Chinese Legations during the Boxer Rebellion in Peking in June 1900. The Battle of Peking, or historically the Relief of Peking, was the battle on 14–15 August 1900, in which a multi-national force, led by Britain, relieved the siege of foreign legations in Peking (now Beijing) during the Boxer Rebellion. From 20 June 1900, Boxer forces and Imperial Chinese troops had besieged foreign diplomats, citizens and soldiers within the legations of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Russia, Spain and the United States within the city of Peking.
A Great Helm of the European Style Circa 1370 Formerly the property of The Higgins Armory Collection. Purchased by Mr Higgins from James Graham & Son in New York in April 1946. A Great Helm in 14th century style. Almost certainly from the workshop of Samuel Luke Pratt. Assembled in the 19th century from old and later parts. Formed of five riveted plates, with horizontal vision slit pierced on the right with a cruciform ventilation hole, adomed crown with several aged holes, and in patinated 'aged' condition throughout (holed at the rear, blackened throughout) 41.3cm; 16 in high. Higgins Armory Inventory no 2831. This amazing example was most probably assembled to the order of the celebrated 19th century arms dealer, Mr Pratt of Bond St. London. He was the chief provider of original and historismus armour to the great English collectors of the time, that were inspired by the Gothic Revival. Parts of this great helm appear to have some very early plates which possibly may have come from original, period armour helm. This Antique helm may well have been sold at the time, for the greater part, as being original, which it is unlikely, but such is it's immediate appearance, when it was originally acquired and very similar to another great helm acquired by Lord Warwick. Lord Warwick acquired some armour from the Meyrick Collection, for the Castle armoury, from Mr Pratt, probably during the renovations after the great fire at Warwick Castle in 1871. Two similar original examples are in St. George's Hall at Windsor Castle, and another with the 'Achievements' of the Black Prince at his mausoleum in Canterbury Cathedral. Windsor Castle is an official residence of The Queen and the largest occupied castle in the world. A Royal home and fortress for over 900 years it was started by William the Conqueror and the Castle remains a working palace today. This form of Great Helm is one of the very rarest, with very few confirmed originals remaining in the world. There is one in The Tower of London Collection. William the Conqueror ordered the start of the building of Warwick in the 11th century, and by the 14th century the great Towers were completed. We consider ourselves very fortunate to have the opportunity to acquire some wonderful arms and weaponry from a small disposal from the Castle Armoury, in order to benefit the restoration of the Castle. In the year 1264, the castle was seized by the forces of Simon de Montfort, who consequently imprisoned the then current Earl, William Mauduit, and his Countess at Kenilworth (who were supporters of the king and loyals to the barons) until a ransom was paid. After the death of William Mauduit, the title and castle were passed to William de Beauchamp. Following the death of William de Beauchamp, Warwick Castle subsequently passed through seven generations of the Beauchamp family, who over the next 180 years were responsible for the majority of the additions made to Warwick Castle. After the death of the last direct-line Beauchamp, Anne, the title of Earl of Warwick, as well as the castle, passed to Richard Neville ("the Kingmaker"), who married the sister of the last Earl (Warwick was unusual in that the earldom could be inherited through the female line). Warwick Castle then passed from Neville to his son-in-law (and brother of Edward IV of England), George Plantagenet, and shortly before the Duke's death, to his son, Edward. Several Kings owned Warwick including King Henry VIIth, and Henry VIIIth, James Ist, and also Queen Elizabeth. One picture in the gallery shows a faithful replica of the Helm of the Black Prince as appears in The Times of Edward the Black Prince. [for information only, not included] Great Helms are so rare that if another original example with provenence was found it would likely be priceless.
A Greco-Romanesque Classical Carved Carnelian Intaglio Seal With the figure of the Goddess Laetitia leaning upon a shield of nine stars, with an anchor at her feet. A delightful object d'art in the classical style, probably early Georgian circa 1770, but possibly Roman period 3rd Century AD, mounted in a gilded metal oval mount. Roman carved intaglio carnelian stone seals were very popular in the era of the English aristocracy's 'Grand Tours' with many brought back from trips to Rome and mounted as rings or seals in the time of King George IIIrd. Laetitia is the Roman Goddess of joy, gaiety, and celebration, and is especially linked with holidays and festivals. She was often shown with an anchor, as a representation of stability. Laetitia was given several epithets depending on the type of joy the Emperor was attempting to take credit for bringing to the Empire. On coins of the Emperors Gordian III and Gallienus, who both reigned in the mid 3rd century CE, She is Laetitia Augusta, "the Joy of the Emperor", which, in propaganda-style, can be taken to mean "the joy the Emperor brings to the people", though it may also have been a way of announcing the birth of a child into the imperial family. On these She is shown standing in Her typical pose, with a garland in one hand and an anchor supporting the other;
A Handsome Napoleonic Wars 1804 British Infantry 'Brown Bess' Musket India Third Pattern Brown Bess made by Barnett of London for the East India Company. Lock marked with Barnett and engraved with the EIC heart and dated 1804. Tower of London proof marks to the barrel. During the 1790s the Honourable East India Company wanted a musket based on the Long and Short Land Patterns but with the aim of producing one easier and cheaper as well as more quickly than the patterns in use by the British Army at the time. The result was the Third or India Pattern Brown Bess in 1795. With the French Revolutionary Wars raging in Europe and elsewhere the British Army adopted this design in 1797 as a replacement for the more costly previous pattern muskets which took longer to produce at a time when the army was expanding. As a result the Third or India Pattern became the standard British musket in use throughout the remainder of French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and was used in almost every theatre in which the British were present. It was the musket that the British soldier carried during the Peninsular War and the Hundred Days campaign including both the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. It was also used in the War of 1812 in North America. The overall length of the India Pattern musket was 55.25 inches (making it 7.25 inches shorter than the Long Land Pattern and 3.25 inches shorter than the Short Land Pattern.) Its barrel was 39 inches and the total weight was some 9.68 pounds being designed to fire a .75 calibre ball. It was said that a highly trained soldier could fire 3 or even 4 shots a minute while less experienced troops averaged 2 shots. As with most muskets of the day accuracy was not great and it is often said that its effective range was between 80 to 100 yards although it was most effective under 50. The stock of the musket has natural working life aging and very slight and small cracking, the action is very tight indeed and nice and crisp.
A Highlanders Boy's Dirk & Bonnet Badge, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders A completely charming Victorian antique piece, a below regular, boy sized Scottish highlanders dirk with it's traditional very finely engraved silver metal fittings and cairngorm type stones. The bi knife and fork handles are affixed in place. Blade with scalloped edge. Carved bog oak type handles with traditional Celtic strapwork. This is the very form of traditional dirk as was made and used by Queen Victoria's royal princes when in traditional highland dress prior to adulthood. This one is accompanied with a bonnet badge of the Argyll and Sutherland highlanders of 1881. We show an early hand coloured photograph, dated 1863, of Queen Victoria's grandson, the then charming little Prince Wilhelm of Prussia, in his full highland dress and wearing his near identical stone set dirk. He later became Kaiser Wilhelm of Prussia in his later, somewhat more rambunctious years. We also show another photo but of an unknown young highlander, in full dress also with dirk, targe and poleaxe. The Highland Dirk was used in combat in conjunction with the targe [shield] and basket hilted sword, and together they made the Scottish Highlander a most fearsome foe of worldwide renown. Dirks in the 19th century became far more fancy with exotic fittings and accessories, but in the original earliest days they had intricate carving and fine blades but overall were far simpler. In the Victorian period it was the done thing for the young sons of clan lairds and British princes to have fully proportionate tailored highland dress to be worn in all manner of special occasions, and this delightful dirk is most certainly one of those pieces. Overall 12inches long blade 6.5 inches long.
A Horn Hilt Jambiya With solid horn hilt double edged blade and leather scabbard.19th century.
A Huge .50 Cal Adams Patent Dragoon Revolver, From 'The Bishop' of London From the workshop of William Bishop 170 New Bond St..50 cal British percussion dragoon revolver. Significant remains of the of makers name and address, William Bishop to top strap. There is no doubt this pistol has seen fair combat service in it's working life. There are overall russetted surfaces in areas, and replaced trigger guard, the action works fine for age and rotation is correct. To commemorate his efforts as one of the great artisans and most famous characters of London in his day, and his remarkable passage of his 'Dog Stealing Bill' through Parliament [due to his most faithful companion 'Tiny' being stolen, but fortunately found] Bishop’s admirers and supporters presented him with his own portrait in oils. He chose to be painted in a circumstance of his daily calling. He stands aproned and hatted, his best Episcopalian look eloquent upon him, with a gun in his hand, whose points of merit he is evidently in the act of recounting. ‘Tiny’ and two other canine pets who wonderment; a bust of Colonel Peter Hawker is at the end of the perspective. The portrait was reproduced in a London journal at the time of Bishop’s death. It bears the title at the foot, ‘The Far-famed Bishop of Bond Street.’ The history of Adams patent revolvers; So many Adams Revolvers were imported and used by both sides of the Civil war, that it was the most common double-action revolver used in America, during in the Civil War. The Crimean war saw the first competition between single-action (mostly Colt Navy 1851 model) and the double-action Adams revolver in a real conflict. It was found that the single action Colt was more rugged and reliable than the Adams revolver. However, in the type of fighting experienced in Crimea, the slower thumb-cocking method of the single-actions was seen as less useful compared to the rapid fire capability of the double-action revolvers. J.G. Crosse of the 88th Regiment of Foot wrote a personal letter to Adams: "I had one of your largest sized Revolver Pistols at the bloody battle of Inkermann, and by some chance got surrounded by the Russians. I then found the advantages of your pistol over that of Colonel Colt's, for had I to cock before each shot I should have lost my life. I should not have had time to cock, as they were too close to me, being only a few yards from me; so close that I was bayoneted through the thigh immediately after shooting the fourth man." One of the veterans of the Crimean war was Lieutenant Frederick E. B. Beaumont of the Royal Engineers. During the war, he came up with a design that improved the flaws of the Adams revolver. After he was granted a patent, he went to the firm of Deane, Adams and Deane, the makers of the Adams revolver and offered them the rights to manufacture his improved design. The resulting revolver was the Beaumont-Adams revolver. During the Indian Mutiny, the effectiveness of the Adams revolvers came to the forefront again, where not only was the Colt's slowness called into question, but also its perceived lack of stopping power versus the British revolvers. A damning report was submitted by Lt. Col. George Vincent Fosbery: "An officer, who especially prided himself in his pistol shooting, was attacked by a stalwart mutineer armed with a heavy sword. The officer, unfortunately for himself, carried a Colt's Navy pistol of small caliber and fired a sharp-pointed bullet of sixty to the pound and a heavy charge of powder, its range being 600 yards, as I have frequently proved. This he proceeded to empty into the sepoy as soon as he advanced, but having done so, he waited just one second too long to see the effect of his shooting and was cloven to the teeth by his antagonist, who then dropped down and died beside him. My informant told me that five out of the six bullets had struck the sepoy close together in the chest, and all had passed through him and out of his back." Reports like these commonly emerged from the Indian Mutiny and it wasn't long before the double action British revolvers began to grow in popularity because of their rapid firepower and superior stopping power. By the end of 1857, Colt had to close down their factory in London due to dropping sales. Infamous users of the Adams Dragoon revolver included Mad Dan Morgan. Mad Dan and his white bulldog were notorious Australian Bushrangers. Preying on gold-diggers under the cover of his butchers shambles at Barkers Creek, Castlemaine, he and his dog took the hard-earned gold from prospectors. Eventually he was arrested for the robbery of a hawker in 1854. The sentence of 12 years of hard labour, the first two spent in irons, didn't go down too well with Mad Dan. Upon release he went on the rampage against the police and anyone else who confronted him. The police eventually killed him on the 9th April 1865 at Peechelba Station on the Owens River. Just after this photo was taken of his body (complete with .50 cal 5 shot Adams Dragoon percussion double-action revolver), he was decapitated. His face and scalp were flayed from his head. The head went to Dr. Dobbin for "research", the face and scalp to Police Super-intendant Cobham to "peg it out and dry it like a possum skin". His scrotum was cut off and cured for use as a money pouch. There is certainly always something to be said about the old fashioned justice system in the Empire. More about William Bishop; Encountering in the daily round members of the world of fashion and sport he was not long in becoming on intimate terms with many of them. The young bloods, officers, fashionable country squires, in their idle moments, could always find a cure for ennui at the Bond Street rendezvous. It was a delight to battle wit with the Bishop, and a delight which even a foul, foggy day could not obscure. Occasionally, and by due arrangement, in proper fulfilment of their sporting dictates, he would spice his social attractiveness by organising a rat hunt, a cock fight, a bout with the gloves or the ‘raw ‘uns’, an hour’s practise with the duelling pistol or some other gentlemanly recreation in vogue. Doubtless the consciences of his guests at these sporting orgies required no salve; but assuredly if they did, the broad-brimmed topper, the black swallow-tailed coat, the white apron, and the shirt sleeves turned over the forearm like the lawn of a high church dignitary, might have been invoked to prove more than a lay sanction for their barbarous pastime. The Bishop died in the year 1871, after more than fifty years’ service in the Bond Street establishment. He seems to have been regarded by the generation which knew him with an esteem scarce less than affection. Indeed, he was looked up to by men of superior station to himself. To some of them he acted as a mentor in the noble art; – Borrow might have envied his enthusiasm in the cause, and would certainly have claimed his brotherhood; – a kindly counsellor to others on matters outside the traffic of his duties; to all a friend; for he possessed a talisman in his character, that spark of Falstaffian humour, which could not fail to keep him bright in the memories of all who met him. The pistol has been adapted at some time with the removal of the ramrod, and it lacks its cylinder locating pin. A portion of the funds from the sale of this pistol will be sent to a Kindergarten in Germany by request from its previous owner. The price reflects its worn condition etc. but this is a scarcely seen and huge pistol used in three incredible wars in Russia, India and America. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Huge Medievil Style Pole Or Tiller Gun, Almost Light Cannon Size 1.25 inch bore iron 'cannon form' barrel, with a later carved hardwood tiller bearing a carved Tudor rose. Probably a 17th century gun, and during it's working life it has been stored in the 18th to 19th century in the armoury of Jaipur and bears the storage marks thereon. This type of gun is typical of many surviving from the period 1420 to around 1480. It’s a sturdy iron barrel made by a blacksmith, on a wooden pole or tiller. Some had a hook on the bottom of the barrel [as does this], which could be used to hook the barrel over the top of a wall or shield, or as a close-quarters weapon. The the late medieval term used was ‘arquebus’ or ‘Haakbuss’ meaning a handgun. This gun can be fired by a single person if it is hooked over a wall, or more easily by two people, a gunner and a calinator due to it’s weight. The earlier weapons all rely on putting a lighted match into the touch-hole by hand. The matchlock gun represented a real advance. It held the lighted match on a pivoted trigger lever (known as a serpentine). This allowed the gunner to look at his target where aiming. This style of gun was the highest technology of the medieval era, not widespread until after 1450, and continuing until perhaps 1550, when it grew in length and became the familiar musket of the English civil wars in the 1700’s. Barrel 31.5 inches long, barrel muzzle 2.5 inches across, tiller 18 inches overall 50 inches. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables, barrel bore bears old tamper obstruction.
A Irish Rebellion Knights Rowel Spur of the 16th Century, With its Buckle From the Desmond Rebellions, that occurred in 1569–1573 and 1579–1583 in the Irish province of Munster. They were rebellions by the Earl of Desmond – head of the FitzGerald dynasty in Munster – and his followers, the Geraldines and their allies, against the threat of the extension of their South Welsh Tewdwr cousins of Elizabethan English government over the province. The rebellions were motivated primarily by the desire to maintain the independence of feudal lords from their monarch, but also had an element of religious antagonism between Catholic Geraldines and the Protestant English state. They culminated in the destruction of the Desmond dynasty and the plantation or colonisation of Munster with English Protestant settlers. 'Desmond' is the Anglicisation of the Irish Deasmumhain, meaning 'South Munster'. FitzMaurice first attacked the English colony at Kerrycurihy south of Cork city in June 1569, before attacking Cork itself and those native lords who refused to join the rebellion. FitzMaurice's force of 4,500 men went on to besiege Kilkenny, seat of the Earls of Ormonde, in July. In response, Sidney mobilised 600 English troops, who marched south from Dublin and another 400 landed by sea in Cork. Thomas Butler, Earl of Ormonde, returned from London, where he had been at court, brought the Butlers out of the rebellion and mobilised Gaelic Irish clans antagonistic to the Geraldines. Together, Ormonde, Sidney and Humphrey Gilbert, appointed as governor of Munster, devastated the lands of FitzMaurice's allies in a scorched earth policy. FitzMaurice's forces broke up, as individual lords had to retire to defend their own territories. Gilbert, a half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, was the most notorious for terror tactics, killing civilians at random and setting up corridors of severed heads at the entrance to his camps. Sir Humphrey Gilbert (c. 1539 – 9 September 1583) of Devon in England was a half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh (they had the same mother, Catherine Champernowne), and cousin of Sir Richard Grenville. Adventurer, explorer, member of parliament, and soldier, he served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland. In 1588, the English Lord President of Munster, Sir Warham St. Leger, sent a tract to the English Privy Council identifying the kings of Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connacht, and the feudal lordships which were then in existence. For the most part, the rights and prerogatives of the Irish kings whose territories lay outside the Pale were recognized and honoured by the (English) government in Dublin, which prudently saw that centralized rule of all Ireland was impossible. Largest, richest and most politically developed of the Gaelic Kingdoms of Ireland was Munster, which at its height comprised all of what are today the counties of Cork, Kerry and Waterford, as well as parts of Limerick and Tipperary. Recovered in Ireland over 150 years ago in Kilkenny at a supposedly known battle area. We have mounted on a red board for display. We show for illustration purposes a portrait of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, and 16th century period engraving prints of the rebellion and the aftermath, the fleet landing, the troops marshalling and the execution of the rebels.
A Jolly Nice English Box Lock Flintlock Pistol By Garratt Of London Good action with sliding safety, and a nice turn off barrel for breech loading. Good walnut stock. Made when William Garratt had a shop at Mile End Old Town, London, around 1800. A great conversational piece, and almost all gentlemen required such a piece of personal defense weaponry. Although one likes to think that jolly old Georgian England had a London full of cheerful cockneys and laddish chimney sweeps, it was also plagued with political intrigue, nefarious characters and caddish swine prowling the endless foggy thoroughfares and dimly lit passageways, wishing to do harm to their unsuspecting victim. As with all our antique guns there is no license required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Khedive Star Medal Five pointed star with a central raised circle bearing an image of the Sphinx with the Pyramids behind, the word ‘EGYPT’ above followed by a year (for the first three issues and undated for the fourth) with the same written in Arabic below. The reverse has the monogram of the Khedive under a crown within a raised circle. The Khedive of Egypt presented a bronze star to all Officers and men of the Navy and Army who were engaged in the suppression of the rebellion of Egypt in 1882. The suspender [lacking] was straight with a crescent and five pointed star in the centre which is attached to the star with a small metal loop passing through a small ring between the two top points of the star. Ist issue dated 1882. Good Very Fine condition. No ribbon,mount.Unnamed as issued.
A King George IIIrd Late 18th Century English Fowling Musket By Smith For the exponent of gentlemanly pursuits. Fine walnut stock, percussion action converted from flintlock in the 1840's, steel furniture with pineapple form trigger guard finial and rear scroll. Hook breech quick release barrel with barrel key attachment. Good condition for age, fine working action. Small very old pitting area on barrel near breech, very slight scuff mark on stock at reverse of lock plate area. Throughout much of its history, hunting in England was an activity of the upper class. Legally, only land owners could hunt in England and the vast majority of the land was in large estates owned by the wealthy. To reduce poaching, the right of a person to own a gun was greatly restricted unless he was a landowner. Thus, ownership of a gun was not even a choice for the average British citizens. Moreover, deer hunting was further restricted to the royalty and generally carried out on horseback with dogs. The wealthy British sportsmen of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries were primarily interested in hunting various types of birds. Most of their arms were designed for wing shooting. Rifles were considered an oddity. In the book titled British Field Sports; William Henry Scott (1818) the author described rifle shooting as a “nice and curious branch of gunnery.” Scott goes on to state that "Rifles … were little known among us, in the first American War, when people were amused on this side of the water by the story of an American woodsman, who had actually shot an eagle with his rifle, when it was·out of sight, a thing by no means impossible." Colonel Peter Hawker, one of the most prolific British hunters of the early nineteenth century, maintained detailed diaries relating to his hunting activities. Over the course of many seasons, Hawker shot more than ten thousand birds and other small game. Over the same period of time, Hawker harvested only three deer. Colonel Hawker records that the first time he ever fired a rifle was in June of 1813 (at the age of 27) in anticipation of shooting a deer which had been causing crop damage. (Colonel Hawker's Diary at page 74). As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A King George IIIrd Dagger With Napoleonic Mystical Symbol Blade A heavy quality dagger bearing a wide double edged blade likely made from a reduced length early broadsword. Beautifully engraved on both sides of the blade with a crescent moon with a face, a stand of arms and a sunburst also with a face above, topped with a star. Cast brass hilt with rococo swags beneath a face of a beast to both sides, an offset pommel surmounted with another face. Upswept curved quillon.
A King George IIIrd Root Wood Cudgel Or Sheighleyle A shillelagh is a wooden walking stick and club or cudgel, typically made from a stout knotty stick with a large knob at the top, that is associated with Ireland and Irish folklore. Most also have a heavy knob for a handle which can be used for striking as well as parrying and disarming an opponent. Many shillelaghs also have a strap attached (hence the Irish name), similar to commercially made walking sticks, to place around the holder's wrist. The name, an Anglophone corruption of the Irish sail éille, appears to have become convolved with that of the village and barony in County Wicklow. The shillelagh was originally used for settling disputes in a gentlemanly manner—like pistols in colonial America, or the katana in Japan. Modern practitioners of bataireacht study the use of the shillelagh for self defense and as a martial art.Methods of shillelagh fighting have evolved over a period of thousands of years, from the spear, staff, axe and sword fighting of the Irish. There is some evidence which suggests that the use of Irish stick weapons may have evolved in a progression from a reliance on long spears and wattles, to shorter spears and wattles, to the shillelagh, alpeen, blackthorn (walking-stick) and short cudgel. By the 19th century Irish shillelagh-fighting had evolved into a practice which involved the use of three basic types of weapons, sticks which were long, medium or short in length
A King George IVth Police Tipstaff With areas of painted finish lacking. Traditional of uppermost cylindrical form with a turned grip. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A Large And Hugely Impressive Antique Chief's Spearhead Extraordinary large size leaf shaped spear head in forged iron with central rib, likely a lance head for the tribal chief or king to carry as his badge of rank. 17.5 inches long o/a, 4.75 inches wide, weighs just over 1.5 pounds. Likely from the Gogo, Nyaturu, Irangi North at the Southeast side of Lake Victoria from the Sukuma and Washashi. The GoGo , a fierce, warlike tribe that Stanley passed on his way to Ujiji, looking for Livingstone .
A Late 18th Century Arabian Pirate's Long Miquelet Pistol A pistol with a most distinctive miquelet lock, most highly prized by the Barbary Corsairs. A pistol with most flamboyant yet naïve brass fittings and steel lock, and a good strong tight action. A most effective pistol that once discharged made an excellent club for knocking an opponant insensible [if he was lucky]. The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland, but they primarily operated in the western Mediterranean. In addition to seizing ships, they engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns and villages, mainly in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal, but also in Great Britain and Ireland, the Netherlands and as far away as Iceland. The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Muslim market in North Africa and the Middle East. While such raids had occurred since soon after the Muslim conquest of the region, the terms Barbary pirates and Barbary corsairs are normally applied to the raiders active from the 16th century onwards, when the frequency and range of the slavers' attacks increased and Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli came under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, either as directly administered provinces or as autonomous dependencies known as the Barbary States. Similar raids were undertaken from Salé and other ports in Morocco, but strictly speaking Morocco, which never came under Ottoman dominance, was not one of the Barbary States. Corsairs captured thousands of ships, and long stretches of coast in Spain and Italy were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants, discouraging settlement until the 19th century. From the 16th to 19th century, corsairs captured an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people as slaves. Some corsairs were European outcasts and converts such as John Ward and Zymen Danseker. Hayreddin Barbarossa and Oruç Reis, the Barbarossa brothers, who took control of Algiers on behalf of the Ottomans in the early 16th century, were also famous corsairs. The European pirates brought state-of-the-art sailing and shipbuilding techniques to the Barbary Coast around 1600, which enabled the corsairs to extend their activities into the Atlantic Ocean, and the impact of Barbary raids peaked in the early to mid-17th century. The scope of corsair activity began to diminish in the latter part of the 17th century, as the more powerful European navies started to compel the Barbary States to make peace and cease attacking their shipping. However, the ships and coasts of Christian states without such effective protection continued to suffer until the early 19th century. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna in 1814-5 European powers agreed upon the need to suppress the Barbary corsairs entirely and the threat was largely subdued, although occasional incidents continued until finally terminated by the French conquest of Algiers in 1830. The pistol has an old crack in the butt.
A Late 18th to Early 19th Century Mediterranean Flintlock Blunderbuss, All silver mounts, with silver bands at breech, muzzle and mid-way, silver overlaid panel at breech, and inlaid with silver scrolls, the unbridled lock and cock with some engraved decoration, full stocked with European style butt having chequered wrist, the mounts of silver including embossed trigger guard, and side plate with cannon and trophies, silver inlaid barrel and fitted with small iron side loop for a lanyard . Good working order & basically jolly good condition. A very attractive blunderbuss, designed to swivel from a wide belt. A gun with beauty charm and elegant lines of nice quality. This is exactly the type of flintlock one sees, and in fact expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A beautifully sprauncy sidearm, with long flared barrel. This is an original, honest and impressive antique flintlock that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This super piece may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the very form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course. This type of gun is essentially a Turko-Ottoman example, of type that were expensive at the time, often referred to as knee blunderbuss, that were efficient and much prized and thus an essential part of the pirate's trade, they didn't conform to a regular pattern, but more a 'form follows function' ethos. A good curvature, a medium weight that suits a comfortable grip but could be hung from a waist belt or cross belt while the pirate climbed the rigging or leapt into a jolly boat from the deck. There is an old painting of a pirate carrying a similar flintlock of the same type in the very same way from a swivel on his cross belt. It was written that after Queen Anne's War, which ended in 1713, cast vast numbers of naval seamen into unemployment and caused a huge slump in wages. Around 40,000 men found themselves without work at the end of the war - roaming the streets of ports like Bristol, Portsmouth and New York. In wartime privateering provided the opportunity for a relative degree of freedom and a chance at wealth. The end of war meant the end of privateering too, and these unemployed ex-privateers only added to the huge labour surplus. Queen Anne's War had lasted 11 years and in 1713 many sailors must have known little else but warfare and the plundering of ships. It was commonly observed that on the cessation of war privateers turned pirate. The combination of thousands of men trained and experienced in the capture and plundering of ships suddenly finding themselves unemployed and having to compete harder and harder for less and less wages was explosive - for many piracy must have been one of the few alternatives to starvation. Euro-American pirate crews really formed one community, with a common set of customs shared across the various ships. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity thrived at sea over a hundred years before the French Revolution, and continued for many years after. The authorities were often shocked by their libertarian tendencies; the Dutch Governor of Mauritius met a pirate crew and commented: "Every man had as much say as the captain and each man carried his own weapons in his blanket". Another interesting fact in regards to piracy in the early late 18th to 19th century. His Britannic Majesty's Government used to protect, through a mixture of tribute and deterrence all Anglo American shipping during, and after the American Revolution, from the corsair barbary pirates of Tripoli. However after the war's end, and when America was informed by England that she would have to deal with the pirates direct to protect American shipping, it was decided America would have to pay it' own tribute to the pirates in order to leave US ships alone. Eventually that amount grew to an incredible 20% of America's entire annual revenue from it's GDP. This tribute blackmail was unsustainable, so Thomas Jefferson decided to send a squadron under commodore Dale, to the region. War thus ensued between America and Tripoli. In 1801 the Schooner USS Enterprise was sent to fight the Corsairs, but disguised as a British war vessel flying the British ensign. When approached It struck it's false colours, raised the US flag, and engaged the pirate ship Tripoli, and although after three times that the Tripoli feigned surrender, in order to fire treacherous broadsides against the Enterprise, it still gave it a jolly sound thrashing. However with the morale boost to the US, and the depression caused to the Tripolitans the war continued for three more years. This is the very kind of gun that would have seen combat in that conflict. It is an 18th century flintlock of Mediterranean origin, and although it has signs of combat wear is still in lovely order, and was likely used right into the mid 19th century. It looks highly attractive, in fact beautiful, and it is completely original, an antique flintlock of days long gone past yet not forgotten. As with all our guns they are all unrestricted, antique collectables, with no license required. 22½” overall, swamped steel barrel 12¾” . Silver is likely, as was called abroad, 'coin silver', not like hallmarked British silver
A Late Victorian Model Desk Cannon Cast Bronze Cannon Barrel set on an oak Ship's Deck Carriage. A beautiful and most attractive gentleman's desk ornament. 9 inch barrel 11,5 inches overall. Brass wheels [1 missing]. A simple and small item to replace with the most basic of engineering skills required.
A Letter Port Royal from Capt Vansittart, the Capture of a French Privateer Dated April 5th 1804 from Capt. Henry Vansittart (1777-1843) of HMS Fortunee to Admiral James R. Dacres Admiral of the White. The letter informs the admiral that Capt Vansittart captured the French pirate ship, the Privateer Tarzan with 46 men aboard. Capt Vansittart had a most distinguished career culminating in his appointment as Vice-Admiral. He served on on the ‘Princess Royal’, flagship of Rear-Admiral Goodall, the L'Aigle with Capt. Hood at the Battle of Calvi, on HMS Victory, and as Lieutenant of HMS Stately’ in the capture of the Cape of Good Hope, and Capt of HMS Fortunee for nine years Born: 17th April 1777 at Hanover Square, Westminster, Middlesex Vice-Admiral Died: 21st March 1843 at Eastwood, Woodstock, Canada Vice-Admiral Vansittart was the 5th son of George Vansittart (1745-1825) of Bisham Abbey in Berkshire, who married, on 24th October 1767, Sarah, daughter of the Rev. Sir James Stonhouse, bart. He was born in George Street, Hanover Square, on 17th April 1777 and grew up in Bisham. General George Henry Vansittart, was his elder brother; Henry Vansittart, the Governor of Bengal, and Professor Robert Vansittart were his uncles; and Nicholas, 1st Baron Bexley, his first cousin. Having been entered on the books of the ‘Scipio’, guard-ship on the Medway, in October 1788, he was afterwards nominally in the ‘Boyne’, guard-ship on the Thames, and probably actually served in the ‘Pegasus’ on the Newfoundland station in 1791. In 1792, he was on the ‘Hannibal’, stationed in Plymouth, and, in 1793, went out to the Mediterranean on the ‘Princess Royal’, flagship of Rear-Admiral Goodall. During the Siege of Toulou by the Republican Army, he was severely wounded. After the evacuation of the place, he was moved into L'Aigle, with Captain Samuel Hood, served at the Siege of Calvi and was, in October 1794, moved onto the ‘Victory’, in which he returned to England. On 21st February 1795, he was promoted to be lieutenant of the ‘Stately’, in which be was present at the capture of the Cape of Good Hope, and of the Dutch squadron in Saldanha Bay. He was then moved onto the ‘Monarch’, Elphinstone's flagship, and returned in her to England. He was next appointed to the ‘Queen Charlotte’, Keith's flagship in the Channel; and, on 30th May 1798, was promoted to be commander of the ‘Hermes’. From her, he was moved to the ‘Bonetta’, which he took out to Jamaica; and, on 13th February 1801, he was posted to the ‘Abergavenny’, stationed at Port Royal. In the July, he returned to England in the ‘Thunderer’ and, after a few months on half-pay, was appointed, in April 1802, to the ‘Magicienne’ from which, in January 1803, he was moved, to the ‘Fortuned' of 36 guns. For upwards of nine years, he commanded this ship in the North Sea, off Boulogne, in the Channel, in the West Indies and in the Mediterranean, for the most part in active cruising and in convoy service. In August 1812, he was moved onto the 74-gun ship ‘Clarence’, till March 1814. With the exception of a few months in 1801-2, he had served continuously from 1791. He became a Rear-Admiral on 22nd July 1830, Vice-Admiral on 23rd November 1841 and died on 21st March 1843 at his seat, ‘Eastwood’ at Woodstock in Canada. He married, in 1809, Mary Charity (d. 1834), daughter of the Rev. John Pennefather, and was the father of five children including Vice-Admiral Edward Westby Vansittart. Paper bears Admiralty, Crowned oval bearing Brittania watermark, and maker name, Gater and date 1803.
A Lion Pommel King George IIIrd British Infantry Short Sword A most attractive and impressive sword based on the classical Roman lion head gladius sword. Cast brass hilt, double edged blade with screw tip. Very similar to the special pattern short sword, made for the 52nd Light Infantry. Hilt crossguard with an element of looseness.
A Lovely Set of Antique US Cavalry Saddle Bags With large US stamped flaps. Quite a few of service repairs, but fabulously evocative of the old US Cavalry of history.
A Magnificent 1845 Pat. British Infantry Officers Deluxe Combat Sword With original gilt bullion knot. Such a beautiful Victorian officer's sword made by the world renown Wilkinson Sword Co. in the mid 19th century. Deluxe leather and copper gilt scabbard, large open pierced half basket hilt containing the pierced cypher of Queen Victoria triple wire bound sharkskin grip, and fully original gilt hilt. Deluxe fully etched blade of fighting weight extra wide size. It is in incredibly fine condition for its age, naturally showing signs of use, but the original mecurial gilt finish to the hilt is spectacular. Fully etched blade bearing repeats of the crowned royal cypher of Queen Victoria. Maker marked scabbard with Wilkinson shield, and blade bearing the proof mark and makers address of Wilkinson too. A super example, that would compliment any fine collection of antique arms. It would have been used througout the Empire by a British infantry officer, in the numerous wars in India, China and Africa etc. And this is exactly the same form and pattern of sword as was used and worn by Lt Bromhead VC at Rorke's Drift, including its steel combat scabbard, during the Zulu War of 1879. On the morning of 22 Jan 1879, some 20,000 Zulu warriors attacked a British invading army. They carried spears and clubs; the British were armed with modern rifles and two heavy guns. But the Zulu commander, Ntshingwayo, deserves to be remembered as one of the greatest generals in African history. First he used a masterly deception plan to lure Lord Chelmsford, the British commander, and 3,000 troops away from their main camp at the foot of Mount Isandlwana and send them on a wild goose chase across the plains. Then Ntshingwayo opened a massive attack on the weakened British force left in the camp. He deployed his warriors in a classic "buffalo horns" formation. The left horn broke through the British firing line, while the right swept around behind Isandlwana and occupied the supply depot and ox-wagon train. They separated the British from their ammunition supply and also stampeded their oxen, sending about 4,500 animals careering across the veldt. In the ensuing chaos, the British were overwhelmed and cut to pieces. Of 1,774 British and African troops in the camp, only 55 survived. Some 14 British soldiers, led by Capt Reginald Younghusband of the 24th Foot, made a last stand on the slopes of the mountain. Zulu sources record that the men shook hands before making a final bayonet charge.
A Magnificent Antique French Rococo Silvered Bronze Table Lamp A wonderful example of the finest object d'art. Superlative quality of the highest grade, and of the most incredible beauty, from the Rococo Revival period that emerged from the King Louis Phillipe and Second Empire eras in France, and was then adapted in England. Revival of the rococo style was seen all throughout Europe during the 19th century within a variety of artistic modes and expression including decorative objects of art, paintings, art prints, furniture, and interior design. In much of Europe and particularly in France, the original rococo was regarded as a national style, and to many, its re-emergence recalled national tradition. Rococo revival epitomized grandeur and luxury in European style and was another expression of 19th century romanticism and the growing interest and fascination with natural landscape. Louis Philippe (1830-1848) The rising bourgeoisie in France demanded rococo decorative-art objects as a reflection of status, wealth, and material possession. The bourgeois consumer purchased objects and furnishings from a variety of revival styles, including rococo, for its significance in historicizing opulence and grandeur. Modern French Rococo furniture and decorative arts were characterized by their opulence elegance and grace. Its ornamentation consisted of delicate foliage and intricate details.13.5 inches x 8 inches. Excluding light fitting. Very heavy quality.
A Magnificent Napoleonic Wars French 'Admiral's' Blue and Gilt Sword. In wonderful condition overall. Lyre form hilt guard, almost all original gilt remaining, finest silver multi wire binding with Turk's head knots. Engraved blue and gilt blade also in stunning, original condition. The form an pattern of sword used by admiral's in the French navy from the Anglo French Wars of the 1790's, until the end of the Napoleonic Wars. An near identical example was worn by Napoleon in 1793 at the Siege of Toulon [see gallery]. Although French admirals were more likely to wear such a sword one can see infantry officers could too, as did Napoleon himself. Several swords most like it are in the Marimtime Museum and Royal Collection. Swords that had been surrendered by Admirals and Captains of captured French fleets and ships of the line, from the 1790's up to 1815. This sword has been wonderfully cared for and preserved for over 200 years. On 1 June 1794, a fleet under Admiral Villaret Joyeuse fought the Third Battle of Ushant to prevent the Royal Navy from destroying a large convoy, inbound from the United States, that transported grain to a starving France. The convoy escaped unharmed and the sailors were paraded in triumph in the streets of Paris, though the losses sustained during the battle would prove crippling in the following years and ensure the domination of the Royal Navy. In the Mediterranean, the French Navy waged a naval campaign during a 1798 French invasion of Egypt. Evading a pursuing British fleet under the command of Admiral Horatio Nelson, French fleet, consisting of hundreds of ships and carrying 30,000 troops, captured Malta before continuing to Egypt, where the French took Alexandria. French troops subsequently marched inland while the fleet anchored in Aboukir Bay. When Nelson discovered the French fleet's location, he set sail for Aboukir Bay and ordered an immediate attack. In the subsequent Battle of the Nile, the French were defeated, ending French naval power in the Mediterranean and encouraging other nations to join the Second Coalition and go to war with France. From 1798 to 1800, France and the United States engaged in the Quasi-War, an undeclared naval war. Prior to the war, France had been outraged over US trade with Britain and the refusal to repay war debts from the Revolution on grounds that they were owed to the French crown, not Revolutionary France. French ships began seizing American merchant ships trading with Britain, inflicting substantial losses on American shipping. As a result, the United States Navy fought a series of largely successful naval engagements with the French. By the autumn of 1800, the US Navy and Royal Navy had reduced the activities of French privateers and warships. The French Revolution, in eliminating numerous officers of noble lineage (among them, Charles d'Estaing), all but crippled the French Navy. Efforts to make it into a powerful force under Napoleon I were dashed by the death of Latouche Tréville in 1804, and the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, where the British all but annihilated a combined Franco-Spanish fleet. The disaster guaranteed British naval superiority throughout the Napoleonic Wars, and up until World War II. No scabbard
A Magnificent Rifled Rampart Fort Gun 'Amusette' of the EIC Co. Dated EIC lock dated 1806 and a further re-issue date of 1814 on the tail. A huge monster of a rifle that has incredible presence. Walnut stock, armourers marked rifle barrel 0.8 inch bore, protected elevating site. On February 4, 1776, Fielding Lewis, Commissioner of the Fredericksburg Manufactory, wrote to his brother-in-law, George Washington: "I propose making a Rifle next week to carry a quarter of a pound ball. If it answers my expectation, a few of them will keep off ships of war for out narrow rivers, and be useful in the beginning of an engagement by land. …" Although wall guns were little used during the Revolutionary War, their effectiveness was attested by General Charles Lee, who wrote from Williamsburg in 1776: "I am likewise furnishing myself with four-ounced rifle-amusettes, which will carry an infernal distance; the two-ounced hit a half sheet of paper 500 yards distance." amusettes were usually fitted with a steel swivel on the underside midway down the barrel. This allowed the weapon to be mounted atop a wall, on the rail of a ship or even the bow of a rowboat and then pivoted. Some were even fixed to wheeled trunnions and could be rolled into action like a light small bore cannon. The East India Co. was one of the largest organisations ever to have existed, and it even had it's own Army and Navy, large and powerful enough to rival those any of any country in the world. It was run by British officers and gentleman, in India, to enable peaceful free trade throughout the British Empire. Founded by Royal Charter in 1600 it continued until it's dissolution in 1858. It's successes were numerous and included the victory of Sir Robert Clive [Clive of India] at the Battle of Plassey and the eradication of the infamous and fearful 'Thuggees' of the Cult of Kali. It created the greatest trading cities in the world, both Hong Kong and Singapore, and it's Shipyards were the model for Peter the Great's city of St Petersberg. One of it's officers Elihu Yale, of Boston Mass., was Governor of Madras for the EIC, and whose contribution to assist the founding of an American University, that amounted to an incredible [at the time] 560 pounds sterling, gained him the honour of Yale University named in his honour. To get an impression of it's size, the Company was, in it heyday, larger and more significant than say Microsoft, British Petroleum, General Motors, Coca Cola, Ford Motor and probably the next 20 largest companies in the world combined. Stock bears an original field service repair at the wrist. We show another most similar example on current display on a wheeled trunnion in an early Spanish fort museum in Florida. Overall length 52.5 inches, stock 3 inches deep, height of butt, 5.25 inches, very heavy approx 35 pounds weight. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Silver And Coral Inlaid 18th Century Flintlock Pistol Ali Pasha style, used by the military generals and princes and naval corsair pirate captains. Made in the region of the Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas and absolute stunning and extravagant flintlock pistol. The heavy butt-plates could have been used as maces once the ball has been fired. Ali Pasha wanted to establish in the Mediterranean a sea-power which should be a counterpart of that of the Dey of Algiers, Ahmed ben Ali. In order to gain a seaport on the Albanian coast that was dominated by Venice, Ali Pasha formed an alliance with Napoleon I of France, who had established François Pouqueville as his general consul in Ioannina, with the complete consent of the Ottoman Sultan Selim III. After the Treaty of Tilsit, where Napoleon granted the Czar his plan to dismantle the Ottoman Empire, Ali Pasha switched sides and allied with Britain in 1807; a detailed account of his alliance with the British was written by Sir Richard Church. His actions were permitted by the Ottoman government in Constantinople. Ali Pasha was very cautious and unappeased by the emergence of the new Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II in the year 1808. Lord Byron visited Ali's court in Ioánnina in 1809 and recorded the encounter in his work Childe Harold. He evidently had mixed feelings about the despot, noting the splendour of Ali Pasha's court and the Greek cultural revival that he had encouraged in Ioánnina, which Byron described as being "superior in wealth, refinement and learning" to any other Greek town. In a letter to his mother, however, Byron deplored Ali's cruelty: "His Highness is a remorseless tyrant, guilty of the most horrible cruelties, very brave, so good a general that they call him the Mahometan Buonaparte … but as barbarous as he is successful, roasting rebels, etc., etc.."
A Magnificent Sword For a Marshal or General Of Napoleon's Ist Empire Probably one of the most beautiful Napoleonic swords one could ever see outside of the French National Museum. A simply magnificent Museum grade French Napoleonic Wars period sword. A sword, of finest quality, condition and style. with its wonderful mercurial gilding that throughout is in near mint condition. From the Napoleonic Consular to 1st Empire Period of Napoleon's La Belle France. The design is utterly superb with artistic merit and skill of the highest possible order, and the condition is exemplary, in that gives the appearance of what one might believe this to be almost a time capsule survivor of the greatest period of France's history. The blade is mirror bright and near mint and in every aspect of the sword is exceptional, with just small denting at the base of the scabbard. The pommel is one of the most sophisticated and stylised forms of a lion we have ever seen, and the langets are of the traditional head of the Gorgon, [la belle tete de Gorgon] a symbol of swords of the Imperial Guard, Generals and Marshals. The Consular period and early Ist Empire of France was reflected in all art and design, in what we would call in England the Regency period, designs that were much influenced by Napoleon's Egyptian campaign and conquest of Rome. The virtues of Republican Rome were upheld as standards not merely for the arts but also for political behaviour and private morality. Conventionels saw themselves as antique heroes. Children were named after Brutus, Solon and Lycurgus. The festivals of the Revolution were staged by Jacques-Louis David as antique rituals.Architecture of the Empire style was based on elements of the Roman Empire and its many archaeological treasures, which had been rediscovered starting in the eighteenth century. The preceding Louis XVI and Directoire styles employed straighter, simpler designs compared to the Rococo style of the eighteenth century. Empire designs strongly influenced the contemporary American Federal style (such as design of the United States Capitol building), and both were forms of propaganda through architecture. It was a style of the people, not ostentatious but sober and evenly balanced. The style was considered to have "liberated" and "enlightened" architecture just as Napoleon "liberated" the peoples of Europe with his Napoleonic Code. We show photographs of most similar, comparable and exquisite swords that remain in the French National Museum, Les Invalides, in Paris. Swords that, like this wonderful example, were made and carried by Napoleon's finest Generals and Marshals. Including in the gallery one very similar sword made for the Premier Consul of France. Many of those swords were commissioned from Boutet at Versailles and it is possible this sword may have been too although it is unnamed. Marshal of the Empire (French: Maréchal d'Empire) was a civil dignity during the First French Empire. It was created by Sénatus-consulte on 18 May 1804 and to a large extent resurrected the formerly abolished title of Marshal of France. According to the Sénatus-consulte, a Marshal was a grand officer of the Empire, entitled to a high-standing position at the Court and to the presidency of an electoral college. Although in theory reserved "to the most distinguished generals", in practice Emperor Napoleon I granted the title according to his own wishes and convictions and made at least a few controversial choices. Although not a military rank, a Marshal displayed four silver stars, while the top military rank, General of Division, displayed three stars. Furthermore, the Marshalate quickly became the prestigious sign of the supreme military attainment and it became customary that the most significant commands be given to a Marshal. Each Marshal held his own coat of arms, was entitled to special honours and several of them held top functions within the army. They wore distinctive uniforms and were entitled to carry a cylinder-shaped baton, which was a symbol of their authority. Throughout his 1804–1815 reign, Napoleon appointed a total of 26 Marshals, although their number never exceeded 20 at any one moment. The initial list of 1804 included 14 names of active generals and four names of retired generals, who were given the "honorary" title of Marshal. Six other promotions ensued, with eight other generals elevated to the Marshalate. The title often ensured a highly privileged social status – four Marshals were created Counts of the Empire and 17 received either the title of Duke or Prince. With two exceptions – Jean-Baptiste Bessières and Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Sérurier – the Marshals led a sumptuous lifestyle and left behind significant, at times immense, fortunes. Several of them received significant annuities; in addition, a few received financial endowments from the Emperor, with two of them – Louis-Alexandre Berthier and André Masséna – receiving more than one million Francs each. Two Marshals – Joachim Murat and Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte – went on to become Kings, with the latter being the direct ancestor of the current Swedish Royal Family. A single commander, Louis-Vincent-Joseph Le Blond de Saint-Hilaire, was publicly named as a Marshal-to-be by Napoleon, but he died of battle wounds before the next promotions were made. Most of the Marshals held significant commands during the Napoleonic Wars, winning some of the most brilliant victories of the entire Napoleonic Wars. Three of them – Jean Lannes, Louis-Nicolas Davout and Louis-Gabriel Suchet were virtually never defeated in pitched battle, despite fighting in dozens of engagements. While they were not normally expected to lead from the front, they often exposed themselves to great dangers on the battlefields of Europe; three Marshals – Jean Lannes, Jean-Baptiste Bessières and Józef Poniatowski – were killed in action or died as a result of battle wounds. During his five years as a Marshal of the Empire (1809–1814), Nicolas-Charles Oudinot received seven of a total of 27 battle wounds suffered throughout his career, but went on to live to the then venerable age of 80. Often formidable when serving under the direct command of Napoleon, the Marshals proved to be less effective when having to cooperate, in the Emperor's absence. Some repeatedly acted in ill-faith when placed under the command of another Marshal, with conflicts sometimes leading to fatal military consequences. After Napoleon's downfall, most of them swore allegiance to the Bourbon Restoration and several went on to hold significant commands and positions. The boulevards of the marshals in Paris are a collection of thoroughfares that encircle the city near its outermost margins. Most bear the name of marshals who served under Napoleon I. One picture in the gallery is of Jean Lannes, Duc de Montebello, Maréchal de Napoléon, with his similar sword, and a younger full length portrait of Napoleon with his. Photos in the gallery from pages from Napoleon et les Invalides, Collections du musee de l'Armee. The sabre de Marengo of General Lannes by Boutet, and the Sword of General Guyot, of the Cheval of the Imperial Guard, made at Versailles by Boutet's workshop. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.
A Magnificent Victorian Merryweather Stately Home Fire Service Helmet This helmet is an absolute beauty and one of the best preserved we have seen in many, many, years. Although the liner has faired somewhat poorly over time. Made for a great estate, somewhat similar to the world renown Downton Abbey [that of course is an estate of fiction] but that great house and it's estate are still very much real. It has a superb stately home badge for the Pylwell Park Fire Brigade. These fire helmets created for the landed gentry great estates of England are now very rare and highly collectable. There may have only been half a dozen ever made for this brigade, and the old estate fire brigades very much a thing of the long distant past.
A Mandinke Empire Prestigous Warrior's Sword From The Era Of Samori Ture A superb example of a Samori Toure's Mandinke [Wassoulou] Empire senior warrior's sword brought back from a French military campaign in the early 1890's. Made around the early 1870's. With superb tooled leather hilt and matching scabbard with paddle like form. These weapons are well known for their leather-work and the tattooing applied to the leather of the scabbards. Very good quality imported French blade. In 1851 Samori Toure, a merchant from the upper Niger basin, deserted his trade and for the next twenty years lived as a war chief in the service of several African leaders. In the 1870s, he struck out on his own, to create an empire that stretched from the right bank of the Niger, south to Sierra Leone and Liberia. Islam gave Samori's empire a veneer of ideological unity. But the real solidity of Samori's dominion resided in his formidable military organization. His territories were divided into ten provinces, eight of which raised an army corps of 4--5,000 professional sofas or warriors, supplemented by agricultural work the other six months. Samori’s army was powerful, disciplined, professional, and trained in modern day warfare. They were equipped with European guns. The army was divided into two flanks, the infantry or sofa, with 30,000 to 35,000 men, and the cavalry or sere of 3,000 men. Each wind was further subdivided into permanent units, fostering camaraderie among members and loyalty to both the local leaders and Samori himself. Samori Touré created the Mandinka empire (the Wassoulou empire) between 1852 and 1882. His empire extended to the east as far as Sikasso (present-day Mali), to the west up to the Fouta Djallon empire (middle of modern day Guinea), to the north from Kankan to Bamako (in Mali); to the south, down to the borders of present-day Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. His capital was Bisandugu, in present day Gambia. "Samori managed to unify an empire that survived for almost two decades against repeated French advances. After a particularly bloody skirmish with Samori's sofas in the Diamanko marshes in January 1892, Colonel Gustave Humbert conceded that Samori's troops 'fight exactly like Europeans, with less discipline perhaps, but with much greater determination. Among the Manding and related peoples of the western Sudan the most prestigious swords, owned only by men of some standing, have a slightly curved single-edged blade, often of French manufacture, set in a hilt without hand guard or quillons. Perhaps the most remarkable feature of these swords is their scabbards of exquisitely decorated leather broadening into a leaf-shaped point" In 1882, at the height of the Mandinka empire, the French accused Samori Touré of refusing to comply to their order to withdraw from an important market center, Kenyeran (his army had blockaded the market). They thus started war on him. This was an excuse to start war! From 1882 to 1885, Samori fought the French and had to sign various treaties in 1886 and then 1887. In 1888, he took up arms again when the French allegedly attempted to foster rebellion within his empire. He defeated the French colonial army several times between 1885 and 1889. After several confrontations, he concluded further treaties with the French in 1889. In March 1891, a French force under Colonel Louis Archinard launched a direct attack on Kankan. Knowing his fortifications could not stop French artillery, Ture began a war of maneuver. Despite victories against isolated French columns (for example at Dabadugu in September 1891), Ture failed to push the French from the core of his kingdom. In June 1892, Col. Archinard's replacement, Humbert, leading a small, well-supplied force of picked men, captured Ture's capital of Bissandugu. In another blow, the British had stopped selling breech loaders to Ture in accordance with the Brussels Convention of 1890. Ture shifted his base of operations eastward, toward the Bandama and Comoe River. He instituted a scorched earth policy, devastating each area before he evacuated it. Though this maneuver cut Ture off from Sierra Leone and Liberia, his last sources of modern weapons, it also delayed French pursuit.[4] The fall of other resistance armies, particularly Babemba Traoré at Sikasso, permitted the French colonial army to launch a concentrated assault against Touré. He was captured 29 September 1898 by the French captain Henri Gouraud and was exiled to Gabon. Ture died in captivity on June 2, 1900, following a bout of pneumonia. His tomb is at the Camayanne Mausoleum, within the gardens of Conakry Grand Mosque.
A Marlin 1870's 'Wild West' Revolver. John M. Marlin was born in Connecticut in 1836, and served his apprenticeship as a tool and die maker. During the Civil War, he worked at the Colt plant in Hartford, and in 1870 hung out his sign on State Street, New Haven, to start manufacturing his own line of revolvers and derringers. This is a beautiful example of an early Marlin Model 1872 Pocket Revolver known as the XXX Standard. Standard 3 1/8" round barrel with S&W style tip-up action. 5 shot cylinder in calibre .30 Rim fire. With cylinder flutes. Made in 1873. Nickel plated barrel is marked "XXX STANDARD 1872" on top of the rib with left side of the barrel marked "JM Marlin New-Haven CT. Pat July 1, 1873"..30 rim fire calibre, 5 shot revolver spur trigger, tip-up reloading action. Manufactured from 1873 to 1876, and production was only approximately 10,000. This revolver is serial number 856. It made a great hideaway gun for a gambler, with the cartridge remover taken off for ease of positioning and sliding into a boot, and, most intriguingly, it has an inset side plate of a Victorian farthing [a 'quarter of a penny' coin]. Maybe a souvenir of a card game against an Englishman in the 1880's. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Massive Mortimer of London, Boxlock Pistol Of An Incredible .75 inch Bore Circa 1840. We cannot recall ever seeing a boxlock pistol of such a bore, weight and size, ever before. For a pistol of this type it is absolutely massive, as large a bore as a brown bess musket. The surface is overall russetted and the grip to one side has had an old contemporary repair. Mortimer is one of the greatest ever names in English guns, and this was likely a special one-off order for a customer than needed something immensely powerful, with the power of a hand cannon, yet easy to carry. It feels like a version of the specialised truncheon pistol, where it can be utilized as a most powerful deadly cosh after it has been discharged. We show in the gallery a photo of it alongside a standard, more normal boxlock, and that way one can see it's incredible mass by comparison. The foldaway trigger opens loosely by itself. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Mid19th century Victorian Combination Secret Dagger 'Life Preserver' Cosh A superb, Victorian, close combat combination, so called, 'life preserver', hidden dagger-cosh that could once have been well concealed about a gentleman's person, within an inside overcoat pocket, or tucked through a waist belt. In the Victorian era, after dark, city thoroughfares abounded with ruffians neer'do wells and garrotters. Police forces, in those days, were in their infancy, and the respectable and well heeled inhabitants, when travelling the streets and lanes of most cities, were understandably paranoid for their safety, so most protection had to be provided for by oneself, and all due precautions and defensive measures explored. This is a wonderful example of a club, known at the time as a life preserver, made from turned walnut and malacca, that has, hidden within it's form, a long dagger blade, and by simply pulling the knob, while holding the shaft, it will reveal said blade. It is quite reminiscent of a Boson's club, also with a concealed dagger blade, that we had some years ago, used by a Royal Naval boson when on press-gang duty and shore patrols. We detail an article from Punch Magazine, August 18th 1866, regarding a trial of some violent street attackers….. "No less than six roughs, two of them garrotters, convicted at Manchester Assizes, of robbery with violence, were sentenced the other day by Mr. Justice Lush, to be, in addition to penal servitude, flogged with the cat-o'-nine-tails. … If there is in his [the criminal's] nature any degree of latent sympathy, inactive from want of imagination, it can be stimulated to due activity only be a whipping which will give him considerable pain. All that pain is economy of pain; of so much pain as it saves respectable people from suffering by brutal violence. … Some of the six scoundrels whipped at Manchester, being pachydermatous, made a show of bravado. To preclude this in future, let all such offenders be sentenced to be flogged two or three times." Punch, August 18, 1866. We show several original Victorian Punch magazine and journal illustrations of several persons being accosted in the city streets by thugs, and a group of ladies and gentlemen walking in the road armed with coshes and clubs for protection [for information only]. 20 inches long overall, 13 inch blade.
A Miniature Waterloo Period 'Brown Bess' Musket Bayonet Original hand engineered miniature, made post war by renown miniaturist engineer Ronald Platt. Photographed alongside the original bayonet to show perspective. the Third or India Pattern became the standard British musket in use throughout the remainder of French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and was used in almost every theatre in which the British were present. It was the musket that the British soldier carried during the Peninsular War and the Hundred Days campaign including both the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. It was also used in the War of 1812 in North America.
A Most Attractive 19th Century Powder Flask Decorated With Game Embossed on both sides with roccoco moulding and panels of hanging game including, stags and large game birds. Brass spout with god spring action. All original lacquer present.
A Most Attractive 19th Century Style Model Cannon of a British Field Gun A highly impressive and beautiful piece, a perfect compliment to any gentleman's desk, study, or chairman's office. A most significant original vintage statement piece. Representing a field gun as one can see in all the oil painting representations of artillery in the Crimean War, and very similar to the Napoleonic War period field cannon. Bronze barrel and traditional wheeled wooden carriage. Set on a mahogany plinth and the barrel bears an onset badge of the Honourable Artillery Company. Somewhat similar to the field guns used in the Crimean War. A field gun is a field artillery piece. Originally the term referred to smaller guns that could accompany a field army on the march, that when in combat could be moved about the battlefield in response to changing circumstances (field artillery), as opposed to guns installed in a fort (garrison artillery or coastal artillery), or to siege cannons and mortars which are too large to be moved quickly, and would be used only in a prolonged siege. Perhaps the most famous use of the field gun in terms of advanced tactics was Napoleon Bonaparte's use of very large wheels on the guns that allowed them to be moved quickly even during a battle. By moving the guns from point-to-point during a battle, enemy formations could be broken up to be handled by the infantry or cavalry wherever they were massing, dramatically increasing the overall effectiveness of the attack. Cannon overall 19 inches long on carriage, barrel 10 inches long mahogany base 20.25 inches x 11.25 inches. Wheels 7.25 inches across 20th century.
A Most Attractive 19th Century Sword Circa 1840. Boat Form Hilt Possibly either American or French. Inspired by the 18th century French guard officer's sword this is very similar to both the 1831 pattern American Infantry sword, or, the 1840 US militia pattern NCO's sword. The helmet pattern pommel was most popular in America at this time, and both the French Army and American State militias used it. Very nice order throughout, old metal band repair to leather scabbard midsection. Solingen, 'Weyersberg' King's head makers mark to blade forte. A recorded maker to both France and America both before and during the Civil War era
A Most Attractive 19th Century W. Ingrams Patent Musket Powder Flask Decorated with fine shell repousse work. Very nice condition, good spring. 7.75 inches long overall
A Most Attractive and Fine 17th Century Smallsword Fine Late 17th Century Smallsword, brass hilt with traces of gilding, silver wire bound grip, guards with reinforced borders each connected by an outer bar, large foliate rings with supporting branches, quillon with tiny stepped baluster finial, stepped swollen pommel, hollow ground blade. Overall 90cms, blade 74cms. Picture in the gallery of a portrait of Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs drawing his near identical pattern sword. Although a smallsword they were ideal, like the hunting swords of the era, for close quarter combat on-board the warships of the time. With ropes and sails aplenty the space for sword combat was most restricted and the use of long swords impossible. Sir Christopher Myngs Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs (1625–1666), English naval officer and privateer, came of a Norfolk family and was a relative of another admiral, Sir Cloudesley Shovell. Samuel Pepys' wrote the story of his humble birth. He first appears prominently as the captain of the Elisabeth, which after a sharp action during the First Anglo-Dutch War brought in a Dutch convoy with two men-of-war as prizes. From 1653 to 1655 he continued to command the Elisabeth, high in favour with the council of state and recommended for promotion by the flag officers under whom he served. In 1655, he was appointed to the frigate Marston Moor, the crew of which was on the verge of mutiny. His firm measures quelled the insubordinate spirit, and he took the vessel out to the West Indies, arriving in January 1656 on Jamaica where he became the subcommander of the naval flotilla on the Jamaica Station, until the summer of 1657. In February 1658, he returned to Jamaica as naval commander, acting as a commerce raider during the Anglo-Spanish War. During these actions he got a reputation for unnecessary cruelty, sacking and massacring entire towns in command of whole fleets of buccaneers. In 1658, after beating off a Spanish attack, he raided the coast of South-America; failing to capture a Spanish treasure fleet, he destroyed Tolú and Santa Maria in present-day Colombia instead; in 1659 he plundered Cumaná, Puerto Cabello and Coro in present-day Venezuela where a large haul of silver in twenty chests was seized. The Spanish government considered him a common pirate and mass murderer, protesting [to no avail] to the English government of Oliver Cromwell, about his conduct of stealing their silver, that they in their turn had looted from their slaughter and pillaging of the ancient civilizations of South America. However, because he had shared half of the bounty of his 1659 raid, about a quarter of a million pounds, with the buccaneers against the explicit orders of Edward D'Oyley, the English Commander of Jamaica, he was arrested for embezzlement and sent back to England in the Marston Moor in 1660. The sword is overall in very Good condition
A Most Attractive Kurdish 19th Century Jambiya. Carved wooden hit brass embossed and leather scabbard over wood. Double edged steel blade. Blade would polish nicely.
A Most Beautiful British 1790's Sabre With Lion's Head Pommel and Langet This is a glorious swash buckling sabre of great quality and in fine condition. A lot of it's original mercurial gilt is remaining and it's wire bound grip is near mint. We have seen these swords refered to as every thing from British flank officer's sabre, Royal Naval officer's [when with ivory grips], and 1790's British East India co. Infantry officer's swords [often though more crudely made and with carved bone grips]. We believe it was made before regulation types were more standard [in the 1790's], and in the period when officers could carry any sword as they saw fit, provided it followed a suitable functionable ability as per their needs. Either way, this is a fabulous King George IIIrd period English sword from the Napoleonic Wars, and the Tippu Sultan revolt at The Siege of Seringapatam (5 April – 4 May 1799). This was the final confrontation of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War between the British East India Company and the Kingdom of Mysore. The British achieved a decisive victory after breaching the walls of the fortress at Seringapatam and storming the citadel. Tipu Sultan, Mysore's ruler, was killed in the action. The British restored the Wodeyar dynasty to the throne after the victory, but retained indirect control of the kingdom. When the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War broke out, the British assembled two large columns under General George Harris. The first consisted of over 26,000 British East India Company troops, 4,000 of whom were European while the rest were local Indian sepoys. The second column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad, and consisted of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry. Together, the allied force numbered over 50,000 soldiers. Tipu's forces had been depleted by the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the consequent loss of half his kingdom, but he still probably had up to 30,000 soldiers
A Most Charming King George IIIrd Officers' Horn Small Drinking Cup In carved horn used from the 1790's until the Crimean War. A super Napoleonic wars collectable.
A Most Charming Medieval Carved Ivory Hilted Knife 500 to 600 Years Old A most delightful and original piece somewhat bordering on the erotic. Probably 15th to 16th century. Carved in form of a lady in traditional dress in a demi-seated position, exposing her legs, with her hand clasping the hem of her dress, resting at her knees. Single edged blade with natural well aged corruption but nicely sound. From the previous owner it is said to have been recovered from the Thames in London. The pose may suggest it is a wedding knife, items that often portrayed nudity, or bawdy and erotic poses. Knives were used for cutting food and carrying it to the mouth, with the fingers. The use of forks became widespread in England only after 1660, following the example set by Charles II (ruled 1660-1685). The formal place setting of knife, fork and spoon was not established in England until about 1700. Cutlery manufacture involved a number of specialists: the blademaker, grinder, hafter (the person who made the handle), sheather (the maker of the sheath in which the knife was carried) and the furbisher or cutler, who assembled the parts, forging the blade, and sold the finished items. The London Cutlers Company, set up in 1415, regulated the trade until the 18th century. It obliged cutlers to mark their wares with their personal devices. In the Medieval era both men and women carried their knives, not in their pockets, if indeed they had any, but usually in sheaths hanging from a girdle which went round the body just above the hips. It was the business of the girdler, as he was called, to supply these girdles, and we shall see that in the inventory of a York girdler, dated 1439, there were many cheap girdles and knives. There were few table-knives, and when at table nearly everybody used a knife of his own. In 1392 a lady bequeathed "my knife which I use," probably her meat-knife. Even in the last century, in taverns, in many countries, particularly in some towns of France, knives were not placed on the table, because it was expected that each person should have one of his own. 8.25 inches overall.
A Most Elaborate Early to Mid 19th Century Short Tailed Cavalry Coatee A very fine antique hussars uniform collectors piece, but just as ideal for a stunning display, interior decoration, or wear. A simply iconic piece of historical British flamboyant clothing immortalised by the likes of Jimi Hendrix, Michael Jackson and Adam Ant. With silver bullion braid detailing of amazing complexity. The title and distinctive dress of these horsemen was subsequently widely adopted by light cavalry regiments in European and other armies. The hussars played a prominent role as cavalry in the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815). As light cavalrymen mounted on fast horses, they would be used to fight skirmish battles and for scouting. Most of the great European powers raised hussar regiments. The armies of France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia had included hussar regiments since the mid-18th century. In the case of Britain, four light dragoon regiments were converted to hussars in 1806–1807. Hussars were notoriously impetuous, and Napoleon was quoted as stating that he would be surprised for a hussar to live beyond the age of 30, due to their tendency to become reckless in battle, exposing their weaknesses in frontal assaults. The hussars of Napoleon created the tradition of sabrage, the opening of a champagne bottle with a sabre. Moustaches were universally worn by Napoleonic-era hussars; the British hussars were the only moustachioed troops in the British Army—leading to their being taunted as being "foreigners", at times. French hussars also wore cadenettes, braids of hair hanging on either side of the face, until the practice was officially proscribed when shorter hair became universal. The uniform of the Napoleonic hussars included the pelisse, a short fur-edged jacket which was often worn slung over one shoulder in the style of a cape and was fastened with a cord. This garment was extensively adorned with braiding (often gold or silver for officers) and several rows of buttons. The dolman or tunic, which was also decorated in braid, was worn under it. The hussar's accoutrements included a Hungarian-style saddle covered by a shabraque, a decorated saddlecloth with long, pointed corners surmounted by a sheepskin. Some areas of mothing in the blue melton cloth at the shoulder and body but suitable for so called 'invisible mending'. Small size.
A Most Elegant 18th Century Italianate Flintlock Pistol Fine carved walnut stock all iron mounts in rococo style a most beautiful long holster pistol. Chiselled steel barrel with panel engraved with the name of barrel maker L. Cominazo. Fully chiselled lock with rococo scrolling and designs to match the rest of the flintlock. Engraved with lock makers name. Very strong and tight spring. Steel ramrod. Overall in very nice condition with stunning patination on all parts. Some very small old stock damage and repairs perfectly commensurate with age. Made and used from the 1740's until circa 1820. During the age of the flintlock the largest sizes would be carried in holsters across a horse's back just ahead of the saddle. In-between sizes included the coat pocket pistol, or coat pistol, which would fit into a large pocket, the coach pistol, meant to be carried on or under the seat of a coach in a bag or box, and belt pistols, sometimes equipped with a hook designed to slip over a belt or waistband. Larger pistols were called horse pistols. As a result of the flintlock's long active life, it left lasting marks on the language. Terms such as: "lock, stock and barrel", "going off half-cocked" and "flash in the pan" remain current in English. Long overall 17 inches, barrel 11.25 inches long.
A Most Fearsome Medieval Crusaders Battle Mace, 700 to 800 Years Old A most impressive but fearsome early weapon from the 1200's to 1300's around 7 to 800 years old, and probably German. An incredible elaborate 'pineapple' form lobed head that would be extremely effective at achieving its aim. This is also the form of Mace that was mounted on a short chain with a haft and then used as a flail mace for extra reach on horseback. Unlike a sword or haft mounted mace, it doesn't transfer vibrations from the impact to the wielder. This is a great advantage to a horseman, who can use his horse's speed to add momentum to and underarmed swing of the ball, but runs less of a risk of being unbalanced from his saddle. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed. It is difficult to block with a shield or parry with a weapon such as this on a chain because it can curve over and round impediments and still strike the target. It also provides defense whilst in motion. However the rigid haft does have the advantage as the flail needs space to swing and can easily endanger the wielder's comrades. Controlling the flail is much more difficult than rigid weapons. Mounted on a replaced old haft. One photo in the gallery is from a 13th century Manuscript that shows knights in combat, and one at the rear is using a stylized and similar Mace [photo for information only and not included with mace]. The head is around the size of a tennis ball. In the gallery is a section of a 13th century illuminated manuscript, The Smithfield Decretals showing two man-sized rabbits killing a restrained man with a mace, known as a 'bizarre and vulgar' illustration. A mace is a blunt weapon, a type of club or virge that uses a heavy head on the end of a handle to deliver powerful blows. A mace typically consists of a strong, heavy, wooden or metal shaft, often reinforced with metal, featuring a head made of stone, copper, bronze, iron, or steel. The head of a military mace can be shaped with flanges or knobs to allow greater penetration of plate armour. The length of maces can vary considerably. The maces of foot soldiers were usually quite short (two or three feet). The maces of cavalrymen were longer and thus better suited for blows delivered from horseback. Two-handed maces could be even larger. During the Middle Ages metal armour such as mail protected against the blows of edged weapons. Solid metal maces and war hammers proved able to inflict damage on well armoured knights, as the force of a blow from a mace is great enough to cause damage without penetrating the armour. Though iron became increasingly common, copper and bronze were also used, especially in iron-deficient areas. The Sami, for example, continued to use bronze for maces as a cheaper alternative to iron or steel swords. One example of a mace capable of penetrating armour is the flanged mace. The flanges allow it to dent or penetrate thick armour. Flange maces did not become popular until after knobbed maces. Although there are some references to flanged maces (bardoukion) as early as the Byzantine Empire c. 900 it is commonly accepted that the flanged mace did not become popular in Europe until the 12th century, when it was concurrently developed in Russia and Mid-west Asia. .It is popularly believed that maces were employed by the clergy in warfare to avoid shedding blood (sine effusione sanguinis). The evidence for this is sparse and appears to derive almost entirely from the depiction of Bishop Odo of Bayeux wielding a club-like mace at the Battle of Hastings in the Bayeux Tapestry, the idea being that he did so to avoid either shedding blood or bearing the arms of war. Iron head 2 inches x 2.25 inches across, length 21 inches
A Most Fine and Beautiful 18th Century French Flintlock Circa 1740 With a very fine and stunning looking tiger stripe maple wooden stock, bearing a simply superb natuaral age patina. Signed lock and all steel mounts. Long eared buttcap typical of the 1740's period flintlocks that saw service in the Anglo French Seven Years War in Europe and America. And continually right through the Napoleonic Wars. The French and Indian War (1754–63) comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1756–63. It pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France. Both sides were supported by military units from their parent countries, as well as by American Indian allies. At the start of the war, the French North American colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the British North American colonies. The outnumbered French particularly depended on the Indians. The European nations declared war on one another in 1756 following months of localized conflict, escalating the war from a regional affair into an intercontinental conflict. The name French and Indian War is used mainly in the United States. It refers to the two enemies of the British colonists, the royal French forces and their various American Indian allies. The British colonists were supported at various times by the Iroquois, Catawba, and Cherokee, and the French colonists were supported by Wabanaki Confederacy members Abenaki and Mi'kmaq, and Algonquin, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, and Wyandot. British and other European historians use the term the Seven Years' War, as do English-speaking Canadians As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Fine Byzantine 'Greek Fire' Grenade Likely the earliest form of grenade, once filled with Greek Fire naptha and with a small fuze thrown at and into enemy ships in combat. A heavy grey ceramic piriform vessel, decorated with incised bands towards top and base A rare collectable ancient artefact and a wonderful conversation piece. Circa 10th century AD. A grey ceramic globular vessel with conical bottom and narrow neck with a thick rim; a roundel band below. With an overall incised pattern throughout the body. Greek fire, was invented in ca. 672, and is ascribed by the chronicler Theophanes to Kallinikos, an architect from Heliopolis in the former province of Phoenice, by then overrun by the Muslim conquests. The historicity and exact chronology of this account is open to question: Theophanes reports the use of fire-carrying and siphon-equipped ships by the Byzantines a couple of years before the supposed arrival of Kallinikos at Constantinople. If this is not due to chronological confusion of the events of the siege, it may suggest that Kallinikos merely introduced an improved version of an established weapon. The historian James Partington further thinks it likely that Greek fire was not in fact the discovery of any single person, but "invented by chemists in Constantinople who had inherited the discoveries of the Alexandrian chemical school".Indeed, the 11th-century chronicler George Kedrenos records that Kallinikos came from Heliopolis in Egypt, but most scholars reject this as an error. Kedrenos also records the story, considered rather implausible, that Kallinikos' descendants, a family called "Lampros" ("Brilliant"), kept the secret of the fire's manufacture, and continued doing so to his day. The invention of Greek fire came at a critical moment in the Byzantine Empire's history: weakened by its long wars with Sassanid Persia, the Byzantines had been unable to effectively resist the onslaught of the Muslim conquests. Within a generation, Syria, Palestine and Egypt had fallen to the Arabs, who in ca. 672 set out to conquer the imperial capital of Constantinople. The Greek fire was utilized to great effect against the Muslim fleets, helping to repel the Muslims at the first and second Arab sieges of the city. Records of its use in later naval battles against the Saracens are more sporadic, but it did secure a number of victories, especially in the phase of Byzantine expansion in the late 9th and early 10th centuries. Utilisation of the substance was prominent in Byzantine civil wars, chiefly the revolt of the thematic fleets in 727 and the large-scale rebellion led by Thomas the Slav in 821–823. In both cases, the rebel fleets were defeated by the Constantinopolitan Imperial Fleet through the use of Greek fire The Byzantines also used the weapon to devastating effect against the various Rus' raids to the Bosporus, especially those of 941 and 1043, as well as during the Bulgarian war of 970–971, when the fire-carrying Byzantine ships blockaded the Danube. The importance placed on Greek fire during the Empire's struggle against the Arabs would lead to its discovery being ascribed to divine intervention. The Emperor Constantine Porphyrogennetos (r. 945–959), in his book De Administrando Imperio, admonishes his son and heir, Romanos II (r. 959–963), to never reveal the secrets of its construction, as it was "shown and revealed by an angel to the great and holy first Christian emperor Constantine" and that the angel bound him "not to prepare this fire but for Christians, and only in the imperial city". As a warning, he adds that one official, who was bribed into handing some of it over to the Empire's enemies, was struck down by a "flame from heaven" as he was about to enter a church. As the latter incident demonstrates, the Byzantines could not avoid capture of their precious secret weapon: the Arabs captured at least one fireship intact in 827, and the Bulgars captured several siphons and much of the substance itself in 812/814. This, however, was apparently not enough to allow their enemies to copy it . The Arabs for instance employed a variety of incendiary substances similar to the Byzantine weapon, but they were never able to copy the Byzantine method of deployment by siphon, and used catapults and grenades instead. In its earliest form, Greek fire was hurled onto enemy forces by firing a burning cloth-wrapped ball, perhaps containing a flask, using a form of light catapult, most probably a seaborne variant of the Roman light catapult or onager. These were capable of hurling light loads—around 6 to 9 kg (13 to 20 lb)—a distance of 350–450 m (383–492 yd). Later technological improvements in machining technology enabled the devising of a pump mechanism discharging a stream of burning fluid (flame thrower) at close ranges, devastating wooden ships in naval warfare. Such weapons were also very effective on land when used against besieging forces. Greek fire continued to be mentioned during the 12th century, and Anna Komnene gives a vivid description of its use in a – possibly fictional – naval battle against the Pisans in 1099. However, although the use of hastily improvised fireships is mentioned during the 1203 siege of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade, no report confirms the use of the actual Greek fire, which had apparently fallen out of use, either because its secrets were forgotten, or because the Byzantines had lost access to the areas – the Caucasus and the eastern coast of the Black Sea – where the primary ingredients were to be found. Approx 6 inches across. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.
A Most Fine English Antique Folding Bowie Knife By Whiting of Bath Chequered horn grip with nickle fittings, hilt with folding retracting guard folding blade, with blued release catch, traditional clipped back bowie blade, original leather scabbard [with old tape repairs], made by Whiting of Bath. Good maker marked blade. Folding Bowie knives were used and prized all over the western world. Many were imported to America and many were used by all the protagonists in WW1. They were made by both British and German makers. A pretty scarce collectors piece and beautifully made, in very good condition for age.
A Most Fine Tudor Heraldic Crested Steel Armour Gorget of a Duke A most beautiful antique piece of armour, in the 16th century style, but likely made in the 18th to early 19th century. It bears a most fine etched heraldic ducal crest, composed of a pair of cranes bearing a five bar face guarded demi-profile dukes helmet, mounted above a shield with chevron below four ermine panels, with three, four lobed devices about the chevron on both sides. The entire rim bears brass headed steel rivets and two shoulder centred large brass rivets that once held leather straps. We show in the gallery several portraits of Elizabethan nobles all adorned in their armour gorget over fine tunics of velvet or leather. The gorget was the last remaining symbol of knightly armour universally worn either at court or in combat by nobles in the Elizabethan period Although other elements of armour could be worn, such as arm defences, in accompaniment as the wearer saw fit. In the High Middle Ages, when mail was the primary form of metal body armor used in Western Europe, the Mail coif protected the neck and lower face. During the 14th century as more plate armor appeared to supplement mail, the Bascinet helmet incorporated a mail curtain called the Aventail which protected the lower face, neck and shoulders. A separate mail collar called a "pisan" or "standard" was sometimes worn under the aventail as additional protection. Towards the end of the 14th century, threats including the increased penetrating power of the lance when paired with a lance rest on the breastplate made more rigid forms of neck protection desirable. One solution was a standing collar plate worn over the aventail and separate from the helmet, which was wide enough for the helmet to move around in so that the man-at-arms could turn his head. Through the early 15th century, gorget plates were integrated into the helmet itself to form the great bascinet. Other forms of helmet such as the sallet which did not protect the lower face and throat with plate were paired with a separate bevor, and the armet was often fitted with a wrapper that included gorget lames protecting the throat. During this time, the mail standard was still used. At the beginning of the 16th century, the gorget became fully developed as a component of plate armor in its own right. Unlike previous gorget plates and bevors which sat over the breastplate and required a separate mail collar to fully protect the neck from gaps, the developed gorget was worn under the back and breastplate and was intended to cover a larger area of the neck, nape, shoulders, and upper chest, since the upper edges of the cuirass had become lower than before. The gorget served as an anchor point for the Pauldrons, which either had holes to slide over pins projecting from the gorget, or fastened to the gorget by straps and buckles. The neck was protected by a high collar of articulated lames, and the overall gorget consisted of front and back pieces which were hinged at the side so it could be put on and taken off. Some helmets had additional neck lames which overlapped the gorget, while others fitted tightly to the top of the gorget so that there would be no gap between them. By the 17th century there appeared a form of gorget with a low, unarticulated collar and larger front and back plates which covered more of the upper chest and back. These were not worn with a breastplate as part of a full harness, but instead were worn over civilian clothing or a Buff coat. Some gorgets of this period were "parade" pieces that were beautifully etched, gilded, engraved, chased, embossed, or enamelled at great expense. Gradually the gorget became smaller and more symbolic, and became a single crescent shape worn on a chain, which suspended the gorget ever lower on the chest so that the gorget no longer protected the throat in normal wear. It is one of the more unusual elements of the arms and armour collecting field that 18th and 19th century fine etched armour, in the earlier styles of the 16th century, can be prized the same, or even more highly than the earlier originals that they were based upon. Companies such as Granger of Paris, that worked in the 1840's, created miniature suits of armour that can achieve tens of thousands of pounds, even approaching six figures today, that are no more than 50 cms high complete. Size 14 inches x 12 inches.
A Most Fine, 1855,59,& 65 Patent Nickel Plated Smith & Wesson Revolver With a all nickel plated barrel and cylinder and frame, and around 95% of the 'deluxe grade' original nickel remaining. This fabulous condition of the nickel makes this pistol truly exceptional and absolutely beautiful. It has as one might expect a very good tight action, and a fine and clear Smith and Wesson address to barrel top strap, with all the patent dates. All it's original mother o'pearl grips. This is one of the nicest condition examples we have seen in the past 5 years. Smith and Wessons have been owned by all the greatest and infamous characters in Wild West history, such as Jesse James, Cole Younger, Bob Ford and Wyatt Earp. The Smith & Wesson Model No. 1 1/2. The boot or vest pocket pistol. Part of the great popularity of the Smith and Wessons during the Civil War is due to the way they loaded. It is a "Tip Up" design. A "tip up" loading system is where the barrel tips up and the entire cylinder can is replaced with a full cylinder if needed. That, was a massive improvement in the aid to fast reloading, With the exception of Smith & Wesson pistols, all other pistols during the Civil War were tediously loaded with either combustible paper cartridges or with loose powder and ball. Both loading methods consisted of inserting the powder and bullet from the front, and then with the rammer was built into the gun you would swage the bullet into place. The swaging held the bullet from falling out when the gun recoiled when fired. Finally, a percussion cap was individually fitted to the back of the cylinder with one required for each of the five or six chambers. Because reloading could take minutes, if extra cylinders could be found, two or more spare cylinders were carried pre-loaded. The cylinders would be switched much more quickly than reloading a fired one. Because of this, and even though it was lower powered with its .32 calibre round, the early cartridge taking Smith & Wesson Models can hold the distinction of probably being the most popular secondary pistol carried in the Civil War. And due to the Great Western Migration still going strong after the Civil War, they was not only popular during the Civil War - but it also very popular afterwards on the Western frontier. It is widely said that General George Armstrong Custer, who owned a lot of different makes of guns, owned a pair of .32 Smith & Wesson pistols. It is also said that Wild Bill Hickok carried one on the night that he was shot in the head during a fateful and infamous card game This revolver is called the "Model One and a Half." It appears that after Smith & Wesson produced the Model 2, they then set out to provide the more powerful .32 rimfire in a more handy "pocket" size revolver. That's when they came up this, a five shot .32 rimfire with a shorter 3½" barrel. Since they already had the small Model 1 and the Model 2, the new model was in between those sizes , so Smith & Wesson came up with the somewhat awkward name of "Model One and a Half." Overall length 7.75 inches. Barrel 3.5 inches 32 Rimfire calibre. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Fine, Large, Palaeolithic 300,000 Year Old Stone Age Hand Axe A most fine and impressive axe of large size and in superb condition. An axe one could only normally expect to see in the British Museum or the Smithsonian. Precisely when and where did our species emerge? Anthropologists have struggled with that question for decades, and scattered clues had suggested the answer lay somewhere in sub-Saharan Africa about 200,000 years ago. But new evidence outlined in two papers published in the journal Nature challenges that hypothesis. Instead, the authors describe recently discovered remains that suggest the first Homo sapiens showed up more than 100,000 years earlier than we thought in a place many experts didn't suspect. The fossils could represent the earliest known examples of H. sapiens ever found (if confirmed by further research), and they serve as evidence that members of our species lived beyond sub-Saharan Africa. As with all our items it will be accompanied with our lifetime guarantee Certificate of Authenticity.
A Most Impressive & Beautiful 19th Century Naval Dirk/Small Sword In the form of a typical naval midshipman's or officer's dirk, spadroon pattern hilt with S quillon guard, of the Georgian period, but in the size of a small sword. A very impressive piece of good robust combat size and weight. Gilt metal mounts, one piece square section triple banded carved horn grip, double edged blade and gilt metal mounted leather covered wooden scabbard. We show a painting of Captain William Rogers capturing the 'Jeune Richard', on the 1st October 1807, the sword at his waist belt appears to be a near identical dirk/sword but with steel mounts. There are several near identical examples, but mostly smaller, in the National Maritime Collection, and practically every officer from Nelson down carried one similar during their naval career in the 19th century. It would be an amazingly effective close combat dagger small sword, both offensive or defensive, and would certainly do any eminently suitable job as was demanded of it. Although traditionally known as midshipman's dirks these useful daggers were also worn at the time by officer's of all ages and rank while serving and in combat [see picture in the gallery]. The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training. The first published use of the term midshipman was in 1662. The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed. By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: midshipman (original rating), midshipman extraordinary, midshipman (apprentice officer), and midshipman ordinary. Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as 1822, 23 inches long overall in its scabbard, the dirk/sword un-scabbarded, inches 21.5, a 16.25 inch long blade
A Most Impressive English Long Musket Circa 1830 Extra long barrel, percussion action, good walnut stock with chequered grip, 68 inches long [approx] overall. A good stout musket of fine proportions. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting 18th Century Pirate Corsairs Wide Mouth Blunderbuss With a superb Damascus steel flared mouth barrel, engraved steel flintlock, fine walnut stock and iron mounts. Sling swivel mount to the offside for carrying on a belt while climbing rigging of a galleon, or for hooking onto a horse's saddle. The stock bears some fascinating ships armourer's service repairs that have lasted some 200 years and should ideally never be removed. They are simplistic, yet they have been hugely effective and they certainly add an incredible amount of character to a flintlock gun already abundant in curiosity and flair. The flare at the muzzle is incredible and finishes off this wonderful characterful piece perfectly. This is just the kind of intimidating weapon as was used and carried by Corsairs protecting their pirate ships, and those that need the maximum amount of protection and intimidation in equal measure. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables 21 inches long barrel mouth 1.75 inches
A Most Interesting Edwardian, British Empire Nigerian Chief's Walking Staff With brass ball top bearing King Edward's crown, engraving for the Nigerian Chief [third class] and mounted upon a four foot six inch staff. It was part of the regalia and status symbol of the authority of a colonial chief in Colonial Nigeria. Influence of the British Empire on the territories which now form Nigeria began with prohibition of slave trade to British subjects in 1807. The resulting collapse of African slave trade led to the decline and eventual collapse of the Oyo Empire. British influence in the Niger area increased gradually over the 19th century, but Britain did not effectively occupy the area until 1885, and then under competition from France and Germany. The colonial period proper in Nigeria lasted from 1900 to 1960. In 1900, the Niger Coast Protectorate and some territories of the Royal Niger Company were united to form the Southern Nigeria Protectorate, while other Royal Niger Company territories became the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1914, the Northern and Southern Nigeria Protectorates were unified into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria while maintaining considerable regional autonomy among the three major regions. Progressive constitutions after World War II provided for increasing representation and electoral government by Nigerians. In October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence.
A Most Interesting French Post Chaise Horn. Brass Trumpet, Horn Mouthpiece. 19th century. In France and Switzerland in the Alp regions, as the post chaise drives around the numerous deadly bends, on the mountain passes, in the fog, the post chaise horn is blown to warn on-coming vehicles. Of course the British poste chaise used them as well but this one is French made. A post chaise, is a four-wheeled, closed carriage, containing one seat for two or three passengers, that was popular in 18th-century England and France. The body was of the coupé type, appearing as if the front had been cut away. Because the driver rode one of the horses, it was possible to have windows in front as well as at the sides. At the post chaise’s front end, in place of the coach box, was a luggage platform. The carriage was built for long-distance travel, and so horses were changed at intervals at posts (stations).In England, public post chaises were painted yellow and could be hired, along with the driver and two horses, for about a shilling a mile. The post chaise is descended from the 17th-century two-wheeled French chaise.
A Most Interesting Unusual Sword Likely From The Indonesian Far East Region A most attractive and substantial sword. The brass scabbard is engraved and decorated with geometric designs, with black sectional colouring to one side and plain on the other. The hilt is brass inlaid oriental hardwood to one side, with silver circular inserts, and carved plain hardwood to the other. We can't recall ever seeing a sword quite like it before but it seems to have Indonesian influences, however, it may be from another continent altogether. 32 inches long complete, blade 23 inches sword 30 inches out of scabbard.
A Most Intriguing 18th century Officer's Sabre With Armourer's Mark Brass stirrup hilt with fishskin grip and very unusual hinge assembled guard, that is not intended to open ??. The armourer's mark is a lion's face somewhat similar to the 18th century London silver hallmark. A beautiful sword with some most scarce features. 31.75 inch blade. Likely bespoke made but for what kind of officer?, that is the question. Research must be undertaken!
A Most Intriguing King George IIIrd Tipstaff With Estate Crest A superb looking long tipstaff in fine colouring bearing the cypher of King George IIIrd and the estate name of Dysart, this may well encompass the town of Dysart in Scotland. 26.25 inches long. Top end unevenly worn down.
A Most Meritable 1861 'Round Barrel' Colt Navy Revolver of 36 Calibre An outstanding Colt six-shooter, and one of the greatest Colt "big guns" of American history. In very sound and tight actionable condition, with matching numbers, good clear barrel address, and original later chequered grips. New York Colt address to the barrel, and London proof stamps on the cylinder, and highly distinctive and scarce London pattern silver plated grip frame, overall traces of light surface pitting. A crackerjack piece from the most famous era of US legend and folklore. Some believe Colt designated the revolver the "Navy" in reference to the naval scene engraved around the cylinder, which commemorates the 1843 Battle of Campeche between Texican and Mexican vessels. However, it was collectors and historians who later dubbed it the Navy Model of 1851. Colt himself never used dates to define new weapons; factory records simply described it as the Navy or Belt Pistol. In 1861, when Colt introduced a round-barreled version, the original Navy then became the Old Model Navy. The New Navy round barrel version was only made in limited quantities [just 38,000], being outnumbered by around six to 1 by the amount of Old Model Navies [215,000] produced by Colt. While most Union cavalry regiments used the new .44-caliber Army, some were armed with the Navy revolver. It also became a favourite of guerrilla bands on either side of the Civil War. Many carried spare loaded cylinders and extra Colts in their belts, giving them massive firepower when raiding or attacking. The Navy revolver also proved popular with Civil War spies, wagon masters, guides and scouts, such as Union scout James Buffer Hickok, who by war's end had earned the moniker "Wild Bill" for his action against Rebels. Wild Bill Hickok James Butler Hickok (May 27, 1837 – August 2, 1876), better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a legendary figure in the American Old West. Carried two colt Navies and was deadly accurate with both. Confederate guerrilla leader William "Bloody Bill" Anderson carried at least three Colt Navies. Saloon owner/gunman "Rowdy Joe" Lowe once kicked one from a sheriff's hand, discharging the gun and wounding an innocent bystander Hickok's skill with his pair of ivory-handled Navies is legion, but others, too, were credited with sometimes amazing feats of arms. Back in the 1850s both the British and American governments had tested the Navy's power and accuracy. Its seven-groove rifling (with a right- or left-hand twist) made it accurate up to 200 yards (perhaps more, depending upon the marksman). It was certainly deadly within 100 yards. Hickok proved this on July 21, 1865, in Springfield, Mo., when he shot Davis K. Tutt through the heart at 75 yards. Tutt was standing sideways, dueling fashion, which made Hickok's shot even more remarkable. Through the middle and late 1860s, despite rivalry from the likes of Remington and, later, Smith & Wesson the Navy remained popular on the frontier after the war, prior to the introduction of metallic cartridges, and it was the chosen weapon among Texas cowboys and also favoured by gunfighters in the cow towns.
A Most Rare 1859 British Rifle Cutlass-Bayonet with Bowl Guard Leather Grip This is a very nice example of a rare Victorian bayonet with it's most impressive bowl guard. Made for the Royal Navy to fit on the Enfield rifle it had a duel purpose being a very long and effective bayonet when mounted on the rifle, and just as effective when used on it's own in close combat boarding and land patrol actions. 26.5 inch blade. Blade shows considerable edge to edge sword combat cut impacts. In 1858 a new bayonet for the navy was suggested using a cutlass style blade, with a guard designed by Colonel Dixon. The first type (above) pattern 1859 Naval Cutlass Bayonet was approved on 18th April 1859 and it followed the typical cutlass design with a heavy 26½ inch (675mm) unfullered blade, and a wide steel half basket hilt and wooden grips A second type (above) pattern 1959 Naval Cutlass Bayonet was approved on 1st May 1859, but had the wooden grips replaced with impressed leather ones. These bayonets were meant for the .577 cal short naval Enfield rifles, and Naval snider conversions. One original photo in the gallery of Bayonet Cutlass Drill, and another of a print of an exhibition of the new Gatling hand revolving Machine Gun, shown alongside two stands of arms bearing cutlass bayonets mounted on Enfield rifles. This is a very nice example of the relatively scarce British Pattern 1859 Type II Naval Cutlass Bayonet for use on the Pattern 1858 “Enfield” Naval Rifle. These rifles had thicker barrels than the standard Pattern 1856 rifle and were rifled with 5 grooves instead of the normal 3 grooves. The British military wanted to create a dual-purpose bayonet for the rifle (much like Admiral Dahlgren did with his Bowie Knife/Bayonet for the US M-1861 Naval Rifle), and settled on a combination naval cutlass & bayonet as the most practical design. The length and weight of the bayonet must have made its use on the end of a rifle very awkward. In fact the bayonet had a massive long blade and an overall length of over 32”; the same length as the barrel of the rifle that it was intended to be attached to! The British military contracted for about many thousands of these cutlass bayonets, and it is interesting to note that aside from a small contract of less than 800 delivered by Reeves of Birmingham, all of the other contractors involved used Solingen made blades in the fabrication of their bayonets. In the 1870's the cutlass's barrel ring mounts were bushed to fit the new Martini Henry Rifle. Once the Solingen blades arrived in England, the contractors who had the contracts to produce the bayonets would assemble, hilt and deliver them to the Ordnance Department.
A Most Rare 1888 Metford & Long Lee Bayonet With Rare Adapted Muzzle Ring Mk I type II. A completely untouched and uncleaned example with original surface patina and full Naval service markings. Likely for a prototype naval version of the British service rifle at the time, taken to and saw service in China in the Battle for Peking and later to the Boer War, but a rifle and bayonet probably never placed in general service. We have never seen another example with such an adaption, and we have shown it to two other serious bayonet experts, one a highly respected author on weaponry and the other with over 30 years experience in the arms trade, [whom we have known as friends for over 30 years] and both have never seen its like before either. In every other respect it is a regular 1888 pattern British service rifle bayonet. Naval 'N' service stamp on scabbard throat, and on the hilt by the adapted muzzle ring. Scabbard steel painted with original issue black naval issue paint. The bayonet has also traces of original black naval service issue paint. Fitted for combat upon a rifle used in the Chinese Legations during the Boxer Rebellion in Peking in June 1900. The Battle of Peking, or historically the Relief of Peking, was the battle on 14–15 August 1900, in which a multi-national force, led by Britain, relieved the siege of foreign legations in Peking (now Beijing) during the Boxer Rebellion. From 20 June 1900, Boxer forces and Imperial Chinese troops had besieged foreign diplomats, citizens and soldiers within the legations of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Russia, Spain and the United States within the city of Peking. Although a lot more expensive than a regular version it may indeed prove be the best value 1888 pattern British bayonet available on the collecting market today.
A Most Rare 19th Century Romanov, Russian Shashka, 'Sword of Chivalry'. A most rare desirable and collectible sword of the Russian Romanov. A sword of gallantry and honour awarded to an officer who displayed the finest valour serving his Czar, the equivalent at the time to the Victoria Cross medal in England or the US Medal of Honor in America. The hilt is silver surrounding a central carved ribbed grip of walrus ivory, and it is engraved on the pommel in Russian to represent gallantry and there's the red enamel badge of Saint Anna of Russia the blade is simply superb decorated in fine scrolls and imperial scenes of cavalry, stands of arms and flags, and the crest of Czar Alexander of Russia, the father of Czar Nicholas II, the executed last Czar of all the Russias. The spine of the blade bears a cyrillic Russian inscription by the maker Zlatoust, and date 1883. The silver pommel is engraved in Russian, the closest translation in English is 'for Bravery'. The blade is superbly etched with panels of charging cossack cavalry, the crest of the Romanov Czar, Alexander III, the Cross of St Anna, and numerous scrolls and geometric designs, plus traces of original blue and gilt in the fullers. Swords of this nature are some of the most desirable Russian swords ever made and collected from the old Imperial Romanov Russia, and this one is certainly one of the finest we have ever seen. The Order of Saint Anna ("Order of Saint Ann" or "Order of Saint Anne") was established as a Holstein ducal and then Russian imperial order of chivalry established by Karl Friedrich, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, on 14 February 1735, in honour of his wife Anna Petrovna, daughter of Peter the Great of Russia. The motto of the Order is "Amantibus Justitiam, Pietatem, Fidem" ("To those who love justice, piety, and fidelity"). Its festival day is 3 February (New Style, 16 February). Originally, the Order of Saint Anna was a dynastic order of knighthood; but between 1797 and 1917 it had dual status as a dynastic order and as a state order. The Head of the Imperial House of Russia always is Master of the imperial Order of Saint Anna. The Order of St. Anna continued to be awarded after the revolution by Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich, Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich, and Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna. Membership of the Order was awarded for a distinguished valour and distinguished service in the military. The Order of Saint Anna entitled recipients of the first class to hereditary nobility, and recipients of lower classes to personal nobility. For military recipients, it was awarded with swords such as this wonderful superior rank example. The blade makers marks of Zlatoust. The House of Romanov was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on 15 March 1917, as a result of the February Revolution. The Romanovs achieved prominence as boyars of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, later the Tsardom of Russia. In 1613, following years of interregnum (Time of Troubles), the zemsky sobor offered the Russian crown to Mikhail Romanov. He acceded to the throne as Michael I, becoming the first Tsar of Russia from the House of Romanov. His grandson Peter I established the Russian Empire and transformed the country into a continental power through a series of wars and reforms. The direct male line of the Romanovs came to an end when Elizabeth of Russia died in 1762. After an era of dynastic crisis, the House of Holstein-Gottorp, a cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg that reigned in Denmark, ascended the throne in 1762 with Peter III, a grandson of Peter I. All rulers from the middle of the 18th century to the revolution of 1917 were descended from that branch. Though officially known as the House of Romanov, these descendants of the Romanov and Oldenburg dynasties are sometimes referred to as Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov. In early 1917 the Romanov dynasty had 65 members, 18 of whom were killed by the Bolsheviks. The remaining 47 members went into exile abroad. In 1924, Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich, the senior, surviving male-line descendant of Alexander II of Russia by primogeniture, claimed the headship of the defunct Imperial House of Russia. Since 1991, the succession to the former Russian throne has been in dispute, largely due to disagreements over the validity of dynasts' marriages, especially between the lines of Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia and Prince Nicholas Romanovich Romanov, succeeded by Prince Andrew Romanov.
A Most Rare American Civil War Grand Army of the Republic Grave Marker, 1861-65. A Grand Army of the Republic Grave marker, early original brass version, with natural age patinated haft with characteristic star shaped head marked GAR 1861-1865. Very rare to see in Europe at all. In America they must not be removed from the grave site, most rightly so, but in the late 19th century, some of the fallen soldiers families re-emigrated back to their home country, and would, if possible, bring back a GAR grave marker as a rememberance of a lost loved one. The last one we obtained, around 40 years ago, was due once again to this very reason, and we acquired it from the descendants of his extant family after the last of them had passed away. In many ways it is an honour, and mark of great respect to own own of these most rare pieces, that hardly ever survive in England today. If it was named, which sadly they never were, we would have returned it to the Civil War soldier's home town. Anyone who visits cemeteries will see GAR markers in older sections. These markers were placed at the grave sites of Union soldier veterans from the Civil War upon their death. The Union soldier represented the Federal Government. They are in the shape of a star, made from iron, brass, later ones of aluminum, and have the inscription "GAR 1861 1885." The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army (United States Army), Union Navy (U.S. Navy), Marines and the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War for the Northern/Federal forces. Founded in 1866 in Decatur, Illinois, and growing to include hundreds of posts (local community units) across the nation (predominately in the North, but also a few in the South and West). The G.A.R. became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, promoting patriotic education, helping to make Memorial Day a national holiday, lobbying the United States Congress to establish regular veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at more than 490,000, was in 1890, a high point of various Civil War commemorative and monument dedication ceremonies. It was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW), composed of male descendants of Union Army and Union Navy veterans.
A Most Rare And Desirable Mauser Bayonet 1888 Of Earliest Machine Gun Troop Marked 2nd Guard Grenadier Machine Gewere No 14. From the very earliest Imperial German Machine Gun company of the elite 2nd Guard Grenadier regt. In 1908 the German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen-und-Munitionsfabriken was licensed to produce the British-designed Maxim machine gun. As well as making a 7.9-mm version for the German Army – the MG08 – the company also produced a 7.65-mm export version, the MG09, which was sold to Bulgaria, China, Romania and the Ottoman Empire. Although many were lost in the Balkan Wars, the MG09 was the machine gun used against the New Zealanders and other Allied troops at Gallipoli. The Ottoman Army received large quantities of MG08s once German military aid was resumed in 1916, and both types of machine gun were used by the Turks in the Sinai and Palestine campaigns. Both German Maxims had an effective range of 2000 m and fired at a rate of 300 rounds per minute. No scabbard.
A Most Rare Antique 17th to 18th Century Sinhalese Kastane Sword Interesting kastane with the carved wood makara pommel a recurved knuckleguard and two quillon also with the Makara head and counter quillon with Makara [5 in all]. The hilt is delictely inlaid with brass inlays as is the blade. A typical 17th to 18th century sword from ancient Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) which was in ancient times known as the Kingdom of Lions (Sinhaladwipa) often termed Sinhala. The term Sinha is lion in Hindu. These lionheads in grotesque form are of course representing this heritage. The makara represents the Hindu water beast (fish/crocodile) ridden by Varuna. Pommel with small jaw section lacking.The kastane is the national sword of Sri Lanka. It typically has a short curved single-edged blade, double-edged at the point. The hilt comprises a knuckle-guard and down-turned quillons, each terminating in a dragon's head. The swords were intended to serve as badges of rank; the quality of ornamentation depending on the status of the wearer. The establishment of European trading contacts with South Asia by the late 16th and early 17th century led to these swords becoming fashionable dress accessories among European gentlemen. A kastane can be seen in an equestrian portrait of Colonel Alexander Popham at Littlecote House in the care of the Royal Armouries Collection (I.315).
A Most Rare Early Georgian King's, Captain of the Guard Partisan Polearm The Captain of the Guard was the commanding position of the British military security force for the King. The position rank goes back centuries. This Captain's partisan is almost 300 years old, bearing the fretted monogram of the early King George. The position of Captain of the Guard is not or no longer associated with the rank of Captain. The Guard is commonly associated with bodyguard duty for royalty or head of state. Even the Royal Collection and the Tower do not have a surviving example to match this one. Yeomen of the Guard with partisans A partisan (also partizan) is a type of polearm that was used in Europe in the Middle Ages. It consisted of a spearhead mounted on a long shaft, usually wooden, with protrusions on the sides which aided in parrying sword thrusts.
A Most Rare Early J. Gordon Bennett Ballooning Cup Medal. Bronze J. Gordon Bennett Cup commemorative medal; Obverse: relief of the J. Gordon Bennett Trophy Cup depicted, embossed text "COUPE AERONAUTIQUE, J. GORDON BENNETT", inscribed text "WON BY THE AERO CLUB OF AMERICA, FRANK P. LAHM 1906, EDGAR W. MIX 1909, ALAN R. HAWLEY 1910"; Reverse: embossed text of the St. Regis hotel dinner menu. There is an example in the Smithsonian. The Coupe Aéronautique Gordon Bennett, is the most prestigious event in aviation and the ultimate challenge for the balloon pilots and their equipment. The goal is simple: to fly the furthest distance from the launch site. The international balloon competition was initiated by adventurer and newspaper tycoon Gordon Bennett in 1906, when 16 balloons launched from the Tuileries Gardens in Paris, France. The reverse of the medal shows the menu of the celebration meal at the St Regis Hotel, March 29th 1911
A Most Rare King James Iind 'Gun Money' Half Crown Coin Dated May 1690 Minted in Ireland for the War In Ireland. The title means exactly what it says! These coins were struck in Ireland and used to pay the common soldiers of James II's army, who were helping him to regain the English throne from William and Mary. Most historians believe that the foreign officers - mostly French, Spanish and Portuguese - refused to be paid in anything other than gold or silver.30 penny piece half crown. Gun money was an issue of coins made by the forces of James II during the Williamite War in Ireland between 1689 and 1691. They were minted in base metal (copper, brass or pewter), and were designed to be redeemed for silver coins following a victory by James II and consequently bore the date in months to allow a gradual replacement. As James lost the war, that replacement never took place, although the coins were allowed to circulate at much reduced values before the copper coinage was resumed. They were mostly withdrawn from circulation in the early 18th century. The name "gun money" stems from the idea that they were minted from melted down guns, they consisted mostly of old cannon or church bells, and they looked brassy or coppery according to the "mix". The main mint was at Dublin, but in 1690 - when Limerick was under siege until 1691 - a second mint was set up. There were two issues. The first "large" issue consisted of sixpences, shillings and half crowns (2½ shillings). The second, "small" issue consisted of shillings, halfcrowns and crowns (5 shillings). Some of the second issue were overstruck on large issue pieces, with shillings struck over sixpences, half crowns on shillings and crowns on half crowns. The most notable feature of the coins is the date, because the month of striking was also included. This was so that after the war (in the event of James' victory), soldiers would be able to claim interest on their wages, which had been withheld from proper payment for so long. Specimen strikings were produced in silver and gold for most months, and these tend to be extremely rare. Though all these coins are unique in having the month and date on them, as they are the only British coins to have this distinction. The war in Ireland the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691.
A Most Rare Royal Marines Presentation Combat Sword of The China Wars Named on the blade, with a presentation etched panel, for a RM officer, John Charles Downie Morrieson, who served as a captain and then major in the Royal Marines. Very good gothic hilt with pieced VR cypher, wooden spiral ribbed grip, pipe backed blade and brass field service scabbard. As a Royal Marine officer he served in the naval Battle of Vuelta de Obligado, which took place on the waters of the Paraná River on November 20, 1845, between the Argentine Confederation, under the leadership of Juan Manuel de Rosas, and an Anglo-French fleet, and later, in the the China Expedition, the 2nd Opium War of 1857-58. Including the blockade of the Canton River, the landing before, and the storm and capture of the City. He served as Provost Marshal and D.A.A.General to the Army in garrison at Canton. The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the British Empire and the Second French Empire against the Qing Dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860. It was fought over similar issues as the First Opium War.Chinese authorities were reluctant to keep to the terms of the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. They had tried to keep out as many foreign merchants as possible and had victimized Chinese merchants who traded with the British at the treaty ports. To protect those Chinese merchants who were friendly to them in Hong Kong, the British granted their ships British registration in the hope that the Chinese authorities would not interfere with vessels carrying the British flag. In October 1856, Chinese authorities in Canton seized a vessel called the Arrow, which had been engaged in piracy. The Arrow had formerly been registered as a British ship, and still flew the British flag. The British consul in Canton demanded the immediate release of the crew and an apology for the insult to the British flag. The crew were released, but an apology was not given. In reprisal, the British governor in Hong Kong ordered warships to bombard Canton. The Chinese issue figured prominently in the British general election of March 1857, which Palmerston won with an increased majority. He now felt able to press British claims more vigorously. The French were also eager to be involved after their envoy, Baron Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros, seemingly had his demands ignored (French complaints involved a murdered missionary and French rights in Canton). A strong Anglo-French force under Admiral Sir Michael Seymour occupied Canton (December 1857), then cruised north to capture briefly the Taku forts near Tientsin (May 1858).Negotiations among China, Britain, France, the USA and Russia led to the Tientsin Treaties of June 26–29, 1858, which theoretically brought peace. China agreed to open more treaty ports, to legalize opium importation, to establish a maritime customs service with foreign inspection and to allow foreign legations at Peking and missionaries in the interior. China soon abrogated the Anglo-French treaties and refused to allow foreign diplomats into Peking. On June 25, 1859 British Admiral Sir James Hope bombarded the forts guarding the mouth of the Hai River, below Tientsin. However, landing parties were repulsed and the British squadron was severely damaged by a surprisingly efficient Chinese garrison. Anglo-French forces gathered at Hong Kong in May 1860. A joint amphibious expedition moved north to the Gulf of Po Hai. It consisted of 11,000 British under General Sir James Hope Grant and 7,000 French under Lieutenant General Cousin-Montauban. Unopposed landings were made at Pei-Tang (August 1, 1860). The Taku forts were taken by assault with the assistance of the naval forces (August 21). The expedition then advanced up-river from Tientsin. As it approached Peking, the Chinese asked for talks and an armistice. An allied delegation under Sir Harry Smith Parkes was sent to parley, but they were seized and imprisoned (September 18). It was later learned that half of them died under diablocal torture [the notorious so-called Death of a Thousand Cuts]. The expedition pressed ahead, defeating some 30,000 Chinese in two engagements, before reaching the walls of Peking on September 26. Preparations for an assault commenced and the Old Summer Palace (Yuan Ming Yuan) was occupied and looted. Another Chinese request for peace was accepted and China agreed to all demands. The survivors of the Parkes delegation were returned, though General Grant burned and destroyed the Old Summer Palace in reprisal for the mistreatment of the Parkes party. Ten new treaty ports, including Tientsin, were opened to trade with the western powers, foreign diplomats were to be allowed at Peking, and the opium trade was to be regulated by the Chinese authorities. Kowloon, on the mainland opposite Hong Kong Island, was surrendered to the British. Permission was granted for foreigners (including Protestant and Catholic missionaries) to travel throughout the country. An indemnity of three million ounces of silver was paid to Great Britain and two million to France. The hilt is good with fold down guard the grip is a service replacement [possibly in Chinese service]. The scabbard is good with minor denting, the blade has a good etched panels of Royal cyphers and the name of this officer. Spelling in the Scottish manner with 'ie', his recorded British armed service manner is without the 'e' as usual. Adapted combat service wooden grip
A Most Rare Scottish, 1620's Beak-Nose Ribbon Basket Hilted Broadsword . From the times of King Charles Stuart, the son of King James Stuart VIth born 9 June 1566 at Edinburgh Castle, grandson of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and Mary I [Queen of Scots]. King Charles Stuart [Charles Ist], was born on the 19th November 1600 at Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, the son of James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark. With the early flat bars known as ribbons, with the beak nose front. Very good unmarked blade possibly German with three fullers down around one third of it's length. Original wooden grip in original black lacquer finish. The Stewarts of Lennox were a junior branch of the Stewart family; they were not, however, direct male line descendants of Robert II, the first Stewart who became King of Scots, but rather that of his ancestor Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland. In the past, through the means of the Auld Alliance with France, they had adapted their surname to the French form, Stuart. Consequently, when the son of the Earl of Lennox, Henry, Lord Darnley, married the Queen of Scots, Mary I, their son, as the first King of the Lennox branch of the Stewart family, ruled as a Stuart. James VI also became King of England and Ireland as James I in 1603, when his cousin Elizabeth I died; thereafter, although the two crowns of England and Scotland remained separate, the monarchy was based chiefly in England. Charles I, James's son, found himself faced with Civil War; the resultant conflict lasted eight years, and ended in his execution. The English Parliament then decreed their monarchy to be at an end; the Scots Parliament, after some deliberation, broke their links with England, and declared that Charles II, son and heir of Charles I, would become King. He ruled until 1651; however, the armies of Oliver Cromwell occupied Scotland and drove him into exile. Sword length around 90 cm long. Likely Solingen blade, the top of the basket has perished through due to and likely due to being constantly mounted of the wall of an unknown Scottish Castle for over 200 years. No scabbard
A Most Rare Victorian Constabulary Or Beadle's Walking Stave Quarter-Staff. Bearing the hand painted decoration of a large gilt and coloured crown, and a gilt VR monogram for the monarch, Queen Victoria,above the date 1849. It has a fair amount of surface paint wear caused by service use in its working life. Based on the old English quarterstaff a beadle or policeman's walking stave that was originally used in the days before a regular uniform had been designed for the British police service. It was a means of identifying the bearer as to his rank, status and authority as a police constable, yet still a most effective weapon of defence and restraint when required, but they continued in use after uniforms were fully standard, but only for a brief period. Very few of these most unusual original police service artifacts survive today. Stick fighting was prevalent throughout historical European martial arts and indeed worldwide. The oldest systematic descriptions of stick-fighting methods in Europe date to the 15th century. The oldest surviving English work giving technical information on staff combat dates from the 15th century - it is a brief listing of "strokes of the 2-hand staff", which shares terminology with the preceding "strokes of the 2-hand sword" in the same manuscript. George Silver (1599) explains techniques of short staff combat, and states that the use of other polearms and the two-handed sword are based on the same method. Later authors on the subject included Joseph Swetnam, Zachary Wylde, and Donald McBane. Silver, Swetnam, and Wylde all agreed that the staff was among the best, if not the very best, of all hand weapons. During the 16th century quarterstaves were favoured as weapons by the London Masters of Defence. Richard Peeke, in 1625, and Zachary Wylde, in 1711, refer to the quarterstaff as a national English weapon. By the 18th century the weapon became popularly associated with gladiatorial prize playing. A modified version of quarterstaff fencing, employing bamboo or ash staves and protective equipment adapted from fencing, boxing and cricket was revived as a sport in some London fencing schools and at the Aldershot Military Training School during the later 19th century. Works on this style were published by Thomas McCarthy and by Allanson-Winn and Phillips-Wolley. A superb photo in the gallery of a Victorian city Beadle with his near identical quarter staff. Around 73 inches long
A Most Resplendent, Victorian, Royal Horse Guards Fanfare Trumpet Banner Rarely seen or available these wondrous pieces of magnificent, British, Royal Household regalia were never made for use other than for royal service within the bodyguard of the reigning British monarch. They were and are always made of the finest quality materials, such as silk, purest gold and silver, by craftsmen and women with superlative skill and dedication. When taken from service these wonderful pieces were more often than not hung in churches or cathedrals to commemorate men or officers of the Household Cavalry lost in battle. This banner is composed of crimson silk damask, embroidered with the 1837 Royal Arms of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, in silks, gold and silver bullion wire. Edged with a gold thread fringe. It is now in faded and worn condition as to be expected for a piece of such age and use. The present royal service trumpet banner conforms to the design type first introduced in the reign of Charles II (1660-1685). The history of the Band of The Life Guards began when King Charles II entered London accompanied by a throng of 20,000 horse and foot on his birthday, 29th May 1660. On this day, commemorated as Oakapple Day in recognition of his escape when a fugitive by hiding in the Boscobel Oak Tree, it is recorded that, at the public entry into London, he was escorted by three troops of The Life Guards each preceded by it’s own kettledrummer and four trumpeters. The origins of the Band you hear today derive from this proud occasion. At this time the use of kettledrums and trumpets was confined to the Army and the nobility and, even among the Kings troops. The Life Guards alone had the privilege of using kettledrums. The musicians held warrants of appointment from the King were paid at the rate of five shillings per day. In 1678 they wore uniforms of velvet, silver laced, and their instruments had richly embroidered and trimmed banners, the whole cost defrayed by the King. This is the origin of the State Dress worn to this day by the Band and Trumpeters. The design was based on that of the King’s racing colours and, when Parliament refused to cover the full cost of the Gold Coats, the Lord Mayor of London met the outstanding debt. In recognition of this he is the only person outside the Royal Family for whom Gold Coats are worn. The Royal Horse Guards were formed in 1661 from cavalry of the former New Model Army and were given the nickname of the Oxford Blues, in recognition of their first colonel, the Earl of Oxford, and to their blue uniforms. It is recorded that from the outset that the Regiment had kettledrummers and trumpeters. In 1661 the Tangier Horse was raised for service on the Mediterranean coast of Africa. By 1702 the Tangier had changed to a Dragon Regiment and evolved to be The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) and had a band consisting of 8 drummers and 8 hautbois (an early form of oboe). Soon after, in 1710, kettledrummers were added and in 1766 the drummers were converted to trumpeters. The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) had also acquired trumpeters and drummers and in 1805 King George III personally presented a pair of solid silver kettledrums as testimony to their ‘Honourable and Military conduct on all occasions’. These kettledrums continue to be used today and can be seen carried and played by the mounted drummer on the Queen’s Birthday Parade on Horse Guards. In 1969 The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) amalgamated with 1st The Royal Dragoons (The Royals) to become The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons). This banner would have been used in the eras of; First Opium War 1839–1842 First Anglo Marri War 1840 First Anglo-Sikh War 1845–1846 Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852–1853 Crimean War 1853–1856 Anglo-Persian War 1856–1857 Second Opium War 1856–1860 Indian Rebellion 1857 New Zealand land wars 1845–1872 Second Anglo-Sikh War 1848–1849 Second Ashanti War 1863–1864 Bhutan War 1864–1865 Third Ashanti War 1873–1874 Second Anglo-Afghan War 1878–1880 Anglo-Zulu War 1879 Second Anglo Marri War 1880 First Boer War 1880–1881 Third Anglo-Burmese War 1885 Mahdist War 1891–1899 Fourth Ashanti War 1894 Anglo-Zanzibar War 1896 Shortest war in history lasted 38 minutes Boxer Rebellion 1899–1901 Second Boer War 1899–1902 Framed and glazed in a simple modern gilt frame. It could be so much complimented by a fine antique Georgian or Victorian frame
A Most Scarce American Gamblers 'Wild West' Sharps 4 Barrel Derringer These guns were made from about 1860 to 1872 in Philadelphia USA, and this specimen is in remarkable condition for its age, and it was made in 1868. This is a very nice example of a Sharps multi barrel Derringer in .30 Rimfire calibre and still showing a very good amount of original blue finish and a fair amount of nickel plating on the frame. This Derringer has a brass frame, blued and fluted 3" barrels, and wooden grips with a squared frame juncture. Serial number on the bottomstrap is in the 19,000 range. The right side of the frame is marked in a circular pattern "C.SHARPS & CO. PHILADA. PA." while the left side is marked "C SHARPS PATENT 1859". This was a fascinating design that incorporated a rotating firing pin that turned 90 degrees over to the next barrel each time the hammer was cocked. The firing pin rotates on a small cylinder at the face of the hammer. A hand pushes a series of cams on the back of the cylinder to turn the pin…much the same way a revolver cylinder is turned by a similar mechanism.The Derringer pistol that we have here evolved from the name of a small calibre pistol used to assasinate Abraham Lincoln, from that time on, all small calibre concealable pistols have been called or utilised the name Derringer. In the century and a half since it happened, populist history has largely boiled down the assassination of Abraham Lincoln to the story of a single perpetrator: John Wilkes Booth. Four of the eight convicted for participating in the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln in April of 1865 died on the gallows three months later. But in his appearance at the Camden County Historical Society, Lincoln scholar Hugh Boyle made clear that the real story is a sprawling epic. It involves a gang of Confederate operatives and sympathizers that first plotted to kidnap the President and, when that failed, decided to murder not only him, but the Vice President and Secretary of State as well. Their goal was to decapitate and destabilize the federal government in hopes of forcing a settlement to the war that would avoid the South's total defeat. In the end, they managed to kill Lincoln and seriously injure Secretary of State William Seward. By 1865, the South was a vast swath of utter destruction. It was a time of massive upheaval, great danger and high emotion for the South, so the idea that someone might be thinking about attacking the President or other high government officials was not a crazy one in the atmosphere of the times." The frustrations and angst of the Southern cause came to a boil in April of 1865. Its capital, Richmond, Va. -- now a burned out hulk of a city -- was captured and occupied by Ulysses S. Grant's forces on April 3. Six days later, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered and was disarmed at Appomattox. Three days after that -- April 11 -- President Lincoln, standing in a second-story window of the White House, spoke to a huge crowd in a city gone wild in celebration of the Appomattox surrender. But among those listening in that crowd were John Wilkes Booth and 21-year-old Lewis Thornton Powell. John Wilkes Booth, one of America's most famous actors of the time, and Lewis Thornton Powell were enraged by the President's White House speech on April 11. Three days later, Booth killed Lincoln in Ford's Theater while Powell tried to kill Secretary of State William Seward in his home. Booth was one of the country's most famous actors and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. His young companion, Powell, was a Confederate army veteran and a second cousin of Confederate general John B. Gordon The gang leader -- 27-year-old John Wilkes Booth -- was tracked down and shot to death by Union soldiers in Virginia. Eight others were convicted of being conspirators with Booth. Four were sentenced to death and hung, including the first woman ever executed by the U.S. government. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Scarce 52nd Regt, of Light Infantry Pioneer Sword This sword is an absolute beauty, and such a rare piece from the late Georgian era. It has a stunning cast brass hilt with a superb cast lion pommel and the regiment number of the 52nd and the Light Infantry Bugle. This sword was made specifically for the 52nd and we very rarely see examples of it from one decade to the next. Most examples have the saw back form, but this is the adapted, back-sword blade with double edged fore-section. Overall 29.5 inches long, blade 24 inches.
A Most Scarce and Beautiful Antique Balinese Executioner's Keris The hilt is a gilt metal figure modelled likely as Bayu, Hindu god of wind, seated on a rock, his right hand holding the flask with life-elixer, the left a part of his shawl, his face with ferocious expression and bulging eyes studded with coloured glass-beads. It has a very nice very long blade of the excecutioner's form. This is a nice piece and a most unusually seen variation of these interesting weapons, called the Kris or Keris. Good antique gold coloured metal hilts of Bayu, studded with glass beads such as this, are most collectable and they occassionally appear, on the collector's market, frequently mounted on a base, without their blades, and sold as Asian Object D'art. In Sale No.2501, at Christie's, their sale of Asian Ceramics and Works of Art, on the 8 May 2001, in Amsterdam, a gold coloured metal figure of this very kind, also studded with similar glass beads, sold for $9,390 US Dollars.
A Most Scarce Reading Borough Police Cutlass No 53 Circa 1840 The Reading Borough Police was a police force for the borough of Reading in the United Kingdom. The force was created in 1836, at which time it had a strength of 30 constables, two sergeants and two inspectors. With brass hilt, sharkskin bound grip brass and leather scabbard., and blade etched with R.B.P No 53. Current Police Officers, on late night duty, do, what is now very commonly called the 'graveyard shift'. This old English term is in fact derived from the early days of the British constabulary force, when undertaking the late night duty of patrolling graveyards. Which was to a regular patrol made in order to prevent body snatchers from defiling late burials, and the stealing of bodies, for medical experimentation. This was a highly dangerous part of Victorian policing, as grave robbing was a capital crime, so, the police constables were armed with these swords to protect them from 'grave' assault. These swords were also issued in case of riot, and in various times for general service wear as well. Small loss to top of grip and leather stitching on the scabbard separated.
A Most Scarce Spanish Peninsular War, 1796 Pattern Bilboa Cavalry Sword A fabulous, original, example of these scarce rapier type Spanish 18th century broadswords. The hilt is in superb order, with excellent wire bound grip and large shaped bowl, as is the very long broadsword blade. In 1796 (although there is a controversy around the precise date) a new model sword for Spanish cavalry troopers was adopted. This beautiful example, showing very classic lines and a very similar construction to the previous pattern, presents an almost full cup-hilt in a rapier style, curved quillons and knuckle-bow. The blade was very similar to that of 1728 pattern, having these dimensions: length 940 mm, width 35, thickness 6 mm. Alongside the later 1803 pattern change these were predominantly used by cavalry at the Battle of Baylen, the crushing defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armee in the Spanish invasion. Battle of Baylen Fought July 19, 1808, between 15,000 Spaniards under Castaflos, and 20,000 French under Dupont. The French were totally defeated with a loss of over 2,000 men, and Dupont surrendered with his whole army. The Battle of Bailén [Baylen] was contested in 1808 between the Spanish Army of Andalusia, led by Generals Francisco Castaños and Theodor von Reding, and the Imperial French Army's II corps d'observation de la Gironde under General Pierre Dupont de l'Étang. The heaviest fighting took place near Bailén (sometimes anglicized Baylen), a village by the Guadalquivir river in the Jaén province of southern Spain. In June 1808, following the widespread uprisings against the French occupation of Spain, Napoleon organized French units into flying columns to pacify Spain's major centres of resistance. One of these, under General Dupont, was dispatched across the Sierra Morena and south through Andalusia to the port of Cádiz where an French naval squadron lay at the mercy of the Spanish. The Emperor was confident that with 20,000 men, Dupont would crush any opposition encountered on the way.[7] Events proved otherwise, and after storming and plundering Córdoba in July, Dupont retraced his steps to the north of the province to await reinforcements. Meanwhile, General Castaños, commanding the Spanish field army at San Roque, and General von Reding, Governor of Málaga, travelled to Seville to negotiate with the Seville Junta—a patriotic assembly committed to resisting the French incursions—and to turn the province's combined forces against the French. Dupont's failure to leave Andalusia proved disastrous. Between 16 and 19 July, Spanish forces converged on the French positions stretched out along villages on the Guadalquivir and attacked at several points, forcing the confused French defenders to shift their divisions this way and that. With Castaños pinning Dupont downstream at Andújar, Reding successfully forced the river at Mengibar and seized Bailén, interposing himself between the two wings of the French army. Caught between Castaños and Reding, Dupont attempted vainly to break through the Spanish line at Bailén in three bloody and desperate charges, losing more than 2,500 men. His counterattacks defeated, Dupont called for an armistice and was compelled to sign the Convention of Andújar which stipulated the surrender of almost 18,000 men, making Bailén the worst disaster and capitulation of the Peninsular War, and the first major defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armée. When news of the catastrophe reached the French high command in Madrid, the result was a general retreat to the Ebro, abandoning much of Spain to the insurgents. France's enemies in Spain and throughout Europe cheered at this first check to the hitherto unbeatable Imperial armies[8]—tales of Spanish heroism inspired Austria and showed the force of nation-wide resistance to Napoleon, setting in motion the rise of the Fifth Coalition against France.
A Most Scarce Victorian Hertfordshire Constabulary Cap badge, QVC (white-metal, lugs) A scarce police badge. 5cm
A Most Scarce, Edwardian, Royal Engineers Long Lee Enfield 1903 Bayonet Edwardian period, maker marked by Sanderson. Regimentally stamped dated 1903 and maker marked. Supeb bright blade and russetted surface steel mounts, with steel mounted leather scabbard. The earliest WW1 Enfield Rifle Bayonet, made from the earlier 1888 bayonet pattern blade, and designed for the early Long Lee in 1903, with cleaning rod removed, yet also fitting it's pre war replacement the Short Magazine Lee Enfield. This pattern of rare bayonet was only made for four peacetime years from 1903 until 1907 when it was changed for the long blade 1907 SMLE pattern. Made in relatively small numbers hence its rarity to survive today. This was the pattern of bayonet used in the 'Younghusband Expedition' Tibet campaign in 1903/4 by the Royal Engineers. The British expedition to Tibet during 1903 and 1904 was an invasion of Tibet by British Indian forces, seeking to prevent the Russian Empire from interfering in Tibetan affairs and thus gaining a base in one of the buffer states surrounding British India, by reasoning similar to that which had led British forces into Afghanistan twenty years before. Whilst British forces were remarkably successful with achieving their aims militarily, politically the invasion was unpopular in Britain, where it was virtually disowned post-war. The RE's has been involved in every major conflict the British Army has fought and has ever since lived up to its Motto "Ubique" ("Everywhere"). The Corps of Royal Engineers has a long heritage that not many corps can rival. They were the direct descent from William the Conqueror's Military Engineers who were directed in 1066 by Humphrey de Tilleaul. By the end of the Peninsular War in 1814 there were five companies serving with Wellington's Army. In 1856, the Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners were amalgamated with the Corps of Royal Engineers. The rank of 'Private' in the newly formed Corps of Royal Engineers was changed to 'Sapper' and still exists today. The Royal Engineers' interest in aeronautics began in the 1860's when they explored the possibilities of using air balloons for aerial observation purposes. This interest developed into an interest in fixed winged aircraft. In 1911 the Corps formed its Air Battalion, the first flying unit of the British Armed Forces. The Air Battalion was the forerunner of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force. From October 1916 the Royal Engineers had been working underground, constructing tunnels for the troops in preparation for the Battle of Arras in 1917. Beneath Arras itself there is a vast network of caverns called the boves, consisting of underground quarries and sewage tunnels. The engineers came up with a plan to add new tunnels to this network so that troops could arrive at the battlefield in secrecy and in safety. The size of the excavation was immense. In one sector alone four Tunnel Companies of 500 men each worked around the clock in 18-hour shifts for two months.
A Most Scarce, Victorian Military '7th Royal Fusiliers March' Polyphon Disc Ideal for both collectors of Royal Fusiliers items, and musical Polyphon discs. Polyphon is the trade name of a large coin-operated music box, a mechanical device first manufactured in the late 1800s and early 1900s in Germany or Switzerland. In March, 1854, France, Turkey and Britain declared war on Russia, and the theatre for the fighting was the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea. The Royal Fusiliers were dispatched as part of the Allied expedition and arrived to fight at the Battle of the Alma in September of 1854 and at Inkerman in November of the same year. The Regiment endured the brutal winter conditions of the Crimea during the siege of Sevastopol through the following winter, and were present at the end of that siege in September, 1855. The Regiment returned to England in 1856. Five members were awarded the newly-instituted Victoria Cross for valiant service in the Crimea. They were Assistant Surgeon Thomas Hale Egerton, Lieutenant William Hope, Private Matthew Hughes, Captain Henry Mitchell Jones and Private William Norman. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Battles of the Alma, Inkerman and Sevastopol. The second battalion was sent to Ireland in 1872 and then to India in 1874, eventually returning to England in 1889 after service on campaign in Afghanistan in 1880. In Afghanistan, Private Thomas Ashford was awarded a Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded comrade while under fire. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Afghanistan Campaign (1879-1880) and Kandahar (1880).
A Most Unusual Early 1853 Crimean War Victorian British Cavalry Sabre The sword as used in the both The 'Charge of the Heavy Brigade' and the 'Charge of the Light Brigade' at Balaklava. Unusual in that it is slightly lighter grade than a standard troopers sword, and it bears an officers grade blade made by and Old Bond St. London maker. This may indicate it was commissioned for an officer for the Crimean war who wished to carry a sword in combat with the more up to date, newly designated regular troopers pattern hilt, as opposed to the regular old type of 1821 light cavalry officer's pattern hilt. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, 6th Dragoons the 6th Dragoon Guards, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava was as follows; The first assault line consisted of the Scots Greys and one squadron of the Inniskillings, a total of less than 250 sabres. Only when the RSMs declared themselves happy with the alignment did Scarlett order his bugler to sound the 'Charge'. The idea of a charge conjures up images of the Light Brigade dashing forward at speed but Dragoons were larger men with much heavier equipment so their charge was more of a trot. Floundering at obstacles such as ditches or coppices they headed towards the massed ranks of Russian cavalry, pressing on inexorably at a mere 8 miles an hour. Slow they may have been but the effect of these heavy cavalrymen slamming into the much lighter Russian cavalry stunned their enemy. A letter from a Captain of the Inniskillings illustrates the mellee which followed: "Forward - dash - bang - clank, and there we were in the midst of such smoke, cheer, and clatter, as never before stunned a mortal's ear. it was glorious! Down, one by one, aye, two by two fell the thick skulled and over-numerous Cossacks.....Down too alas! fell many a hero with a warm Celtic heart, and more than one fell screaming loud for victory. I could not pause. It was all push, wheel, frenzy, strike and down, down, down they went. Twice I was unhorsed, and more than once I had to grip my sword tighter, the blood of foes streaming down over the hilt, and running up my very sleeve....now we were lost in their ranks - now in little bands battling - now in good order together, now in and out." In the words of Colonel Paget of the Light Brigade "It was a mighty affair, and considering the difficulties under which the Heavy Brigade laboured, and the disparity of numbers, a feat of arms which, if it ever had its equal, was certainly never surpassed in the annals of cavalry warfare, and the importance of which in its results can never be known." October 25, 1854 The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava by Lord Alfred Tennyson [first verse] The charge of the gallant three hundred, the Heavy Brigade! Down the hill, down the hill, thousands of Russians, Thousands of horsemen, drew to the valley–and stay’d; For Scarlett and Scarlett’s three hundred were riding by When the points of the Russian lances arose in the sky; And he call’d, ‘Left wheel into line!’ and they wheel’d and obey’d. Then he look’d at the host that had halted he knew not why, And he turn’d half round, and he bade his trumpeter sound To the charge, and he rode on ahead, as he waved his blade To the gallant three hundred whose glory will never die– ‘Follow,’ and up the hill, up the hill, up the hill, Follow’d the Heavy Brigade.
A Most Wonderful, Antique, British 7th Dragoon Guards Helmet This example is very beautiful indeed, in jolly nice condition, featuring a starburst helmet plate with "Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense" (Evil to him who evil thinks) the regimental royal motto encircling the numeral "7" to front of the all brass helmet bowl complete with laurel and oak leaf decorated bandings. Mounted on the spike with its original white horse hair plume to top mount. The leather liner and chin chain are original and also in nice condition. The last of the military heavy cavalry battle helmets that fit into any British Indian and African Colonial Campaigns of the 1870s,1880s and 1890s. At the turn of the 18th century, the 7th Dragoon Guards regiment's establishment was 10 troops with 80 men per troop. In 1812, their cocked hats were replaced by helmets with horse-tail crests, and the regiment moved constantly throughout England, Scotland and Ireland. In 1819, the bearskin crest helmet was introduced. For the next twenty years, the Regiment was heavily committed to domestic policing duties. In 1843 the Regiment went to South Africa where they fought the Seventh Kaffir War (also referred to as the Xhosa War, 1846-47). At a skirmish on the Keiskamma River in 1846, the regimental silver was captured by the Xhosa tribesmen! The Regiment remained in the colony until 1849 and a significant proportion of soldiers chose to remain in South Africa as settlers rather than return to England. The Regiment travelled to India in 1857 in response to the Mutiny, remaining there for ten years and returning to England in 1867. In 1882 they were sent overseas again in response to the Egyptian Revolution (1879-82) culminating in the battle of Tel El Kebir (1882). The attack on Te-el-Kebir was a well planned surprise attack that involved a 13-mile long silent march by night to launch a dawn attack on the enemy defences. The cavalry were to position themselves on the north-east of the enemy to cut off their retreat. When the infantry launched their attack, the cavalry were alerted and advanced towards the camp. The expected retreat was a complete rout. The cavalry were ordered not to kill any Egyptians who laid down their arms. The 7th trotted amongst them, coming to little harm as the enemy were all happy to give themselves up. The total Egyptian dead amounted to 2,000, most being killed in the short infantry battle. The British lost 57 killed, while the cavalry suffered no casualties. Returning to England, the Regiment has a short respite before travelling to India in 1891 and then to Egypt in 1893. Returning to England in 1894, the Regiment enjoyed six years of comparative peace before leaving for South Africa in 1900 under the command of Lt. Col. W H M Lowe. At that time the Regiment totalled 24 officers, 565 men and 506 horses. They were in action throughout Boer War as part of the 4th Cavalry brigade (together with the 8th Hussars and the 14th Hussars) under command of General John French. A dragoon helmet was an ornate style of metal combat helmet featuring a tall crest; they were initially used by dragoons, but later by other types of heavy cavalry and some other military units. Originating in France in the second half of the 18th century, it was widely imitated by other European armies and was last used in combat in 1914. Some military units continue to wear this style of helmet for parades and other ceremonial duties. In 1847 with the "Albert Pattern", a dome topped spiked helmet with a falling horsehair plume, which could be removed when on campaign and in battle. The Albert Pattern helmet was also used by cavalry raised in various parts of the British Empire, for example, The Governor General's Horse Guards, formed in Canada in 1855. The pattern changed slightly in the 1870's, The skull bears just a few small service dents and the badge star [only one affixing screw] a small loss at 3 0'clock.
A n Original 1870's Victorian 9th Voltiguers De Quebec Shako Plate A very good scarce badge of the Canadian Light Infantry volunteers. 3 loop pin mounting posts. In superb condition. the '9' unit mark denotes issue to the 9th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada (Voltigeurs de Québec). They were one of the units mobilized and sent out west during the 1885 North West Rebellion. The unit was established in 1862. The North-West Rebellion (or the North-West Resistance, Saskatchewan Rebellion, Northwest Uprising, or Second Riel Rebellion) of 1885 was a brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people under Louis Riel, and an associated uprising by First Nations Cree and Assiniboine, of the District of Saskatchewan against the government of Canada. During a time of great social change in Western Canada, the Métis believed that the Canadians had failed to address the protection of their rights, their land and their survival as a distinct people. Despite some notable early victories at Duck Lake, Fish Creek and Cut Knife, the rebellion ended when the Métis were defeated at the siege of Batoche, Saskatchewan, the eventual scattering of their allied Aboriginal forces and the trial and hanging of Louis Riel and eight First Nations leaders. Tensions between French Canada and English Canada increased for some time. Due to the role that the Canadian Pacific Railway played in transporting troops, political support for it increased and Parliament authorized funds to complete the country's first transcontinental railway. 4 inches high.
A Napoleonic Wars Exploded Solid Shot 12 Pounder Cannon Ball Battle field recovery. With less than 50% remaining, the ball has hit its target, and split asunder. Within the ball is an air pocket which may explain its split in two on impact. Thomas Blomefield, as Inspector-General of Artillery, introduced a new system of Ordnance from 1784 onwards. His system of gun tubes was based around two standard lengths: that of 17 calibres and that of 13. Seventeen calibre tubes were used for the “heavy” or “long” pieces with the “light” and siege/garrison guns having tubes of 13 calibres. The calibre of all 12-pounders was 4.623 inches. Blomefield designed three types of 12-pounder, each being specialised towards a particular function. The heavy 12-pounder was used in garrison and siege work; the medium was used in the field and the light for the horse artillery. As the Napoleonic wars progressed, however, the medium 12-pounder became the sole weapon of its class. The medium 12-pounder had a gun-tube that was 6 feet 6.66 inches in length and it weighed 18.0 cwt; an example cast by John and Henry King in 1795 at the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, has a length of 6 feet 3 inches and a weight of 18 cwt 9lb. A medium 12-pounder also survives with its original block-trail carriage in Montreal. The Royal Artillery used 12-pounder field guns in almost all of their major operations and furthermore it was used by the Royal Horse Artillery. See; Wellington’s Big Bang: the British 12-pounders By Anthony Leslie Dawson
A Napoleonic Wars French 'Charleville' Musket Bayonet An unusual example as all the socket's barrel dimensions match the year 9 musket, but it the blade is quite a measure longer than standard. This may indicate it was for a French regiment that used a shorter carbine length musket, and thus required a longer bayonet to make up the length in order to reach an enemy on horseback. Traces of an inspectors stamp and numbering on the blade. The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: an Anglo-led Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prince of Wahlstatt. The battle resulted in the end of Bonaparte's reign and of the First French Empire, and set a chronological milestone between serial European wars and decades of relative peace. Upon Napoleon's return to power in March 1815, many states that had opposed him formed the Seventh Coalition and began to mobilize armies. Wellington and Blücher's armies were cantoned close to the north-eastern border of France. Napoleon chose to attack them in the hope of destroying them before they could join in a coordinated invasion of France with other members of the coalition. Waterloo was the decisive engagement of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon's last. According to Wellington, the battle was "the nearest-run thing you ever saw in your life". The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French, and marked the end of his Hundred Days return from exile. Napoleon abdicated 4 days later, and on 7 July coalition forces entered Paris. After the Battle of Quatre Bras, Wellington withdrew from Quatre Bras to Waterloo. After the simultaneous Battle of Ligny the Prussians withdrew parallel to Wellington, drawing a third part of Napoleon's forces away from Waterloo to the separate and simultaneous Battle of Wavre. Upon learning that the Prussian army was able to support him, Wellington decided to offer battle on the Mont-Saint-Jean escarpment, across the Brussels road. Here he withstood repeated attacks by the French throughout the afternoon, aided by the progressively arriving Prussians. In the evening Napoleon committed his last reserves to a desperate final attack, which was narrowly beaten back. With the Prussians breaking through on the French right flank Wellington's Anglo-allied army counter-attacked in the centre, and the French army was routed.
A Napoleonic Wars High Ranking Infantry Officer's 'Marengo' Style Sword One of the most desirable, scarcest and beautiful swords used by senior officer's in Napoleon's Grande Armee. Known as the 'Marengo' style sword hilt, named in honour of the great Napoleonic battle. It is in battle recovered condition, and has obviously seen some combat damage and wear. In original condition swords of this pattern are highly rare and valued very, very highly indeed. For example a very similar sword, of an unknown officer of the Imperial Guarde [but of course in better order] sold in 1991, at the Delevenne-Lafarge saleroom in Paris, for an astounding £32,830. However, it is, in certain respects, very much to it's advantage, to be in battle worn order, as this fine and very rare sword is now easily within reach of the budget of many average French Napoleonic weaponry collector's, whereas in perfect order, a sword such as this, that was used by a senior staff officer, under, for example Marshal Ney's command, would be beyond the reach of most collector's pockets. Unusually it has a straight blade, which may suggest it was a staff officer controlling the French heavy cavalry, such as cuirassiers or carabiniers. A truly fabulous French sword of much scarcity and collect ability, as so few of these swords, that were used officer's within the echelons of Napoleon's personal influence survive today. And it is perfectly possible that Napoleon himself knew it's officer owner personally. The second picture Marshal Jourdan, Jourdan is carrying a very similar sword to this. The Battle of Marengo was fought on 14 June 1800 between French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte and Austrian forces near the city of Alessandria, in Piedmont, Italy. Near the end of the day, the French overcame Gen. Michael von Melas's surprise attack, driving the Austrians out of Italy and consolidating Napoleon's political position in Paris as First Consul of France in the wake of his coup d’état the previous November. Napoleon had a considerable feeling for this battle and his favourite horse Marengo was similarly named in it's honour. No scabbard, russetted blade and extreme end of quillon lacking.
A Nice 19th Century Patent Powder Flask A jolly attractive flask in nice operating order with original lacquer finish. Decorated with stags and hounds on both sides.
A Nice Early 19th century, King George IIIrd Old Sheffield Decanter Coaster a wine and spirit decanter gallery coaster in fine old plate, with deep turned carved mahogany base, pierced sides, multi ribbed rim edge and beize cloth on the bottom. Measures 5" in diameter x 2.25" tall. Excellent period condition.
A North African Sudanese Arm Dagger With leather scabbard and arm loop to hide and conceal the dagger up a warriors sleeve. The scabbard has leather areas lacking repaired with canvas..
A Original Spontoon of The Guard Of The Holy Roman Emperor Charles VIth Engraved with the twin headed eagle and the crest of Emperor Charles VIth. On the reverse side engraved with a seated figures flags and cannon. Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740; German: Karl VI., Latin: Carolus VI) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary and Croatia, Serbia and Archduke of Austria (as Charles III) in 1711. He unsuccessfully claimed the throne of Spain following the death of his relative, Charles II, in 1700. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by whom he had his two children: Maria Theresa, the last Habsburg sovereign, and Maria Anna, Governess of the Austrian Netherlands. Four years before the birth of Maria Theresa, faced with his lack of male heirs, Charles provided for a male-line succession failure with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. The Emperor favoured his own daughters over those of his elder brother and predecessor, Joseph I, in the succession, ignoring the decree he had signed during the reign of his father, Leopold I. Charles sought the other European powers' approval. They exacted harsh terms: Britain demanded that Austria abolish its overseas trading company. In total, Great Britain, France, Saxony-Poland, the Dutch Republic, Spain, Venice, States of the Church, Prussia, Russia, Denmark, Savoy-Sardinia, Bavaria, and the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire recognised the sanction. France, Spain, Saxony-Poland, Bavaria and Prussia later reneged. Charles died in 1740, sparking the War of the Austrian Succession, which plagued his successor, Maria Theresa, for eight years. We show for information an engraving of the Guard of The Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II of Habsburg, With the very same spontoon
A Pair Of Boxlock Pocket Percussion Pistols Circa 1835 In very good order, with what appears to be very nice original finish. All steel furniture with engraved side plates, barrel tangs and trigger guards, slab sided walnut butts, oval name cartouches to sides, one engraved D.EGG. Durs Egg was one of England finest ever gunsmiths, but at this period his working life was coming to an end, and after his death, his relatives [John and George Frederick[son] ] carried on working in his name. Good turn-ff breech loading barrels with excellent proof markings. Both actions are very crisp indeed, but one pistol is reticent to engage past first cock. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Pair of Ching Dynasty 17th to 18th Century Cavalry Stirrups In antiquity, the earliest foot supports consisted of riders placing their feet under a girth or using a simple toe loop. Later, a single stirrup was used as a mounting aid, and paired stirrups appeared after the invention of the treed saddle. The stirrup was invented in China in the first few centuries AD and spread westward through the nomadic peoples of Central Eurasia. The use of paired stirrups is credited to the Chinese Jin Dynasty and came to Europe during the Middle Ages. Some argue that the stirrup was one of the basic tools used to create and spread modern civilization, possibly as important as the wheel or printing press. The stirrup, which gives greater stability to a rider, has been described as one of the most significant inventions in the history of warfare, prior to gunpowder. As a tool allowing expanded use of horses in warfare, the stirrup is often called the third revolutionary step in equipment, after the chariot and the saddle. The basic tactics of mounted warfare were significantly altered by the stirrup. A rider supported by stirrups was less likely to fall off while fighting, and could deliver a blow with a weapon that more fully employed the weight and momentum of horse and rider. Among other advantages, stirrups provided greater balance and support to the rider, which allowed the knight to use a sword more efficiently without falling, especially against infantry adversaries. The Qing [or Ching] dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Qing Empire by itself or the Manchu dynasty by foreigners, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for the modern Chinese state. After conquering "China proper", the Manchus identified their state as "China", and referred to it as Dulimbai Gurun in Manchu (Dulimbai means "central" or "middle," gurun means "nation" or "state"). The emperors equated the lands of the Qing state (including present-day Northeast China, Xinjiang, Mongolia, Tibet and other areas) as "China" in both the Chinese and Manchu languages, defining China as a multi-ethnic state, and rejecting the idea that "China" only meant Han areas. The Qing emperors proclaimed that both Han and non-Han peoples were part of "China". They used both "China" and "Qing" to refer to their state in official documents, international treaties (as the Qing was known internationally as "China" or the "Chinese Empire") and foreign affairs, and "Chinese language" (Dulimbai gurun I bithe) included Chinese, Manchu, and Mongol languages, and "Chinese people" referred to all subjects of the empire. In the Chinese-language versions of its treaties and its maps of the world, the Qing government used "Qing" and "China" interchangeably.
A Pair of Late 18th Early 19th Century Napoleonic Crossbow Pistol Bolts Very finely made steel quarrel heads, beautifully facetted, with brass lined collars. On wooden hafts. Superbly made pieces and very scarce indeed. Illustrated with the kind of pistol used from the Napoleonic era. A weapon as silent as the grave, yet more deadly than a pistol as it's range was greater and penetrating power more effective. The heads could easily be beautifully polished to brighter steel. A picture in the gallery of a Napoleonic pistol that used such bolts.
A Pair of Very Nice Meteoric Steel Indonesian Kris Daggers A pair of old keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A good and scarce example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. 9 inches long overall
A Pair of Victorian Coaching Prints in Rosewood Veneer Frames With super old labels of Arthur Ackerman Gallery of Fine Arts, 191 Regent St. London, W. A charming pair of original Victorian coloured prints in delightful frames. 6.75 inches x 8.75 inches
A Pair Of Wonderful Original King George IIIrd Naval Cannon, Circa 1800's Made in the latter part of the 18th century. An amazing pair of original Trafalgar period British naval cannon, [officially spiked by the navy board]. Cast iron 6-pounder smoothbore muzzle loading carronades, Blomefield pattern, with breeching ring, crown impressed “6 Pr” beneath,, mounted on a wooden naval gun carriages, the cascabels with rope loops. Photos in the gallery show this actual pair in a country garden display, and other similar looking cannon of the same age recently shown aboard HMS Victory at Portsmouth. Artillery preserved in the province of Nova Scotia, at Annapolis Royal, Fort Anne, show on display an identical King George IIIrd naval 6 pdr carronade to these. Caronnades are low velocity shorter cannon, able to fire very effectively powered charges but, conveniently, shorter in length than regular cannon of similar bore. At the Battle of Trafalgar one of the first shots fired by the British was a caronnade, that shot through the stern of a French ship, right through the ship's length, and killed around a quarter of the crew in one shot. Annapolis Royal is located in the western part of Annapolis County and was known as Port Royal until the British Conquest of Acadia in 1710 by Britain. The town was the capital of Acadia and later Nova Scotia for almost 150 years, until the founding of Halifax in 1749. It was attacked by the British six times before permanently changing hands in 1710. Over the next fifty years, the French and their allies made six unsuccessful military attempts to regain the capital. Including a raid during the American Revolution, Annapolis Royal faced a total of thirteen attacks, more than any other place in North America.The name carronade is attributed to the Carron Company of Falkirk, Scotland who produced these types of weapons from 1776. Initially the weapons were known as Marine Guns and those produced were sold to chiefly British and Spanish merchants who had to arm their own vessels, the guns were lighter than 'long' guns which was important to merchant vessels who at the time had to deal with privateers and American Naval vessels prowling off the British Isles. This 'Marine' gun was in effect a prototype of the Carronade, the first carronades were installed on a ship called Spitfire which was of 200t and at the time fitting out in Liverpool. Spitfire was soon in action and reportedly did very well despite heavy odds. The new weapon was also in demand by privateers sailing against vessels from America, the Captain of the Sharp of Glasgow attributed a victory in an engagement off Cape Clear to the new gun as did the Hawke (also from Glasgow) which fought off two privateers in the Bay of Biscay in July 1779. The carronade had appeal because it offered a large calibre for relatively little size and weight, a 42 pounder carronade was shorter than a 3 pounder long gun and weighed less than a 12 pounder. Another advantage was a carronade took less men to operate, the normal crew for a 24 pounder long gun was 11men whilst a 42 pounder carronade could be operated by a crew of 4. The carronade was also easier and quicker to load and fire with 11 broadsides to an enemies 3 reported. The carronade guns were introduced into British naval service in 1779 and were produced in sizes up to 68 pounder, by January 1781 429 Royal Navy ships mounted 604 carronades. On later but old wooden carriages, like the HMS Victory cannon, they are all fitted on old but replaced carriages. There is another rare example exactly as this one in Australia at Anglesea Barracks, Hobart, Tasmania,. But their 6 Pounder Carronade, is set on a concrete plinth, and is inscribed like ours on the first reinforce of the barrel with a Crown and the number 6. The Crown on cannon is indicative of Government service. Their cannon was donated by the Hopkins family who were early settlers of Van Diemens Land and resided at 'Westella' in North Hobart The plaque for the cannon is inscribed:'This cannon which was landed in the early nineteenth century, for the defence of Hobart Town, was presented by the Hopkins family in memory of Lt. Thomas Hopkins, of Australian Military Forces'. Carronades initially became popular on British merchant ships during the American Revolutionary War. A lightweight gun that needed only a small gun crew and was devastating at short range was a weapon well suited to defending merchant ships against French and American Privateers. It was Lord Sandwich who eventually started mounting them in place of the light guns on the forecastle and quarterdeck of ships. They soon proved their effectiveness in battle. French gun foundries were unable to produce equivalents for twenty years, so carronades gave British warships a significant tactical advantage during the latter part of the 18th century. The carronade was initially very successful and widely adopted, and a few experimental ships (for example, HMS Glatton and HMS Rainbow) were fitted with a carronade-only armament. Glatton, a Fourth-rate ship with 56 guns, had a more destructive broadside than HMS Victory, a First-rate ship with 100 guns. Glatton and Rainbow were both successful in battle. This pair are to be transported by arrangement only. They are 42 inches long overall each, 26 inches wide overall each [at the axle width]
A Percussion Ring Trigger, Self Cocking Pepperbox Revolver, Circa 1840. A J. R.Cooper's Patent Revolver with good ring pull trigger action. A scarce pistol and this is a nice example of it's kind. A Coopers patent 6 barreled, pepperbox revolver c1840 with walnut bag shaped butt and foliate engraving, signed J. R. Coopers Patent.
A Persian Kulah Khud Helmet, Qajar era, 12th Cent.Crusaders Arrow Apex A fabulous 18th to 19th century helmet crowned at the apex with an added battle souvenir of an original Crusader's arrow head from the victory of Saladin's army at the Battle Hattin in the 12th century. The helmet of hemispherical form, the brim hammer welded to the bowl, fitted at its apex, with a moulded base, with the arrow head, and at the front a sliding nasal bar secured by a thumb-screw and with a plume-holder on each side, decorated throughout with a framework of gold cartouches filled with mounted warriors and calligraphy, the brim encircled by a calligraphic panel of text from the Koran, framed by gold lines, and lamellar mail neck defence of butted links, with a small resin repair. The apex of the helmet bears a 12th century Crusader's iron arrow head, said by legend to have come from the booty of the Battle of Hattin, Saladin's great victory against the Crusaders. The Battle of Hattin took place on 4 July 1187, between the Crusader states of the Levant and the forces of the Ayyubid sultan Salah ad-Din, known in the West as Saladin. It is also known as the Battle of the Horns of Hattin, from a nearby extinct volcano. The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the vast majority of the Crusader forces, removing their capability to wage war. As a direct result of the battle, Muslims once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and most of the other Crusader-held cities. These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin. The Crusader army was composed of knights from the: Kingdom of Jerusalem Knights Templar Knights Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus Order of Mountjoy. The fitting of ancient relics within the warriors armour, from the greatest battles of Saladin, is a profound statement of connection the the historic past, we have seen once before on another very fine kulah khud helmet that we had about 15 years ago. Antique Arabian jambiya of the highest quality often have ancient Europen coins inset within their hilts for a similar purpose. The crudely restored [with resin] chainmail is around the size of UK 50p coin, could be fairly easily tidied much better.
A Police Bulls Eye Lantern. A Super Piece From the Era of 'Jack The Ripper' A Victorian Constable's oil lantern probably made by Hiatt & Co. [Well known Police equipment suppliers and makers of police handcuffs, leg-irons, manacles and shackles for over 200 years]. The very type as can be seen in all the old films of the White chapel Murders, and Sherlock Holmes' adventures in the gloomy London Fog. An ingenious design that can also be used as a hand warmer, on a bitter Victorian winter's night, and for brewing the odd cup of tea. Complete with it's original burner
A Prussian Model 1852 Infantryman's Hanger Used in the Franco Prussian War Fully regimentally marked, made by P.D. Lundschloss of Solingen. All brass hilt. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War , often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1870 – 10 May 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. The conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power that would result if the Prussians succeeded. Some historians argue that the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck deliberately provoked a French attack in order to draw the independent southern German states—Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt—into an alliance with the North German Confederation dominated by Prussia, while others contend that Bismarck did not plan anything and merely exploited the circumstances as they unfolded. On 16 July 1870, the French parliament voted to declare war on the German Kingdom of Prussia and hostilities began three days later. The German coalition mobilised its troops much more quickly than the French and rapidly invaded north-eastern France. The German forces were superior in numbers, had better training and leadership and made more effective use of modern technology, particularly railroads and artillery. A series of swift Prussian and German victories in eastern France, culminating in the Siege of Metz and the Battle of Sedan, saw Napoleon III captured and the army of the Second Empire decisively defeated. A Government of National Defence declared the Third Republic in Paris on 4 September and continued the war for another five months; the German forces fought and defeated new French armies in northern France. Following the Siege of Paris, the capital fell on 28 January 1871, and then a revolutionary uprising called the Paris Commune seized power in the capital and held it for two months, until it was bloodily suppressed by the regular French army at the end of May 1871.
A Queen's South Africa Medal to South African Constabulary Cavalryman. A rare medal of the Boer War with three bars. Issued to 3rd Class Trooper R.G,Phillips.. 12 squadrons of the SAC were raised in Canada by General Baden-Powell. Many Canadians stayed on to live there after the war's end. One photo in the gallery of a group of SAC probably outside the HQ at Koffiefontein
A Rare & Super 17th -18th Century Tibetan Matchlock Musket From the a small ancient arms collection and from the same source as a fine 17th century Tibetan sword we have just been delighted to acquire. Old original Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This is a good example of a nicely decorated, well-made and attractive, Tibetan matchlock, with distinct Indian influences, in near complete condition. Its fittings consist of a small engraved Tibetan silver cap at the tip of the fore stock and an iron lock plate on both sides of the stock decoratively decorated with geometric zig zag pattern. The breech has a slot for the upper arm of the serpentine (see detail). The Damascus twist iron octagonal barrel, of typical high quality North Indian construction flares at the muzzle and has a line sight and a peep sight. The twist pattern of the barrel forging is also faintly visible. The barrel is attached by a muzzle capuchin to the stock, and by five flattened brass bands and seven thinner rounded iron and brass bands (the former most likely being restorations). The stock had areas of applied brass plates and roundels of typically Tibetan form and decoratively engraved. The two piece butt has two applied brass bandings, likely as strengthening pieces. The offside breech has a sling swivel mount for when on horseback. The action is fully functioning well, and the pan has a sliding foul weather cover. The ramrod is missing. It would have originally had two extending and folding prongs at the forend for resting on the ground to fire on foot, but mostly this gun would have been used on horseback. Firearms were probably introduced into Tibet gradually during the sixteenth century from several sources, including China, India, and West Asia, as part of the general spread of the use of firearms throughout Asia. The traditional Tibetan gun is a matchlock musket, which appears to have changed little if at all in its construction and technology from the time of its introduction until the early twentieth century. The decoration found on Tibetan matchlock guns varies, but even the most utilitarian examples generally have some degree of ornament. It is not uncommon to find stocks with applied plaques of pierced or embossed silver, copper, or iron, which range from being relatively simple to fairly elaborate. More rarely, some stocks were painted or inlaid with bone. The match-cord pouches and pan covers often have appliqués of colored leather or textile and decorative rivets or bosses. The barrels are usually plain except perhaps for some fluting at the muzzle, ring moldings toward the breech, or simple engraved designs. There are, however, some notable exceptions of barrels decorated with damascening or made of Damascus steel such as this one. This gun has the combination of Indian decorative features and the styling in the stock form of Tibetan. Likely made in an area straddling both domains. The Tibetan warrior we show in a photograph wears his matchlock across his back although you can only see it's two folded prongs that stick up from the muzzle [lacking on this gun] In Europe, the matchlock was primarily an infantry weapon, but in Tibet and Central Asia it was also used on horseback in the same way as the bow. As essential military training, and as part of various ceremonies and festivals, riders would shoot at targets while riding past them at a gallop. From the seventeenth century onward, fairly realistic depictions of matchlocks are also sometimes included in paintings of offerings to the guardian deities.
A Rare 'Sleeper'. A Highly Desirable 19th Century Bowie, With Motto Blade Blade motto etched, with scrolls and decoration with Never Draw Me Without Reason, Nor Sheath Me Without Honour, in original leather scabbard. Nickel hilt in a highly distinctive geometric, graduated bead, fan pattern, with staghorn slab grips and shield cartouche. This Bowie is very grubby indeed, but in the world of collecting this is the simply ideal condition. It shows quite clearly it has been used and then stored away for a hundred plus years. Untouched and untended, and exactly as one wants to see it. Almost certainly by Mappin and Webb. A near identical one from the Ex Collection of R. Charles Griffith, MD was sold in 2009 [except that example had a replaced scabbard]. The term "Bowie knife" appeared in advertising by 1835, about 8 years after the Bowie's famous sandbar knife brawl, while James Bowie was still alive. The first knife, with which Bowie became famous, allegedly was designed by Jim Bowie's brother Rezin in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana and smithed by blacksmith Jesse Clift out of an old file. Period court documents indicate that Rezin Bowie and Clifft were well acquainted with one another. Rezin's granddaughter claimed in an 1885 letter to Louisiana State University that she personally witnessed Clift make the knife for her grandfather. This knife became famous as the knife used by Bowie at the Sandbar Fight, a famous 1827 duel between Bowie and several men including a Major Norris Wright of Alexandria, Louisiana. The fight took place on a sandbar in the Mississippi River across from Natchez, Mississippi, and is the only documented fight in which Bowie was known to have employed his Bowie knife design. In this battle Bowie was stabbed, shot, and beaten half to death but managed to win the fight using the large knife. From context, "Bowie knife" needed no description then, but the spelling was variable. Among the first mentions was a plan to combine a Bowie knife and pistol. Cutlers were shipping sheath knives from Sheffield England by the early 1830s. By 1838 a writer in a Baltimore newspaper (posted from New Orleans) suggested that every reader had seen a Bowie knife. The Bowie knife found its greatest popularity in the Old Southwest of the mid-19th century, where several knife fighting schools were established to teach students the art of fighting with the Bowie knife pattern. Bowie knives had a role in the American conflicts of the nineteenth century. They are historically mentioned in the independence of Texas, in the Mexican War, the California gold rush, the civil strife in Kansas, the Civil War and later conflicts with the American Indians. John Brown (the abolitionist) carried a Bowie (which was taken by J. E. B. Stuart). John Wilkes Booth (assassin of Abraham Lincoln) dropped a large Bowie knife as he escaped. "Buffalo Bill" Cody reportedly scalped a sub-chief in 1876 in revenge for Custer (the Battle of War bonnet Creek). The popularity of the Bowie knife declined late in the nineteenth century. Large calibre reliable revolvers were available by the mid-1870s, reducing a knife advantage. The frontier rapidly vanished, reducing the number of hunters and trappers. Large knives had limited utility, so Bowies shrunk. 11.75 inches overall. Part of one side's staghorn grip away
A Rare 1840 Constabulary Carbine Bayonet with Deep Defensive Sword Cut With spring recess in the blade [no spring]. The most amazing feature of this bayonet is that it has parried a sword thrust, which has deeply cut into the blade elbow. A fabulous battle scar that undoubtedly saved the mans life. The socket is numbered 60. Ordnance stamped blade
A Rare 2nd Regiment NSW Volunteer Infantry Helmet Badge Circa Circa 1878. Silvered brass hat badge with centrally mounted Maltese cross featuring a number '2' within a circle in the centre. The cross is surmounted by a large Kings Crown and surrounded by a wreath of waratahs with intertwined scrolls. The scroll on the left reads 'NUMERO SECUNDUS' and the right scroll reads 'NULLI SECUNDUS'. Beneath the cross on a central scroll is 'VIRTUTE' and 'SECOND REGT INFANTRY'. The back of the badge has three lugs for attaching it to the hat. They have a near identical example in the Australian War Memorial Collection that may be associated with the Ferguson family from Goulburn as it was found in the personal affects of 9146 Gunner Leopold Ferguson who was killed on 9 June 1917 while serving with the Australian Imperial Force.
A Rare James Rodgers of Sheffield Knife-Pistol, Early Percussion Model 1838 The unique early Victorian Sheffield pocket pistol knife called the 'self protector'. Nickel barrel with a single bead sight, marked with a pair of Birmingham proofs on the upper left flat, and fitted with a central nipple and straight spur hammer. Polished horn grip plates. Equipped with a pair of folding blades, 3.25" and 1" in length, with "JAMES/ RODGERS/ SHEFFIELD" on both ricasso, mounted on either side of the folding trigger. Horn grips, with a storage compartment in the butt, flanked by a bullet scissor mould and tweezers held in the grips. The action main spring is at fault. A rare and most collectable gadget gun. The rarest early muzzle loading version, by James Rodgers, that was latterly made by the later partnership of Unwin and Rodgers, after Philip Unwin joined James Rodgers. They gained the patent for it in 1861. This is the earliest type with percussion action, they later created a breech loading version, in .32 cal rimfire, over two decades or so later. Cutlery means ‘that which cuts’, and can be anything from pocket knives, to scissors, ice skates and scythes. The first reference to cutlery made in Sheffield was in 1297, when the hearth tax records include Robertus le Coteler – Robert the Cutler. In 1340 King Edward III’s possessions in the Tower of London included a Sheffield knife, and Geoffrey Chaucer wrote ‘A Sheffeld thwitle [whittle] baar he in his hose’ about the Miller in The Reeves Tale. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries Sheffield and the surrounding area of Hallamshire were in competition with cutlery-making in Thaxted (Essex), Ashbourne (Derbyshire) and Woodstock (Oxfordshire). The largest manufacturing centre, however, was in London where trade was controlled by the Worshipful Company of Cutlers. The price reflects the faulty mainspring and thus its condition. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare Namibian Ovambo [War Axe] 19th century.Good condition nice carving with iron axe blade.
A Rare Pair of Antique Ottoman Empire Iron Stirrups A pair of antique 17th to 18th century Turkish Ottoman Empire russet iron stirrups of characteristic form, with broad arch treads. All steel construction in the early style that goes back to the mediaeval period. One picture in the gallery shows Fatih Sultan Mehmet II [using his identical stirrups] entering Constantinople, after his conquest, in 1453
A Rare Prussian-British Experimental Sword of 1850. The Royal Engineers Driver's Sword Model 1850. This sword was a Prussian experimental cavalry sword that was once issued for testing to a limited number of Prussian Hussar regiments in 1850. It was in fact not actually approved by the Prussians, but it's form was continued and developed until it's successor sword eventually evolved to become the Prussian Model 1852 Cavalry Hussar Sabre. Those experimental swords were withdrawn by Prussia and they were placed in storage in Liege for disposal. There was an article published in the "Deutsches Waffen Journal" about a sword that is a pair to this sword. On that sword, on the guard, was the regimental marking of the 4th squadron, Prussian Garde-Husaren regiment and on the spine of blade a crowned FW 50 and german D mark. This confirms it was the Prussian Hussar experimental issue of 1850. On the ricasso was an S&K marking with Crowned L 8 and two British Ordnance broad arrows to show that sword was also re issued to the British army. So, these very rarely seen swords are recorded as the Royal Engineers 1850 Driver's pattern swords, but they were originally the Prussian experimental Hussar swords, that after disapproval were then removed to Liege and later sold to the British Ordnance through the Liege armourers. Our example is very worn indeed, in fact none of it's original markings are still visible at all unfortunately. However, it is a most rare and fascinating piece, that until our extensive research [lasting many days], we believed to be a simple, and un-interesting Prussian sabre of unknown parentage.To collectors of British and Prussian swords this would make a most fascinating addition, especially, that if particularly searched for, it may take many years to find another. All over russetted, no scabbard, damaged grip.
A Rare Single Action Starr Army 'Long Barrel' Revolver of the Civil War Single action 1863 model. Good condition for age, matching serial numbers. An impressive, big and powerful .44 cal revolver of the Civil War and early Wild West. Alongside the Colt Dragoon this was the biggest pistol of the Civil War, and it has amazing presence with an 8 inch barrel. Starr was the third largest producer of revolvers for the Union behind Colt and Remington.During the war the M-1863 Starr was issued to a number of US cavalry regiments, including the 1st Colorado Cavalry, the 6th & 7th Michigan Cavalry and the 11th New York Cavalry, just to name a few. While Starr double action revolver production started in 1858 they did not start production of the single action until 1863 finishing in 1865. Total Model 1863 S.A. production was approximately 25,000 revolvers making them rare finds today. The Model 1863 Single Action .44 calibre percussion Army Revolver was the third of the Starr revolvers produced for the military. Between September, 1863 and December 22, 1864, the Starr Arms Company delivered 25,002 Model 1863 Army revolvers to the Ordnance Department. The government's cost for this arm was $12.00 each.These arms and components were produced in Starr's plants in Yonkers, Binghamton and Moorisania. The grips on this gun are very good. The big long barrel Starr Army Revolver is the pistol that was chosen by the hero in Clint Eastwood's Academy Award winning movie 'The Unforgiven' [played by Clint Eastwood], and the pistol was in fact featured as the main promotional part of the film in the 'Unforgiven' poster, see picture of the Starr Revolver, in the poster, in our gallery [copyright Warner Bros].Single-action Army model of 1863 in .44 chambering with production numbers reaching 3,000, 21,454 and 23,000 respectively. Design of the pistol fell to Ebanezar (Eban) Townsend Starr and all of the guns were manufactured out of the Starr Arms Company facility of Binghampton and Yonkers, New York for Federal service. The guns relied on a percussion cap system of operation with each chamber of the six-round cylinder loaded with a charge and a ball. Percussion caps were set upon the awaiting nipples found at each chamber. The hammer then fell on these caps to produce the needed ignition of the propellant charge within each chamber, the resultant forces propelling the ball out of the barrel.Externally, the revolver was of a conventional design arrangement. The handle was ergonomically curved for a good fit in the hand while being covered in useful grips. A solid frame was featured around the rotating six-shot cylinder which offered strength that open-frame revolvers of the period generall lacked. The hammer protruded from the rear of the frame within reach of the shooting hand's thumb for actuation as necessary. A loading arm was positioned under the barrel to help ram the contents of the chambers to the rear (and thus closer to the percussion cap's port). The barrel sat over this arm in the usual way, the ball projectiles guided into it by way of a proper seal from the cylinder's front face to the barrel's rear end. All in all, a traditional revolver arrangement that was proven to work. Sighting was by way of iron fittings over the top of the gun. Cocking and firing action works well but cylinder does not rotate. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare US Civil War Moore's Patent 32 Cal. 'Teat Fire' Revolver. A rare Moore's patent .32 cal. Teat Fire revolver. Finely engraved silver plated frame, birds head butt. Good action. Fine over lacquered grips. The Teat Fire system, patented by Moore, was a most unusual front loading cartridge action, and his .45 calibre version, of the same action gun, is one of the rarest and most collectable guns of that era. Designed and made in 1864, during the Civil War, this is a very fine pocket sized revolver that saw much good service as a back-up or defensive arm for officers, and was very popular with riverboat and saloon gamblers, such as Doc Holliday and George Devol. There is a picture of an antique 19th century poster advertising Devol's gambling book. For information only not included. It utilized a special .32 caliber teat-fire cartridge designed by Daniel Moore and David Williamson. It was loaded from the front with the "teat" to the rear. This 6 shot revolver has a 3¼" barrel. Overall it measures 7-1/8" It has a fine silver plated frame. The barrel has some remaining original deep blue finish. The bird's head butt has 2 piece walnut grips. This model has a small hinged swivel gate on the right side of the barrel lug in front of the cylinder that prevents the cartridges from falling out after they are inserted. The barrel markings are "MOORE'S PAT. FIREARMS CO. BROOKLYN, N.Y.", in a single line on the top
A Rare US IInd Model 'Plant's Single Action Army' Pat..42 Revolver 42 cal. Rare 6 shot large 'cupfire cartridge' nickel plated revolver, in original holster, and with varnished rosewood grips. Marked on the cylinder with patents of July 1859 & July 1863, Plants Manufacturing Co. Newhaven Conn. on the top strap and Merwin and Bray, New York on the side of the frame. Rare second model with iron frame and three figured serial number; 630. Only 350 of this model were ever made. Used as a principle arm by some officers and men during the American Civil War, and in the Wild West period for gunslingers, often with a second spare cylinder for quick loading. As this is a deluxe, 6 inch solid rib barrel, nickel plated model, this is certainly a most special example, and the nickel plating is in jolly good order overall. Plant and Merwin and Bray advertised these revolvers for sale to the civilian, so called 'Wild West' market, in Harpers Weekly in 1865, and described by them as supplied to the US Revenue Service. 42 cupfire, part of the rimfire stable of cartridges, similar to 41 rimfire. Cupfire cartridges are loaded from the front of the cylinder. The base of the cartridge is still very much like a rimfire cartridge where the fuliminate is in the rim of the bottom cup. The hammer hits the inside of that rim. Just a few manufacturers produced the cartridges, some of which are easy to identify by the headstamp they placed on the base. American Metallic Ammunition Co. placed a raised "A" for the headstamp, while Phoenix Metallic Cartridge Co. places a raised "P." We know of no others that placed a headstamp. Only 350 of these revolvers were ever made, which in the world of gun manufacturing at the time [and even more so today] is exceptionaly small and makes this a jolly rare surviving example, and in super condition as well, but with its original holster it is a very nice plus indeed. The regular third mode, its later replacement had a brass frame and they made around 7,300 examples. The size is somewhat similar to both the Smith and Wesson Russian And Schofield revolvers. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables or of obsolete calibre. 6 inch barrel 11 inches long overall. A similar quality and condition example [once used on a N.Y.steam yacht] was offered for sale by Rock Island Auction in USA in 2015 with an estimate $4,500 to $6,500. However, that was a regular 3rd model example serial number; 4512, but also deluxe plated as is ours. Some overall plating wear, small nick on one rosewood grip plate, nice and tight action. Leather holster good for age, belt loops now lacking.
A Rare Victorian Bengal Native [Light] Infantry Badge in Silver They were a rifles infantry regiment of the Bengal Army, later of the united British Indian Army. They could trace their origins to 1803, when they were the 1st Battalion, 22nd Bengal Native Infantry. Over the years they were known by a number of different names the 43rd Bengal Native Infantry 1824–1842, the 43rd Bengal Native (Light) Infantry 1842–1861, the 6th Bengal Native (Light) Infantry 1861–1897 and finally after the Kitchener reforms of the Indian Army the 6th Jat Bengal (Light) Infantry. The regiment was involved in the First Anglo-Afghan War, the First Anglo-Sikh War, the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the Boxer Rebellion and World War I. After World War I the Indian Government reformed the army moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments. The 6th Jat Light Infantry became the new 1st Battalion, 9th Jat Regiment. After India gained independence they were one of the regiments allocated to the Indian Army.
A Regimental 1853 Pat. Trooper's 6th Dragoon's Sword Of the Crimean War A good regimentally marked sword from B troop the 6th Dragoons. It is a British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Sabre' in original steel battle scabbard. The 6th Dragoon's one of the great heavy cavalry regiments of the British Army. 'The Inniskillins', as the regiment was known, took part in the Charge of the Heavy Brigade at the Crimea. The lesser known, but much more successful charge of the Crimean War. The blade is overall russeted and the scabbard very good with natural age patina. The hilt is blackened with leather, riveted, slab sided plates. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, 6th Dragoons the 6th Dragoon Guards, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava was as follows; The first assault line consisted of the Scots Greys and one squadron of the Inniskillings, a total of less than 250 sabres. Only when the RSMs declared themselves happy with the alignment did Scarlett order his bugler to sound the 'Charge'. The idea of a charge conjures up images of the Light Brigade dashing forward at speed but Dragoons were larger men with much heavier equipment so their charge was more of a trot. Floundering at obstacles such as ditches or coppices they headed towards the massed ranks of Russian cavalry, pressing on inexorably at a mere 8 miles an hour. Slow they may have been but the effect of these heavy cavalrymen slamming into the much lighter Russian cavalry stunned their enemy. A letter from a Captain of the Inniskillings illustrates the mellee which followed: "Forward - dash - bang - clank, and there we were in the midst of such smoke, cheer, and clatter, as never before stunned a mortal's ear. it was glorious! Down, one by one, aye, two by two fell the thick skulled and over-numerous Cossacks.....Down too alas! fell many a hero with a warm Celtic heart, and more than one fell screaming loud for victory. I could not pause. It was all push, wheel, frenzy, strike and down, down, down they went. Twice I was unhorsed, and more than once I had to grip my sword tighter, the blood of foes streaming down over the hilt, and running up my very sleeve....now we were lost in their ranks - now in little bands battling - now in good order together, now in and out." In the words of Colonel Paget of the Light Brigade "It was a mighty affair, and considering the difficulties under which the Heavy Brigade laboured, and the disparity of numbers, a feat of arms which, if it ever had its equal, was certainly never surpassed in the annals of cavalry warfare, and the importance of which in its results can never be known." In 1861 the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons like most cavalry regiments during the latter part of the 19th century did service in India, Egypt and in South Africa and the 6th Inniskillings was no exception. The regiment eventually returning to France from India in January 1915 to serve with great distinction during the Great War. Lawrence 'Titus' Oates of Scott's Antarctic Expedition was an officer in the regiment. The story of Captain Oates of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, has become a legend. The member of Scott's ill-fated expedition to the South Pole in 1912, who, suffering badly from frost-bite and exhaustion, and in an extreme example of self-sacrifice walked out into the blizzard on the 16th March - sacrificing himself to save his fellow men. October 25, 1854 The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava by Lord Alfred Tennyson [first verse] The charge of the gallant three hundred, the Heavy Brigade! Down the hill, down the hill, thousands of Russians, Thousands of horsemen, drew to the valley–and stay’d; For Scarlett and Scarlett’s three hundred were riding by When the points of the Russian lances arose in the sky; And he call’d, ‘Left wheel into line!’ and they wheel’d and obey’d. Then he look’d at the host that had halted he knew not why, And he turn’d half round, and he bade his trumpeter sound To the charge, and he rode on ahead, as he waved his blade To the gallant three hundred whose glory will never die– ‘Follow,’ and up the hill, up the hill, up the hill, Follow’d the Heavy Brigade. The photo in the gallery shows the 6th Dragoons regimental armourer's stamps on the hilt guard. They are 6, D, B, & 1. These represent the regiment's number, the type of regiment, the troop number and lastly the number of the sword in the regiment. They were often struck individually, making no or little effort to line them up, or to be orderly. It entirely depended on the orderliness of the armourer himself. We also made all suitable investigations to see if there was a G stamped next to the D, that would have indicated 6th Dragoon Guards as opposed to the 6th Dragoons, but there is no trace of a G ever being present.
A Scarce 'Head-Hunting' Dao Sword of The Nagas of Assam An antique Dao Sword of The Nagas of Assam in Nagaland. The furthermost state of North East India. Little is known of the Nagas as most of their history is undocumented, until the British East India Co. took control of the country in 1826. The internecine tribal warfare involved head-hunting, which is the decapitation of captives for their religious ceremonies, but the British and the Christian missionaries did all that was possible to eradicate the head-hunting religious traditions, and converted a portion of the population to Baptist. The sword has a traditional straight rounded hilt [probably bamboo] with a central section tightly bound with most intricate geometric patterned cord that is over lacquered. The blade is flattened with two hand cut grooves and a stamped dot and semi circular decorative pattern design, the blade ends fairly wide. The scabbard is wood and open sided with a most attractive and skillfully executed floral pattern carved in relief at the bottom section. These swords were multi- functional, perfectly adaptable from decapitation to bamboo cutting.
A Scarce and Superb US Civil War, Savage North, Navy .36cal Revolver With four distinctive down stroke cuts and two cross cuts to the butt stock. This by tradition is recognised as trophy marks. One cut for each successful gunfight outcome. Produced in the 1860's. Standard three line address and patent markings on top of the frame above the cylinder. Henry North patent action, with a ring trigger for revolving the cylinder and cocking the hammer, and a second conventional trigger for firing, and a shared heart-shaped trigger guard. Very good fully operational action. Two-section cylinder, with the front section unfluted and the rear section fitted to the frame with cut-outs along the sides. Smooth grips with a distinctive blackstrap profile. One of the very scarce revolvers of the US Civil War. With good clear maker and patent markings. A very collectable pistol that were made in far fewer numbers than their sister guns, the Colt and the Remington. A very expensive gun in it's day, it had a complex twin trigger mechanism, and a revolving cylinder with a spring operated gas seal. One of our very favourite guns of the 19th century, that epitomises the extraordinary and revolutionary designs and forms of arms that were being invented at that time, and for it's sheer extravagance of complexity, combined with it's unique and highly distinctive profile. The Savage Navy Model, a six shot .36 calibre revolver, was made only from 1861 until 1862 with a total production of only 20,000 guns. This unique military revolver was one of the few handguns that was produced only for Civil War use. Its design was based on the antebellum Savage-North "figure eight" revolver, the Savage Navy had a unique way of cocking the hammer. The shooter used his middle finger to draw back the "figure 8" lever and then pushed it forward to cock the hammer and rotate the cylinder. The Union purchased just under 12,000 of these initially at $19.00 apiece for use by its cavalry units. Savage Navy revolvers were issued to the 1st and 2nd Wisconsin U.S. Volunteer Cavalry regiments, and 5th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry while the State of Missouri issued 292 Savage revolvers to its Missouri Enrolled Militia units. The remaining revolvers were purchased by private means and shipped to the Confederacy for use with the 34th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry (Witcher's Nighthawks), the 35th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry (White's Rebels), 11th Texas Cavalry, 7th Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's Cavalry), and 7th Missouri Cavalry. The United States Navy also made a small purchase of 800 Savages during 1861 for use on its ships. One of our very favourite guns of the 19th century, that epitomises the extraordinary and revolutionary Heath Robinsonseque designs and forms of arms, that were being invented at that time, and for it's sheer extravagance of complexity, combined with it's unique and highly distinctive profile. We show in the gallery three different original photos of Civil War soldiers, each one proudly carries his Savage revolver [for information only, not included. In May 2018 a similar Savage Navy Revolver sold in auction in America for $48,875, naturally it was a very nice example. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Scarce English Transitional Revolver Circa 1840 By Cook of London The stepping stone between the 1830's pepperbox revolver, and the later first double action revolver patented by London's Robert Adams in 1851. Some of the most ground breaking work in the early design and manufacture of revolvers was undertaken in England long before the world famous American revolver makers, such as Colt and Remington, became famous for their fine pistols. This most interesting piece is fully, and most finely engraved, on the frame and grip, with a highly detailed micro chequered walnut butt. Good operating action, several areas of old surface pitting intersperced with areas of no pitting at all. Trapdoor percussion cap container in the butt. Made by one of England's 19th century makers and innovators of fine revolver pistols, of London. A classic example of one of the earliest English cylinder revolvers that was favoured by gentleman wishing to arm themselves with the latest technology and improvement ever designed by English master gunsmiths. They were most popular with officers [that could afford them] in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. A picture in the gallery is of Robert Adams himself, loading his patent revolver for HRH Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's Consort. He was also manager for the London Armoury and he made many of the 19,000 pistols that were bought by the Confederate States for the Civil War. The US government also bought Adams revolvers from the London Armoury, at $18 each, which was $4.00 more than it was paying Colt for his, and $6.00 more than Remington.The action on this beautiful gun is good very nice, and tight, but the surface has areas of old corrosion. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Scarce Form of Antique Indo Persian Sword With Wootz Khyber Blade Gold koftgari shamshir hilt with T section khyber style wide blade, called a Salwar . This is a truly impressive piece, a fabulous example of the traditional sword sized edged weapon that normally one would associate with the Afridis and many other tribes living in and near the Khyber Pass, Turkistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Although this sword would have had a much further travelled path, and fitted with an Indo Persian koftgari hilt as opposed to the local Khyber type. Straight and heavy single-edged Damascus steel T section blade tapering gradually from the hilt to the point with wide rib at the back. There is a spectacular portrait of Captain (later Lieutenant-General) Colin Mackenzie in Afghan garb with his Khyber sword within his belt. Capt. Mackenzie played a remarkable role in the First Afghan War (1838-42), which was charted at almost every stage by the press. It probably encouraged the young, aspiring portraitist James Sant to create this dramatic canvas for exhibition at the Royal Academy in 1844. Mackenzie was one of those taken hostage by the Afghans during the ill-fated retreat from Kabul in January 1842. He was then selected to act as messenger between his captor, Akbar Khan, and the British garrison at Jalalabad. All the hostages were liberated in September 1842. The Khyber salwar was the sword of the tribes living in and near the Khyber pass. This pass goes through the Spin Ghar mountans, from Afghanistan to Pakistan, connecting Central Asia with the Indian subcontinent. An integral part of the ancient Silk Road trade route, and of great strategic importance. The pass was used for invasions by no less than Alexander the Great, the Mongol Horde, and more recently, Ranjit Singh. The region is inhabited by Pashtun tribes such as Afridis and Shinwari. Most villages in the pass are Afridis, regarded by the British as "warlike people". The Shinwari offered "protection" to travellers for a fee.
A Scarce Ngombe Doko Tribal Chiefs & Slave Execution Knife This huge execution knife became a symbol of power - and became a "ceremonial knife for tribal chiefs". With the indigenous names of a Ngulu, Ngol, Ngwolo, M'Bolo,& Gulu These drawings show ngulu execution swords at various executions. The back side of the blade was used as a machete for cutting. It was believed a person remained "aware" for some time after decapitation. As a result, the deceased final sensual experience was flying through the air to meet his or her ancestors. Executions were not judicial events meant for murders or criminals. They were events carried out for ceremonial purposes and the chosen were invariably slaves. Werner Fisher & Manfred A. Zirngibl wrote in their book Afrikanische Waffen: This design was selected for cult and execution knives. A knife was created which symbolized the inexorableness on the judgment and execution. This execution knife became a symbol of power and, in a few variations became a ceremonial knife for tribal chieftains. At executions, the condemned man was tied to the ground with ropes and poles. His head was fastened with leather straps to a bent tree branch. In this way it was ensured that the man’s neck would remain stretched. After the decapitation, the head would be automatically catapulted far away.”
A Scarce Pattern, Edwardian Army Service Corps Helmet Plate This is not the standard type used from 1902 as they are gilt and have an upright capitalised type font. The Canadian version is very similar but with the word Canada below within asmall scroll, and again, gilt, whereas this example is white metal. Two lugs remaining. The officers and men of the ASC – sometimes referred to in a joking way as Ally Sloper’s Cavalry – were the unsung heroes of the British Army in the Great War. Soldiers can not fight without food, equipment and ammunition. They can not move without horses or vehicles. It was the ASC’s job to provide them. In the Great War, the vast majority of the supply, maintaining a vast army on many fronts, was supplied from Britain. Using horsed and motor vehicles, railways and waterways, the ASC performed prodigious feats of logistics and were one of the great strengths of organisation by which the war was won. The largest element of the ASC was the Horse Transport section. Most Horse Transport Companies were under orders of Divisions, with four normally being grouped into a Divisional Train. Others were part of the Lines of Communication where they were variously known by subtitles as Auxiliary Supply Companies or Reserve Parks. Soldiers who served in the Horse Transport usually had the letter T as a prefix to their number. The British Army was already the most mechanised in the world when the Great War began, in terms of use of mechanical transport. It maintained that leadership, and by 1918 this was a strategically important factor in being able to maintain supply as the armies made considerable advances over difficult ground. All Mechanical Transport Companies were part of the Lines of Communication and were not under orders of a Division, although some (unusually known as Divisional Supply Columns and Divisional Ammunition Parks) were in effect attached to a given Division and worked closely with it. Those in the Lines of Communication operated in wide variety of roles, such as being attached to the heavy artillery as Ammunition Columns or Parks, being Omnibus Companies, Motor Ambulance Convoys, or Bridging and Pontoon units. Soldiers who served in the Mechanical Transport usually had the letter M as a prefix to their number.
A Scarce Prussian 'Saxony' 1845 Pattern Fusiliers Falchion Sword With its original leather and brass mounted scabbard, armourer sharpened blade, with makers mark at the blade forte [a knights head] for Carl Reinhardt Kirschbaum [manufacturers from 1814-62] and stamp of the monarchs cypher. A jolly nice example of these now very scarce swords used the the Franco Prussian War of 1870-71. We show a fusilier painted at the Battle of Lisaine nicely shown wearing his falchion. The Battle of the Lisaine, also known as the Battle of Héricourt was fought from 15 January to 17 January 1871 between Prussian and French forces. The French were led by Charles Denis Bourbaki, and were attempting to relieve the Siege of Belfort. The Prussians prepared multiple corps, about 52,000 men, to halt the French advance of about 152,000 men. The Prussians were outnumberd three to one. The Prussian corps had their outer posts overran quite swiftly but the Prussians forced back and counterattacked the French forces, breaking the morale of French troops and leaving them to either die or retreat. In the end their efforts failed, and they were forced to flee into Switzerland where they were all interned soon after. The immediate cause of the war resided in the candidacy of Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, a Prussian prince, to the throne of Spain. France feared encirclement by an alliance between Prussia and Spain. The Hohenzollern prince's candidacy was withdrawn under French diplomatic pressure, but Otto von Bismarck goaded the French into declaring war by altering a telegram sent by William I. Releasing the Ems Dispatch to the public, Bismarck made it sound as if the king had treated the French envoy in a demeaning fashion, which inflamed public opinion in France. The Franco Prussian War was first declared on 16 July 1870 On that day the French parliament voted to declare war on the German Kingdom of Prussia and hostilities began three days later. The German coalition mobilised its troops much more quickly than the French and rapidly invaded northeastern France. The German forces were superior in numbers, had better training and leadership and made more effective use of modern technology, particularly railroads and artillery. A series of swift Prussian and German victories in eastern France, culminating in the Siege of Metz and the Battle of Sedan, saw Napoleon III captured and the army of the Second Empire decisively defeated. A Government of National Defence declared the Third Republic in Paris on 4 September and continued the war for another five months; the German forces fought and defeated new French armies in northern France. Following the Siege of Paris, the capital fell on 28 January 1871, and then a revolutionary uprising called the Paris Commune seized power in the capital and held it for two months, until it was bloodily suppressed by the regular French army at the end of May 1871.
A Scarce Silver Presentation British Raj Indian Police Service Sword A Wilkinson deluxe quality silver plated presention sword, presented on the 4th January 1912 to the recipient, A.H.Marshall by E.B.L, for the celebration of King George Vth's Delhi Durbar of December 1911. The Indian Imperial Police, referred to variously as the Indian (Imperial) Police or simply the Indian Police or, by 1905, Imperial Police (IP), was part of the Indian Police Services (IPS), the uniform system of police administration in British India, as established by India Act 5 of 1861. In 1948, a year after India's independence from Britain, the Imperial Police Service (IPS) was replaced by the Indian Police Service, which had been constituted as part of the All-India Services by the Constitution. It comprised two branches, the Superior Police Services, from which the Indian (Imperial) Police would later be formed, and the Subordinate Police Service. Until 1893, appointments to the senior grades (i.e., Assistant District Superintendent and above) were made locally in India, mainly from European officers of the Indian Army. Hierarchically, the upper échelon, headed by an Inspector General for each province, was made up of District Superintendents and Assistant District Superintendents (ADS), most of whom were appointed, from 1893, by examination for the Indian Civil Service (ICS) exams in the UK. The Subordinate Police Service consisted of Inspectors, Sub-Inspectors, Head Constables (or Sergeant in the City forces and cantonments) and Constables, mainly consisting of Indians except for the higher ranks. By the 1930s, the Indian Police "unprecedented degree of authority within the colonial administration". The Indian Imperial Police was also the primary law enforcement in Burma, governed as a province of India. George Orwell, under his real name of Eric Blair, served in the Indian Imperial Police, in Burma, from October 1920 to December 1927, eventually resigning while on leave in England, having attained the rank of Assistant District Superintendent at District Headquarters, first in Insein, and later at Moulmein. He wrote of how having been in contact with, in his own words, "the work of Empire at close quarters" had affected his personal, political and social outlook. Some of the works referring to his experiences include "A Hanging" (1931), set in the notorious Insein Prison, and his novel Burmese Days (1934). Likewise, although he wrote that, "I loved Burma and the Burman and have no regrets that I spent the best years of my life in the Burma police.", in "Shooting an Elephant" (1936), he pointed out that "In Moulmein in Lower Burma, I was hated by large numbers of people–the only time in my life that I have been important enough for this to happen to me."
A Scarce Swiss 1842 Briquet Man's Sword of The Guard Regt's A very rarely seen sword in the UK, The US and Europe, the Swiss briquet sidearm. It is based on the Franco-Prussian version, and similarly mostly made in Solingen Prussia, and imported to Switzerland in the early 19th century. Marked on the hilt J.P.Stacklj. No scabbard
A Scarce Victorian Yeomanry Cavalry Ammunition Belt Pouch A good example of these scarce and very disirable items of militaria from Queen Victoria's Yeomanry Cavalry regiments. Leather pouch with tin box interior and gilt brass regimental device to flap.
A Silver Mounted Sword With French Napoleonic Blade Inscription Called, in the French Napoleonic era, a 'Sabre d'Officier a Monture a L'Orientale'. A delightful Napoleonic wars sword, from the early 19th century, with rare all silver mounts from the Arabian Peninsular. The blade is inscribed Manufacture Nationale, Coulax or Charleville?. It is difficult to interpret the latter inscription as it is now partly too worn. After Napoleon's Egypt Campaign that ended in 1801 many Napoleonic officer's adopted the so-called oriental mounted swords captured from the Egyptian Marmalukes that eventually became part of Napoleons Imperial Garde. These swords, in their turn, were captured by the British and similarly adopted as a form of highly favoured officers sword. In fact the mamaluke sabre became the British General's pattern sword that is still in use today. Several of these swords were part of a Sotheby's Napoleonic Wars auction in Monaco in 1990, titled "Belles Armes Anciennes Casques et Objects Militaires". In 1803, the Mamluks were organized into a company attached to the Chasseurs a Cheval of the Imperial Guard. Mamluks fought well at Battle of Austerlitz on December 2, 1805…and the regiment was granted a standard. With the First Restoration, the company of the Mamluks of the Imperial Guard was incorporated into the Corps Royal des Chasseurs de France. The Mamluks of the Young Guard were incorporated in the 7th Chasseurs a Cheval. The Napoleonic period was an extremely complicated time. Moral right and wrong are hard to distinguish: Napoleon was a dictator, but not a particularly evil one. He encouraged many developments we today consider quite positive. The Napoleonic Wars were instigated by France, but each nation fought to protect and expand its own national interest. The wars were punctuated by constantly shifting alliances. Sometimes Prussia fought France, and sometimes it was neutral. Austria, led by the crafty Metternich, tried to improve relations with France towards the end the Napoleonic era. Russia initially opposed Napoleon, then sided with him, and then turned against him again. The only constant through the fifteen years of Napoleon's rule was the continued enmity between England and France. Napoleon—and Hitler—are famously known to have met with the reversal of their fortunes through invading Russia. Yet, in both cases, the wealth and resources of the British played a major role in their downfall. Despite Britain’s comparatively small population and territorial base, it alone among European countries was able to fight Napoleon nonstop (except for the short Peace of Amiens from 1802-1803, Britain was at war with France from 1793-1815 while other states alternated between war, peace, and alliance with France). The blade is covered in old storage grease that should remove nicely. Quillon finial lacking to one side.
A Simply Beautiful Near 3000 Year Old Akinakes Sword In Superb Condition A sword traded with the Eastern Mediterranean Scythians, Persians and Greeks during the the Ist millennium B.C. around 2600 to 3000 years ago. Made in bronze in the Luristan Western Asiatic region. Luristan bronzes refer to items dating from roughly 1500-500 BC that have been excavated since the late 1920’s in the Harsin, Khorramabad and Alishtar valleys of the Zagros Mountains of western Iran, especially at the site of Tepe Sialk. Scholars believe they were created by either the Cimmerians or by such related Indo-European peoples as the early Medes and Persians. Luristan weapons were highly sought after by warriors of many cultures because of their quality, balance and durability. Cotton reel style pommel, near straight sided blade terminating with a graduating point, with fabulous areas of crystallized malachite blue/green patina. The acinaces, also spelled akinakes or akinaka is a type of short sword used mainly in the first millennium BC in the eastern Mediterranean region, especially by the Medes, Scythians and Persians, then by the Greeks. The akinakes was worn at the hip in an elaborate scabbard. The chape, generally a rounded triangle, could be made of bronze, chased gold or carved ivory, and probably lots of other materials. Just above the chape, a cord was tied around the scabbard, passed around the thigh and then through a slipknot next to the chape. The throat had a large tab, which at its own upper corner was tied through a hole in the weapon belt. We show a scene from a mixing bowl (calyx krater) with scenes from the fall of Troy held in the Boston Museum, in the scene a Trojan and Greek warrior are in combat with the right hand warrior drawing his most similar akinakes sword. 19.75 nches long
A Simply Glorious 1790'S Royal Naval Irish Officer's Combat Sword Made by Read of Dublin. In amazing condition for age, with a very bright blade. With carved ivory grip, copper gilt three bar hilt and long cutlass blade. Original copper gilt mounted leather scabbard, leather expertly restored sometime in its past. A stunning, dress-cum-combat long cutlass, and an absolutely beauty of a sword. A quarter of Nelson's men, who can be identified, were Irish, according to the UK’s National Maritime Museum and the UK National Archives. They had examined the surviving records for all involved in Nelson’s fleet that was part of an exhibition in London which analyses the time in the 18th and 19th century when Britannia really did rule the waves. Nelson’s fleet consisted of 33 ships and approximately 18,000 men, of whom records survive for about 12,000. Some 3,573 sailors came from Ireland including 893 from Dublin, 632 from Cork, 187 from Waterford, 154 from Limerick, 116 from Wexford and 112 from Antrim. There were 94 Irishmen on the flagship HMS Victory on which Nelson lost his life during the battle. There were 77 Ryans, 59 Murphys and 32 McCarthys involved. “It was not the case of the press gang. These men were clearly volunteers. They clearly saw the navy as a career… You’ll always see a disproportionate number coming from coastal areas, of whom many were from Ireland.” The research shows that 10 per cent of Nelson’s navy were from outside the UK as it was then, including Frenchmen and Spaniards fighting against their own countries. The distinguished historian Brian Lavery has noted in his recent Shipboard Life and Organisation, 1731-1815 that there is a renewed interest in social structure in the Georgian Royal Navy, particularly as it relates to matters of discipline and fighting spirit - or lack thereof - in individual ships, squadrons or fleets. A query that interested the Irish Sword [“The Irish Sword”, the Journal of the Military History Society of Ireland]: Was 'How many Irish officers of the Navy during and just after the Nelson period?'. In fact some 650 sea-officers, Irish by birth, family or marriage, served during the intermittent wars with France, Spain and Holland and the USA that were fought between 1793 and 1815, a time that may fairly be said to have established the claim that ‘Britannia rules the waves". Small contemporary ivory repair to the grip, the blade edge shows several edge to edge combat sword cuts.
A Simply Spectacular King William IVth British Infantry Officer's Sword Made by Moore, late Bicknell and Moore, Makers to the King, No 1 Old Bond St. London in 1837. In such incredible condition and quality it is simply breathtaking. We cannot recall ever having, or even seeing, a better example, in this condition, a sword of this age, in over 45 years. Including swords in the Royal Collection once used by 19th century British Kings. King William the Ivth was hugely popular and somewhat like his descendant namesake the current Prince William. When King George IV died on 26 June 1830 without surviving legitimate issue, William succeeded him as King William IV. Aged 64, he was the oldest person yet to assume the British throne, but reigned only 7 years. The new King did his best to endear himself to the people. Charlotte Williams-Wynn wrote shortly after his accession: "Hitherto the King has been indefatigable in his efforts to make himself popular, and do good natured and amiable things in every possible instance." Emily Eden noted: "He is an immense improvement on the last unforgiving animal [George Ivth] who died growling sulkily in his den at Windsor. This man at least wishes to make everybody happy, and everything he has done has been benevolent." William dismissed his brother's French chefs and German band, replacing them with English ones to public approval. He gave much of George IV's art collection to the nation, and halved the royal stud. George IV had begun an extensive (and expensive) renovation of Buckingham Palace; William refused to reside there, and twice tried to give the palace away, once to the Army as a barracks, and once to Parliament after the Houses of Parliament burned down in 1834. His informality could be startling: When in residence at the Royal Pavilion in Brighton, King William used to send to the hotels for a list of their guests and invite anyone he knew to dinner, urging guests not to "bother about clothes. The Queen does nothing but embroider flowers after dinner." The King immediately proved himself a conscientious worker. His first Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington, stated that he had done more business with King William in ten minutes than he had with George IV in as many days. Lord Brougham described him as an excellent man of business, asking enough questions to help him understand the matter—whereas George IV feared to ask questions lest he display his ignorance and George III would ask too many and then not wait for a response. He died in 1837 and the throne past to Queen Victoria. It still has its black patent leather hilt liner, but it is loosely detached [they were simply stitched]. We photograph it in place, and removed.
A Simply Stunning London Silver Hilted Sword of 1766, With Silver Scabbard Superbly crafted solid London silver hilt, hallmarked to 1766, with open pierced work shell guards, multiwire silver grip, pierced silver oviod pommel, single knuckle bow, single quillon and pas dans. Remarkably in it's original vellum and silver mounted scabbard. The whole design of the relief décor is based around military stands of arms, classical helmets, cannon flags banners, spears, axes polearms and quivers of arrows. The blade is engraved with scrolls and decorative motifs. The blade is finely engraved with traces of gold decoration. Admiral Rodney had an almost identical silver sword in a vellum scabbard [they were white originally before natural age colouring] and General George Washington, who later became the first President of the United States of America,also had an almost identical type of sword. One can see him wearing his sword, in the earliest known portrait of Washington, aged 40, in his position of colonel of the then British colonial Virginia Regiment. Painted by Charles Wilson Peale in 1772. Although George Washington is the first uniformly accepted President of the United States of America, there were 16 men who held the post of President before him. However, the so called 'Forgotten Presidents' were either Presidents of Congress or Presidents of the United States Under the Articles of Confederation. This sword is without doubt a sword of quality and status, from the time before and of the Revolutionary War, and absolutely the very kind carried by men of Washington's position, and Admirals throughout the British Royal and American navies. The guard has had in it's working life a soft metal and shellac repair and one quillon is now shortened. The russetted blade has a few contact edge losses, and the scabbard vellum some working life repairs, however, its condition is comfortably reflected in the price.
A Simply Wonderful 1633 King Charles Ist Carved Oak Wedding Chest Panel Also known in medieval Italy as a cassone. Depicting the conjoined initials of the wedded couple, the date 1633, a noble family crest and a stunningly carved panel of an harquebusier with his dog. From a 17th century pre Civil War wedding chest. A wooden chest was one of the most important items of medieval furniture, because aristocratic families spent so much time travelling with pack-horses all around the country to their various homes. All the bride’s personal items would be kept in a chest like this. It is remarkable that it has survived for so long. Sometimes a pair of chests could have been commissioned by the groom or his family, or, more rarely, by the bride's father, for the bride on the occasion of a marriage between members of important and wealthy families. In medieval times the primary utilitarian function of the cassone within the marriage ritual in the first half of the fifteenth century was to transport the girl's donora, the collection of linens, clothes and objects known today as a trousseau, from her father's house to that of her husband. In this way, cassoni took on the important and symbolic role of transporting the bride's share of her own family's patrimony, in the form of her dowry, from the house of her birth to that of her new husband. Since the dowry was effectively a daughter's inheritance, in most cases she would have no legal right to her family's wealth after that point, its transferal to her husband's household was symbolic of the severing of her familial ties. This fabulous piece of decidedly fine British Carolean carving would grace any fine home, as a stand alone work of art, or as a most exquisite decorative feature, say, above a fireplace, as a wall panel or even as a bed stead. It would work as well as in a modern, contemporary residence, or be a delightful centrepiece in any period home, albeit a mansion or cottage. We show an early more simple but painted Italian cassone as an illustration. However having the wedded couple's monogram feature is a superb plus point, and the carved musketeer is a thorough joy to an historian. 56.25 inches x 24 inches x 2 inches
A Singularly Beautiful Napoleonic Wars Presentation Quality 1796-1803 Sword The hilt retains almost all its original finest mercurial gold covering, and a stunning line engraved ivory grip. The scabbard similarly draws the eye to the importance of the entire piece. Its highly distinctive appearance brings us very much to mind a strong possibility it was presented to an officer of the 15th Light Dragoons, for, in the 1820's the regiment commissioned a specific highest quality mameluke sword, with carved ivory hilt, for officers of the regiment, but with this highly distinctive scabbard pattern, that scabbard is so similar that we feel to believe it as a mere coincidence is most improbable. We therefore judge this very sword's design may well have influenced the pattern of the 15th Hussars regiments officer's deluxe quality mameluke made during the later Georgian period. This sword's blade slides neatly into the amazingly decorated sheath, of engraved mercurial gold copper-gilt panels, with a black leather base, and twin fine ring mounts. This wondrous sword is somewhat similar quality to the Lloyds Patriotic Fund swords, and other highest grade presentation quality swords awarded to officers during wars with France, during the reign of King George IIIrd, in the early 19th century. It would have been commissioned from by one the finest London makers, such as R. Teed of Lancaster Court, or Thomas Gill of St James's, as there are certainly elements of workmanship similar to both Gill and Teed's finest craftsmanship. The blade is polished with areas of age staining and once bore fine engravings and the king's cypher and motto. Lloyd's Patriotic Fund was founded on 28 July 1803 at Lloyd's Coffee House, and continues to the present day. Lloyd’s Patriotic Fund now works closely with armed forces charities to identify the individuals and their families who are in urgent need of support. The contributors created the fund to give grants to those wounded in service to the Crown and to set up annuities to the dependents of those killed in action. The Fund also awarded prizes to those British combatants who went beyond the call of duty. The rewards could be a sum of money, a sword or a piece of plate. The Fund issued 15 swords worth £30 each, to midshipmen, masters' mates and Royal Marine lieutenants. Also, 91 swords worth 50 pounds each went to naval lieutenants and Royal Marine captains. It issued 35 swords worth £100 each to commanders and naval captains. In addition, it issued 23 swords, worth £100 each, to naval captains who fought at Trafalgar. Some 60 officers requested a piece of plate of equal value instead of a sword. Lastly, a number of officers opted for cash instead, either for themselves or to distribute to their crew. One engagement might result in multiple awards. When a cutting-out party from HMS Franchise captured Raposa in 1806, naval lieutenants John Fleming and Peter Douglas, and Lieutenant of Marines Mend, each received a sword worth £50, while Midshipman Lamb received one worth £30. Not all the officers who received swords or other merit awards were naval officers or Royal Marines. Some were captains of privateers or East Indiamen. The Fund awarded Mr. Thomas Musgrave, captain of the private man of war Kitty an honour-sabre worth £30 for the action in which Kitty captured the Spanish ship Felicity (or Felicidad). After the Battle of Pulo Aura, Lloyd's Patriotic Fund gave each captain a sword worth £50, and one to Lieutenant Robert Merrick Fowler (RN), who had distinguished himself in a variety of capacities during the engagement, and one worth £100 to Captain Nathaniel Dance, who had been the commodore of the fleet.Napoleonic period original painting in the gallery of Capt. Manby with his Prize Presentation Sword
A Singularly Beautiful Victorian Silk 'Royal' Maritime Embroidery Woolwork Although encompassed in the term 'woolwork', the better quality examples, such as this, were made from silk obtained by the sailors who stitched them, usually in China or Japan. Set in a simulated rosewood frame. 19th century Victorian royal crest with British maritime flags of the Royal Navy, The White Ensign, Red Ensign, Blue Ensign, Union Jack, Scottish Standard, Shamrock Flag and surmounted with a life preserver. At the base is the royal motto in a scroll 'Dieu Et Mon Droit' beneath the English rose the Scottish thistle and Irish shamrock. All on a blue silk ground with silk and embroidery decoration throughout. Often made by sailors when at sea during quiet periods and brought home for framing. Sometimes called a sailor's silkwork. From about 1840 to World War I, many British sailors passed the long hours in port or on the open sea by sewing these wool pictures, commonly called Woolies. Many have a naive charm, but some are so well executed that they rival their counterparts in oil. Primarily Woolies depict ships, but some are known to contain other subjects such as patriotic symbols, flags and crests. As Woolies were works of pride or sentiment, none were done in bad taste or caricature. Unfortunately, the names of the artists have been lost to history because Woolies tend to be unsigned. But sometimes they give us small clues as to their origin. The enchantment of Woolies is that they are folk art. They were made by the hands of men who were not formally trained in embroidery. Regardless, it is understandable how such tough men could create such delicate pictures. Woolies are the creative product of sailors’ spare time, excess materials and a basic, yet necessary, familiarity with needle and thread. Until the mid-1880s the average seaman had no standard uniform. Not only did he sew his own clothes, but also one of his duties was to maintain the ship’s sails. Furthermore, sailors used embroidery to individualize and embellish their garments, frequently in eccentric designs. Therefore, spare time between watches combined with basic sewing skills and imagination became the rich soil from which the art of Woolies grew. Most of the materials used to make Woolies were found on board ship. Sail canvas, duck cloth from sailors’ trousers or a simple linen or cotton fabric was used as a base. The stretcher commonly was made from excess wood with simple tenon joints, without wedges. Only the Berlin wool, cotton or silk would need to be brought from home or acquired in a foreign port. Sailors mainly chose to use vivacious colours—chiefly white, blue, red, brown and varying shades of green. Early Woolies are made of naturally dyed wool. After the development of chemical dyes in the mid-1850s, sailors could obtain a greater range of colours at a less expensive price. Only when the sailor returned home did he frame it. Today collectors frequently place woolies in maple frames, but originally the frames were quite diverse. Sometimes they were made of a simple wood; other times they were highly carved or gilded. Woolies reached their height from about 1860-80. Several events led to the eventual demise of the craft. After the advent of steam engine power, the dependency on sails and the large crews required to maintain them came to an end. This in turn influenced the size of the crews as well as their required skills. Sailors no longer needed to know how to sew in order to repair the sails, nor did they need to make their own clothing anymore. Photography also allowed a sailor to remember his travels through photographs instead of his own wool work. Top left blue silk ground has some fading. Size 23 inches x 24 inches in frame
A Singularly Stunning, Zulfikar Style "Lord of Cleaving" Shamshir Sword A rare, original, 18th to 19th century Zulfikar [Zulfiqar] style shamshir, with a most scarce bifurcated blade. A silver and ivory hilted sword, with an Islamic silver Tughra reign mark on the crossguard. Copper gilt mounted ivory grip scales that have a carved geometric chequered pattern. The blade has a distinctive scalloped cutting edge and it's tip becomes two points. A very similar sword is shown in W. Egerton's book, Handbook of Indian Arms… Plate XV, item 658. According to the tradition of the Islam, the prophet Muhammad had two swords. The first was a straight bladed sword, common to the period, which is now shown in the Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul. The second sword is believed to have had a split blade. This sword was given to Ali, the prophet's son in law, who fought with it in many great battles and saw great victories. That sword was nicknamed Zulfikar (Lord of cleaving). This sword was lost, and no one exactly knows it's form other than by legend. Many attempts to describe the Zulfikar have been made during the development of Islamic swords. Certainly that there is a possibility that this sword is one of those attempts to create a version of the legendary sword of Ali. By most accounts, Muhammad presented the Zulfiqar to a young ‘Ali at the Battle of Uhud. During the battle, ‘Ali struck one of the fiercest adversaries, breaking both his helmet and his shield. Seeing this, Muhammad was reported to have said " There is no hero but ‘Ali and no sword except Dh? l-Fiq?r" Blade cutting edge 38 inches long. In the gallery are examples of the notables that wore these very swords such as a portrait of the Marquis of Londonderry with the same form of sword, also, of Demetrios Mavromichalis by Jean Dupre. This sword will not be effected by any imminent UK ivory ban due to the antique ivory compostion being less than 10%.
A Small and Stout English Boxlock Percussion Pistol By Williamson of Hull Circa 1830. Boxlock pistols were pocket pistols popular in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism. Unlike most firearms which have the hammer located off to the side of the pistol, a boxlock pistol had the hammer located directly on top of the pistol. They were called a boxlocks because all of the working mechanisms for the hammer and the trigger was located in a “box” or receiver directly below the top mounted hammer. While the hammer obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun more compact and concealable than other pistols. The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock. Unlike modern firearms, these pistols were not mass produced, but were hand made in gunsmith's workshops. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Small Antique Sudanese or Tuareg Sleeve Dagger or Tebu A most interesting Tuareg small arm or sleeve dagger. Traditionally worn on the left forearm with the hilt pointing down the arm, extremely effective blade, leather scabbard, skull-crusher steel pommel. The Tuareg, a nomadic people predominantly of Berber origin. The Tuareg long dominated the central and west-central areas of the Sahara desert, including portions of what is now Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, and Morocco, and had a reputation as effective warriors and as highwaymen. A late 19th century dagger , in completely in untouched, long stored condition, with light red rust to blade, and should respond beautifully to gentle polishing. 33cm long overall
A South American Sorocabana Knife 'Faca De Ponta' "Sorocabana knife". It was the knife used by the bandeirantes of São Paulo and by the tropeiros who traveled between the south and southeast regions. Made from an imported blade from Gebruder Weyersberg Solingen. Gilt decorated makers panel. Carved ebony hilt In the southern region of Brazil , "tropeiro" was the conductor of mules troops from the city of Viamão , Rio Grande do Sul, to Sorocaba , São Paulo. These troops supplied the gold cycle in Minas Gerais in the eighteenth century . This activity was responsible for the founding of countless cities in the states of Rio Grande do Sul , Santa Catarina and Paraná . Before the railways , and long before the trucks , merchandise trade was done by drovers in regions where there were no alternatives for sea or river navigation for distribution. The interior regions, far from the coast, depended for a long time on this mode of transportation by mules . Since the end of the seventeenth century, mining works, for example, required the formation of groups of merchants in the domestic trade. Initially called men of the way, traffickers or passers-by, the tropeiros became fundamental in the trade of slaves , food and tools of the miners. Far from being specialized merchants, the tropeiros bought and sold of everything a little: slaves, tools, clothes, etc. The existence of Tropeirismo was intimately related to the coming and going of roads and highways, especially the Estrada Real - road through which Minas Gerais gold arrived at the port of Rio de Janeiro and followed to Portugal .
A Spectacular Peninsular War Rifles Officer's Battle & Dress Sword A stunning sword, a variant of the 1803 GR cypher hilted sword with lion pommel, but the most scarce pierced Light Infantry Bugle half basket. Fully engraved blade with royal cypher and coat of arms with motto. Blade with old edge cuts and edge losses. This sword has spent two full days being professionally cleaned and conserved as it had been left undisturbed for likely 150 years. During the Peninsular War officer's assigned to the Light companies often felt they required a better sword than the thin, straight bladed, standard 1796 infantry officer's sword prevalent at the time. The GR cypher 1803 slotted hilt sabre became, for many officer's, the sword of choice, but to those that had the funds, and the inclination, there was another option. Have a sword custom made, based on the blade of the hugely effective and popular 1796 light dragoon officer's sabre, but with a more suitable and stylish hilt. This is one of those very swords. It has a glorious copper gilt hilt with reeded ivory grip with great individual style and finesse of the highest quality. This is simply a stunning piece of architecture in the body of a sword. The Light Infantry were units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The most famous regiments of Light Infantry of this era was the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. No scabbard. This sword will not be effected by any imminent UK ivory ban due to the antique ivory compostion being less than 10%.
A Spectacular Quality Solid London Silver Mounted Pistol By T. Jones 1748 Hallmarked London silver mounts dated 1748, finest juglans regia walnut fully embellished and inlaid with silver mounts and wirework scrolls and a silver and whale baleen ramrod. Maker named and fully scroll engraved lock and cock, named and addressed barrel. Made in the reign of King George IInd by a most superior London gunsmith of his day. His will dated 1757, is held at the National Records Office in Kew. Made by Thomas Jones of Cornhill London. A masterpiece of silversmith's craft, the mounts can certainly be considered some of the finest silver work seen for a fine English pistol of this era. With a family crest of a crescent over a field of stars at the base of the silver butt. This may indicate the Senior family of Dorset latterly of Compton Castle. The Senior family were backers of King William IIIrd in the Glorious Revolution in 1688, in his aim to seize the English throne from King Charles Iind's heir, his brother, King James, which he did, whereupon after the success of the revolution the new English King William granted Christoper Senior 2000 acres of land in Jamaica. The finest English pistols have been so highly prized throughout history that they were frequently presented to and from royalty since the 1600's. In 1902, Kaiser Wilhelm II was driving in Scotland when something spooked his horses and they started backing into a crowd of people. A British lieutenant general named Archibald Hunter sprang forward, risking his life to seize the reins and pull the horses under control. He might not be well known now, but in the late Victorian era Hunter was the epitome of the boy’s own hero and the Kaiser gave him a pistol in recognition of his bravery. That pistol was recently sold for £30,000. Similar pistols of this fine quality can be seen in the British Tower Collection, the British Royal Collection, and the Metropolitan Museum in New York. The earliest collectors of firearms were probably monarchs intent on amassing armouries to demonstrate their wealth and power. They also became patrons, employing expert craftsmen to create better and more powerful weapons, as well as commissioning elaborately decorated guns that are rightly considered works of art in their own right. Such weapons are among the most eagerly sought by collectors today, but this is a field where even the crudest military weapons will have their devotees and rare examples of special technical interest can command high prices. The 16th century saw the development of wheel-locks, where an ignition spark was produced by a flint held against a clockwork-powered steel wheel. The flintlock, the principal means of ignition for two centuries from the 17th century onwards, was fired when a piece of iron pyrities clamped into a cock or hammer struck a hinged steel plate sending a shower of sparks into a pan of priming powder. The first use of combat this pistol could have seen would be the The French and Indian War (1754–63) comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1756–63. It pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France. Both sides were supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France, as well as by American Indian allies. At the start of the war, the French North American colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the British North American colonies. The outnumbered French particularly depended on the Indians. The European nations declared war on one another in 1756 following months of localized conflict, escalating the war from a regional affair into an intercontinental conflict. The name French and Indian War is used mainly in the United States. It refers to the two main enemies of the British colonists: the royal French forces and the various American Indian forces allied with them. The British colonists were supported at various times by the Iroquois, Catawba, and Cherokee, and the French colonists were supported by Wabanaki Confederacy members Abenaki and Mi'kmaq, and Algonquin, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, and Wyandot. The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain (including Prussia, Portugal, Hanover, and other small German states) on one side and the Kingdom of France (including the Austrian-led Holy Roman Empire, the Russian Empire, Bourbon Spain, and Sweden) on the other. Meanwhile, in India, the Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. A small area of stock edge wear around the rear of the lock plate and some silver wire decoration not present.
A Stunning & Rare 5th Royal Irish Lancers Tchapka Helmet Plate In superb condition, fabulous bronze patina and two helmet screw posts. Battle honours up to the Boer War. King Edward VIIth's crown. The regiment was originally formed in 1689 as James Wynne's Regiment of Dragoons. They fought in the Battle of the Boyne and at the Battle of Aughrim under William of Orange. Renamed the Royal Dragoons of Ireland, they went on to serve with the Duke of Marlborough during the Spanish War of Succession and earned three battle honours there.In 1751, they were retitled 5th Regiment of Dragoons and in 1756 the 5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons. As such, they served in Ireland and were active during the Irish Rebellion of 1798. However, they were accused of treachery; their accusers claimed their ranks had been infiltrated by rebels. (According to Continental Magazine, April 1863, the unit refused to attack a group of rebels.) This accusation appears to have been false, but nevertheless they were disbanded at Chatham in 1799. The regiment was reformed in 1858, keeping its old number and title, but losing precedence, being ranked after the 17th Lancers. It was immediately converted into a lancer regiment and titled 5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons (Lancers). In 1861, it was renamed the 5th (or Royal Irish) Lancers and then the 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers. The regiment served in India and a section served in Egypt in 1885, taking part in the battles at Suakin. It served with distinction in the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1902, gaining battle honours at Battle of Elandslaagte and The Defence of Ladysmith. The regiment then returned to England where it stayed until the outbreak of World War I, when it became part of the British Expeditionary Force and saw action continually from 1914 to 1918 in some of the war's bloodiest battles. During the battle of Bourlon Wood George William Burdett Clare received the Victoria Cross posthumously. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers won a total of 20 battle honours during the Great War. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers also has the grim honour of being the regiment of the last British soldier to die in the Great War. This was Private George Edwin Ellison from Leeds, who was killed by a sniper as the regiment advanced into Mons a short time before the armistice came into effect. The regiment was renamed 5th Royal Irish Lancers and disbanded in 1921, but a squadron was reconstituted in 1922 and immediately amalgamated with the 16th The Queen's Lancers to become the 16th/5th Lancers The Royal Irish Lancers were in Mons at the time of retreat in 1914 but escaped and returned on Armistice Day. The last cavalry regiment out and the first back!. The memorial panel we show in the gallery records the return welcomed by the Maire and the Curé. The scene is taken from a painting, “5th Lancers, Re-entry into Mons”, last heard of in the private collection of a Belgian citizen. This in turn is almost a mirror image of a painting “5th Lancers, Retreat from Mons” (whereabouts unknown). In the former, the troopers are heading in the opposite direction to the “Retreat”, and a middle-aged priest and a pregnant woman watching the departure of the regiment among a worried-looking crowd of Belgian citizens have subtly changed: the priest is now white-haired and the mother holds up her four-year-old child, having lived through the occupation of the German forces in Mons for four years. The Great War 1914 The 5 Lancers, as part of the 3rd Cavalry Brigade, were heavily involved and played a major role in the initial mobile actions fought by the BEF. They gained the distinction of being the last cavalry regiment to withdraw from Mons during the retreat; they also had the privilege to be the first British regiment to re-enter Mons after the pursuit in November 1918. Generally the First World War is described as a war of trench deadlock primarily fought by the infantry, gunners and engineers, this assessment is correct. It must however be remembered that cavalry regiments were expected to take their place in the line from time to time and did share the privations of trench warfare suffered by the infantry. On a number of occasions 5 L particularly distinguished themselves: in the defence of Guillemont Farm, June 1917, 3 MCs, and 4 MMs were won and during the defence of Bourlon Wood in 1918 Private George Clare won a posthumous VC. While the main focus of the First World War remained with the armies fighting on the western front it was by no means the only theatre of war. In 1918 Allenby, a 5th Lancer and later a Field Marshal, reorganised British forces in the Middle East pushing his lines forward into northern Palestine. Allenby's Army broke through at Megiddo resulting in the collapse of Turkish resistance. 8.25 inches x 5 inches approx.
A Stunning 1796 Heavy Cavalry Flintlock Pistol By Brander and Potts The scarcest and most sought after British military flintlock pistol of the Napoleonic Wars circa 1805. In 1796 a Board of General Officer's met to charge Henry Nock to design and develop a Heavy Dragoon pistol of Carbine bore. He came up with a heavy 9 inch barrel flintlock pistol, with no brass butt cap and no ramrod [the ramrod was to be kept in the saddle holster]. Only one pistol was to be issued to each trooper, as opposed to the light cavalry trooper being issued with a brace [pair]. Subsequent to 1801, the pistols made thereafter were to receive the rammer under the barrel within a channel [as with this one], on occasion to be retained by an internal spring. Brander and Pots were gun suppliers and contractor to the British Board of Ordnance during the Napoleonic Wars. This is a superb Union Brigade troopers flintlock, in wonderful overall condition and good proofs and markings. Finest walnut stock, bearing fine GR ordnance stock stamp, traditional military brass furniture, all steel ramrod of traditional 1796 heavy cavalry form. Round barrel of carbine [16] bore. The bore size was changed at a later date due to the fact that the opposing French Heavy Cavalry were armoured [unlike the British] and carbine bore calibre pistols had difficulty [within the mass inertia of the lead ball] to penetrate plate armour. Martin Brander and Thomas Potts are recorded at 70 Minories and Goodman's Yard from 1802. This is the form of pistol issued by the ordnance to all the great Heavy Dragoon regiments officers, such as of the 2nd Royal North British Dragoons [The Scots Greys], The 6th Inniskillin Dragoons. The 1796 Heavy Dragoon pattern pistols [as all other patterns] were supplied to the British ordnance, for issue to troopers, [ but to the officers directly] by several different makers, as manufacture by the Tower of London armoury was relatively slow, especially as during the Napoleonic Wars, the need for arms was far greater than supply. Brander and Potts were much prized makers, and their fine pistols were supplied to troopers and officers alike serving under the Duke of Wellington's command. The two heavy cavalry brigades called the Household Brigade and the Union Brigade saw famous service at the peak of the Battle of Waterloo, and most famously just before 2.00pm. At this crucial juncture, Uxbridge ordered his two brigades of British heavy cavalry, formed unseen behind a ridge, to charge in support of the hard-pressed infantry. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards. The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English, the 1st (The Royals); a Scottish, 2nd ('Scots Greys'); and an Irish, 6th (Inniskilling); regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. They were, however, inferior to the French in manoeuvring in large formations, cavalier in attitude, and unlike the infantry had scant experience of warfare. According to Wellington, they had little tactical ability or common sense. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with Uxbridge leading them and little reserve. The Household Brigade charged down the hill in the centre of the battlefield. The cuirassiers guarding d'Erlon's left flank were still dispersed, and so were swept over the deeply sunken main road and then routed. The sunken lane acted as a trap which funnelled the flight of the French cavalry to their own right, away from the British cavalry. Some of the cuirassiers then found themselves hemmed in by the steep sides of the sunken lane, with a confused mass of their own infantry in front of them, the 95th Rifles firing at them from the north side of the lane, and Somerset's heavy cavalry still pressing them from behind. The novelty of fighting armoured foes impressed the British cavalrymen, as was recorded by the commander of the Household Brigade. The blows of the sabres on the cuirasses sounded like braziers at work." —Lord Somerset, Continuing their attack, the squadrons on the left of the Household Brigade then destroyed Aulard's brigade. Despite attempts to recall them, however, they continued past La Haye Sainte and found themselves at the bottom of the hill on blown horses facing Schmitz's brigade formed in squares. To their left, the Union Brigade suddenly swept through the infantry lines (giving rise to the legend that some of the 92nd Gordon Highland Regiment clung onto their stirrups and accompanied them into the charge). From the centre leftwards, the Royal Dragoons destroyed Bourgeois' brigade, capturing the eagle of the 105th Ligne. The Inniskillings routed the other brigade of Quoit's division, and the Greys destroyed most of Nogue's brigade, capturing the eagle of the 45th Ligne. On Wellington's extreme left, Durutte's division had time to form squares and fend off groups of Greys. As with the Household Cavalry, the officers of the Royals and Inniskillings found it very difficult to rein back their troops, who lost all cohesion. James Hamilton, commander of the Greys (who were supposed to form a reserve) ordered a continuation of the charge to the French grande batterie. Though the Greys had neither the time nor means to disable the cannon or carry them off, they put very many out of action as the gun crews fled the battlefield. Napoleon promptly responded by ordering a counter-attack by the cuirassier brigades of Farine and Travers and Jaquinot's two lancer regiments in the I Corps light cavalry division. The result was very heavy losses for the British cavalry The Union Brigade lost heavily in both officers and men killed (including its commander, William Ponsonby, and Colonel Hamilton of the Scots Greys) and wounded. The 2nd Life Guards and the King's Dragoon Guards of the Household Brigade also lost heavily (with Colonel Fuller, commander of the King's DG, killed). However, the 1st Life Guards, on the extreme right of the charge, and the Blues, who formed a reserve, had kept their cohesion and consequently suffered significantly fewer casualties. A counter-charge, by British and Dutch light dragoons and hussars on the left wing and Dutch carabiniers in the centre, repelled the French cavalry. Wellington remarked; Our officers of cavalry have acquired a trick of galloping at everything. They never consider the situation, never think of manoeuvring before an enemy, and never keep back or provide a reserve.
A Stunning 18th Century Indian Ivory Inlaid Damascus Barrel Matchlock With most elegant lines, a light musket with a finest Damascus steel twist barrel, chisseled steel lock and mounts, with carved ivory panels of décor. Circa 1770. This is a simply delightful long gun with fine lines and finest workmanship. 64 inches overall As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Stunning Antique Indonesian Silver Mounted Kris Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A very good and rare example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. It has a beautifully tooled silver sheath and a plain silver pendoko or ferrule completes the wonderful fittings. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. Condition: Very good condition. Krises are traditionally made without any date stampings or engravings of the makers' name. Although a kris smith or "empu" has his own styles configured together with the dapor and especially the ganjar (cross piece). Obvious age wear and tear, usage, familiarity with forms, motifs and designs, origin and history, mediums and materials used are our guidelines in determining an approximate age. This particular pieces blade, from our experience and knowledge, should go back to 18th century or even earlier.
A Stunning British 1845 Pattern Infantry Officers Sword, By Linney, London, etched with crowned VR and foliage, regulation gilt brass hilt retaining nearly all its original gilding, folding side guard, wire bound fish skin grip, in its leather scabbard with gilt brass mounts. A super example, with all original mercurial gilt to the mounts, that would compliment any fine collection of antique arms, and this is exactly the same form and pattern of sword as was used and worn by Lt Bromhead VC at Rorke's Drift during the Zulu War of 1879. See the publicity promotion photo of Sir Micheal Caine as Bromhead in ZULU, with his identical sword. On the morning of 22 Jan 1879, some 20,000 Zulu warriors attacked a British invading army. They carried spears and clubs; the British were armed with modern rifles and two heavy guns. But the Zulu commander, Ntshingwayo, deserves to be remembered as one of the greatest generals in African history. First he used a masterly deception plan to lure Lord Chelmsford, the British commander, and 3,000 troops away from their main camp at the foot of Mount Isandlwana and send them on a wild goose chase across the plains. Then Ntshingwayo opened a massive attack on the weakened British force left in the camp. He deployed his warriors in a classic "buffalo horns" formation. The left horn broke through the British firing line, while the right swept around behind Isandlwana and occupied the supply depot and ox-wagon train. They separated the British from their ammunition supply and also stampeded their oxen, sending about 4,500 animals careering across the veldt. In the ensuing chaos, the British were overwhelmed and cut to pieces. Of 1,774 British and African troops in the camp, only 55 survived. Some 14 British soldiers, led by Capt Reginald Younghusband of the 24th Foot, made a last stand on the slopes of the mountain. Zulu sources record that the men shook hands before making a final bayonet charge. Blade 82.5cms. Very good condition overall, some old pitting traces at the blade tip
A Stunning Colonial Walking Stick of Carved and Turned Horn A heavy quality stick of most attractive form and fine quality.
A Stunning Crimean War Elite 2nd Dragoon Guards Officer's Silver Pouch Full dress pouch. In absolute pristine condition. Quite simply a piece of beautiful object d'art from the most beautiful and finest quality military uniform ever worn. Hallmarked London silver, dated 1855. Picture 10 in the gallery it shows the pre 1885 Iind QDG full dress badge, on the helmet the garter belt would have the words Queen's Dragoon Guards, on the 1855 pouch it has Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense [as with the full dress badge] but surmounted by a crown. Rectangular curved box with silver lid, with cast silver supports and rings and lined with silver wire bullion bands. Box covered in tooled black leather lining with morocco red leather trim. The silver cover bears an engraved acanthus leaf border, bearing at it's centre the elite royal cavalry badge, of a gilt, crowned garter star, emblazoned with royal motto "Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense", and the central relief VR cypher of Queen Victoria. The British Household Cavalry is classed as a corps in its own right, and now consists of two regiments: the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons combined). They are the senior regular regiments in the British Army, with traditions dating from 1660, and act as the Queen's personal bodyguard. The regiments are guards regiments and seven of them are Britain's Household Division with the five Foot Guards regiments. For example, The 2nd Royal Dragoon Guards started thus as the Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse (1685–1715) The regiment was first raised from the neighbourhood of London as the Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse in 1682, by the regimenting of various independent troops, and ranked as the 3rd Regiment of Horse. When James II's throne was tottering, and William of Orange daily expected, the regiment was ordered to Torbay, when their helmets and cuirasses were deposited in the Tower, the officers having leave to wear the latter if they chose. On the accession of William and Mary, the Bays, then designated Villiers' Horse, embarked for Ireland under Marshal Schomberg. The regiment fought at the battles of the Boyne (1690) and Aughrim (1691). The term dragoon derived from the 'dragon', a musket suitable for mounted infantry. They received the battle honour Tangier, the oldest battle honour carried on standards, guidons and colours in the British Army. The 1st Royals, as they were known, served in The War of the Spanish Succession, The War of the Austrian Succession and in the Spanish Peninsula before distinguishing itself at the Battle of Waterloo where they captured the French 105th Infantry Regiment's Colours. The eagle that topped the Colour, with the number 105, still forms part of the Regiment's crest today and is worn on our uniforms. The latter half of the nineteenth century saw the Ist in action in the Crimea, and the Ind in the Indian Mutiny . This pouch is an absolute gem and from the highest order and rank of British cavalry, occasionally if one perseveres one can find the volunteer officers pouches, and now and again a nice Hussars example, but this Elite Royal Cavalry piece is very rare indeed and all the better as it was made in the early Victorian Crimean War period. The 1st Royal Dragoons took part in the Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava. ‘It was truly magnificent; and to me who could see the enormous numbers opposed to you, the whole valley being filled with Russian cavalry, the victory of the Heavy Brigade was the most glorious thing I ever saw.’ A French general addressing Colonel Beatson, 25 October. The Iind [or Bays] were regularly employed in minor mopping up operations which characterised the later stages of the Mutiny, but in March they took part in the siege of Lucknow Captain Seymour wrote: "We came on bodies of Cavalry and Infantry of the enemy. Bays where ordered to the front to charge and pursue! Away we went as hard as possible, Major Smith and I leading. We did not stop for three miles, cutting down and pursuing the mutineers right up to Lucknow, and across the river. We are told the most gallant. Smartest, though somewhat rash thing that was done before Lucknow". 7.5 inches x 3.5 inches x 1.75 inches deep at the curve. 8.75 ounces weight total.
A Stunning Pair, 19th Century Nobleman's Cloak 'Lion Mask & Chain' Clasps In original mercurial gilt pure gold finish. Superbly chiselled definition quality, and beautifully crafted. In excellent plus condition. Would look absolutely incredible applied as a chain button clasp for a ladies or gentleman's couture or bespoke jacket such as Chanel or Versace. Each mask bear two top and bottom stitching lugs. Lion masks 35mm high, 125mm total width when linked with chain fully extended.
A Stunning Solid Silver Gilt George III Small Sword Circa 1770 Hallmarked Silver Dated 1763 by William Kinman of London. Colishmarde bladeblade etched with scrollwork over the forte (rubbed), silver hilt finely cast and chased with boldly writhen borders and scrollwork, comprising oval dish-guard struck twice with the maker`s mark (indistinct), a pair of quillons, arms, knuckle-guard with scrolling terminal, and spirally fluted oval pommel, the grip with chased silver collars and later wire binding. William Kinman was a leading member of the Founders Company of London was born in 1728 and is recorded as a prominent silver hilt maker. He is recorded at 8 Snow Hill for the last time circa 1781, is recorded circa 1728-1808, see L. Southwick 2001, pp. 159-160. The small sword or smallsword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the épée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis. The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the smallsword as their foundation, (including perhaps most notably, that of Alfred Hutton). Militarily, small swords continued to be used as a standard sidearm for infantry officers. In some branches with strong traditions, this practice continues to the modern day, albeit for ceremonial and formal dress only. The carrying of swords by officers in combat conditions was frequent in World War I and still saw some practice in World War II. The 1913 U.S. Army Manual of Bayonet Drill includes instructions for how to fight a man on foot with a small sword. Small swords are still featured on parade uniforms of some corps. As a rule, the blade of a small sword is comparatively short at around 0.6 to 0.85 metres (24 to 33 in), though some reach over 0.9 metres (35 in). It usually tapers to a sharp point but may lack a cutting edge. It is typically triangular in cross-section, although some of the early examples still have the rhombic and spindle-shaped cross-sections inherited from older weapons, like the rapier. This triangular cross-section may be hollow ground for additional lightness. Many small swords of the period between the 17th and 18th centuries were found with colichemarde blades. The colichemarde blade configuration is widely thought to have been an invention of Graf von Königsmark, due to the similarity in pronunciation of their names. However, the first blades of this type date from before the Count's lifetime. The colichemarde first appeared about 1680 and was popular during the next 40 years at the royal European courts. It was especially popular with the officers of the French and Indian War period. George Washington had one. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practicing fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. A descendant of the colichemarde is the épée, a modern fencing weapon. With the appearance of the pocket pistol as a self-defence weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling.[clarification needed] Popularity of the colichemarde declined when rapiers went out of fashion, the advantage of the colichemarde being that it was faster and more maneuverable than the rapier but with a wide forte to help parry the heavier rapier blade. As small swords evolved into even smaller, lighter weapons, the colichemarde was suddenly at the same disadvantage as the rapier had been when the colichemarde was introduced, and a wider forte was of no advantage against lighter small swords.
A Super 1862 Colt 'Police' .36 Calibre Fluted Cylinder Revolver Colt 1862 .36 caliber pistol was originally made for the New York Metropolitan Police Dept. President Abraham Lincoln often chose the Colt Police as a presentation pistol. It was very popular with police and others as its size was compact but it packed a powerful punch. Fine example with traditional .36 cal fluted cylinder, and fine walnut grips. New York Address to the barrel. Serial number with "E" suffix Manufactured in 1863. The top of the barrel is marked with one line block letter New York address and has a pin front sight. The cylinder is stamped "PAT. SEPT. 10th 1850" inside one of the flutes, the frame is stamped "COLTS/PATENT" on the left side, the trigger guard is marked "36 CAL". A rare British proofed London export revolver. Fitted with a smooth one piece varnished walnut grip. The '62 Police is regarded by many as one of the most streamlined production arms to leave the Colt factory during the Percussion Era.
A Super Antique Gold Prospector-Miner's 'Shovel Pick and Nugget' Brooch An original gold prospectors brooch. In Australia and in America's Wild West and Alaska [the '49ers] the gold prospectors would, on occasion, have made by jewellers fancy brooches to represent their gold strikes, and this is one of those. Beautifully designed and executed it has a gold prospector-miner's pick axe, crossed with a shovel and set with a gold nugget at the centre. There is a similar example in a national museum in Australia and in a few in the great museum collections in the US. Stamped 9ct, safety chain with spring mount. 52mm long. Two photos of similar brooches in the gallery. One from the National Museum of Australia, another from Cowan's sale in Ohio.
A Super Back-Action Percussion Overcoat or Travelling Pistol King George IV Circa 1830. Fine all steel mounts and octagonal hook breech barrel. Fine juglans regia walnut stock with chequered grip. Back action percussion lock. The whole pistol has a lovely patina and is really a most handsome fine quality piece. Waisted barrel with multigroove rifling. 11.5inch long overall, barrel 6.5 inches
A Super George IIIrd British Army Drummer Boy's Sword With mythical beast pommel curved quillon and short double edged blade. No scabbard. This sword was used in the early 19th century by drummer boys in the British Army from the Napoleonic Wars up to the Crimean War in Russia. 20 inch blade. No scabbard. Superbly hand polished that has returned to it's original service gold like finish. Blade polish to bright steel. Drummer Boy of Waterloo. By Woodland Mary. When battle rous'd each warlike band, And carnage loud her trumpet blew, Young Edwin left his native land, A Drummer Boy for Waterloo. His mother, when his lips she pressed, And bade her noble boy adieu, With wringing hands and aching breast, Beheld him march for Waterloo. With wringing hands, But he that knew no infant tears, His Knapsack o'er his shoulder threw, And cried, ' Dear mother, dry those tears, Till I return from Waterloo." He went—and e'er the set of sun Beheld our arms the foe subdue, The flash of death—the murderous gun, Had laid him low at Waterloo. The flash of death, O comrades ! Comrades !' Edwin cried, And proudly beam'd his eye of blue, ' Go tell my mother, Edwin died A soldier's death at Waterloo.' They plac'd his head upon his drum, And 'neath the moonlight's mournful hue, When night had stilled the battle's hum, They dug his grave at Waterloo. When night had still'd. In the painting of the drummer boy, if one looks behind his left leg one can see the bottom of the drummer boy's sword blade.
A Super Restoration Project 18th Century Cannon Barrel Travelling Pistol A wonderful early and fine quality flintlock pistol, in need of sympathetic restoration, or, for display as an original antique artifact of the Anglo French American War of the 1760's. It would require a new cock and top jaw and screw, trigger guard ramrod pipe and rammer. All parts that are available through diligent searching, and thus then refitted, serviced and restored. An incredible project for a dedicated person with gunsmith skills. We believe all the internal action parts are present. Brass side-plate and butt cap with long ears, steel barrel with light surface rust that should remove, the barrell has old pitting beneath. Sideplate engraved with flags. For sale as is for less than a third its completed price. Overall 12 inches long
A Super Roman Dagger Pommel and Scabbard Mount From the Roman Republican to Imperial Rome era. Made for and used by a Roman noble, senator or gladiator. It may even be the same form of dagger that was used to assassinate Caeser on the Ides of March. The blade grip and scabbard have not survived as is more than usual. A superb pair of Roman dagger mounts from the historical time of Julius Caeser, the first Emperor, Augustus, Mark Anthony and Cleopatra, and last, but not least, Jesus of Nazareth. The Ides of March comes from the ides, a term the Romans used to note the middle of a month. Every month has an ides around the middle (as well as a calends at the beginning of the month and nones eight days before the ides). The Ides of March feels special for a couple of reasons: it's the day Caesar was murdered, and it's the subject of a soothsayer's spooky prophecy in William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. Before Caesar, Roman nobility and military were free to plunder the provinces they ruled. But under Caesar, Rome controlled the process and sent inspectors to check up on everything, so they could only exploit their provinces under Caesar's supervision. That slight was compounded by Caesar's rebranding of political real estate in his name — he built statues in his image and renamed monuments for himself. He brought power to his family by giving them political appointments and honorifics, and drew allies outside the charmed circle of Roman nobility, like his soldiers and leaders in the provinces. As far as epic betrayals go, we tend to imagine Brutus in the same league as Judas. In reality, that infamy should be reserved for someone called Decimus. Caesar trusted Decimus much more than he trusted Brutus — and that made his betrayal more shocking. Misspelled in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar as "Decius," Decimus was much more important than most of us realize. "There were three leaders of the assassins' conspiracy, Brutus, Cassius, and Decimus." Decimus dined with Caesar the night before his assassination and convinced Caesar to leave his house the next morning (he was staying home because his wife, Calpurnia, was worried). Decimus' betrayal followed an adult life spent at Caesar's side. Brutus, however, had often fought against Caesar, like when he took Pompey's side against Caesar in the Civil War that lasted from 49 to 45 BC. He only came over to Caesar's side after a handsome cash award and profitable political appointment. When he was stabbed, most of the sources say he tried to get up and escape. Unfortunately for Caesar, the conspirators were trained soldiers, so they'd formed a tight perimeter. "They knew how you carry out an ambush,and some of the senators were assigned the job of crowd control." As far as what Caesar said when he died, "Et tu, Brute" is a Renaissance invention. But Caesar did perform a few resonant gestures. He tried to escape, like any soldier would, but when death was near, he covered his face before he died. It may have been an attempt to preserve his dignity. Bibilography; Professor Strauss, Cornell, Classics and History. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.
A Super US Civil War Savage Navy Calibre Revolver In overall nice condition for age. Barrell address and maker mark and patents. Matching four figure serial numbers. With good action and tight springs. Savage produced approximately 20,000 Navy Models between 1861 and 1862. The Government purchased approximately 11,984 of them with the remainder being sold to civilians. The contract with the government was dated October 16th, 1861 with this revolver was delivered in October of 1861. The Savage Navy model revolver is a single action, six-shot, .36 caliber weapon and weighs 3 pounds, 6 ounces. It has two piece walnut grips, blued frame and barrel, case hardened hammer, trigger, trigger guard and loading lever. The Savage-North revolver, a product of the Savage Revolving Firearms Company, was patented by Henry S. North and Edward Savage of Middletown, Connecticut. The Savage Revolving Firearms Company, established in 1860, were successors to North & Savage and E. Savage. Stamped on the top frame strap, over the cylinder, is "SAVAGE R.F.A. Co. MIDDLETOWN.CT / H.S.NORTH PATENTED JUNE 17 1856 / JANUARY 18 1859 MAY 15 1860" in three lines. Among the distinctive features of this weapon is the "humped" back strap, the large case-hardened off set hammer and the extreme size of the off set case-hardened trigger guard containing a ring cocking lever below a conventional trigger. Both are cased-hardened. The heart shaped guard extends from behind the cylinder to the lower part of the frame just above the butt strap. The cocking lever or ring trigger when drawn to the rear cocks the hammer, rotates the cylinder and draws it backward away from the barrel. When the ring is released, the cylinder moves forward locking the cylinder against the beveled barrel breech to form a gas tight union. The arm is then fired by pulling the upper trigger which releases the hammer to fall on the percussion cap through the opening in the top of the frame. The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The result of a long-standing controversy over slavery, war broke out in April 1861, when Confederates attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated. The nationalists of the Union proclaimed loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States of America, who advocated for states’ rights to perpetual slavery and its expansion in the Americas. Among the 34 U.S. states in February 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy grew to include eleven states; it claimed two more border states (Kentucky and Missouri), the Indian Territory, and the southern portions of the Union's western territories of Arizona and New Mexico, which was organized and incorporated into the Confederacy as Confederate Arizona. The Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by the United States government, nor was it recognized by any foreign country (although Britain and France granted it belligerent status). The states that remained loyal, including the border states where slavery was legal, were known as the Union or the North. The North and South quickly raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought mostly in the South over four years. During this time many innovations in warfare occurred, including the development and use of iron-clad ships, ultimately changing naval strategy around the world. The Union finally won the war when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the battle of Appomattox, which triggered a series of surrenders by Confederate generals throughout the southern states. Four years of intense combat left 620,000 to 750,000 soldiers dead, a higher number than the number of American military deaths in both World Wars, Korea, Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan combined, and much of the South's infrastructure was destroyed. The Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and 4 million slaves were freed. The Reconstruction Era (1863–1877) overlapped and followed the war, with the process of restoring national unity, strengthening the national government, and granting civil rights to freed slaves throughout the country. The Civil War is arguably the most studied and written about episode in American history. In May 2018 a similar Savage Navy Revolver sold in auction in America for $48,875, naturally it was a very nice example
A Super Victorian Martini Henry MKII Carbine, The Royal Irish Constabulary Martini Henry .450/577 rifle carbine in superb finish and polish, with regulation stock extension, regimental disc still present and issued to the Royal Irish Constabulary. With ladder site, no sling swivels. The first pattern of breech loading lever action rifle issued to the RIC. In later decades they were issued the bolt action Lee Metford/Enfield from the 1900's. The stock has looks truly fantastic and still maintains a stunning polish and colour. All the steel parts are almost completely pitting free. This is truly a remarkable example of a most historical rifle carbine of Victorian history. The action is superbly tight and operates very well indeed. A Martini Henry Mark II police carbine were shortened versions of the Martini Henry rifle, sporting 21 inch barrels. Action stamped with London Small Arms VR cipher and dated 1880, and the stock RIC numbered 601. The barrel breech has been, near invisibly, rendered unserviceable for safety. The first organised police forces in Ireland came about through the Peace Preservation Act in 1814 for which Sir Robert Peel (1788–1850) was largely responsible (the colloquial names "Bobby" and "Peeler" derive from his name Robert and Peel), and the Irish Constabulary Act in 1822 formed the provincial constabularies. The 1822 Act established a force in each province with chief constables and inspectors general under the UK civil administration for Ireland controlled by the Dublin Castle administration. By 1841 this force numbered over 8,600 men. The original force had been reorganised under The Act of 1836, and the first constabulary code of regulations was published in 1837. The discipline was strict and the pay low. The police faced civil unrest among the Irish rural poor, and was involved in bloody confrontations during the period of the Tithe War. Other deployments were against organisations like the Ribbonmen, which attacked landlords, their property and stock. The RIC was to some extent a quasi-military or gendarmerie ethos; with barracks, carbines, a marked class distinction between officers and men, plus a dark green uniform with black buttons and insignia, resembling that of the rifle regiments of the British Army. However, it also followed civic police forces in the rest of the UK in using non-military ranks such as "constable" and "inspector"; and there was a gesture towards "policing by consent" through attempts to match postings to the religious affiliation of the communities affected. Shipping only within the UK.
A Super, Antique Bronze ' Horse Racing' Collectable Ideal for the gentleman or lady with a passion for Horse Racing or simply Horses. In fine bronze, a super desk, mantle or sidetable ornament. With a finely detailed relief design of a Horse Race, showing two race horses side by side with jockeys. With rear finger loop for holding.
A Super, Early Katar Punch-Dagger, 16th Century With crows beak tip to enable heavy penetrating power for piercing of chain mail armour. The katar originated in Tamil Nadu where its Dravidian name was kattari before being altered to katar in the north. The earliest forms occur in the medieval Deccan kingdom of Vijayanagara. Katar dating back to this period often had a leaf- or shell-like knuckle-guard to protect the back of the hand, but this was discarded by the latter half of the 17th century. The Maratha gauntlet sword or pata is thought to have been developed from the katar. As the weapon spread throughout India it became something of a status symbol, much like the Southeast Asian kris or the Japanese katana. Among the Rajputs, Sikhs and Mughals, princes and nobles were often portrayed wearing a katara at their side. This was not only a precaution for self-defense, but it was also meant to show their wealth and position. Upper-class Mughals would even hunt tigers with katar. For a hunter to kill a tiger with such a short-range weapon was considered the surest sign of bravery and martial skill. The heat and moisture of India's climate made steel an unsuitable material for a dagger sheath, so they were covered in fabric such as velvet or silk. Because the katara's blade is in line with the user's arm, the basic attack is a direct thrust identical to a punch, although it could also be used for slashing. This design allows the fighter to put their whole weight into a thrust. Typical targets include the head and upper body, similar to boxing. The sides of the handle could be used for blocking but it otherwise has little defensive capability. As such, the wielder must be agile enough to dodge the opponent's attacks and strike quickly, made possible because of the weapon's light weight and small size. Indian martial arts in general make extensive use of agility and acrobatic maneuvers. As far back as the 16th century, there was at least one fighting style which focused on fighting with a pair of katara, one in each hand. Katar
A Superb & Elegant 19th Century Sword With Ancient Crest & Royal Crown With a finest gilt and silver hilt, bearing the ancient crest of the City of London, and the Royal Crown pommel. The blade is fully etched, dark patinated. Maker marked from Chancery Lane. The form of sword as was worn by the former Lord Mayor of London in the 19th century. A sword very rarely seen today, and an absolute beauty.
A Superb 16th Century Italian Glaive Polearm, Used in the 1500's Also known as a fauchard. 34.5 inch head. glaive is a European polearm weapon, consisting of a single-edged blade on the end of a pole. It is similar to the Japanese naginata, the Chinese guandao, Russian sovnya and Siberian palma Typically, the blade was from around 45 cm (18 inches) long, on the end of a pole 2 m (6 or 7 feet) long, and the blade was affixed in a socket-shaft configuration similar to an axe head, rather than having a tang like a sword or naginata. Occasionally glaive blades were created with a small hook on the reverse side [such as this one] to better catch riders on horseback. Such blades are called glaive-guisarmes. According to the 1599 treatise Paradoxes of Defence by the English gentleman George Silver, the glaive is used in the same general manner as the quarterstaff, half pike, bill, halberd, voulge, or partisan. Silver rates this class of polearms above all other individual hand-to-hand combat weapons. The Maciejowski Bible (Morgan Bible) depicts an example of a two-handed glaive used on horseback. Image in our gallery taken from the Morgan Bible (Folio 10 Verso - top). Notice the Warbrand in the forefront slicing into a mounted soldier with his glaive. The contemporary term for this weapon may have been faussart, which was used for a variety of single-edged weapons seen as related to the scythe (along with terms such as falchion or falcata derived from falx, the Latin term for "scythe"). 96.75 inches long overall [haft would be halved for shipping] Formerly exhibited in the Higgins Museum Collection in Massachusetts
A Superb 1796 Blue and Gilt Infantry Officer's Sword With copper gilt hilt, silver wire grip and fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher with good remaining amounts of the finest blue and gilt décor. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in good condition, with a lot of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades could be deluxe decorated with engraving, blue and pure gold decor, but less than 1% of those with finest blue and gilt blades survive today. The grip is silver but as yet completely unpolished to bright silver.
A Superb 1796 King George IIIrd Officers Gilt Bullion & Silk Sword Knot With silver gilt wire bullion stripes on a yellow silk ground with a bound silk and silver gilt tassel, with three original knotted slides. Very rare to find in such good condition, with perfect and natural aging to the gilt bullion and yellow silk. An absolute joy to see and as good as the best you can see in the Royal Collection. Used by a British officer in the Napoleonic Wars, including the Peninsular War in Spain and Portugal, and probably in the so-called '100 Days War', against Napoleon once more, culminating in the Battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo.
A Superb 1796 Sabre of Capt. Thomas Cuninghame of the 45th Foot Made and used in the War with France. Brass hilted battle sabre with deluxe etched blade, carved ivory grip, and a traditional brass and leather combat scabbard. The blade is etched with Scottish symbols including St Andrew and the Scottish motto Nemo Me Impune Lacessit with thistle in an oval, plus Honi Soit Que Mal Y Pense and the Royal cypher of King George IIIrd. Capt Cuninghame's name and family crest is engraved on the scabbard throat mount. Acquired by us, with two other family members British military swords, used by three members of the same Scottish family in the era of the Napoleonic Wars up to the war with Russia during the Crimean War. Captain of the 45th, The Nottinghamshire Regt. From 1797, Thomas Cuninghame, served as a Captain in one of Wellington's favoured regiments known as the 'Red Jackets', one of his prize veteran regiments, that fought with conspicuous heroism in the Peninsular War and gained 14 Battle Honours [known as colours]. We include a copy of 'Wellington's Red Jackets' . The front cover includes a drawing of this officer's sword. The 45th regiment embarked for Portugal in July 1808 to serve under General Sir Arthur Wellesley in the Peninsular War. The regiment fought at the Battle of Roliça in August 1808, the Battle of Vimeiro later that month and the Battle of Talavera, where it won the nickname "Old Stubborns", in July 1809. The regiment went on to fight at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810 before falling back to the Lines of Torres Vedras. It saw action again at Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811, the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812 and the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 before fighting at the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812 and the Battle of Vitoria in June 1813. It then pursued the French Army into France and fought at the Battle of the Pyrenees in July 1813, the Battle of Nivelle in November 1813 and the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 as well as the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814. The regiment returned home in June 1814. We show in the gallery a front cover of a current book on the 45th in the Peninsular. The Cuninghame name is one of Scotlands oldest clan names, based on a regional name, and can trace their Scottish ancestry back to Cunninghame which is the northern part of Ayrshire. Traditionally, in 1059, King Malcolm rewarded Malcolm, son of Friskin with the Thanedom of Cunninghame. The name is therefore of territorial origin and it likely derives from cuinneag which means milk pail and the Saxon ham which means village. There is a story that states that Malcolm who was the son of Friskin, obtained the lands from Malcolm III of Scotland after he had sheltered him under hay in a barn The Cunninghams were certainly well settled in the parish of Kilmaurs by the end of the thirteenth century. The son of the Laird of Kilmaurs was Hervy de Cunningham who fought for Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs in 1263 against the Norse invaders. During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Cunninghams were supporters of the Bruces in their fight for Scottish independence. We show in the gallery a portrait of another Cuninghame, previously also of the 45th Foot, Capt. James Cuninghame, of the 45th Regiment, who was aide-de-camp to the commander in chief of the British forces in America, the earl of Loudoun, and later commanding Colonel the regiment at the Battle of Brooklyn in 1777, and commanding the regiment from 1787 to 1788. Part of the American National Archive is a letter from James Cuninghame written to Colonel George Washington in 1757 To George Washington from James Cuninghame, 16 October 1757 Dear Sir I had the pleasure to receive a letter from you by Mr Fairfax, to whome I shall shew every civility in my power. Mr Hall continues extremely deserving of any favour that may have been shewen him, I have it only in my power to assist Mr Fairfax with my Advice, which is to Continue with the Army & persue the necessary Steps towards obtaining a Commission soon, which is that of serving as Volunteer in Genl Abercrombys Regt who patronises every Young man that is deserving, & if I can Judge well of Mr Fairfax, he will soon obtain his favour. I have laboured under an Indisposition several Weeks, and my disuse to writing makes it awkward to me, as you will see by this Scrall which is my first Attempt And Which I wish you may receive as I am Indebted to you a former letter. Continue Sir to Inform me of Any Gentleman that you wish to serve that may be determined to follow an Army life & they shall have always my best Advice & when in my power my Assistance shall not be wanting As I shall be glad to Shew that I esteem Col: Washington & that I am his very faithful & Obt Servant Jas Cuninghame. This sword will not be effected by any imminent UK ivory ban due to the antique ivory compostion being less than 10%.
A Superb 17th -18th Century Swivel Cannon on Carriage A 17th to 18th century cast bronze swivel cannon, also called rail gun or deck cannon, mounted on an antique carved hardwood carriage. The cannon can be hand lifted to mount on other mounting blocks for swivels when used at sea. Solid bronze, with superb cast detailing, barrel measuring approximately 31.25 inches long, 31.75 inches long on carriage, with long swivel spike on the underside of the barrel. The natural age patina is absolutely fabulous and can only appear gradually over the passing of the centuries. This is truly a wonderful example worthy of any museum grade display. These cannon were used by the legendary Malay pirates, and with suitable small cannon-balls it was a most powerful offensive weapon. Lantakas were manufactured during the 17th and early 18th century in the Netherlands by the Dutch East India Company for export to Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. This is a type of bronze swivel gun mounted on merchant vessels travelling the waterways of the Malay Archipelago. Its use was greatest in pre-colonial South East Asia especially in Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. The guns were used to defend against pirates demanding tribute for the local chief, or potentate. Cannon were frequently part of the bride price demanded by the family of an exceptionally desirable bride or the dowry paid to the groom. Many of the small cannon, often called personal cannon or hand cannon, had been received as honours and were kept and passed down in families, but in times of need they also served as a form of currency that could keep the family fed. As a recognized form of currency, cannon could be traded for rice, drums, canoes, tools, weapons, livestock, debts of honour, and even settlement of penalties for crimes ranging from the accidental death of a fellow villager to headhunting against another tribe. Many of these finest cannon were given out by the Sultans of Brunei as part of ceremonies (such as birthdays or weddings) of the many princes and princesses of the extended Royal family. Cannon were frequently presented to guests along with awards and titles, and were meant to guarantee the recipients allegiance to the Sultan. In the 1840s, England began suppressing headhunting and piracy and Rajah James Brooke (a wealthy Englishman who established the dynasty that ruled Sarawak from 1841 until 1946) distributed numerous Brunei-cast hand cannon to guarantee the cooperation and allegiance of the local chiefs. Although most lantaka weighed under two hundred pounds, and many only a few pounds, the largest ones exceeded a thousand pounds with some weighing over a ton. Many of these guns were mounted on swivels and were known as swivel guns. The smaller ones could be mounted almost anywhere including in the rigging. Medium-sized cannon were frequently used in reinforced sockets on the vessel's rails and were sometimes referred to as rail guns. The heaviest swivel guns were mounted on modified gun carriages to make them more portable. Typically the earliest cannon with beautiful ornaments from this region are from foundries in Malacca and Pahang, with later models from foundries in the Netherlands and Portugal, next from their respective settlements, and finally from Brunei and other local craftsmen. The local population was unimpressed with the might and power of the heavily armed trading vessels from the VOC Dutch East India Company and Portugal. De Barros mentions that with the fall of Malacca, Albuquerque captured 3,000 out of 8,000 artillery. Among those, 2,000 were made from brass and the rest from iron. All the artillery is of such excellent workmanship that it could not be excelled, even in Portugal. - Commentarios do grande Afonso de Albuquerque, Lisbon 1576. The Dutch and Portuguese quickly learned that they could trade cannon not only for spices and porcelain, but also for safe passage through pirate-infested waters. Local foundries continued to produce guns, using local patterns and designs from other local brass and bronze objects. This cannon can be lifted and mounted on any other form of swivel mount.
A Superb 17th Century Kora of the Gurkhas of Nepal The blade has an unusual shaped tip, inlaid with brass cross devices within fine engraved borders and bands, twin disc guards, iron grip, stupa-shaped pommel. The Kora is possibly the oldest form of sword of the Gurkhas and it may well be that their phenomenal military success was largely due to their possession of such a terribly effective weapon." 'Kora,' has an inner cutting edge, with which those who use it skilfully are enabled to cut a foe in two at a single blow." Its appearance reminds of the European Sabre but instead of curving upwards (back) it has a wide tip, a forward curved blade, single edged on its concave side, the latter two characteristic sit shares with the Kukri knife. When used correctly the forward curved blade concentrates the power/energy of the strike to the curved area thus allowing more force to be utilised at the point of contact in each blow. It is designed with its practical application in mind, to chop/slash and not for Classical fencing, yet its usually light enough if the need arises. Like Nepal, the Kora & Kukri are strongly associated with the Gurkhas and was firstly illustrated in Col. William Kirkpatrick's work "An Account of the kingdom of Nepal…" published in London, 1811 based on his travels in 1793 to Nepal. There both the Kukri and Kora is for the first time illustrated to the wider worlds public. The Kora was traditionally used warfare and personal protection, but also played and still plays a function in the religious sphere where it is used to behead sacrificial animals in one blow, otherwise believed to bring bad fortune and the sacrifice is considered useless. Thus both a skilled man and a formidable blade is needed, the Kora certainly passes the criteria!. Blade 55cms, overall 70.5cms. Jolly nice condition for age.
A Superb 1870's Zulu War Souvenir Stabbing Spear Iklwa A classic 19th century Zulu War period stabbing spear UmKhonto, also known specifically as an Iklwa or more generally to collectors as an Assegai. These were used in close quarter warfare, most famously at the battles of Rorkes Drift, Isandlwana and Ulundi, where the trained warriors of the Impis were more than a match for the British soldiers. This example is of the type inspired by King Shaka in the early 19th century, with a short stabbing shaft, and a broad large iron blade. Together with the iwisi club (known to collectors as the knobkerrie), and the Isihlangu cowhide shield, the zulu warriors became famous for their fighting prowess throughout the Southern African region in this period.A wide variety of spears were used by the zulus during the later 19th century including slender throwing types, but the short hafted Iklwas were used only in close combat hand to hand fighting. The exposed blade head is 12 inches approximately, . Wonderful condition, binding immaculate and the iron blade with attractive dark age patina. An assegai with near identical proportions and the same blade shape is in the National Army Museum accession number 1957-02-37-3 taken in 1879.
A Superb 1870's Zulu War Souvenir, A Zulu Chiefs Knobkerrie Club Of spectacular size, and a most impressive and heavy example, and highly effective in its day. In superb condition with magnificent patination. An 1870's original souvenir of the Zulu War of 1879. From David Smith collection. A mighty and magnificent large example. Less than one in five hundred made were of this great size. Carved from a traditional, huge size, hardwood root, the Knobkerrie was one of the main arms of the Zulu warrior, used alongside his assegai spear. Interestingly the war club was frequently more effective in battle than the spear. In one to one combat, the Zulu Impi [warrior] was expertly trained to aim his club blow at an opponents head, which often gave a more catastrophic and urgently needed instant and debilitating result, whereas a spear stab, which may indeed give a mortal wound, might leave an opponent that could still effectively fight back for some considerable time. David Smith a former Royal Marine, was an assiduous collector of Zulu War artefacts that became the preeminent collection in the country. We were very privileged to know him and on occasion supply him with a choice artefact for his collection. Upon his sad death his collection was sold and achieved some world record breaking prices. This has helped to stimulate even more the ever growing collectors market in fine Zulu War period artefacts. Total length 23 inches, club head 4 inches across, 13 inch circumference. During the 1879 Zulu War, two of most famous pair of engagements in the British army's history, during the last quarter of the 19th century, happened over two consecutive days. Curiously, it is fair to say that these two engagements, by the 24th Foot, against the mighty Zulu Impi, are iconic examples of how successful or unsuccessful leadership can result, in either the very best conclusion, or the very worst. And amazingly, within only one day of each other. The 1879 Zulu War, for the 24th Foot, will, for many, only mean two significant events, Isandlhwana and Rorke's Drift. This is the brief story of the 24th Foot in South Africa; In 1875 the 1st Battalion arrived in Southern Africa and subsequently saw service, along with the 2nd Battalion, in the 9th Xhosa War in 1878. In 1879 both battalions took part in the Zulu War, begun after a British invasion of Zululand, ruled by Cetshwayo. The 24th Foot took part in the crossing of the Buffalo River on 11 January, entering Zululand. The first engagement (and the most disastrous for the British) came at Isandhlwana. The British had pitched camp at Isandhlwana and not established any fortifications due to the sheer size of the force, the hard ground and a shortage of entrenching tools. The 24th Foot provided most of the British force and when the overall commander, Lord Chelmsford, split his forces on 22 January to search for the Zulus, the 1st Battalion (5 companies) and a company of the 2nd Battalion were left behind to guard the camp, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine (CO of the 1/24th Foot). The Zulus, 22,000 strong, attacked the camp and their sheer numbers overwhelmed the British. As the officers paced their men far too far apart to face the coming onslaught. During the battle Lieutenant-Colonel Pulleine ordered Lieutenants Coghill and Melvill to save the Queen's Colour—the Regimental Colour was located at Helpmakaar with G Company. The two Lieutenants attempted to escape by crossing the Buffalo River where the Colour fell and was lost downstream, later being recovered. Both officers were killed. At this time the Victoria Cross (VC) was not awarded posthumously. This changed in the early 1900s when both Lieutenants were awarded posthumous Victoria Crosses for their bravery.
A Superb 18th Cent. 6th Dragoon Guards Officer's Coat. Silver Regt. Buttons The regiment was descended from the Ninth Horse regiment, raised in response to the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685, the first year of the reign of King James II. Colonelcy of the Ninth Horse was given to Richard, 2nd Viscount Lumley of Waterford. In accordance with tradition of the time, the regiment became known as Lord Lumley's Horse. Shortly thereafter, Lumley petitioned the Queen Dowager to permit labeling the regiment The Queen Dowager's Horse, which request was granted. In 1691, during King William's Irish Campaign, the regiment distinguished itself, as a result of which it was posted to London and renamed The King's Carabiniers. The regiment participated in putting down the rebellion of Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1745-46. By this time, it was recruited almost entirely from Irish Protestants, and so the regiment was redesignated the Third Irish Horse, but continued to be known as The Carabiniers. In 1788 a reapportionment of the army establishment resulted in the designation 6th Dragoon Guards (The Carabiniers), [which was to remain in place for the next 133 years] Stationed in Ireland from 1763, the Regiment recruited heavily from the local population. At the same time, the Regiment was ordered to re-mount with long-tailed horses, where previously the horses' tails had been docked. On the Irish establishment, the Regiment's title changed slightly to 3rd Regiment of Horse (Carabineers). Regulations published in 1767 state that to purchase a commission as a cornet in a 'regiment of horse' in England would cost £1,600, but because rates of pay were lower for regiments in Ireland, a commission on the Irish establishment would cost £1,067. (Although laid down by regulation, these rates often fluctuated and were negotiated by agents). In 1768, the Regiment's facings changed from pale yellow to white. When the army was re-organised in 1788, many cavalry regiments changed from 'Horse' to 'Dragoon Guards' as a measure of economy, and the Regiment became the 6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards (Carabineers). The establishment, at this time, was some 200 officers and men, but as troubled brewed in France after the Revolution of 1789, the strength of the Regiments was doubled, with the size of a 'troop' increasing from 20 men to 40 men. As war seemed inevitable, the troop size was increased again to 70 men per troop, there being nine troops in the Regiment. In November 1793 the Regiment shipped across the Channel to fight with allies in the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802). The Regiment was conspicuous at the Battle of Tournay (1794) and throughout the war. When the Irish rebelled in 1798, the Regiment returned to Ireland, and thence to England in 1803. In 1806, the King of Spain allied himself with Napoleon Bonaparte and four (dismounted) troops from 6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards joined an abortive expedition to South America, where they attacked Spanish dominions in Uruguay. Faced with opposition from the local population, the expedition was a disaster for Britain.
A Superb 18th Century Silver Inlaid Miquelet Russian Senior Officers Pistol Used by an Imperial Russian officer of highest rank, such as, colonel general or even prince. As was used at Borodino and to repel the march to Moscow by Napoleon. With a very fine Persian style barrel, bearing two armourer's marks. The top and bottom of the stock are mounted with two beautiful Russian silver niello silver straps covering the barrel tang and the trigger, and the sideplate is in matching niello. The body of the stock is profusely inlaid with silver. It has a miquelet action with a very tight and strong spring. Steel long eared butt and steel trigger. This is a truly wondrous piece and it's quality is most fine. Niello is a black artistic mixture, usually of sulphur, copper, silver, and lead, used as an inlay on engraved or etched metal, especially silver. It is added as a powder or paste, then fired until it melts, just as a glass enamel, or at least softens, and flows or is pushed into the engraved lines in the metal. It hardens and blackens when cool, and the niello on the flat surface is polished off to show the filled lines in black, contrasting with the polished metal (usually silver) around it. Fine niello work was made in Veliky Ustyug in North Russia, Tula and Moscow produced high quality pictorial niello pieces as well, such as gun and sword mounts and snuff boxes in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.The Battle of Borodino was a battle fought on 7 September 1812 in the Napoleonic Wars during the French invasion of Russia. The fighting involved around 250,000 troops and left at least 70,000 casualties, making Borodino the deadliest day of the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon's Grande Armée launched an attack against the Russian army, driving it back from its initial positions but failing to gain a decisive victory. Both armies were exhausted after the battle and the Russians withdrew from the field the following day. Borodino represented the last Russian effort at stopping the French advance on Moscow, which fell a week later. However, the French had no clear way of forcing Czar Alexander to capitulate because the Russian army was not decisively defeated, resulting in the ultimate defeat of the French invasion following the retreat from Moscow in October. After a series of Russian retreats at the beginning of the campaign, the nobility grew alarmed about the advancing French troops and forced the Czar to dismiss the army's commander, Barclay de Tolly. Mikhail Kutuzov was appointed as his replacement. In a final attempt to save Moscow, the Russians made a stand near the village of Borodino, west of the town of Mozhaysk. They fortified their positions and waited for the French to attack. The Russian right wing occupied ideal defensive terrain, so the French tried to press the Russian left for much of the battle. The highlight of the fighting became the bloody struggle for the large Raevsky redoubt near the village of Borodino. The French managed to capture this redoubt late into the day, gradually forcing the rest of the Russian army to pull back as well. The Russians suffered terrible casualties during the fighting, losing over a third of their army. French losses were also heavy, exacerbating the logistical difficulties that Napoleon encountered in the campaign. The exhaustion of the French forces, and the lack of information on the condition of the Russian army, persuaded Napoleon to remain on the battlefield with his army instead of ordering the kind of vigorous pursuit reminiscent of previous campaigns. Napoleon's Imperial Guard, the only unit on the battlefield that saw no fighting, was available to swing into action at a moment's notice. In refusing to commit the Guard, some historians believe, he lost his one chance to destroy the Russian army and to win the campaign. The capture of Moscow proved a pyrrhic victory, since the Russians had no intention of negotiating with Napoleon for peace. The French evacuated Russia's spiritual capital in October and conducted a difficult retreat that lasted until December, by which point the remainder of the Grande Armée had largely unraveled. Historical reports of the battle differed significantly depending on whether they originated from supporters of the French or Russian side. Factional fighting among senior officers within each army also led to conflicting accounts and disagreements over the roles of particular officers.
A Superb 18th Century Solid Silver Hilted Slotted Hilt EIC Cavalry Sabre Lion's head pommel, spiral turned ebony grip, with silver triple wire binding and two silver rivets. Slotted hilt with fretted, open diamond form insert. Long curved blade with clipped back tip. In overall superb condition. A typical sword as used by officers serving under Wellington in his EIC Army campaign against Tippu Sultan, and the fourth Mysore War. Fourth Anglo-Mysore War After Horatio Nelson had defeated François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers at the Battle of the Nile in Egypt in 1798, three armies, one from Bombay, and two British (one of which included Arthur Wellesley), marched into Mysore in 1799 and besieged the capital Srirangapatna in the Fourth Mysore War. There were over 26,000 soldiers of the British East India Company comprising about 4000 Europeans and the rest Indians. A column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad consisting of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry, and many soldiers were sent by the Marathas. Thus the soldiers in the British force numbered over 50,000 soldiers whereas Tipu Sultan had only about 30,000 soldiers. The British broke through the city walls, french Military advisers advised Tipu Sultan to escape from secret passages and live to fight another day but to their astonishment Tipu replied "One day of life as a Tiger is far better than thousand years of living as a Jackal". Tipu Sultan died defending his capital on 4 May. When the fallen Tipu was identified, Wellesley felt his pulse and confirmed that he was dead. Next to him, underneath his palankeen, was one of his most confidential servants, Rajah Cawn. Rajah was able to identify Tipu for the soldiers. Tipu was buried the next afternoon, near the remains of his father. In the midst of his burial, a great storm struck, with massive winds and rains. As Lieutenant Richard Bayly of the British 12th regiment wrote, "I have experienced hurricanes, typhoons, and gales of wind at sea, but never in the whole course of my existence had I seen anything comparable to this desolating visitation".
A Superb 19th Century Britannia Metal and Brass Mounted Pistol Flask A lovely flask, perfect for a set of cased pistols or a cased revolver etc. lacking a good flask. Excellent condition, with very good original gold lacquer finish to the brass. 4 inches long 2 inches across. Very small dent at the bottom on one side about 10mm x 5mm
A Superb 19th Century Double Damascus Barrelled Overcoat Pistol Ebonised grip twin Damascus barrels, wide fully engraved trigger guards and twin triggers. Silver clamshell folding lid percussion cap-box within the butt. Fully fancy engraved frame with Liege proof stamp. Heavy guage fine quality pistol with excellent tight and crisp double boxlock action with fine spring actions. Circa 1830. One method to create a true Damascus barrel is prepared from three rods, twisted and put together in the twisted riband, and is known technically as three-iron Damascus ; the silver-steel Damascus is similarly made, but of different metal piled in a different order. The rods having been twisted, and the required number welded together, they are sent to the iron-mill and rolled at a red heat into ribands, which have both edges bevelled the same way. There are usually two ribands required for each barrel, one riband or strip to form the breech-end, and another, slightly thinner, to form the fore, or muzzle, part of the barrel. Silver-steel Damascus Barrel. Upon receiving the ribands of twisted iron, the welder first proceeds to twist them into a spiral form. This is done upon a machine of simple construction, consisting simply of two iron bars, one fixed and the other loose ; in the latter there is a notch or slot to receive one end of the riband. When inserted, the bar is turned round by a winch-handle. The fixed bar prevents the riband from going round, so that it is bent and twisted over the movable rod like the pieces of leather round a whip-stock. The loose bar is removed, the spiral taken from it, and the same process repeated with another riband. The ribands are usually twisted cold, but the breech-ends, if heavy, have to be brought to a red heat before it is possible to twist them, no cogs being used. When very heavy barrels are required, three ribands are used; one for the breech-end, one for the centre, and one for the muzzle-piece. The ends of the ribands, after being twisted into spirals, are drawn out taper and coiled round with the spiral until the extremity is lost, as shown in the representation of a coiled breech-piece of Damascus iron. The coiled riband is next heated, a steel mandrel inserted in the muzzle end, and the coil is welded by hammering. Three men are required one to hold and turn the coil upon the grooved anvil, and two to strike. The foreman, or the one who holds the coil, has also a small hammer with which he strikes the coil, to show the others in which place to strike. When taken from the fire the coil is first beaten upon an iron plate fixed in the floor, and the end opened upon a swage, or the pene of the anvil, to admit of the mandrel being inserted. When the muzzle or fore-coil has been heated, jumped up, and hammered until thoroughly welded, the breech-end or coil, is joined to it. The breech-coil is first welded in the same manner, and a piece is cut out of each coil; the two ribands are welded together and the two coils are joined into one, and form a barrel. The two coils being joined, and all the welds made perfect, the barrels are heated, and the surplus metal removed with a float; the barrels are then hammered until they are black or nearly cold, which finishes the process. This hammering greatly increases the density and tenacity of the metal, and the wear of the barrel depends in a great measure upon its being properly performed. A sound and effective personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. So many guns were required in fact that European imports were necessary to maintain the supply to the gun retailers.
A Superb 19th Century Persuader Cosh Also a so called, 'life preserver', concealable flexible head cosh that would once have been well concealed about a gentleman's person, within an inside overcoat pocket, or tucked through a waist belt. Based on a press gang club from the Georgian era In the Victorian era, after dark, city thoroughfares abounded with ruffians neer'do wells and garrotters. Police forces, in those days, were in their infancy, and the respectable and well heeled inhabitants, when travelling the streets and lanes of most cities, were understandably paranoid for their safety, so most protection had to be provided for by oneself, and all due precautions and defensive measures explored. This is a wonderful example of a club, known at the time as a life preserverWe detail an article from Punch Magazine, August 18th 1866, regarding a trial of some violent street attackers….. "No less than six roughs, two of them garrotters, convicted at Manchester Assizes, of robbery with violence, were sentenced the other day by Mr. Justice Lush, to be, in addition to penal servitude, flogged with the cat-o'-nine-tails. … If there is in his [the criminal's] nature any degree of latent sympathy, inactive from want of imagination, it can be stimulated to due activity only be a whipping which will give him considerable pain. All that pain is economy of pain; of so much pain as it saves respectable people from suffering by brutal violence. … Some of the six scoundrels whipped at Manchester, being pachydermatous, made a show of bravado. To preclude this in future, let all such offenders be sentenced to be flogged two or three times." Punch, August 18, 1866. We show several original Victorian Punch magazine and journal illustrations of several persons being accosted in the city streets by thugs, and a group of ladies and gentlemen walking in the road armed with coshes and clubs for protection [for information only].
A Superb 19th Century Welsh Regimental Glengarry Badge [Part of the three item Zulu War collection]. Original British Victorian South Wales Borderers Glengarry Side Cap Badge. A childers reform badge for the combined regiments of the 24th foot, South Wales Borderers, and the Monmouthshire regt. Up until 1881 this famous regiment was known as the 24th of foot, which is remembered for it's magnificent stand against 4,000 Zulu warriors at Rorke's Drift in 1879, the theme of the Michael Caine Movie "ZULU". In the 1881 Childer's Reforms the Regiment was retitled "THE SOUTH WALES BORDERERS" but the regiment will always be remembered as the 24th of Foot. The Cap Badge displays the "Welsh Dragon" surrounded by Laurel leaf wreath surrounded by a brass band bearing the motto:- "HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE" (Evil to him who evil thinks). Motto surmounted by a Queen's Crown for Queen Victoria (Reigned 1837-1901). Family legend is that is was certainly with a soldier of 24th Foot in the Zulu War, who survived the Zulu War and remained in the regiment till the late 1880's. Curiously, it is fair to say that the two principle engagements, by the 24th against the mighty Zulu Impi, are iconic examples of how successful or unsuccessful leadership can result in either the very best conclusion or the very worst. And amazingly within only one day of each other. The 1879 Zulu War, for the 24th Foot will, for many, only mean two significant events, Isandlhwana and Rorke's Drift. The story of the 24th in South Africa; In 1875 the 1st Battalion arrived in Southern Africa and subsequently saw service, along with the 2nd Battalion, in the 9th Xhosa War in 1878. In 1879 both battalions took part in the Zulu War, begun after a British invasion of Zululand, ruled by Cetshwayo. The 24th Foot took part in the crossing of the Buffalo River on 11 January, entering Zululand. The first engagement (and the most disastrous for the British) came at Isandhlwana. The British had pitched camp at Isandhlwana and not established any fortifications due to the sheer size of the force, the hard ground and a shortage of entrenching tools. The 24th Foot provided most of the British force and when the overall commander, Lord Chelmsford, split his forces on 22 January to search for the Zulus, the 1st Battalion (5 companies) and a company of the 2nd Battalion were left behind to guard the camp, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine (CO of the 1/24th Foot). The Zulus, 22,000 strong, attacked the camp and their sheer numbers overwhelmed the British. As the officers paced their men far too far apart to face the coming onslaught. During the battle Lieutenant-Colonel Pulleine ordered Lieutenants Coghill and Melvill to save the Queen's Colour—the Regimental Colour was located at Helpmakaar with G Company. The two Lieutenants attempted to escape by crossing the Buffalo River where the Colour fell and was lost downstream, later being recovered. Both officers were killed. At this time the Victoria Cross (VC) was not awarded posthumously. This changed in the early 1900s when both Lieutenants were awarded posthumous Victoria Crosses for their bravery. The 2nd Battalion lost both its Colours at Isandhlwana though parts of the Colours—the crown, the pike and a colour case—were retrieved and trooped when the battalion was presented with new Colours in 1880. The 24th had performed with distinction during the battle. The last survivors made their way to the foot of a mountain where they fought until they expended all their ammunition and were killed. The 24th Foot suffered 540 dead, including the 1st Battalion's commanding officer. After the battle, some 4,000 to 5,000 Zulus headed for Rorke's Drift, a small missionary post garrisoned by a company of the 2nd Battalion The 24th Foot, native levies and others under the command of Lieutenant Chard, Royal Engineers, the most senior officer of the 24th present being Lieutenant Gonville Bromhead. Two Boer cavalry officers, Lieutenants Adendorff and Vane, arrived to inform the garrison of the defeat at Isandhlwana. The Acting Assistant Commissary James Langley Dalton persuaded Bromhead and Chard to stay and the small garrison frantically prepared rudimentary fortifications. The Zulus first attacked at 4:30 pm. Throughout the day the garrison was attacked from all sides, including rifle fire from the heights above the garrison, and bitter hand-to-hand fighting often ensued. At one point the Zulus entered the hospital, which was stoutly defended by the wounded inside until it was set alight and eventually burnt down. The battle raged on into the early hours of 23 January but by dawn the Zulu Army had withdrawn. Lord Chelmsford and a column of British troops arrived soon afterwards. The garrison had suffered 15 killed during the battle (two died later) and 11 defenders were awarded the Victoria Cross for their distinguished defense of the post, 7 going to soldiers of the 24th Foot. The stand at Rorke's Drift was immortalised in the 1964 movie Zulu.
A Superb 1st Grenadier Foot Guards Officer's Sword, Deluxe Blade Used by an officer of the 1st Foot Guards, Grenadier Co. [that later became the Grenadier Guards]. Amongst other notable glories it is renowned as the famed regiment of Waterloo. Made and used in the Grenadier's campaigns in the Peninsular War, Quatre Bras & Waterloo. This is a simply stunning and magnificent sword [made in around 1790] from one of the most glorious and historical regiments of the British Army, the 1st Foot Guards, the Grenadier Guards no less! It is also in superb condition for it's age. Almost all of it's original fabulous etching is complete, and the blade is magnificently etched with the King's cypher, the royal crest, stands of arms, the figure of Britannia with union flag shield, a blindfolded female figure of Justice with scales and sword. The hilt grip is carved ivory with a Ist foot grenadiers grenade within the slotted guard. Original copper gilt mounted leather scabbard with thewhole length of the leather still decorated and delightfully enhanced with geometric lines and small decorative bullet patterning. Sword maker engraved by Dawes of Birmingham. Blade also engraved 'Warranted' on the obverse. One may never see a nicer or more interesting example available outside of the Royal Collection. In the campaign of Waterloo the 2nd and 3rd battalions of the First Guards, under Maitland, and the 2nd battalions of the Coldstream and Third (Scots) Guards, under Byng, formed the First Division of the army. They rendered service never to be forgotten. The Division reached Quatre Bras about half past six on the evening of June 16th, having met many wounded who said the day was going badly for us. Maitland was at once directed to clear the Bots de Bossu, on the right of the position, and his men straight away rushed into the wood with a cheer, and drove all before them, but the French turned their gun fire upon the wood, and many were killed or injured by trees cut down by the balls. Maitland's Guards were then formed outside the wood, where they were furiously charged by cavalry. Taking shelter therefore at the edge of the thicket and supported by some Black Brunswickers, they almost annihilated their assailants and, with heavy loss, held the ground. At Waterloo the light companies of both brigades were posted in the wood and gardens of Hougoumont, where they were reinforced at midday by four more companies of the Coldstreamers, while the brigades themselves were on the ridge of the position to the rear, on the extreme right of the line. At Hougoumont the First Guards fought with heroic valour. It was a conflict worthy of Titans. In vain did Prince Jerome throw his strength against the old château, to the possession of which Bonaparte attached high importance. The walls were loop holed, and the place was held in strength, but repeatedly the French came on to achieve a temporary success, and then to be driven out again. A desperate struggle took place in the wood, where on one side or the other, men retreated fighting from tree to tree. Not less than 8,000 Frenchmen were put hors de combat in the tremendous onslaught made upon Hougoumont. But Lord Saltoun maintained his position, and renewed attacks were in vain. The loss, however, was terrible and the light infantry were almost annihilated when the Coldstreamers came to their aid. During this momentous struggle, the farm buildings were set on fire by the guns, adding immensely to the difficulty of the defence, and consigning many wounded to an agonizing death. While the attack on Hougoumont was thus being made, a tremendous fire was poured on the allied line. When it ceased, the Imperial Cavalry, at headlong speed, charged the steady squares of the Guards, and the decimated ranks recoiled, but to hurl themselves anew on our bayonets. The 3rd battalion of the First Guards was one of the regiments most exposed to this terrible onslaught. "It was upon these troops," says Siborne, "that fell the first bursts of the grand early attacks, and it was upon these troops also that the French gunners seldom neglected to pour their destructive missiles." Through all that terrific day the vast masses of gallant Frenchmen were broken against the iron sturdiness of the British squares, which stood like stony islands amid the lapping waves of a sea of fire. General Cooke, commanding the division of Guards, and Colonels D'Oyly and Stables, in command of battalions, retired wounded from the field, and Lord Saltoun, who had returned from Hougoumont, succeeded to the 3rd battalion. At length, as the day wore on, Bonaparte, seeing the oncoming of the Prussians, concentrated his furious cannonade mainly on the position held by the Guards preparatory to his grand attack, and but for the shelter of a hollow way, they must have been annihilated. At this time, Maitland, by the Duke's orders, formed his two battalions into line four deep, and scarcely was the change made, when 5,000 men of the Old Imperial Guard, led by Ney, were seen advancing at the pas de charge to the attack. Shouting Vive l' Empereur! They came steadily on, but, when they reached the crest, the Guards rose up like a wall and poured out a pitiless volley, the rear ranks passing with loaded muskets to the front. What matters it, says Lord Saltoun, whether Wellington cried "Up Guards and at 'em!" or no? He never heard the words only "Now Maitland, now's your time!" Thus was the iron shower set free. The Old Guard wavered and when at length the column reeled, shattered and broken, Saltoun cried out, "Now's the time, my boys!" and the Guards sprang forward, and drove the enemy over a hedge of dead and dying down the hill. In that conflict of giants, and at Quatre Bras, the First Guards lost 181 killed, including 7 officers, and had 853 wounded, making a total of 1,034. They had rendered glorious service, and earned undying fame. "Guards," exclaimed Wellington, "you shall be rewarded for this." and so it happened that, as a distinguished honour, they became "The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards." However, before the great glories of Waterloo the 1st Foot Grenadiers distinguished themselves in the Peninsular Campaign and the owner of this sword would likely have been there too! To quote Napoleon himself, “It was (the Spanish War) that overthrew me. All my disasters can be traced back to that fateful knot”. The Peninsula war was one of the longest, most arduous, and ultimately successful campaigns the British Army has ever fought. Throughout this time it was the 1st Guards’ discipline and esprit de corps that marked them out; it kept them fit to fight at all times. As Wellington gradually matched, then forced onto the defensive, and finally smashed French power in the Peninsula, the senior formation in his splendid army was always composed of the Guards. As such, Peninsula remains one of regiment’s proudest battle honours to this day. The retreat to Corunna was harrowing. In mid winter, across mountainous terrain, with little food or clothing, the trek lasted several weeks. Nonetheless, the two Battalions of Guards arrived at Corunna marching in step behind their corps of drums; they raised morale in Wellington’s army at the crucial moment and set a fine example to all ranks. Within days of arriving, the French attacked. With characteristic discipline and bravery, the 1st Guards repelled the French onslaught, paving the way for a decisive momentum shift in the war. By 1810, the 1st Guards found themselves besieged at Cadiz; separated from their Spanish allies, they had to fight two French divisions alone. Despite a 15 hour march and a heavily defended enemy, the composite brigade of Guards, commanded by Major General Dilkes, were victorious. The 1st Guards lost a third of their manpower as hors de combat but their success allowed Wellington’s forces to move north and drive the French enemy from Spain. 13 Dec 1813 Nive / July 25, 2014 When Napoleon’s army retreated into France, the British followed. British troops forced crossings on the rivers Bidossa, Nivelle and finally Nive, on 10 November 1813. The battle of Nive lasted 3 days, costing 1500 British lives. However the British, with the 1st Guards at the forefront, inflicted 3000 deaths on Soult’s French soldiers. These casualties and the delay caused to the enemy landed a telling blow to Napoleon’s ambitions in Europe. Indeed, Napoleon had abdicated and been banished to Elba within 6 months. This sword has obviously been used in combat, as one must expect, and has some hand to hand combat signs, plus light staining with various small pitting areas to the blade. Yet the scabbard leather is good for its age, and what a piece of history this sword is, and incredibly beautiful. This sword will not be effected by any imminent UK ivory ban due to the antique ivory compostion being less than 10%.
A Superb 6th Century AD Saxon Spear Head, "Battle of Badon" era The legendary battle of the Britons against the Anglo-Saxon incursion, the successful defence was led, allegedly by King Arthur. However, it is not known exactly when the battle took place or, accurately, where, and of course Arthur was detailed much later in the 9th century, as the leader and victor of the Britons. It is a superb large iron head, and a most wonderful example of these most rare weapons of the early Saxon invaders. The Battle of Badon was a battle thought to have occurred between Celtic Britons and Anglo-Saxons in the late 5th or early 6th century AD. It was credited as a major victory for the Britons, stopping the encroachment of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms for a period. It is chiefly known today for the supposed involvement of King Arthur, a tradition that first clearly appeared in the 9th-century Historia Brittonum. Because of the limited number of sources, there is no certainty about the date, location, or details of the fighting. The earliest mention of the Battle of Badon is Gildas' De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae ("On the Ruin and Conquest of Britain"), written in the early to mid-6th century. In it, the Anglo-Saxons are said to have "dipped [their] red and savage tongue in the western ocean" before Ambrosius Aurelianus organized a British resistance with the survivors of the initial Saxon onslaught. Gildas describes the period that followed Ambrosius' initial success: "From that time, the citizens were sometimes victorious, sometimes the enemy, in order that the Lord, according to His wont, might try in this nation the Israel of to-day, whether it loves Him or not. This continued up to the year of the siege of Badon Hill (obsessions Badonici montis), and of almost the last great slaughter inflicted upon the rascally crew. And this commences, a fact I know, as the forty-fourth year, with one month now elapsed; it is also the year of my birth" Picture in the gallery of King Arthur leading the cavalry charge at Mount Badon in an 1898 illustration for 'Idylls of the King' Alfred Lord Tennyson. 13.75 inches long head at widest 2 inches.
A Superb 7th Century Merovingian 'Killed' Sword [Spartha] and Shield Mounts Around 1400 years old. Recovered likely more than a century ago from a Merovingian warrior's grave in Germany or France. Fully preserved condition. The shield boss and handle have survived, the leather covered wooden shield body and sword hilt have rotted away over its 1400 years underground. The spatha is a type of straight and long sword, measuring between 0.75 and 1 m , with a handle length between 18 and 20 cm , in use in the territory of the Roman Empire during the 1st to 6th centuries AD. Later swords, from the 7th to 10th centuries, like the Viking swords, are recognizable derivatives and sometimes subsumed under the term spatha. The Roman spatha was used in war and in gladiatorial fights. The spatha of literature appears in the Roman Empire in the 1st century AD as a weapon used by presumably Germanic auxiliaries and gradually became a standard heavy infantry weapon, relegating the gladius to use as a light infantry weapon. The spatha apparently replaced the gladius in the front ranks, giving the infantry more reach when thrusting. While the infantry version had a long point, versions carried by the cavalry had a rounded tip that prevented accidental stabbing of the cavalryman's own foot or horse. Archaeologically many instances of the spatha have been found in Britain and Germany. It was used extensively by Germanic warriors. It is unclear whether it came from the Pompeii gladius or the longer Celtic swords, or whether it served as a model for the various arming swords and Viking swords of Europe. The spatha remained popular throughout the Migration Period. It evolved into the knightly sword of the High Middle Ages by the 12th century. Picture of comabating Frankish warrior knights using spartha and shields of the same type, from the Stuttgart Psalter. The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century. Their territory largely corresponded to ancient Gaul as well as the Roman provinces of Raetia, Germania Superior and the southern part of Germania. The semi legendary Merovech was supposed to have founded the Merovingian dynasty, but it was his famous grandson Clovis I (ruled c.481–511) who united all of Gaul under Merovingian rule. Charles de Gaulle is on record as stating his opinion that "For me, the history of France begins with Clovis, elected as king of France by the tribe of the Franks, who gave their name to France. Before Clovis, we have Gallo-Roman and Gaulish prehistory. The decisive element, for me, is that Clovis was the first king to have been baptized a Christian. My country is a Christian country and I reckon the history of France beginning with the accession of a Christian king who bore the name of the Franks. The Merovingians are featured in the book The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail (1982) where they are depicted as descendants of Jesus, inspired by the "Priory of Sion" story developed by Pierre Plantard in the 1960s. Plantard playfully sold the story as non-fiction, giving rise to a number of works of pseudohistory among which The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail was the most successful. The "Priory of Sion" material has given rise to later works in popular fiction, notably The Da Vinci Code (2003), which mentions the Merovingians in chapter 60 . The ritual 'killing' of swords, such as bending or breaking have been found in thousands of examples of this practice across Europe, indicating that it was a ritual common to all the pan-Celtic tribes. However, although many theories have been postulated, for now the exact significance of this mysterious custom remains unclear. Some suggest it mat be for all to know that the blade is not to recovered by grave robbers, or, possibly, the warrior or knight owner has been killed in battle, and thus his sword, as part of him, is also now dead. Or, maybe an offering to the gods of the afterlife. A Merovingian Frankish sword in 'un-killed' condition, is such a rare piece to survive to today, would likely be valued comfortably into five figures [£12,000 plus]. Provenence; From a private collection of an English gentleman acquired in the 1940's. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.
A Superb Antique Armour Breastplate Stunningly Etched With Heraldic Beasts A beautiful piece of chest parade armour, with an etched crest of nobility comprising three winged Griffins and a central Lion rampant within a shield. The Griffin (or Gryphon) is a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. Combining the attributes of the "King of the Beasts" and the "King of the Air", it was thought to be especially powerful and majestic. A light armour breastplate, 16th century style in the manner of the 1550's with old restoration. 19th century and earlier. Parade armour became an elaborate and ornate Renaissance art form intended to both glorify war, and flatter the military prowess of the royal subject. Surviving examples include decorated shields, helmets, and full suits of armour. Delaune was an important contributor to the form, and Henry II of France commissioned a number of similar works, including a panel for his horse, and some bucklers (shields) now in the Louvre, both by Delaune. In addition surviving works for Henry include a full suit at the Museum of Ethnology, Vienna. 18.5 inches x 14.5 inches
A Superb Antique Barong. An Indonesian Warriors Short Sword. Leaf shaped watered blade, showing superb tempered grain and structure. The hilt has a “cockatoo beak” (kakatua) handle. Silver band with mother of pearl decoration. Rattan bound scabbard with mother of pearl bottom mount.During it's life some of the rattan has been lost and the bottom mount reaffixed.
A Superb Antique British Dragoon and Guards Officer's Frock Coat Consisting of dark blue melton cloth with elaborate mohair loops, decoration and olivettes, whilst fastening up the front using concealed hook and eyelets. The cut of a frock coat with a waist seam flatters a man's figure, as opposed to a sack coat, and such frock coats remained part of some 20th century military uniforms. They can either be single-breasted as in army uniforms, or double-breasted as in navy uniforms. The British Army currently retains the frock coat for ceremonial wear by senior officers of Lieutenant-General rank and above, by officers of the Household Division, and by holders of certain Royal appointments. Undress uniform was one step below Full Dress in level of formality. According to current dress regulations "the term covered Frock Coats, Patrol Jackets, and Stable and Shell Jackets". Frock Coats are still worn 'as Undress' by certain officers on certain occasions: The Frock Coat may be worn by officers of Lieutenant-General rank and above (and Major-Generals in certain appointments) on formal occasions when not on parade in command of troops. Dating from the 1830s or earlier, this item of uniform is a knee-length, dark blue, double-breasted coat with velvet collar and cuffs; it is usually worn with the peaked cap, but on occasion it is worn with the British Army cocked hat by certain office-holders. Frock coats are also worn by certain officers of the Household Division, Honourable Artillery Company and King's Troop RHA, although these are of different design: a single-breasted, dark blue coat with ornate black braiding and loops.
A Superb Antique Keris With Singularly Beautiful Blade of Meteorite Steel An old Bali keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade bearing pamor wos wutah. The old wrongko is the batun form in the South Bali style, it is made from an outstanding piece of timoho. The old bondolan hilt is from well patterned timoho wood and is fitted with an old wewer set with pastes. This keris displays impeccable blade quality in a scabbard of beautifully marked timoho wood and is an outstanding example of the Balinese keris. Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colors of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickel for the contrasting pattern.
A Superb Case Hardened Steel Gun Lock Of a Greene Carbine 1856 Scarce British-Type Greene Carbine by Massachusetts Arms Company Case-hardened swivel breech action with Maynard tape primer system. Lock marked: [Queen's crown] /VR/Mass.Arms Co./U.S.A./1856. James Durell Greene was a prolific firearms inventor and determined to make his mark This carbine lock was manufactured by the Massachusetts Arms Company and exported to Great Britain after being inspected and stamped with the Queen's Crown by British inspectors in the USA. These were used by the British Cavalry in the Crimean War but re-exported to the USA after the Crimea War. These fine guns were deemed to be very accurate but the paper and linen cartridges of the time were criticised as being prone to swell in the damp and consequently the carbine did not find favour with the British Government. The carbine features an unusual "floating thimble" to obdurate the breech and an internal "pricker" that punctured the cartridge. It also featured Maynard Tape priming which was in the forefront of priming technology at the time and the mechanism for this is in perfect condition. The quality of workmanship is exceptional and it actions as crisply today as it did when it was made 158 years ago. An exceptional item in outstanding condition. Only 2000 were manufactured and a complete carbine would be around £3,000.
A Superb Case Hardened Steel Gun Lock Of a Greene Carbine 1856 Scarce British-Type Greene Carbine by Massachusetts Arms Company Case-hardened swivel breech action with Maynard tape primer system. Lock marked: [Queen's crown] /VR/Mass.Arms Co./U.S.A./1856. James Durell Greene was a prolific firearms inventor and determined to make his mark This carbine lock was manufactured by the Massachusetts Arms Company and exported to Great Britain after being inspected and stamped with the Queen's Crown by British inspectors in the USA. These were used by the British Cavalry in the Crimean War but re-exported to the USA after the Crimea War. These fine guns were deemed to be very accurate but the paper and linen cartridges of the time were criticised as being prone to swell in the damp and consequently the carbine did not find favour with the British Government. The carbine features an unusual "floating thimble" to obdurate the breech and an internal "pricker" that punctured the cartridge. It also featured Maynard Tape priming which was in the forefront of priming technology at the time and the mechanism for this is in perfect condition. The quality of workmanship is exceptional and it actions as crisply today as it did when it was made 158 years ago. An exceptional item in outstanding condition. Only 2000 were manufactured and a complete carbine would be around £3,000.
A Superb Early 18th Century Royal Naval Sea Service Flintlock Just returned from being out on loan to a Royal Naval historical documentary company. The most rare early sea service flintlock pistol, made before the later and far more common 1756 Sea Service regulation pattern. Although earlier made it was used alongside its later version by naval warships in service for almost 100 years. It may have seen service in the great naval engagements such as in the 7 years war;1755 June 8 Gulf of St. Lawrence - British under Boscawen defeat French under Hocquart 1756 May 20 Minorca - French under la Galissonnière defeat British under John Byng 1757 early - French under Kersaint de Coëtnempren vs British at San Domingo 1758 - Minor French under Duchaffault vs British under Boscawen near Ushant - Minor French under Durevest vs British under Saunders near Gibraltar Strait April 29 Cuddalore - British under Pocock defeat French under d'Ache August 3 Negapatam - British under Pocock defeat French under d'Ache 1759 August 19 Lagos - British under Boscawen defeat French under de la Clue September 10 Pondicherry - British fight French but are too damaged to pursue November 20 Quiberon Bay/Cardinaux - British defeat French near St Nazaire 1760 July 3–8 Restigouche River - British defeat French relief force 1762 - British attack on Spanish-held Havana in the American Revolution, 1777 September 26 to November 16, 1777 Siege of Fort Mifflin on the Delaware River American fleets under John Hazelwood, defending Philadelphia from British navy. 1780 January 16 Cape St Vincent - British under Rodney defeat Spanish under de Langara 1782 January 25 St Kitts - British under Hood defeat French under de Grasse and in 1794 June 1 The Glorious First of June - British fleet defeats French fleet in North Atlantic but French grain convoy makes it through to Brest. The later 1756 flintlock pistol version had just a few small cosmetic changes, such as to the side plate form. This pistol has a fine Crown GR lock, made by Willits of London, and dated 1742. Willits is a recorded London maker for the navy, with the crowned ordnance inspector's/receiver's stamps and early swan necked cock. All brass furniture, sea service butt cap with traditional short ears. Brass side plate with covered brass hole for the contemporaneously removed, long, belt hook and screw. In 1756 the Royal Navy was issued with the official, regulation Long Sea Service Pistol, which replaced this pistol form, which over the next century was changed adapted and remodeled to encompass modern advances in technology. Prior to the 1756 pattern the Navy used pistols that were based around the standard regulation Dragoon Pistols, used by the British cavalry regiments, but it took almost two decades to regularize the pattern for the Royal Navy in 1756. This highly scarce piece is one of those rarely seen sea service pistols that were made in the years before the more modern 1756 pattern was determined. On first viewing it appears almost identical, but on closer inspection, and once it's date is revealed, one can see the subtle differences that set it apart from it's 1756 successor. A near identical example in wreck recovered condition is in the National Maritime Collection, Their pistol was allegedly recovered from the wreck of the St Mathias in St Mary's Creek Chatham, that was sunk by fire during the assault by the Dutch on Chatham in 1667. This pistol has a further highly interesting feature. In the stock, at the grip, there are two purposefully cut notches. It has long been a tradition of both legend and fact that some would 'notch-up' a victory in combat on the hilt or handle his weapon. Some of the most infamous of these were outlaws and gunmen of the American Wild West, but the tradition is said to go back thousands of years. These notches are so deliberate, and without any other easily explained purpose, that it is very reasonable to assume these were executed for one and the same purpose, as a symbol or memory of victory by the sailor, maybe a ship sunk or captured, or an enemy cut down by gunfire in close quarter action. The barrel has a fascinating old service repair. The wreck recovered pistol can be viewed on the national maritime museum website. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb English 1850's Transitional Revolver With Original Blue 6 shot .36 cal. Probably by Robert Adams. Some of the most ground breaking work in the early design and manufacture of revolvers was undertaken in England long before the world famous American revolver makers, such as Colt and Remington, became famous for their fine pistols. This most attractive piece is fully, and most finely engraved, on the frame and grip, with a highly detailed micro chequered walnut butt. Circa 1850. A classic example of one of the earliest English cylinder revolvers that was favoured by gentleman wishing to arm themselves with the latest technology and improvement ever designed by English master gunsmiths. They were most popular with officers [that could afford them] in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. A picture in the gallery is of Robert Adams himself, loading his patent revolver for HRH Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's Consort. He was also manager for the London Armoury and he made many of the 19,000 pistols that were bought by the Confederate States for the Civil War. The US government also bought Adams revolvers from the London Armoury, at $18 each, which was $4.00 more than it was paying Colt for his, and $6.00 more than Remington.The action on this beautiful gun is perfect, very nice, and tight, but the trigger return spring is weak. In good blue finish with some original 'mirror' blue finish remaining. Revolving cylinder operates sporadically. As with all our antique guns they must be considered as inoperable with no license required and they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb English Lord-Lieutenant's Silver Belt and Silver Lace Bullion Belt Victorian. The silver buckle bears a centrally mounted English rose motif with an oakleaf and acorn wreath surrounding. A red Morocco leather lined belt which is covered in pure silver silver lace brocade bullion, in the continued design of the highest rank oak leaf and acorn scrolling vine, representing the monarch's personal representative, the Lord Lieutenant. The Lord-Lieutenant is the British monarch's personal representative in each county of the United Kingdom. Historically, the Lord-Lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia. Lieutenants were first appointed to a number of English counties by King Henry VIII in the 1540s, when the military functions of the sheriff were handed over to him. He raised and was responsible for the efficiency of the local militia units of the county, and afterwards of the yeomanry, and volunteers. He was commander of these forces, whose officers he appointed. These commissions were originally of temporary duration, and only when the situation required the local militia to be specially supervised and well prepared; often where invasion by Scotland or France might be expected. Lieutenancies soon became more organised, probably in the reign of his successor King Edward VI, their establishment being approved by the English parliament in 1550. However, it was not until the threat of invasion by the forces of Spain in 1585 that lieutenants were appointed to all counties and counties corporate and became in effect permanent. Although some counties were left without lieutenants during the 1590s, following the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the office continued to exist, and was retained by King James I even after the end of the Anglo-Spanish War. The office was abolished under the Commonwealth, but was re-established following the Restoration under the City of London Militia Act 1662, which declared that: The King's most Excellent Majesty, his Heirs and Successors, shall and may from Time to Time, as Occasion shall require, issue forth several Commissions of Lieutenancy to such Persons as his Majesty, his Heirs and Successors, shall think fit to be his Majesty's Lieutenants for the several and respective Counties, Cities and Places of England and Dominion of Wales, and Town of Berwick upon Tweed. Although not explicitly stated, from that date lieutenants were appointed to "counties at large", with their jurisdiction including the counties corporate within the parent county. For example, lieutenants of Devon in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries appointed deputy lieutenants to the City of Exeter, and were sometimes described as the "Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter" The origin of this anomaly may have lain in the former palatine status of Pembrokeshire. The City of London was uniquely given a commission of lieutenancy, and was exempt from the authority of the lieutenant of Middlesex. The Constable of the Tower of London and the Warden of the Cinque Ports were ex-officio lieutenants for the Tower Hamlets and Cinque Ports respectively, which were treated as counties in legislation regarding lieutenancy and militia affairs. The official title of the office at this time was His or Her Majesty's "Lieutenant for the county of ..", but as almost all office-holders were Peers of the realm, they were referred to as "Lord-Lieutenant".
A Superb Epee Presented by the Queen of Spain to US General J.H. Eaton 1837 A Spanish full dress epee, by tradition, presented to United States General John H Eaton, Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary for President Andrew Jackson's America, to the Kingdom of Spain, by Her Majesty Maria Christina de Borbon, Queen Consort, and Regent [for her daughter] Isabella II Queen of Spain, in 1837. The sword has a fine tapering double-edged blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped 'Ano D 1837' and 'Fa Ntl Di Toledo' on the respective faces at the forte, finest gilt bronze hilt cast with wonderful classical ornament in relief, including oval shell-guard decorated with the Iberian eagle flanked by classical figures, the quillon-block bears the letter 'F' for Ferdinand' enclosed within a laurel wreath, a pair of straight quillons, knuckle-guard and pommel, and integral grip all decorated en suite, in its blued iron scabbard (now oxidised to brown) with gilt-bronze suspensions mounts and drag 76.8 cm; 30 1/4 in blade Provenance; By tradition presented to General John H. Eaton US General J.H.Eaton, Envoy Extraordinary for President Andrew Jackson to Spain, who was married to the ward of President Andrew Jackson. It was presented by the Regent of Spain, Her Majesty Queen Maria Christina in 1837, when General Eaton was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain (1836-1840). Maria Christina of Spain (when Regent for her daughter, the future Isabella II) was María Cristina de Borbón, Princesa de las Dos Sicilias; 27 April 1806 – 22 August 1878) she was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Regent of Spain (1833 to 1840). This sword was thence passed after his death to his friend and physician Dr William B. Magruder; thence to his brother Colonel James A. Magruder, a personal friend of General Grant, who wore the sword on full dress occasions including the funeral of President Lincoln, thence by descent to Mrs. Millicent Magruder Nichols, Massachusetts who gifted the sword to Dumbarton House in 1967. Dumbarton House, is a Federal period historic house museum in Washington, DC. The house serves as the headquarters for The National Society of Colonial Dames of America, a group of women whose ancestors contributed to our country's founding. Eaton became active in the Tennessee militia, and attained the rank of major. He developed a close friendship with Andrew Jackson, and served as an aide to Jackson during the Creek War and the War of 1812. Eaton took part in all Jackson's major campaigns. He supported Jackson's controversial decision in November 1814 to attack Pensacola in Spanish Florida, claiming that Spain had put herself in a belligerent position by allowing its territory to be occupied by British soldiers. Eaton participated in the Battle of New Orleans, and became a major proponent of Jackson's presidential candidacy following the war
A Superb First Empire French General's Silver Epee Dated 1815. From the end of Napoleon's First Empire & the Restoration Period. Superb silver casting, showing great detail and quality within the design. Lion masks set in the knuckle bow, and lion head profiles in the shell guard. The stand-of-arms panel within the guard contain's mortars, howitzers and standards, set with a crown upper centre. Chequered ebony grips. A very superior blade, armourer marked, stamped and dated 1815. The overall condition is superb with just small hairline cracks in the ebony. The rise of Napoleon troubled the other European powers as much as the earlier revolutionary regime had. Despite the formation of new coalitions against him, Napoleon’s forces continued to conquer much of Europe. The Peninsular War in Spain was a hard lost conflict , covering many years and dozens of battles against his nemesis, the Duke of Wellington. Eventually, the tide of war began to turn against Napoleon, after the disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, that caused Napoleon to lose much of his Grand Armee. The following year, during the War of the Sixth Coalition, Coalition forces defeated the French in the Battle of Leipzig. Following its victory at Leipzig, the Coalition vowed to press on to Paris and depose Napoleon. In the last week of February 1814, Prussian Field Marshal Blücher advanced on Paris. After multiple attacks, maneuvering, and reinforcements on both sides, Blücher won the Battle of Laon in early March 1814; this victory prevented the Allied army from being pushed north out of France. The Battle of Reims went to Napoleon, but this victory was followed by successive defeats from increasingly overwhelming odds. Coalition forces entered Paris after the Battle of Montmartre on 30 March 1814. On 6 April 1814, Napoleon abdicated his throne, leading to the accession of Louis XVIII and the first Bourbon Restoration a month later. The defeated Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba, while the victorious British Prussian, Austrian and Russian Coalition sought to redraw the map of Europe at the Congress of Vienna. The Hundred Days, sometimes known as the Hundred Days of Napoleon or Napoleon's Hundred Days , marked the period between Emperor Napoleon I of France's return from exile on Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 111 days later). This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign and the Neapolitan War. The Battle of Waterloo was Napoleon's last great throw of the dice to retain his country as Emperor, but thanks to skillful tactics and a fair portion of good fortune, Wellington prevailed. The phrase les Cent Jours was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the King. Napoleon returned while the Congress of Vienna was sitting. On 13 March, seven days before Napoleon reached Paris, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared him an outlaw, and on 25 March, five days after his arrival in Paris, Austria, Prussia, Russia and the United Kingdom, members of the Seventh Coalition, bound themselves to put 150,000 men each into the field to end his rule. This set the stage for the last conflict in the Napoleonic Wars, the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, by Wellington assisted by Blucher, the restoration of the French monarchy for the second time and the permanent exile of Napoleon to the distant island of Saint Helena, where he died in May 1821.
A Superb French Napoleonic Cavalry Officer's Fusee Verge Pocket Watch In silver white metal, with a stunning quality 18th century verge fusee movement and painted enamel dial depicting a French Napoleonic cavalry officer. Movement signed Buril of Montivilliers with serial number. The movement case, in fine mercurial gilt, is stunningly engraved with exceptional workmanship.Used in antique spring-powered mechanical watches and clocks, a fusee is a cone-shaped pulley with a helical groove around it, wound with a cord or chain which is attached to the mainspring barrel. Fusees were used from the 15th century to the early 20th century to improve timekeeping by equalizing the uneven pull of the mainspring as it ran down. Gawaine Baillie stated of the fusee, "Perhaps no problem in mechanics has ever been solved so simply and so perfectly."The origin of the fusee is not known. Many sources erroneously credit clockmaker Jacob Zech of Prague with inventing it around 1525, The earliest definitely dated fusee clock was made by Zech in 1525, but the fusee actually appeared earlier, with the first spring driven clocks in the 15th century. The idea probably did not originate with clockmakers, since the earliest known example is in a crossbow windlass shown in a 1405 military manuscript. Drawings from the 15th century by Filippo Brunelleschi[6] and Leonardo da Vinci show fusees. The earliest existing clock with a fusee, also the earliest spring-powered clock, is the Burgunderuhr (Burgundy clock), a chamber clock whose iconography suggests that it was made for Phillipe the Good, Duke of Burgundy about 1430, now in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum The word fusee comes from the French fusée and late Latin fusata, 'spindle full of thread'. Movement needs servicing to operate. Complete with key. Very small chip to bottom enamel dial
A Superb Georgian Gentleman's Frock Coat Dark Blue Velvet and Fine Lace In stunning condition. A Georgian gentleman’s frock coat, the dark blue velvet coat with five pairs of re-made 2” wide silver braided bands to front and similar double braded bands to flared pointed cuffs, reverse of coat pleated and cut to waist with banded tie and two large pierced marquasite buttons. Black bow at rear of neck, collar and cuffs have finely worked white lace with matching cravat. The fine quality burgundy coloured damask waistcoat with floral and foliate worked decoration and six 1” wide braided silver bands en suite with coat. A false pocket flap on each side similarly trimmed with braid. Six dark metal waistcoat buttons of floral openwork design have star marquasite centres. The whole in very fine condition due to perfect storage.
A Superb Medieval 12th to13th Century 'Crusades' Iron 'Flanged' Battle Mace A rare example of mace, and it is known that not many of remaining examples of it's type are in existence. An offensive Battle Mace that would be an amazingly effective piece against Armour or shield. In almost spherical form with multi layered protruding flanges in hollow-cast iron that could be mounted on a haft or chain and flail. They were also carried as a symbol of power and rank, as it is so now, the Parliamentary Mace and the Queen's great Mace of State being just two examples. In the Crusades era this was, on occasion, also an ecclesiastic symbol [used by Bishops or even Popes], but more usually by Knights in noble combat. The last photo in the gallery is from a 13th century Manuscript that shows Kinghts in combat and one at the rear is using a stylised mace. The mace head is approximately the size of a flatened tennis ball.
A Superb Medieval, 13th - 14th Century Carved Stone Head of a Bearded Man A most captivating piece of original medieval sculpture. At some time it's body has been very well conserved and restored around some cracking, probably in the last century. The head was the chief symbolic part of the body for Western culture in the Middle Ages, from the waning days of the Roman empire to the Renaissance. Since antiquity it signified not only the intellect, the centre of power, but was also regarded as the seat of the soul. The face is not only central to identity, but is also the primary vehicle for human expression, emotion, and character. As such, the depiction of the head becomes a true test of the quality of the artist and a telling indicator of style. By focusing on this one genre of object, the Middle Ages can be seen in a new light. Few sculpted heads of the Middle Ages were portraits in the modern sense. The reasons for representing the human face were far more various than recording the physical likeness of an individual. During the High Middle Ages, portraiture did not rely on likeness so much as attributes, coats of arms, inscriptions, and other identifying signs. Thus individual selfhood was subsumed in broader forms of corporate identities. At the same time, the notion of a "true" portrait encompassed such miraculous images as the Veil of Saint Veronica, imprinted with the face of Christ. By the fourteenth century, veristic portraiture remerged as a supplement to symbolic representations of identity, especially in the main European capitals—Paris, London, Prague. A 1925 photograph in the gallery [for information only] of early stone sculpture on display at the Cloisters that was originally acquired by George Grey Barnard (1863–1938), a distinguished American sculptor, and an avid collector and dealer of medieval art. 7.5 inches x 5.25 inches x 5 inches. Weight approx 3.5 kilos
A Superb Napoleonic French 'Prisoner-of-War' Travelling Dressing Case In wood covered in straw-work parquetry. A near identical example to one that is on display in the Burghley House Collection. Made by the captured Napoleonic and French wars French Prisoners-of-War in the early 1800's in order to subsidise their meagre prison rations, and this fine piece is made to give the impression it is a sizeable book when closed. The interior bears many small drawers and compartments and a fold away mirror in vauxhall plate, and a fine hand painted watercolour of Beaufort Castle in Invernesshire. All of the interior straw-work is pristine in colour and unfaded showing wonderful contrasts. Great Britain was at war with France continuously from 1793 to 1802. Hostilities ceased briefly in 1802, but conflict soon recommenced. The Napoleonic Wars continued until 1815, when Napoleon’s forces were finally defeated at Waterloo. In 1796 the first prison to house French prisoners was built at Norman Cross, some 5 miles north of Peterborough. Conditions must have been both harsh and crowded; disease killed more that 1,700 inmates between 1797 and 1814. To supplement their rations and to provide small income, some prisoners made ornaments, models and toys, which they were allowed to sell. The materials used included straw, wood, bone and even human hair. Many of the items made were extraordinary in their complexity and design and were always very desirable to collectors. The proximity of Burghley House to the camp meant that members of the Cecil family acquired many fine examples. Those displayed at Burghley include a number of containers made of wood with applied decoration of coloured straw, a stationery box, a set of bone spillikins in a pocket case, a framed straw-work picture of the house built for Napoleon Bonaparte on St Helena, to where he was exiled, a bone set of dominoes and playing cards and a detailed model of an 80-gun ship-of-the-line with hair rigging. 12.75 inches wide, x 9.25 inches x 3 inches.
A Superb Original Ambrotype Photo of an American Civil War Cavalry Officer Set in pressed leather paper covered wooden frame that once closed with a catch mount. The applied gilt of his sword hilt, epaulettes, belt buckle, and buttons are still vividly bright. The ambrotype photographs are quite dark but can be seen very nicely with a little applied light. Civil War officers in full uniform and holding the sabre are particularly rare and highly desirable. The ambrotype (from Ancient Greek: “immortal impression”) or amphitype, also known as a collodion positive in the UK, is a positive photograph on glass made by a variant of the wet plate collodion process. Like a print on paper, it is viewed by reflected light. Like the daguerreotype, which it replaced, and like the prints produced by a Polaroid camera, each is a unique original that could only be duplicated by using a camera to copy it. The American Civil War was one of the first wars that had photographs taken of the combatants. Taken in professional studios, and mostly using the Ambrotype or Tintype system. They are incredibly evocative of the era and very rare to see in Europe today. In the US, ambrotypes first came into use in the early 1850s. In 1854, James Ambrose Cutting of Boston took out several patents relating to the process. He may be responsible for coining the term "ambrotype". Ambrotypes were much less expensive to produce than daguerreotypes, the medium that predominated when they were introduced, and did not have the bright mirror-like metallic surface that could make daguerreotypes troublesome to view and which some people disliked. An ambrotype, however, appeared dull and drab when compared with the brilliance of a well-made and properly viewed daguerreotype. By the late 1850s, the ambrotype was overtaking the daguerreotype in popularity. By the mid-1860s, the ambrotype itself was being replaced by the tintype, a similar image on a sturdy black-lacquered thin iron sheet, as well as by photographic albumen paper prints made from glass plate collodion negatives. Approx. 2.5 x 3 inches in frame. 1/9th plate.
A Superb Original Head Hunters Sword, a Dayaks Mandau, A scarce Mandau of the Dayak people, of Kalimantan, Indonesia, 20th century. With beautifully traditionally carved antler hilt, complete with some hair. Traditional blade with convex obverse and concave reverse. Wooden sheath with upper and lower surfaces carved in relief with matching carved dragonlike shapes, bound with wonderfully woven bi-colored reed wraps, including the original woven reed hanging cords and with it's bi-knife sleeve with it's bi-knife complete. This is the first one we have had in 30 years with the biknife present. The blade was apparently designed convex in such a way as the head could be decapitated more easily by a swinging arc while running. The last photo in the gallery is a period photo of an indigenous Head Hunter, holding his 'prize', achieved with his Mandau.[Photo not included]
A Superb Pair of Original Wilkinson Sword Cutlasses Presentation Mounted Antique original sailor's hand to hand combat cutlasses made for the Royal Navy in the late Victorian period in 1900 from the days of sail and dreadnoughts. Each is Wilkinson sword marked and ordnance inspected and stamped in 1900. Used on the Royal Navy's ships of the line until at least 1949. placed into War Dept. storage after WW2. They were then sold by the Ministry of Defence in an especially commissioned auction conducted by Phillips Auctioneers, in May 1994 for £432. Purchased by the previous owner and then custom presentation mounted on a large solid mahogany plaque by Wilkinson Sword Co. some in the same year [22 years ago] at a cost of £311. We include the auctions bill of sale, Wilkinson's draft drawing for the options for the mahogany plaque's finish and construction, the inscription wording of the brass plaque, the receipt from Wilkinson for the commission and the original Phillips auction catalogue. Wilkinson also confirmed their authenticity through records for posterity [these documents we also include]. We have just had the mahogany, cutlasses and plaque superbly restored and re-polished. Size of plaque overall mounted 37.5 inches x 20.25 inches.
A Superb Queen Anne, Early 18th Century Ivory Topped Walking Cane A wonderful carved ivory top with intermittent baleen inserts. With a small repair at the replaced brass ferrule.
A Superb Solid Silver Hilted American War Of Independence Era Sword Made by one of the great 18th century London silversmiths, in 1782. London was the premier centre for silver in Europe and some of it's finest makers made swords the great and the good of all nations, especially America. This whole sword is made entirely in the manner of one of the greatest British Georgian architects and designers, Robert Adam. With it's typical, gracious, 'Adam' urn pommel, single knucklebow, oval guard, engraved with Adam's swags and tails, and multi wire bound grip, also in solid silver. The entire hilt is detail engraved throughout. The trefoil blade is similarly delightfully elegant yet plain. A fabulous sword of immense beauty and quality in superb overall condition. In 1754 The young student Robert Adam left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Giovanni Battista Piranesi. On his return to Britain he established a practice in London, where he was joined by his younger brother James. Here he developed the "Adam Style", and his theory of "movement" in architecture, based on his studies of antiquity and became one of the most successful and fashionable architects in the country. Adam held the post of Architect of the King's Works from 1761 to 1769. His Adam style influenced everything from great building works to furniture silver and jewellery. He created one of the great neo classical styles that was the personification of timeless elegance. At home as much in the 18th century as it is today. A painting in the gallery of Admiral Sir Thomas Graves with his identical 'Adam style' solid silver sword. No scabbard
A Superb Victorian 'Revenue' Iron Strong Box With Key Lid cast with Queen Victoria's crown, the Board of Ordnance broad arrow [the universal symbol of British government approval and ownership] and the letter R. Picture in the gallery of a 19th century print depicting the 'Revenue Men' making a cordial home visit. H.M. Customs were responsible for collecting duties payable on certain imported goods at ports and for preventing smuggling; they were not always successful. The Board of Excise collected duties on certain home-produced goods from 1643 and remained in farm until 1683 when Commissioners were appointed. Customs and Excise were not actually amalgamated until 1909 with the creation of the Board of Customs and Excise. Customs duties are nothing new—the earliest known record of customs payments is a Saxon charter of 742 (Lodey) but it wasn’t until 1203 that King John centralized the collection of revenues and appointed officers to undertake the different tasks. The early history of the Customs and the duties of the different types of officers have been well described by Lodey. There was a farming system in operation until 1671 when the Board of Customs was developed to regulate it better.The Revenue Vessels were intended to be the first line of defence against smuggling, by halting the passage of illicit goods at sea. Prevention of smuggling on land was attempted by a system of Riding Surveyors who were each responsible for about 20 miles of coast up to five miles inland, and reported to their collector. They supervised Riding Officers who each patrolled at least 4 miles of coast. The Preventive Water Guard was established in 1809 to provide a link between the revenue cutters and the riding officers, and to counteract the escalation of smuggling during the Napoleonic Wars a Coast Blockade was formed in Kent and Sussex, those counties closest to the continent. Protection from the often violent smugglers was provided by Dragoons from 1703, but nevertheless many Customs and Excise Officers were wounded or murdered in the course of their duty. Pensions for widows of officers killed by smugglers were only instituted in 1784. Weighs 36 kilos so too heavy to send airmail abroad. Only suitable for UK delivery due to weight. Size 19 x 12.5 x 9.5 inches high
A Superb Victorian 1888 Lee Metford & Long Lee Rifle Bayonet From a collection of bayonets brought back from the Chinese Boxer Rebellion in Peking in 1900, and then used for a further five years in service. Fine bayonet with it's original leather scabbard. Maker marked Enfield, regimental markings to the pommel. Ordnance inspected with an incredible number of stampings, and proved on the ricasso. The rifle and bayonet used in the Chinese Legations during the Boxer Rebellion in Peking in June 1900. The Battle of Peking, or historically the Relief of Peking, was the battle on 14–15 August 1900, in which a multi-national force, led by Britain, relieved the siege of foreign legations in Peking (now Beijing) during the Boxer Rebellion. From 20 June 1900, Boxer forces and Imperial Chinese troops had besieged foreign diplomats, citizens and soldiers within the legations of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Russia, Spain and the United States within the city of Peking. A poem dedicated to the 1888 pattern bayonet that was also used in the Boer War was written by soldier and poet P.T. Ross. A Yeoman's Letters, PT Ross, 1901 Did I ever use the bay'nit, sir? In the far off Transvaal War, Where I fought for Queen and country, sir, Against the wily Boer. Aye, many a time and oft, sir, I've bared the trusty blade, And blessed the dear old Homeland, sir Where it was carefully made. Chorus Then here's to the British bay'nit Made of Sheffield steel, And here's to the men who bore it - Stalwart men and leal. You notice the dents on the edge, sir At Bronkhurst Spruit they were done; I was getting a door for a fire, For out of wood we had run. I was smiting hard at the door, sir, Or rafter, I'm not sure which, When I struck on an iron screw, sir, And the bay'nit got this niche 'Tis my mighty Excalibur, sir, I've use it in joy and grief, For digging up many a tater, Or opening bully beef. I have used it for breaking wire, Making tents 'gainst rain and sun; I have used it as a hoof-pick, In a hundred ways and one. Oh, how did the point get blunted, sir? I was driving it home As a picketing peg for my horse, So that he should not roam. I drove it in a little, sir, And then in my haste, alas, I stubbed the point on a rock, sir Some inches below the grass. You ask if it e'er took a life, sir? Aye, I mind the time full well; I had spotted him by a farm, sir, And went for him with a yell. He tried to escape me hard, sir, But I plunged it in his side, And there by his own backyard, sir, A healthy porker died. But did I draw it in action? You ask me roughly now. Yes, we were taking a kopje, The foe were on the brow. We drew and fixed our bay'nits, The sun shone on the steel: Death to the sniping beggars We were about to deal. Then, sweating and a-puffing, We scaled the rocky heights, But when we reaches the top, sir, The foe was out of sight. Has it e'er drawn human blood? Yes once, I grieve to say; It was not in a battle, Or any bloody fray; 'Twas just outside Pretoria, The deed was never meant, I slipped and fell on the point, sir, 'Twas quite by accident. Chorus Then here's to the British bay'nit Made of Sheffield steel, And here's to the men who bore it - Stalwart men and leal. And here's to the Millennium, The time of peaceful peace, When neighbours shall love each other And wicked wars shall cease. Three photos in the gallery show a cavalryman with his bayonet held in the frog on his belt, British Naval forces from the battle, and naval sailors and marines after the battle with their white ensign.
A Superb Victorian Antique Scottish Royal Scots Fusiliers Officers Belt. A most scarce post 1881 example, in superb condition, of gilt bronze and silver with gold bullion regimental oak leaf pattern thistle lace, with red Morocco leather backing. Retaining waist belt clasp. Seeded gilt rectangular plate mounted with silver thistle wreath; within the wreath, St.Andrew and the Cross. Across the base of the wreath, a scroll inscribed Royal Scots Fusiliers. 21st (Royal North British Fusilier) Regiment of Foot (1713–1877) The regiment was awarded the title "Royal" around 1713, returning to England in August 1714 on the death of Queen Anne who was succeeded by George I. During the Jacobite Rising in 1715, it fought at Sheriffmuir against forces led by its founder's son, the 6th Earl of Mar. The Rebellion was defeated but in July 1716 Orrery was removed due to his Jacobite sympathies and replaced by George Macartney. Macartney was a Whig loyalist involved in the 1712 Hamilton–Mohun Duel who went into exile when charged as an accessory to murder, returning when George I became King. Britain was at peace during this period and the regiment remained on garrison duty until the War of the Austrian Succession broke out in 1742. It fought at Dettingen in June 1743 and Fontenoy in April 1745, a British defeat famous for the British and French commanders politely inviting each other to fire first. During the 1745 Rising it was part of the force that defeated the Jacobite army at Culloden in April 1746 but was back in Flanders when the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the war in 1748. In 1751, the system whereby regiments were numbered by seniority was formalised and it became the 21st Regiment. With the exception of the capture of Belle Île in 1761 during the 1756-63 Seven Years' War, the next 20 years were spent on garrison duty in Gibraltar, Scotland, West Florida and Quebec before returning to England in 1773. The regiment saw action at the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga in July 1777 during the American Revolutionary War, took part in the Siege of Bergen op Zoom in March 1814 during the Napoleonic Wars and saw combat at the Battle of New Orleans in January 1815 during the War of 1812. The regiment then served under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Haines at the Battle of Inkerman in November 1854 during the Crimean War
A Superb Victorian British Officers Cartridge Pouch and Cross belt In silver, bullion and black leather. Silver bullion wire work in triple bands across black morocco leather with cast acanthus leaf decorated buckle and bars with double silver bullion banded pouch bearing a central silver Victoria's VR cypher surmounted by the queen's crown. In the 1864 British army dress regulations the number of bands across the belt could indicate the seniority of rank, three with Morocco leather for the highest, say Colonel or General, two with Morocco for Lt Col or Major, and plain patent leather for junior ranks. A typical example of the finest English craftsmanship employed to create some of the finest quality uniforms and accoutrements in the world. In the Victorian Empire period the quality and extravagance was unsurpassed and this is an example of the stunning silver and leather work that combined to create an officers cartridge pouch and cross belt to be worn across the left shoulder by officers in uniform. Although one might assume these were solely for dress purposes but often they were used in combat and regular service in the days before khaki and camouflage uniforms were deemed more suitable for regular service dress. The last photo in the gallery of just a few examples of the different kinds of cartridge pouches and bullion belts worn by British officers in the Victorian era. Versions of them are still worn today. Cross belts originally were used from the 16th century onwards, to hang swords, called at the time, a baldric, - later, with the early wheel and flint lock muskets, they added a pouch to carry musket or pistol balls - the powder was always carried in a powder horn. As the centuries moved on, in the 18th and 19th century, they were solely used to carry pre-made up cartridges by officers in service uniform. These were always far more decorative than in previous eras, and often had the royal arms or regimental devices in gilt or silver decorated onto the front flap or lid. They were mounted on silver or gold wire bullion decorated leather cross belts.
A Superb Victorian Crimean War and Indian Mutiny Era General's Sabre Also used continually until the Boer War period. Superb condition with most of its original mercurial 'fire' gilt remaining on the guard. Gothic hilt with crossed sabre and field marshal's baton, the symbol of a British General. Fully etched deluxe quality blade with royal cypher and generals crest with traditional scrolling and decorative features. Brass scabbard. Overall all in very good near pristine condition with original bullions general's sword knot [with natural age wear]. Here are a sample of the British generals this sword may have belonged to; Lieutenant General Sir William Forbes Gatacre: Commanded a division of two brigades at the Battle of Omdurman and the 3rd Division of the 1st Army Corps during the Second Boer War; suffered a large defeat at the Battle of Stormberg. Major General Charles George Gordon: Colourful Royal Engineer officer; employed by the British-dominated Egyptian government (for the second time) as governor-general of the Sudan; killed after the Siege of Khartoum during the Mahdist War. Field Marshal Viscount Gough: Commander of British forces during the First Opium War and the First and Second Sikh Wars. Lieutenant General Sir Gerald Graham: Victoria Cross winner and senior commander during the Anglo-Egyptian War and the Mahdist War of the 1880s.
A Superb Victorian Hampshire Regt. Officers Full Dress Belt and Belt Plate A most scarce pattern of Victorian Hampshire regimental waist belt In 24 carat gilt and gold bullion, over red Morocco leather. Manufactured by Potter of London. Known as the Hampshire Tigers, the buckle bears the symbols of the Indian Tiger, and the Rose plucked from the Battle of Minden. The Hampshire Regiment was formed on 1st July 1881 when The 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and The 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot were merged as part of the Childers reforms. Portrait miniature of an officer of the 37th or North Hampshire Regiment of Foot in the gallery for reference [not included] The 37th Regiment of Foot was first formed in 1702 and as was the tradition at the time named ‘Meredith’s Regiment’ after Thomas Meredith, the Colonel of the Regiment who raised it in Dublin. The Regiment then served in various campaigns including The War of Spanish Succession (1704-1710) and The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748). In 1745 The Regiment returned to England when Bonnie Prince Charlie (the grandson of the deposed James II) landed in Scotland, attempting to regain the crown lost to the Stuart family in 1688 and incited the Jacobite Rising. The Regiment fought for the Hanoverian King George II at the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden. In 1751 the Regiment became The 37th Regiment of Foot as part of a scheme to simplify the naming system of British Army Regiments. The Regiment was once again involved in foreign campaigns including, The Seven Years War (1756–1763) and The American War of Independence (1775-1783). In 1783 The 37th became The 37th North Hampshire Regiment in order to aid recruitment. The Regiment was involved in various campaigns including The Peninsular War and The First War of Indian Independence. The 67th Regiment of Foot was initially the 2nd Battalion of the 20th Foot but detached in 1758 and became the 67th of Foot. The Regiment saw its first action on the aborted expedition to capture St. Malo in 1758. It was part of the force sent to capture Belle Isle during the Seven Years War, also served in The Spanish invasion of Portugal 1762 and was stationed in India from 1805 after the Second Anglo-Maratha War and participated in The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–1818), remaining in India for 21 years. In 1783 The 67th became The 67th South Hampshire Regiment in order to aid recruitment. The Regiment was further involved in foreign campaigns including The Second and Third China Wars (1857-1865) and The Japan Expedition (1862–1864).The 67th return to England after 21 years and authorisation to carry the Royal Bengal Tiger on the Regimental Colours In February 1826, after spells in Sholapore and Poona, the regiment was sent to Rangoon to reinforce British troops engaged in the Burmese war. Both Regiments were amalgamated in 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms and became the Hampshire Regiment. The Childers Reforms restructured the British army infantry Regiments. The newly formed Regiment engaged in various foreign campaigns including; Secunderabad (1886-1888), Burma (1888–1891), South African War (1899–1902), and two World Wars.
A Superb Victorian London-Scottish Rifle Volunteer Regt. Doublet In wonderful condition for age, just a few very tiny moth holes, all the original regimental buttons are present. The tunic and buttons were tailored by Hobson & Sons of London, and it bears a makers label and an original old storage label. In 1859 the London Scottish Rifle Volunteers were raised, sponsored by the Highland Society and the Caledonian Society of London, and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Elcho. The soldiers were given a uniform of homespun cloth known as Hodden Grey to avoid inter-clan rivalry and kilts today are still made of this distinctive material. During the Boer War, the Regiment supplied contingents of Volunteers who served with the Gordon Highlanders and those links survive still. In 1908 the Volunteer Force ceased to exist and became the Territorial Force. The 7th Middlesex (London Scottish) Volunteer Rifle Corps changed its name to the 14th (County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish). The 1st Battalion was mobilised on 5 August 1914 and was the first Territorial battalion to go into action against the Germans at Messines, near Ypres on 31 October. The Battalion continued to serve in France and Flanders throughout the War taking part in all the major offensives. The 2nd Battalion served in France, the Balkans and Palestine, while a 3rd Battalion was a Reserve Battalion and supplied drafts to the other two. Two Victoria Crosses and nineteen Distinguished Service Orders were awarded to members of the Regiment. We have a very fine and pristine antique London Scottish regimental silver buckle and belt for sale seperately [website catalogue number 20999]. We show in the gallery a picture of a London Scottish soldier in profile wearing his same doublet from the Zulu War period, holding his Martini Henry MK 1/11 Rifle
A Superb Victorian Officers Silver Buckle & Belt of London Scottish Regt. On original leather hide belt with silver officer's buckle in superb condition and quality. In 1859 the London Scottish Rifle Volunteers were raised, sponsored by the Highland Society and the Caledonian Society of London, and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Elcho. The soldiers were given a uniform of homespun cloth known as Hodden Grey to avoid inter-clan rivalry and kilts today are still made of this distinctive material. During the Boer War, the Regiment supplied contingents of Volunteers who served with the Gordon Highlanders and those links survive still. In 1908 the Volunteer Force ceased to exist and became the Territorial Force. The 7th Middlesex (London Scottish) Volunteer Rifle Corps changed its name to the 14th (County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish). The 1st Battalion was mobilised on 5 August 1914 and was the first Territorial battalion to go into action against the Germans at Messines, near Ypres on 31 October. The Battalion continued to serve in France and Flanders throughout the War taking part in all the major offensives. The 2nd Battalion served in France, the Balkans and Palestine, while a 3rd Battalion was a Reserve Battalion and supplied drafts to the other two. Two Victoria Crosses and nineteen Distinguished Service Orders were awarded to members of the Regiment.
A Superb Victorian Upper Canada College Rifles Fenian Raid Period Badge Upper Canada College formed a Rifle Company in 1860 as a volunteer 11th company attached to 2nd Battalion, Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada shortly after it was founded in Toronto. This commitment by a prominent private school reflected the public spirit and volunteerism of Victorian Canada that was expressed in the militia movement of the day. In 1866, when the Fenians threatened Ontario, the UCC Rifle Company was called to active service along with its parent regiment. While the regiment marched to Ridgeway to confront the Fenian invaders, the UCC Rifle Company guarded the port, armouries and government buildings of Toronto. For this deed, the student company proudly carried the battle honour “FENIAN RAID 1865-66” on its drums and colours from that day forward. Students in the battalion who stood guard also were entitled to receive the Canadian General Service Medal with their names inscribed on the medal’s edge and the “Fenian Raid 1866” bar on its red and white striped ribbon. The College continued to serve Canada and the Empire, providing six Commanding Officers of The Queen’s Own Rifles: W.D. Otter 1875-83, J.M. Delamere 1897-1901, Henry M. Pellatt 1901-12, Arthur J.E. Kirkpatrick 1922-25, Reginald Pellatt 1925-30, and R.B. Gibson 1935-37. During the Great War, 1,089 Old Boys volunteered for military service, and 176 gave their lives. When conflict did come in 1939, the Cadets of the College were swept up in the war, as were all young men of their age, and 1,580 volunteered for service, of whom 129 died for their country. During the war, UCC Cadets provided outstanding leadership to the Canadian Forces, with almost 20 per cent of the Army’s generals coming from the Corps. These leaders included General Harry Crerar (GOC-in-C First Canadian Army) and Major General A. Bruce Matthews (GOC Second Canadian Infantry Division). It has been thought that the Upper Canada College Rifle Company received “battle honours” for its honourable role in the Raid. Not so. The Queen’s Own Rifles did not receive such honour; neither did the College. However, they were permitted to carry the honours and General Napier did give them honourable mention in his report, and it is true that they were called out for service (along with Bishop’s College School) — apparently the only time in Canadian military history this has happened.
A Superb, Ching Dynasty, Chinese Pirates Sword With Armour Piercing Blade With brass guard, cross-hatched carved hardwood grip and a most substantial and very powerful wedge shaped armour piercing blade in fantastic condition bearing just surface rust, almost an incredible half inch thick at the forte of the blade. There is no Chinese armour or chain mail that this blade could not penetrate with the skill of the best swordsman. Circa 1800, In it's original hard leather scabbard, it is very are to see the original 200 year old hard leather scabbards on these swords [old repair in mid section of leather]. Brass 'D' shaped guard with elongated quillon, deep wide blade. In an untouched condition, not cleaned or tended for likely over 100 years. Known as the pirates swords in the Ching period. The most powerful Chinese pirates emerged mid-way through the Ching dynasty and flourished in Fujian and Canton provinces. Between 1802 and 1804, Zhen Yi and his wife Zheng Yi Sao were the most powerful pirates known in Chinese history. They formed a pirate coalition that grew to over 10,000 men. Zheng Yi belonged to a family of successful pirates who traced their criminal origins back to the mid-Seventeenth century. Following his marriage to Ching Shih, Zheng Yi used military assertion and his family's reputation to gather a coalition of competing Cantonese pirate fleets into an alliance. By 1804, this coalition was a formidable force, and one of the most powerful pirate fleets in all of China. In 1807, Zheng Yi died, and Ching Shih maneuvered her way into his leadership position. The fleet under her command established hegemony over many coastal villages, in some cases even imposing levies and taxes on settlements. According to Robert Antony, Ching Shih "robbed towns, markets, and villages, from Macau to Canton." She ended her career in 1810, accepting an amnesty offer from the Chinese government. She kept her loot, married her lieutenant and adoptive son Cheung Po Tsai, and opened a gambling house. She died in 1844, at the age of 69. Sword's blade 19.5 inches
A Superb, Victorian, Scottish Lord Lieutenant Belt Plate and Silver Bullion Belt. Silver bullion belt backed with morocco leather, silver scrolling thistle pattern to the silver lace brocade belt. Since 1831 this has been analogous to the uniform worn by a General Staff Officer, but with silver lace in place of the gold worn by Regular General officers. The Lord-Lieutenant is the British monarch's personal representative in each county of the United Kingdom. Historically, the Lord-Lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia. Lieutenants were first appointed to a number of English counties by King Henry VIII in the 1540s, when the military functions of the sheriff were handed over to him. He raised and was responsible for the efficiency of the local militia units of the county, and afterwards of the yeomanry, and volunteers. He was commander of these forces, whose officers he appointed. These commissions were originally of temporary duration, and only when the situation required the local militia to be specially supervised and well prepared; often where invasion by Scotland or France might be expected. Lieutenancies soon became more organised, probably in the reign of his successor King Edward VI, their establishment being approved by the English parliament in 1550. However, it was not until the threat of invasion by the forces of Spain in 1585 that lieutenants were appointed to all counties and counties corporate and became in effect permanent. Although some counties were left without lieutenants during the 1590s, following the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the office continued to exist, and was retained by King James I even after the end of the Anglo-Spanish War. The office was abolished under the Commonwealth, but was re-established following the Restoration under the City of London Militia Act 1662, which declared that: The King's most Excellent Majesty, his Heirs and Successors, shall and may from Time to Time, as Occasion shall require, issue forth several Commissions of Lieutenancy to such Persons as his Majesty, his Heirs and Successors, shall think fit to be his Majesty's Lieutenants for the several and respective Counties, Cities and Places of England and Dominion of Wales, and Town of Berwick upon Tweed. Although not explicitly stated, from that date lieutenants were appointed to "counties at large", with their jurisdiction including the counties corporate within the parent county. For example, lieutenants of Devon in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries appointed deputy lieutenants to the City of Exeter, and were sometimes described as the "Lieutenant of Devon and Exeter" The origin of this anomaly may have lain in the former palatine status of Pembrokeshire. The City of London was uniquely given a commission of lieutenancy, and was exempt from the authority of the lieutenant of Middlesex. The Constable of the Tower of London and the Warden of the Cinque Ports were ex-officio lieutenants for the Tower Hamlets and Cinque Ports respectively, which were treated as counties in legislation regarding lieutenancy and militia affairs. The official title of the office at this time was His or Her Majesty's "Lieutenant for the county of ..", but as almost all office-holders were Peers of the realm, they were referred to as "Lord-Lieutenant".
A Sword of W.C. Cuninghame Hero of the 79th Foot & Queens Bodyguard We acquired three swords direct from the esteemed Cuninghame's, and they are all to be sold separately. William Cuninghame Cuninghame, Capt. Of the 79th Cameron Highlanders, [son of William Alexander Cuninghame late of the 95th] landed with his regiment in the Crimea. He served in the battle of Alma, Balaklava and Sebastepol awarded the Crimean medal with three clasps, and the Turkish medal [not included]. After his distinguished service in the Crimean War he bacame a member of the Corps of Gentleman at Arms, Queen Victoria's personal bodyguard. This was a highly esteemed position to obtain, and only a very few of the very best, distinguished, and respected British army officers were ever chosen to serve in such an exalted position. This is his basket hilted broadsword was commissioned from Wilkinson sword, completed on the 15th May, and delivered or colllected later in May, 1854 [serial numbered 5174]. The basket is complete with it's stag hide liner lined with traditional red uniform cloth with silk tassle. The broadsword blade is etched with Wilkinsons mark and the steel mounted leather scabbard once bore full engraving of his name crest and regiment. The Cuninghame name is one of Scotlands oldest clan names, based on a regional name, and can trace their Scottish ancestry back to Cunninghame which is the northern part of Ayrshire.Traditionally, in 1059, King Malcolm rewarded Malcolm, son of Friskin with the Thanedom of Cunninghame. The name is therefore of territorial origin and it likely derives from cuinneag which means milk pail and the Saxon ham which means village. There is a story that states that Malcolm who was the son of Friskin, obtained the lands from Malcolm III of Scotland after he had sheltered him under hay in a barn The Cunninghams were certainly well settled in the parish of Kilmaurs by the end of the thirteenth century. The son of the Laird of Kilmaurs was Hervy de Cunningham who fought for Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs in 1263 against the Norse invaders. During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Cunninghams were supporters of the Bruces in their fight for Scottish independence. A detail of the 79th Cameron Highlanders at Alma goes as follows; About half-past one o’clock 20th Sept 1854 the action commenced by the Russians opening fire from the redoubt on the left upon the French, who were attempting to assail their position in that direction. The British forces then formed in line, and proceeded to cross the river about the village of Burliuk. The light and second divisions led the way preceded by the skirmishers of the Rifle Brigade, who advanced through the vineyards beyond the village, and spreading themselves along the margin of the river, engaged the Russian riflemen on the opposite bank. The first division, which formed the left of the allied army, advancing in support, traversed the vineyard and crossed the river, protected by its overhanging banks. On reaching the slope of the hill, the three Highland regiments formed line in échélon, and, "with the precision of a field-day advanced to the attack, the 42nd Royal Highlanders on the right, and the 79th Cameron Highlanders on the left, the extreme left of the allied army." "The magnificent mile of line," says Captain Jameson, "displayed by the Guards and Highlanders, the prominent bear-skin, the undulating waves of the clan-tartans, the stalwart frames, steady and confident bearing of these young and eager soldiers advancing under fire, can never be forgotten by those who witnessed it, whilst it contributed materially to the discouragement of the enemy, whose columns perceptibly wavered as they approached. His masses of four - and - twenty deep, absolutely reeled and staggered to and fro under the murderous fire of the Scottish line, which was delivered with great effect at a distance of 200 yards." The first sword of three that we are offering from the Cuninghame family that we are having artisan restored and conserved. This sword was the subject of many hours of dedicated specialist conservation. A restoration that is certainly not designed to restore to 'as new' condition, but to be sensitive and considerate, in order to retain as much original natural age patination as possible, but at the same time re-invigorate it's aged appearance. Often this is far more technical and time consuming than a simple 'as new' restoration, but as all of these swords have not only elements of quality, more importantly, historical significance, we feel it paramount to be as considerate as we possibly can. We show in the gallery a painting of the 79th Highlanders charging at Alma, a photo of Capt. W.C.Cuninghame's Crimean War & Queen's Bodyguard Diamond Jubilee medal that were sold some years ago, and a photo of Capt. Cuninghame as part of Queen Victoria's personal bodyguard at the Jubilee service at St Paul's Cathedral 1897 . The basket has a small bar lacking on one side due to hand to hand combat contact damage. As the scabbard is steel mounted, not brass as are his ancestors swords, the family name crest and regiment engraving on the scabbard has all but disappeared due to very light old surface pitting but traces of it can be identified in the right light. It would likely need modern infra red light technology to reveal it fully. 32.25 inch blade. Capt. Cuninghame's Medals and photos in the gallery not included.
A Very Attractive 17th Century Civil War Era Haudegan-Walloon Cavalry Sword Circa 1640. Armourers marked broadsword blade, with repeating IHS and several stamps of the crucifix & entwined serpent, with an elegant and slender form. The term Haudegen translates as Hewing Sword. This 17th C. sword would have been seen in the conflicts of the Flemish and German States. Battles across northern Europe connected to The Thirty Years War would have had officers of many nations carrying similar swords, including the English Civil War. Troopers would have had a somewhat simpler and plainer example. This style of sword was used by officers for cavalry and infantry duty as the versatile design worked well for both. The guard offers good protection to the hand, and the sword was adept at striking and thrusting. It is usually mounted with a thumb ring which allows the winding and turning leverage needed in a single handed sword in hand to hand combat.
A Very Fine 'Owl of Athena' Classical Stiletto Dagger With Flamboyant Blade A most beautiful 19th century classical form dagger with a finest stiletto double fullered diamond form blade with chiselled edges of scalloping and an armour piercing tip. The dagger has brass mounted hilt chiselled with foliage and flower heads, and downturned quillons, the scabbard is embossed throughout with acanthus leaves, scrolls and a representation of the owl of the goddess Athena, as a dagger. It has a fine turned grip, with disc pommel set with a ruby gemstone. The owl of Athena were often used for motivation during battles by ancient Greeks, such as in the victory of Agathocles of Syracuse over the Carthaginians in 310 BC —in which owls flying through the ranks were interpreted as Athena’s blessing. In the 19th century fine daggers were made in what was known as the romantic form, much inspired by Sir Walter Scott and his revitalization of stories of knights and heros of centuries past, and the art of the pre Raphaelite movement. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street, London in 1848. At the first meeting, the painters John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and William Holman Hunt were present. Hunt and Millais were students at the Royal Academy of Arts and had met in another loose association, the Cyclographic Club, a sketching society. At his own request Rossetti became a pupil of Ford Madox Brown in 1848. As an aspiring poet, Rossetti wished to develop the links between Romantic poetry and art. By autumn, four more members, painters James Collinson and Frederic George Stephens, Rossetti's brother, poet and critic William Michael Rossetti, and sculptor Thomas Woolner, had joined to form a seven-member-strong brotherhood. In ancient Greek literature, Athena is portrayed as the astute companion of heroes and as the patron goddess of heroic endeavour; in the Odyssey, she is the divine counselor to Odysseus, and she was believed to have also aided the hero Perseus. In Greek mythology, Athena was believed to have been born from the head of her father Zeus. She was known as Athena Parthenos ("Athena the Virgin"), but, in one archaic Attic myth, the god Hephaestus tried and failed to rape her, resulting in Gaia giving birth to Erichthonius. In the founding myth of Athens, Athena bested Poseidon in a competition over patronage of the city by creating the first olive tree. Along with Aphrodite and Hera, Athena was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War. In the later writings of the Roman poet Ovid, Athena was said to have competed against the mortal Arachne in a weaving competition, afterwards transforming Arachne into the first spider; Ovid also describes how she transformed Medusa into a Gorgon after witnessing her being raped by Poseidon in her temple. Since the Renaissance, Athena has become an international symbol of wisdom and the arts. Western artists and allegorists have often used Athena as a symbol of freedom and democracy. Not suitable to export to America due to ivory. The dagger is 8.25 inches long overall.
A Very Fine 16th Century Italian Field Armour Breast Plate Circa 1520 For field combat and with mountings for use in the tilt. A very fine and original piece of finest Italian armour. Medially ridged breast plate with moveable gusset and roped arm and neck-openings. With two alligned holes for resting a lance for the tilt. The plate also has a key slot for an addition of reinforcing plate also for the tilt or joust. Jousting is a martial game or hastilude between two horsemen and using lances, often as part of a tournament. The primary aim is to strike the opponent with the lance while riding towards him at high speed, if possible breaking the lance on the opponent's shield or armour, or by unhorsing him. Jousting emerged in the High Middle Ages based on the military use of the lance by heavy cavalry. It transformed into a specialised sport during the Late Middle Ages, and remained popular with the nobility both in England and Germany throughout the whole of the 16th century (while in France, it was discontinued after the death of king Henry II in an accident in 1559). In England, jousting was the highlight of the Accession Day tilts of Elizabeth I and James I, and also was part of the festivities at the marriage of Charles I. The medieval joust took place on an open field. Indeed the term joust meant "a meeting" and referred to arranged combat in general, not just the jousting with lances. At some point in the 14th century, a cloth barrier was introduced as an option to separate the contestants. This barrier was presumably known as tilt in Middle English (a term with an original meaning of "a cloth covering"). It became a wooden barrier or fence in the 15th century, now known as "tilt barrier", and "tilt" came to be used as a term for the joust itself by ca. 1510. The purpose of the tilt barrier was to prevent collisions and to keep the combatants at an optimal angle for breaking the lance. This greatly facilitated the control of the horse and allowed the rider to concentrate on aiming the lance. The introduction of the barrier seems to have originated in the south, as it only became a standard feature of jousting in Germany in the 16th century, and was there called the Italian or "welsch" mode. Dedicated tilt-yards with such barriers were built in England from the time of Henry VIII. Specialized jousting armour was produced in the late 15th to 16th century. It was heavier than suits of plate armour intended for combat, and could weigh as much as 50 kg (100 lb), compared to some 25 kg (50 lb) for field armour; as it did not need to permit free movement of the wearer, the only limiting factor was the maximum weight that could be carried by a warhorse of the period
A Very Fine 1743 British Regimental Dragoon Pistol Of The 1st Dragoons With Memoirs of The Rebellion In 1745 and 1746 by The Chevalier De Johnstone, Aid de Camp to Lord George Murray General of the Rebel Army [IInd Edit]. This fabulous pistol is regimentally marked for the 1st and numbered 37. A fine historical pistol made by Vaughn for the regiment in 1743. It has it's original Crown GR Lock, with ordnance broad arrow mark . Excellent furniture and very fine crisp action, iron flared rammer. The early long dragoon pistol used by all the great and historical Dragoon regiments, and the heavy dragoons alone after 1756. The 1st or Royals are now part of the Blues And Royals, that survive today, of Her Majesty's personal mounted guard of the Household Cavalry. Used by the oldest cavalry regiment of the line, and part of the cavalry used at the Battle of Culloden. The cavalry commanded in the Jacobite rebellion by Hawley. Becoming lieutenant-general, he was second-in-command of the cavalry at Fontenoy, and on 20 December 1745 became commander-in-chief in Scotland. Less than a month later Hawley suffered a severe defeat at Falkirk at the hands of the Jacobite insurgents. This, however, did not cost him his command, for the Duke of Cumberland, who was soon afterwards sent north, was captain-general. Under Cumberland's orders Hawley led the cavalry in the campaign of Culloden, and at that battle his dragoons became infamous for their brutality to fugitive rebels, while he gained the nickname of Hangman Hawley. After the end of the "Forty-Five" he accompanied Cumberland to the Low Countries and led the allied cavalry at Lauffeld (Val). James Wolfe, his brigade-major, wrote of General Hawley in no flattering terms. "The troops dread his severity, hate the man and hold his military knowledge in contempt," he wrote. But, whether it be true or false that he was the natural son of George II, Hawley was always treated with the greatest favour by that king and by his son the Duke of Cumberland. It is more than likely his cavalry were the most effective in the army despite Hawley's command and likely learnt their great tenacity and skills under previous commanders such as Churchill. The Battle of Culloden was the final confrontation of the 1745 Jacobite Rising. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart fought loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden decisively halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanover and restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never mounted any further attempts to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil. Charles Stuart's Jacobite army consisted largely of Scottish Highlanders, as well as a number of Lowland Scots and a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France from Irish and Scots units in the French service. A composite battalion of infantry ("Irish Picquets") comprising detachments from each of the regiments of the Irish Brigade plus one squadron of Irish cavalry in the French army served at the battle alongside the regiment of Royal Scots raised the previous year to support the Stuart claim. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, a battalion of Ulstermen and some Hessians from Germany and Austrians. The battle on Culloden Moor was both quick and bloody, taking place within an hour. Following an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field. Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle, while government losses were lighter with 50 dead and 259 wounded, although recent geophysical studies on the government burial pit suggest the figure to be nearer 300. The battle and its aftermath continue to arouse strong feelings: the University of Glasgow awarded Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent crackdown on Jacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet "Butcher". Efforts were subsequently taken to further integrate the comparatively wild Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain.
A Very Fine 1796 'Blue and Gilt' Infantry Officer's Sword The 1796 Infantry sword with near mint blue and gilt décor is now so scarce that at the time of entry we could not find another example available for sale in England. By Dudley of Portsmouth. With leather and copper gilt scabbard, maker marked, with frog hanger top mount. With copper gilt hilt, silver wire grip and fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher and 95% remaining of the finest and original blue and gilt décor. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in good condition, with a almost all of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped. Blades could be deluxe decorated with engraving, blue and pure gold décor, but less than 1% of those with finest blue and gilt blades survive today. The scabbard top mount has had it's side ring remove to facilitate a frog mount. Leather good and sound for age. Later pattern chape, silver wire loose at the grip top.
A Very Fine 1800's American Eagle Head Grenadier Sword Blue and Gilt. Slotted hilt with carved bone grip. Used in the War of 1812 period, and a very nice example of these very fine swords, that are a most similar US version of the British 1803 pattern slotted hilt sabre. Blue and gilt blade finely engraved. For Canadians, the War of 1812 was the successful defence of a small colony against attack by a much larger neighbour. Canadians endured repeated invasions and occasional occupations, but each invasion ultimately ended with an American withdrawal. The Royal Navy and British Army supported by Canadian regulars, Canadian militia, and First Peoples warriors, successfully defended Canada. Isaac Brock, Charles de Salaberry, Laura Secord, and Tecumseh became, and remain, iconic Canadian figures. The successful defence of Canada allowed British North America to evolve into an independent transcontinental country.The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting for two-and-a-half years, between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies and its American Indian allies. Seen by the United States and Canada as a war in its own right, it is frequently seen in Europe as a theatre of the Napoleonic Wars, as it was caused by issues related to that war (especially the Continental System). The war resolved many issues which remained from the American Revolutionary War but involved no boundary changes. The United States declared war on June 18, 1812 for several reasons, including trade restrictions brought about by the British war with France, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of Indian tribes against American expansion, outrage over insults to national honour after humiliations on the high seas, and possible American interest in annexing British territory territory in modern-day Canada. The war was fought in three principal theatres. Firstly, at sea, warships and privateers of each side attacked the other's merchant ships, while the British blockaded the Atlantic coast of the United States and mounted large raids in the later stages of the war. Secondly, land and naval battles were fought on the American–Canadian frontier, which ran along the Great Lakes, the Saint Lawrence River and the northern end of Lake Champlain. Thirdly, the American South and Gulf Coast also saw big land battles, in which the American forces defeated Britain's Indian allies and a British invasion force at New Orleans. At the end of the war both sides signed the Treaty of Ghent and both parties returned occupied land to its pre-war owner and resumed friendly trade relations. “A Country defended by Free men, enthusiastically devoted to the cause of their King and Constitution, can never be Conquered.” — Isaac Brock, British General, 1812. No scabbard
A Very Fine 1845 Pattern Zulu War Vintage British Officer's Sword & Knot [Part of the three item Zulu War collection]. Bespoke made by Jones & Co. Regent St. London in around 1870 with original gilt bullion knot. Fine fully etched bright steel blade, gothic open pierced VR cypher hilt with wire bound sharkskin covered grip, steel combat scabbard. A super example, that would compliment any fine collection of antique arms, and this is exactly the same form and pattern of sword as was used and worn by Lt Bromhead VC at Rorke's Drift, including its steel combat scabbard, during the Zulu War of 1879. See the publicity promotion photo of Sir Micheal Caine as Bromhead in ZULU, with his identical sword. On the morning of 22 Jan 1879, some 20,000 Zulu warriors attacked a British invading army. They carried spears and clubs; the British were armed with modern rifles and two heavy guns. But the Zulu commander, Ntshingwayo, deserves to be remembered as one of the greatest generals in African history. First he used a masterly deception plan to lure Lord Chelmsford, the British commander, and 3,000 troops away from their main camp at the foot of Mount Isandlwana and send them on a wild goose chase across the plains. Then Ntshingwayo opened a massive attack on the weakened British force left in the camp. He deployed his warriors in a classic "buffalo horns" formation. The left horn broke through the British firing line, while the right swept around behind Isandlwana and occupied the supply depot and ox-wagon train. They separated the British from their ammunition supply and also stampeded their oxen, sending about 4,500 animals careering across the veldt. In the ensuing chaos, the British were overwhelmed and cut to pieces. Of 1,774 British and African troops in the camp, only 55 survived. Some 14 British soldiers, led by Capt Reginald Younghusband of the 24th Foot, made a last stand on the slopes of the mountain. Zulu sources record that the men shook hands before making a final bayonet charge.
A Very Fine 1879 Zulu War Supremo's Knopkerrie. The Zulu army was run with regiments like the western armies. With warriors, [impi] middle ranking and senior ranking officers inDunas and higher ranked supremos. In superb condition with magnificent patination. An 1870's original souvenir of the Zulu War of 1879. A mighty and magnificent large example. Less than one in five hundred made were of this great size. Carved from a traditional, huge size, hardwood root, the Knobkerrie was one of the main arms of the Zulu warrior, used alongside his assegai spear. Interestingly the war club was frequently more effective in battle than the spear. In one to one combat, the Zulu Impi [warrior] was expertly trained to aim his club blow at an opponents head, which often gave a more catastrophic and urgently needed instant and debilitating result, whereas a spear stab, which may indeed give a mortal wound, might leave an opponent that could still effectively fight back for some considerable time. During the 1879 Zulu War, two of most famous pair of engagements in the British army's history, during the last quarter of the 19th century, happened over two consecutive days. Curiously, it is fair to say that these two engagements, by the 24th Foot, against the mighty Zulu Impi, are iconic examples of how successful or unsuccessful leadership can result, in either the very best conclusion, or the very worst. And amazingly, within only one day of each other. The 1879 Zulu War, for the 24th Foot, will, for many, only mean two significant events, Isandlhwana and Rorke's Drift. This is the brief story of the 24th Foot in South Africa; In 1875 the 1st Battalion arrived in Southern Africa and subsequently saw service, along with the 2nd Battalion, in the 9th Xhosa War in 1878. In 1879 both battalions took part in the Zulu War, begun after a British invasion of Zululand, ruled by Cetshwayo. The 24th Foot took part in the crossing of the Buffalo River on 11 January, entering Zululand. The first engagement (and the most disastrous for the British) came at Isandhlwana. The British had pitched camp at Isandhlwana and not established any fortifications due to the sheer size of the force, the hard ground and a shortage of entrenching tools. The 24th Foot provided most of the British force and when the overall commander, Lord Chelmsford, split his forces on 22 January to search for the Zulus, the 1st Battalion (5 companies) and a company of the 2nd Battalion were left behind to guard the camp, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine (CO of the 1/24th Foot). The Zulus, 22,000 strong, attacked the camp and their sheer numbers overwhelmed the British. As the officers paced their men far too far apart to face the coming onslaught. During the battle Lieutenant-Colonel Pulleine ordered Lieutenants Coghill and Melvill to save the Queen's Colour—the Regimental Colour was located at Helpmakaar with G Company. The two Lieutenants attempted to escape by crossing the Buffalo River where the Colour fell and was lost downstream, later being recovered. Both officers were killed. At this time the Victoria Cross (VC) was not awarded posthumously. This changed in the early 1900s when both Lieutenants were awarded posthumous Victoria Crosses for their bravery. Length of club 28 inches, club head diameter 3 inches.
A Very Fine 18th Century Silver Mounted Karabela Hunting Short Sword Popular with Russian, Polish and Hungarian nobility in the 18th century. Karabela hilt with fancy cast silver crossguard, ivory grip plates held with fancy flower head silver rivets and engraved silver rim edging. With superb blade bearing stunning mystical talismanic and cabbalistic engravings including the portrait bust of an Ottoman Grand Sultan. It was written centuries past that a fine blade might be engraved with; "a talisman to make one beloved, to defeat the ill wishes of all enemies". They could be a number or combination with a cabbalistic meaning known only to the owner and the magician who sold him the spell. The number might be, for example, 1441, thought to be a combination of the number 7, a specifically lucky number, or the date of the death of Johann Huss, the Bohemian hero. The Karabela, of pandur form, was a sword originally of Ottoman origin, yet became highly popular in Poland during the 17th -19th century adopted by Polish nobility, and came to be known to the rest of the world including Turkey, as the national sword of Polish Nobility. In fact, the Turks believed that the sword is of Polish origin, and that the latter was adopted by the Ottomans, this opinion stems from the resemblance of the pommel to the head of the eagle. Many of these swords were made in various types and diversity, locally in Poland, but also in neighbouring countries for export to Poland, but also for the local market. Hunting swords with a Karabela hilt were very fashionable during the 18th century, not only amongst Polish nobility, but also amongst the Hungarian and Russian aristocracy. The Pandurs were any of several light infantry military units beginning with Trenck's Pandurs, used by the Habsburg Monarchy from 1741, fighting in the War of the Austrian Succession and the Silesian Wars. The Karabela short sword could often be carried by the pandur, within the waist belt, but the elegant silver and ivory examples worn by officers alone. This sword will not be effected by any imminent UK ivory ban due to the antique ivory composition being less than 10%.
A Very Fine 19TH Century Miniature Butt Stock Pistol Powder Flask An absolute gem for serious pistol flask collectors. The butt stock type are very scarce and the smaller type like this are the most desirable of all. Small denting at the base and spout. Overall very nice indeed with fine patina. Highly sought for casing with rare Colts and fine British pistols. 5 inches long 2.25inches wide at widest.
A Very Fine 19th Century Sykes Patent Gunpowder Flask A good fowler sized, copper body flask, lined with leather and a brass spring measure, maker marked Sykes Patent. A scarce, collectable and highly desirable 19th century gun accessory maker. A powder flask is a small container for gunpowder, which was an essential part of shooting equipment with muzzleloading guns, before pre-made paper cartridges became standard in the 19th century. They range from very elaborately decorated works of art to early forms of consumer packaging, and are widely collected. Many were standardized military issue, but the most decorative were generally used for sporting shooting. Although the term powder horn is sometimes used for any kind of powder flask, it is strictly a sub-category of flask made from a hollowed bovid horn. Powder flasks were made in a great variety of materials and shapes, though ferrous metals that were prone to give off sparks when hit were usually avoided. Stag antler, which could be carved or engraved, was an especially common material, but wood and copper were common, and in India, ivory. Apart from the horns, common shapes were the Y formed by the base of an antler (inverted), a usually flattened pear shape with a straight spout (poire-poudre or "powder pear" is a French term for these), a round flattened shape, and for larger flasks a triangle with concave rounded sides, which unlike the smaller flasks could be stood upright on a surface. Many designs (such as horn and antler types) have a wide sealed opening for filling, and a thin spout for dispensing. Various devices were used to load a precise amount of powder to dispense, as it was important not to load too much or too little powder, or the powder was dispensed into a powder measure or "charger" (these survive much less often). As early as c. 1600 a German flask had a silver spout with a "telescopic valve, adjustable for different sizes of powder charges".
A Very Fine 19TH Century Victorian Police Cutlass Marked 'S.C. No 36'. The scabbard retaining clip is a spring bar attached to the sword. Scabbard with frog button. Very good condition overall. Blade with small light surface russeting at the edge, but easily removed with polishing. Current Police Officers, on late night duty, do, what is now very commonly called the 'graveyard shift'. This old English term is in fact derived from the early days of the British constabulary force, when undertaking the late night duty of patrolling graveyards.It was a regular patrol made in order to prevent bodysnatchers from defilling late burials, and the stealing bodies, for medical experimentation. This was however, a highly dangerous part of Victorian policing, as grave robbing was a capital crime, so, the police constables were armed with these swords to protect them from grave assault. These swords were also issued in case of riot, and in various times for general service wear as well.
A Very Fine Ancient Bronze Age Short Sword, Double Leaf Shaped Blade 19.5 inches long overall blade length 15.5 inches. 1800 to 300 bc. A shape somewhat similar to Celtic or Celtiberian swords of the bronze age, but also similar to traditional Hoplite swords. The Celtiberians were Celtic-speaking people of the Iberian Peninsula in the final centuries BC. These tribes spoke the Celtiberian language. Extant tribal names include the Arevaci, Belli, Titti, Lusones, and Berones. Cassius Dio appears to imply that the Ebro river forms a demarcation between Celtiberians and other tribes. The hilt tang has a crack around the base but is still in one piece Archaeologically, the Celtiberians participated in the Hallstatt culture in what is now north-central Spain. The term Celtiberi appears in accounts by Diodorus Siculus, Appian and Martial who recognized intermarriage between Celts and Iberians after a period of continuous warfare, though Barry Cunliffe says "this has the ring of guesswork about it." Strabo just saw the Celtiberians as a branch of the Celti. Pliny the Elder thought that the original home of the Celts in Iberia was the territory of the Celtici in the south-west, on the grounds of an identity of sacred rites, language, and the names of cities. The Celtiberian language is one of the Hispano-Celtic (a.k.a. Iberian Celtic) languages that were spoken in pre-Roman and early Roman Iberia. This sword has a tang for inserting into a hilt of wood, horn or ivory or even bronze. A vase painting depicting a hoplite, 5th century BC. He is armed with a bronze cuirass, a leaf shaped hoplite sword and a hoplite shield of the Argive type. (Paris, Louvre Museum). We show another sword carried in a period vase painting of the Death of Actaeon.
A Very Fine Ancient Central Asian Bronze Age Sword 1300 BC Around 3,300 years old. A bronze age sword with an angular double attachment between the wide, flat-ribbed blade and the cylindrical handle capped with a bell-shaped finial. The ancient Amlash was a culture rich in incredible dramatic bronze creations. A class of nomadic horse lords and ladies commissioned bronze items from artisans in urban centres. Cast in sections using the lost wax casting technique, this weapon, and ones like it, such an item would have been the prized possession of a wealthy warrior or even a chieftain, and the cost to fashion it would preclude ownership by the average inhabitant. Surely such a lavish, luxurious item was reserved strictly for the possession of the ruling elite and their immediate family, possibly for the Elamite kingdom. While the kings of Elam once ruled over a vast empire, no doubt amassing countless priceless treasures, today their memory is preserved through the remnants of their wealth. This sword is not just a gorgeous work of art, but also the only lasting tribute to a vanished empire. Under the Shutrukids (c. 1210 – 1100), the Elamite empire reached the height of its power. Shutruk-Nakhkhunte and his three sons, Kutir-Nakhkhunte II, Shilhak-In-Shushinak, and Khutelutush-In-Shushinak were capable of frequent military campaigns into Kassite Babylonia (which was also being ravaged by the empire of Assyria during this period), and at the same time were exhibiting vigorous construction activity—building and restoring luxurious temples in Susa and across their Empire. Shutruk-Nakhkhunte raided Babylonia, carrying home to Susa trophies like the statues of Marduk and Manishtushu, the Manishtushu Obelisk, the Stele of Hammurabi and the stele of Naram-Sin. In 1158 BC, after much of Babylonia had been annexed by Ashur-Dan I of Assyria and Shutruk-Nakhkhunte, the Elamites defeated the Kassites permanently, killing the Kassite king of Babylon, Zababa-shuma-iddin, and replacing him with his eldest son, Kutir-Nakhkhunte, who held it no more than three years before being ejected by the native Akkadian speaking Babylonians. The Elamites then briefly came into conflict with Assyria, managing to take the Assyrian city of Arrapha (modern Kirkuk) before being ultimately defeated and having a treaty forced upon them by Ashur-Dan I. Kutir-Nakhkhunte's son Khutelutush-In-Shushinak was probably of an incestuous relation of Kutir-Nakhkhunte's with his own daughter, Nakhkhunte-utu.[citation needed] He was defeated by Nebuchadnezzar I of Babylon, who sacked Susa and returned the statue of Marduk, but who was then himself defeated by the Assyrian king Ashur-resh-ishi I. He fled to Anshan, but later returned to Susa, and his brother Shilhana-Hamru-Lagamar may have succeeded him as last king of the Shutrukid dynasty. Following Khutelutush-In-Shushinak, the power of the Elamite empire began to wane seriously, for after the death of this ruler, Elam disappears into obscurity for more than three centuries. Approx 21 inches long
A Very Fine and Beautiful 16th Century Conquistadors Morion Helmet The traditional 'pear stalk crown' with wide upslanting brim. All the lining rivets intact. Small hole in the rear brim to attach feather plumes or to hang the helmet behind the soldiers backplate armour when not worn. Taken as war booty from the Spanish fleet's attempt to destroy the British using its seemingly unstoppable Armada of 130 ships against Queen Elizabeth Ist. Met by the British fleet, under Sir Francis Drake's commanded, he engaged the superior gunned Spanish during a storm, that ultimately led to his fleet smacking the bottoms of the Spanish, and effectively crushed the planned invasion. The Spanish fleet fled in fear and mostly met its doom on the coast of Ireland, and North Britain caught in persistant storms and foul weather. The Spanish Armada campaign of 1588 changed the course of European history. If Medina Sidonia, the Spanish commander, had managed to escort Philip II’s 26,000-strong invasion army from Flanders, the future of Elizabeth I and her Protestant England would have looked very black indeed. After landing near Margate in Kent, it is probable the battle-hardened Spanish troops would have been in the streets of London within a week. England would have reverted to the Catholic faith, and there may not have been a British empire to come. We might still be speaking Spanish today. But Medina Sidonia suffered one of the most signal catastrophes in naval history. The Spanish were not only defeated by the queen’s plucky sea dogs fighting against overwhelming odds: it was utterly destroyed by appalling weather, poor planning and flawed strategy and tactics. Interestingly at least four of Medina's so-called “gentlemen adventurers” were English, and there were 18 among the salaried officers. Inevitably, some of the traitorous swine paid the heavy price of disloyalty to the British crown: five Catholics slipped away by boat from the stricken Rosario before Drake’s arrival, but two Englishmen were captured on board and taken to the Tower of London as “rebels and traitors to their country”. One, identified as the Cornishman Tristram Winslade, was handed to officers employed by Elizabeth’s spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham, who were ordered to interrogate him “using torture… at their pleasure”. (Miraculously, Winslade survived the rack and Elizabeth’s justice, and died in the Catholic seminary at Douai in France in November 1605). On board the battle-damaged San Mateo, beached between Ostend and Sluis after the battle of Gravelines, two Englishmen were killed by Dutch sailors – one named as William Browne, a brother of Viscount Montague. The local commissioner for the Protestant States of Zeeland reported that the second man killed was “very rich, who left William as his heir”. Other Englishmen were reported to having been aboard this ship, eating with her captain, Don Diego Pimentel. “One was called Robert, another Raphael, once servant to the… mayor of London. We do not know their surnames.” They may have been among those forcibly drowned or hanged by the Dutch who were rebelling against Spanish rule. Medina, however, was no fool and although a great commander and considering his appointment as admiral of the Armada for two days, Medina Sidonia made clear his absolute conviction that the Armada expedition was a grave mistake and had little chance of success. Only a miracle, he added in a frank and outspoken letter, could save it. King Philip of Spain’s counsellors, horror-struck at its electrifying contents, dared not show it to the king. “Do not depress us with fears for the fate of the Armada because in such a cause, God will make sure it succeeds” they begged the new admiral. As for his suitability for command, “nobody knows more about naval affairs than you” they stated. Then their tone became menacing: “Remember that the reputation and esteem you currently enjoy for courage and wisdom would entirely be forfeited if what you wrote to us became generally known (although we shall keep it secret).” The Spanish Armada was not the last Armada sent against England. Two more were despatched in 1596 and 1597, but these fleets were also dispersed by storms.
A Very Fine Antique Fijian Ula Drisia Throwing Club Superbly patinated root ball with geometrically carved handle. The ula was the most personal weapon of the Fijian warrior and was inserted into a man's fibre girdle sometimes in pairs like pistols. The throwing of the ula was achieved with great skill, precision and speed. It was often carried in conjunction with a heavier full length club or spear which served to finish an opponent after initially being disabled by a blow from the ula. Was made by a specialist from a variety of uprooted bushes or shrubs. Across 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) from east to west, Fiji has been a nation of many languages. Fiji's history was one of settlement but also of mobility. Over the centuries, a unique Fijian culture developed. Constant warfare and cannibalism between warring tribes were quite rampant and very much part of everyday life. During the 19th century, Ratu Udre Udre is said to have consumed 872 people and to have made a pile of stones to record his achievement."Ceremonial occasions saw freshly killed corpses piled up for eating. 'Eat me!' was a proper ritual greeting from a commoner to a chief. The posts that supported the chief's house or the priest's temple would have sacrificed bodies buried underneath them, with the rationale that the spirit of the ritually sacrificed person would invoke the gods to help support the structure, and "men were sacrificed whenever posts had to be renewed" . Also, when a new boat, or drua, was launched, if it was not hauled over men as rollers, crushing them to death, "it would not be expected to float long" . Fijians today regard those times as "na gauna ni tevoro" (time of the devil). The ferocity of the cannibal lifestyle deterred European sailors from going near Fijian waters, giving Fiji the name Cannibal Isles; as a result, Fiji remained unknown to the rest of the world. The handle has a natural age split at the base.
A Very Fine British Napoleonic Wars Tower of London Cavalry Troopers Pistol Circa 1802. A regulation. 'Cavalry of the Line issue' 'New Land' pattern flintlock, in superb condition with regimental stamps on the lock side plate. Superb tight and crisp action, glorious patination the walnut stock. Made at the Tower of London and used by the frontline British Cavalry regiments during the Peninsular War, War of 1812, and the Hundred Days War, culminating at Waterloo. Introduced in the 1796 and in production by 1802, the New land Cavalry Pistol provided one model of pistol for all of Britain's light cavalry and horse artillery. Another new element was the swivel ramrod which greatly improved the process of loading the pistol on horseback. The service of British Cavalry regiments, particularly the Light Dragoons, proved essential in the mastery of the Indian Subcontinent. The Duke of Wellington, then Arthur Wellesley, was primarily recognized for his military genius by his battles in India. Of particular note was the Battle of Assaye in 1803 where the 6000 British faced a Mahratta Army of at least 40,000. During the engagement the 19th Light Dragoons saved the 74th Regiment by charging the enemy guns 'like a torrent that had burst its banks'. Pistols firing and sabre slashing, the 19th broke the enemy's position and the day was won. 19th Light Dragoons gained "Assaye" as a battle honour, and the nickname "Terrors of the East". The 19th Light Dragoons eventually served in North America during the War of 1812 and so did this form of pistol. Cavalry was the 'shock' arm, with lance and sabres the principal hand weapons. The division between 'heavy' and light was very marked during Wellington's time: 'heavy' cavalry were huge men on big horses, 'light' cavalry were more agile troopers on smaller mounts who could harass as well as shock. During the Napoleonic Wars, French cavalry was unexcelled. Later as casualties and the passage of years took their toll, Napoleon found it difficult to maintain the same high standards of cavalry performance. At the same time, the British and their allies steadily improved on their cavalry, mainly by devoting more attention to its organization and training as well as by copying many of the French tactics, organization and methods. During the Peninsular War, Wellington paid little heed to the employment of cavalry in operations, using it mainly for covering retreats and chasing routed French forces. But by the time of Waterloo it was the English cavalry that smashed the final attack of Napoleon's Old Guard.
A Very Fine East Yorkshire Regt. Officer's Cap badge In gilt silver and enamel . Two fixing lugs. Raised in 1685 in Nottingham by Sir William Clifton, 3rd Baronet, it was originally, like many British infantry regiments, known by the name of its current Colonel. In 1751, when the numerical system of designation of Regiments of Foot was adopted, it became the 15th Regiment of Foot and in 1782 the 15th (The Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment of Foot. With the Childers Reforms of 1881, it became The East Yorkshire Regiment, the County Regiment of the East Riding of Yorkshire, and in 1935 was renamed The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own), after its Colonel-in-Chief. In 1958, it was amalgamated with The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own), to form The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire. It fought in the War of Spanish Succession, the Jacobite Rising of 1719 and in North America and the West Indies during the War of Jenkin's Ear, Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War including battles such as Capture of St. Lucia in 1778. It again fought in the West Indies during the Napoleonic Wars, taking part in the invasions of Martinique (1809) and Guadeloupe (1810). The regiment spent most of the 19th century on garrison duty, both at home and throughout the Empire. The 1st Battalion was shipped to New Brunswick in 1862 at the time of the "Trent Affair", when Britain and the United States of America came close to war. The 2nd Battalion fought in the Second Anglo-Afghan War and the Second Boer War. Battle honours Regimental colours; Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Louisburg, Quebec 1759, Martinique 1762, Havannah, St. Lucia 1778, Martinique 1794 1809, Guadeloupe 1810, Afghanistan 1879-80, South Africa 1900-02, The Great War (21 battalions): Aisne 1914 '18, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1915 '17 '18, Gravenstafel, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Hooge 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Oppy, Messines 1917 '18, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Kemmel, Scherpenberg, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, Canal du Nord, St. Quentin Canal, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Struma, Doiran 1917, Macedonia 1915-18, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1915-16 The Second World War: Withdrawal to Escaut, Defence of Escaut, Defence of Arras, French Frontier 1940, Ypres-Comines Canal, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Tilly sur Seulles, Odon, Caen, Bourguébus Ridge, Troarn, Mont Pincon, St. Pierre la Vielle, Gheel, Nederrijn, Aam, Venraij, Rhineland, Schaddenhof, Brinkum, Bremen, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45, Gazala, Mersa Matruh, Defence of Alamein Line, El Alamein, Mareth, Wadi Zigzaou, Akarit, North Africa 1942-43, Primosole Bridge, Sicily 1943, Sittang 1945, Burma 1945
A Very Fine Georgian Royal Naval Officers Sword by Sword Cutler to the King A King George IVth period sword with almost all its original mercurial gilt present oin bothe the hilt and scabbard. Maker marked E & E Emanuel of Portsmouth. Pipe backed blade etched with royal crown, large fouled anchor, Warranted London, and Maker to the King, large royal crest with the British royal traditional motto 'Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense' within the garter above the standing British Lion. Period, with remarkably over 95% of all the original fire gilt remaining. Traditional lion's head pommel hilt with wire binding over sharkskin grip. Fully etched blade with full naval devices fouled anchor etc. With Royal cypher and has areas of small pitting. Used in the era when the Royal Navy still used the magnificent 100 gunner 'Man O' War' galleons, and the from before the start of when the great 'Iron Clads' were being produced for the new form of naval warfare. It was from this era that the world was to see the end of the great sailing ships that coursed the seven seas for the greatest navy the world has ever known. In the 19th century the British fielded a fleet in European waters that no rival could hope to match. When this sword was already 30 years old, and still in service used by its naval family owners, besides the Warrior and her sister, the Black Prince, the Royal Navy roster included six armoured frigates of all-iron construction: Achilles, Agamemnon, Minotaur, Valiant, Agincourt, and Northumberland. The Minotaur, launched 1863, was the longest broadside ironclad ever constructed. She was meant to be Britain's "reply" to the French Magenta class battleships. She mounted the same number of guns on one deck as the iron-sheathed wooden French ships carried on two. Britain's broadside ironclads were masterfully constructed ships, and survived 30 or more years' service under the White Ensign before "being sold out of the service" -- a polite euphemism usually involving a trip to the shipbreakers.
A Very Fine Hallmarked Solid Silver Hilted 17th Century Hunting Sword The traditional hangar, but a deluxe example with hallmarked English solid silver mounts and hand guard, staghorn grip and armourers stamped blade, as used by all the famous Captains and Admirals in the Royal Navy from the time of King Charles Iind until King George Ist. The glory days of renown during the time of the infamous pirates. There is a superb portrait of Admiral Benbow with the very same type of sword [see gallery]. Similar and identical swords are in the Greenwich Naval Museum the Royal Collection, and illustrated in the standard work. Swords for Sea Service. Admiral Benbow served in the navy and merchant marine before becoming captain of a naval vessel in 1689. As master of the fleet under Admiral Edward Russell, he helped destroy the French fleet in the Battle of La Hougue, in May 1692, and in November 1693 he bombarded the French port of Saint-Malo. After serving as commander of the English fleet in the West Indies from 1698 to 1700, he returned there as vice admiral in 1701. On 19 August 1702, his seven ships sighted nine French vessels off Santa Marta (now in Colombia). He gave chase for five days, but the captains of four of his vessels lagged behind, refusing to engage the enemy. On 24 August, the Admiral's right leg was shattered by French fire. He remained on deck until his captains compelled him to return to Jamaica. There he had two of the captains court-martialled for insubordination and shot. Admiral Benbow died of his wounds. We show a portrait in the gallery with Admiral Benbow and his hunting cutlass.
A Very Fine Mid 19th Century Silver Plated Shell Dish, Set on 3 Feet. In superb condition, probably made by Elkington and Co. Beautifully crafted and of sublime quality. 5 x 5 x1,5 inches
A Very Fine Original 1870's Zulu War Club Knopkerrie A superb original example made of a knobkerrie [alternative spelling] with traditional native hawthorn type root. The traditional weapon of the Zulu warrior and chief, with the larger the head the more important the status of the warrior A sweeping plain leading up to a rocky mountain called Isandlwana is dotted with 269 stone cairns. Beneath these simple whitewashed monuments lie the remains of 1,329 British soldiers who died in one of the most extraordinary battles in history. On the morning of 22 Jan 1879, some 20,000 Zulu warriors attacked a British invading army. They carried spears and clubs; the British were armed with modern rifles and two heavy guns. But the Zulu commander, Ntshingwayo, deserves to be remembered as one of the greatest generals in African history. First he used a masterly deception plan to lure Lord Chelmsford, the British commander, and 3,000 troops away from their main camp at the foot of Mount Isandlwana and send them on a wild goose chase across the plains. Then Ntshingwayo opened a massive attack on the weakened British force left in the camp. He deployed his warriors in a classic "buffalo horns" formation. The left horn broke through the British firing line, while the right swept around behind Isandlwana and occupied the supply depot and ox-wagon train. They separated the British from their ammunition supply and also stampeded their oxen, sending about 4,500 animals careering across the veldt. In the ensuing chaos, the British were overwhelmed and cut to pieces. Of 1,774 British and African troops in the camp, only 55 survived. Some 14 British soldiers, led by Capt Reginald Younghusband of the 24th Foot, made a last stand on the slopes of the mountain. Zulu sources record that the men shook hands before making a final bayonet charge. As they charged to their deaths, a giant shadow fell across the plain and a 76 percent eclipse of the sun took place. By the time the solar eclipse was over, an industrial revolution army equipped with guns had been annihilated by a force carrying nothing but spears and war clubs. Ntshingwayo had achieved the impossible. 31.25 inches long
A Very Fine Regimental 27th Foot [Inniskillings] Land Pattern Bess Bayonet These original Land pattern Brown Bess socket bayonets are now as rare as hen's teeth. The 1st Land pattern Bess is now a rare and beautiful gun that can command 5 figure sums to acquire, so it's bayonet, that is just as historical and collectable, is a very affordable option by comparison. A Mid 18th century Land Pattern 'Brown Bess' Bayonet. 21.5 inches long, approx. 17 inch blade, socket 3.8 inches, thin squared socket rim. Regimentally marked for The 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot, and also gun or rack numbered '79'. Partial maker marks visible, T.HA?, Possibly Thomas Hatcher [who made several groups of ordnance contract Land Pattern muskets, and was appointed 'Master Furbisher' at the small gun office in around 1750 or earlier]. One of the great British Regiments that served in the Jacobite Rebellion, The Seven Years in America against the French and Native Indian forces, The American Revolutionary War, The Flanders Campaign 1793, the Capture of St Lucia from the French in 1796, the Peninsular War, The War in America 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo. This bayonet could easily have been present in many of this extraordinary conflicts covering over half a century. The 27th was an Irish infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1689 . The regiment was raised as local militia at Enniskillen by Colonel Zachariah Tiffin in June 1689, to fight against James II in the Williamite war in Ireland. They served successfully, most notably at the Battle of Newtownbutler, and their performance gained them a place on the English establishment in 1690 as a regular infantry regiment, as such they then fought at the Battle of the Boyne. After peace returned to Ireland, the regiment was stationed around the world over the next half a century; from the Low Countries, West Indies, Minorca and to Spain. It formed part of the Government army sent to defeat the Jacobite Rising of 1745, participating in the Battle of Falkirk and in the Battle of Culloden. At this period they were commonly known as Blakeney's Regiment after the colonel-in-chief. In 1751, they were formally titled the 27th (Enniskillen) Regiment of Foot. During the Seven Years' War (1756–63) the Regiment fought against the French in North America and the West Indies. In 1778 it returned to North America to take part in the War of Independence, but as the result of the alliance formed by the French with the American colonists, it again found itself involved in numerous expeditions against the French West Indian possessions. The war with France came to an end in 1783 but broke out again ten years later with the French Revolutionary Wars and the regiment took part in the Flanders Campaign of 1793. In 1796 the 27th took St. Lucia from the French, where its regimental colour was displayed on the flagstaff of the captured fortress. Battle of Castalla, 13 April 1813 The 27th Regiment served throughout the Napoleonic wars including Egypt where it formed part of Sir Ralph Abercromby's force that fought the Battle of Alexandria against the French in 1801, the 2nd Battalion formed part of the garrison of that city after its capture. The 1st Battalion served in the Calabrian campaign and fought at Battle of Maida on 4 July 1806. In this engagement the light company fought in James Kempt's brigade while the one grenadier and eight line companies belonged to Lowry Cole's brigade. The 1st Battalion entered the Peninsular War in November 1812 and participated in the Battle of Castalla and the Siege of Tarragona, both in 1813. The 2nd Battalion landed in Spain in December 1812 and fought brilliantly at Castalla on 13 April 1813. While formed in a two-deep line, the unit inflicted 369 killed and wounded on the French 121st Line Infantry Regiment in a few minutes. In the same action the entire brigade only lost 70 casualties. On 13 September 1813, the French surprised and cut the 2nd Battalion to pieces at the Battle of Ordal. In this action, the 2nd/27th lost over 360 men killed, wounded, and captured. The 3rd Battalion disembarked in Lisbon in November 1808. It became part of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington's army and fought at many of the key battles including Badajoz, Salamanca, Vitoria, the Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthez, and Toulouse. The 3rd Battalion belonged to Cole's 4th Division throughout the war. At the Battle of Sorauren (Pyrenees), the 3rd/27th lost two officers and 41 men killed, nine officers and 195 men wounded, and seven men taken prisoner. At Toulouse, the unit lost two officers and 23 men killed, and five officers and 76 men wounded. The 1st Battalion went on to fight at the Battle of Waterloo as part of John Lambert's 10th Brigade in the 6th Division. At about 6:30 PM, the French captured the key strongpoint of La Haye Sainte farm. After this success, they brought up several cannon and took the Anglo-Allied lines under fire at extremely close range. At this period, the 698-strong battalion was deployed in square at the point where the Ohain road crossed the Charleroi to Brussels highway. At a range of 300 yards, the French artillery caused the unit enormous casualties within a short time. At day's end, the 3rd Battalion had lost 105 killed and 373 wounded, a total of 478 casualties. The unit was described as "lying dead in a square". At the time of Waterloo, the soldiers of the 27th were dressed in red, short-tailed jackets, overall trousers, and a high-fronted shako. The facing colour was buff and it was displayed on the collar, cuffs, and shoulder-straps. The lace on the cuffs and jackets had square-ended loops
A Very Fine Victorian Long Service Good Conduct Medal Awarded to a Battery Quarter Master Sergeant in the Royal Field Artillery, the 1873 issue Medal.
A Very Fine. 19th Century Shaped Copper Powder Flask With good adjustable spout measure and tight spring.
A Very Good 'Romanov' Crimean War Russian Musket Dated Conv. 1842 Ideal for a historian, or collector of original 'Charge of the Light Brigade' period militaria, of and from, the war itself. An original Russian Musket, made at the Imperial Russian Arsenal. With a superb Romanov double headed eagle stamp. The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856), also known in Russian historiography as the Eastern War of 1853–1856 was a conflict in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. The French promoted the rights of Catholics, while Russia promoted those of the Orthodox Christians. The longer-term causes involved the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the unwillingness of the United Kingdom and France to allow Russia to gain territory and power at Ottoman expense. It has widely been noted that the causes, in one case involving an argument over a key, have never revealed a "greater confusion of purpose", yet led to a war noted for its "notoriously incompetent international butchery."
A Very Good 1790's Steel Hilted British Rifles Officer's Sword. All steel hilt, original deeply exaggerated curved flat sided blade, steel 'P' hilt with original wire bound leather grip. A beautifual sword in lovely condition for age. Prior to the 1803 pattern sword, the British Light Infantry regiment's officers of the 95th, 60th & 52nd etc. had the option to purchase and carry the standard 1796 Infantry sword, but many felt it's blade was to narrow, straight and ineffective. Another design was quickly created based on the highly popular 1796 Light Dragoon officers sword, but with a slightly shorter and more curved blade. Used by Officer's of the 95th and 60th Rifles, during the Iberian Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo. This is the pattern of British Officer's sword carried by gentlemen who relished the idea of combat, but found the standard 1796 Infantry pattern sword too light for good combat. The light infantry regiments were made up of officers exactly of that mettle. The purpose of the rifles light infantry regiments was to work as skirmishers. The riflemen and officers were trained to work in open order and be able to think for themselves. They were to operate in pairs and make best use of natural cover from which to harass the enemy with accurately aimed shots as opposed to releasing a mass volley, which was the orthodoxy of the day. The riflemen of the 95th were dressed in distinctive dark green uniforms, as opposed to the bright red coats of the British Line Infantry regiments. This tradition lives on today in the regiment’s modern equivalent, The Royal Green Jackets. The standard British infantry and light infantry regiments fought in all campaigns during the Napoleonic Wars, seeing sea-service at the Battle of Copenhagen, engaging in most major battles during the Peninsular War in Spain, forming the rear-guard for the British armies retreat to Corunna, serving as an expeditionary force to America in the War of 1812, and holding their positions against tremendous odds at the Battle of Waterloo. .The sword was used, in combat, in some of the greatest and most formidable battles ever fought by the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe the Peninsular Campaign and Waterloo. This is a very attractive sword indeed and highly desirable, especially for devotees of the earliest era of the British Rifle Regiments, such as the 95th and the 60th. As a footnote, in Bernard Cornwall's books of 'Sharpe of the 95th', this is the Sabre Major Sharpe would have carried if he hadn't used the Heavy Cavalry Pattern Troopers Sword, given to him in the story in the first novel. Overall this battle cum dress sword is in very good order and quite stunning. Overall in very nice condition indeed. Overall length, some small wire losses to binding on grip.
A Very Good 1822 Presentation Sword to Ens. Samson The 1st West India Regt. A very rare sword to see indeed with a fabulous blade. A British Army West India Regiment Officer's presentation sword is so rare is that we believe this is the first we have ever seen in over 40 years. Presented in 1855 by Col William Lockyer Freestun, [formerly of the 93rd Highland Regt. Of Foot] a Colonel in the service of Her Catholic Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain. Who was granted the titles of Knight and Star of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles 3rd, Knight of the First Class of the National and Military Order of San Fernando, and Knight of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic for his gallantry and approbations in facing the enemy in the field. These orders he was granted permission to accept by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, personally, on August 14th 1840, and with concession and especial mark of Her Royal favour, be thus granted all due titles in Her Majesty's College of Arms. On the 23rd of June 1860 Her Majesty further granted a British Knighthood to Col. Lockyer Freestun who was also a Great Officer of the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem. Ensign Sansom served with honour in the regiment for around 38 years rising to Colonel of the regiment. The West India Regiments (WIR) were infantry units of the British Army recruited from and normally stationed in the British colonies of the Caribbean between 1795 and 1927. The new West India Regiments saw considerable service during the period of the Napoleonic Wars, including participation by the First WIR in the occupation of the French island of Marie-Galante in 1808. The Regiments were later involved in the War of 1812, both on the Atlantic coast and in the Gulf of Mexico, taking part in the British attack on New Orleans. In 1800 there were 12 battalion-sized regiments which were seen as valuable also for dealing with slave revolt in the West Indies colonies. With numbers decreased by the effects of the Slave Trade Act of 1807, there was a shortfall of around five thousand at the start of the War of 1812, and the war offered hope of new recruitment from slaves fleeing the United States. However only eight joined the regiments from the Chesapeake Bay area in 1814, and a further thirteen on the coast of Georgia early in 1815.Following the end of the War of 1812, numbers were progressively reduced incorporating into the 1st West India Regiment the Carolina Corps that had been in existence since 1779, the original intention was both to recruit free blacks from the West Indian population and to purchase slaves from the West Indian plantations. The eighth of the newly raised regiments (Skerrett's) was disbanded the following year but the quality of the new corps led to a further five West India Regiments being raised in 1798. In 1807 all serving black soldiers recruited as slaves in the West India Regiments of the British Army were freed under the Mutiny Act passed by the British parliament that same year. In 1808 the Abolition Act caused all trading in slaves to be "utterly abolished, prohibited and declared to be unlawful". In 1812 a West African recruiting depot was established on Blance Island in Sierre Leone to train West African volunteers for the West India Regiments. By 1816 the end of the Napoleonic Wars and the reduction of the West India regiments to six enabled this depot to be closed. The WIR soldiers became a valued part of the British forces garrisoning the West Indies, where losses from disease and climate were heavy amongst white troops. The black Caribbean soldiers by contrast proved better adapted to tropical service. They served against locally recruited French units that had been formed for the same reasons. Free black Caribbeans soldiers played a prominent and often distinguished role in the military history of Latin America and the Caribbean The 1st West India Regiment from Jamaica went to the Gold Coast of Africa to fight in the Ashanti War of 1873-4 Battle honours Dominica, Martinique 1809, Guadeloupe 1810, Ashantee 1873–74, West Africa 1887, West Africa 1892–93 & 94, Sierra Leone 1898 The Great War (2 battalions): Palestine 1917–18, E. Africa 1916–18, Cameroons 1915–16. Honours and awards Private Samuel Hodge of the WIR was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1866 for courage shown during the capture of Tubab Kolon in the Gambia. Private Hodge was the second black recipient of this decoration—the first being Able Seaman William Hall of the Royal Navy. In 1891, Lance Corporal William Gordon of the 1st Battalion WIR received a VC for gallantry during a further campaign in the Gambia. Promoted to sergeant, Jamaican-born William Gordon remained in employment at regimental headquarters in Kingston until his death in 1922.
A Very Good 1899 Pattern Cavalry Troopers Sword 5th Dragoon Guards A Great 'Siege of Ladysmith' Sword. Issued in 1899 with '99 date. Regimentally marked for C troop the 5th Dragoon Guards, sword number 6. A great example with it's natural, brown, aged patinated finish, superb bright steel blade, with very good markings and inspection stamps. Made by Enfield. Very good original scabbard with only minor denting. In rough outline the situation at the outbreak of the Second Boer War in South Africa was that there were very few British troops in that country—only two cavalry regiments, about a brigade of infantry with ancillary arms and services, and some Irregular auxiliary units, all in Natal, totalling about seven thousand fighting men, under the command of General Penn-Symonds. This handful of troops could not be reinforced by an expedition from England until mid-November at the earliest, but it was hoped to get the Indian Contingent—approximately equal in strength to Penn-Symonds' force—to Africa by mid-October. For the first two months of war, therefore, the Boers, who were thought to have a potential strength of from forty to fifty thousand, were in theory able to concentrate in superior force to the British: in fact, the lack of any effective system of organization and administration in the enemy's forces prevented them from undertaking, any large-scale strategic enterprise. Nevertheless, by the time the Indian Contingent had arrived and a small British Expedition under command of General Sir George White had reached Ladysmith to join hands with Penn-Symonds at Dundee, the Boers had been able to stage an invasion of Natal. Some forty thousand strong, the commandos crossed the border in two main columns the Transvaalers via Laing's Nek, the Orange Free Staters via Van Reenan's Pass. By mid-October the Boers had seized Talana Hill and were commanding Dundee. Attacking Talana on 10th October, Penn-Symonds had some initial success—at heavy cost in the face of heavy rifle fire of surprising range and accuracy—but in the end the attack failed; Penn-Symonds was killed and his troops fell back towards Ladysmith, where Sir George White placed himself so as to block the main line of the enemy's supply, though by so doing he ran the risk of being pinned down by greatly superior numbers. Next day a small force of all arms organized under the command of General French,advancing to join hands with the troops falling back on Ladysmith, had a brisk engagement at Elandslaagte, in the course of which "D" Squadron, 5th Dragoon Guards,and one squadron of the 5th Lancers, both squadrons under command of Lieutenant-Colonel St. John Gore, 5th Dragoon Guards, got an opportunity to make a charge. Because of the rough, broken ground and because the Boers were in a very scattered formation, the charge went in not knee-to-knee but in extended files: nevertheless, it was completely successful and went through the enemy to a depth of some two miles. The squadrons then rallied, wheeled, and charged back through the scattered remnants, killing large numbers of Boers with lance, sword and revolver. The enemy could not face cold steel—that was not their style of fighting—and fled in all directions; only the onset of darkness saved their forces from complete destruction. As the result of this very successful engagement (which at the time was quoted as a model of tactical co-operation between all arms) the British forces were enabled concentrate at Ladysmith, where, on 26th October, all three squadrons of the 5th Dragoon Guards were once more united. After a long, trying spell of reconnaissance and outpost duty the regiment took part in an action which aimed at destroying the left flank of the Boer position overlooking Ladysmith. The attack was a failure and the chief role of the cavalry was to cover the infantry retirement. During the course of the action an officer of the regiment, Lieutenant Norwood, earned the award of the Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded man under fire. Lieutenant Norwood galloped back about 300 yards through heavy fire, dismounted, and, picking up the fallen trooper, carried him out of fire on his back, at the same time leading his horse with one hand. The enemy kept up an incessant fire during the whole time that Lieutenant Norwood was carrying the man until he was quite out of range. A few days later there was a similar incident when Lieutenant the Honourable R. L. Pomeroy remained behind with a dismounted trooper and under heavy fire took him up on his horse and brought him back. General Brocklehurst, who was in command of the cavalry after the withdrawal of General French to Cape Colony to direct the cavalry of the main army, saw the incident and wished to recommend it for recognition; however, the matter went no farther—"quite rightly," as Pomeroy himself wrote in the regimental history, "for any other officer in the regiment would have acted just as I did." The British attempts to control the situation in the Ladysmith area failed. On 12th October twelve hundred British infantry were surrounded and compelled to surrender at Nicholson's Nek. White withdrew his remaining forces to the town and by the beginning of November he was completely hemmed in, unable to move back to join hands with the main body which was arriving at Cape Town, and left with no option but to endure siege as best he might. The cavalry camp within the perimeter at Ladysmith was in full view of the Boer gunners, so each morning the regiments saddled up and exercised in the dark and afterwards, about first light, moved stealthily out to positions of concealment. The 5th Dragoon Guards found themselves some dead ground which they named Green Horse Valley, and here breakfasts used to be eaten and the normal routine of stables, orderly room and so on carried out under cover until dark, when the march back to camp was made. Shelters and splinter-proofs were improvised and field kitchens built, and in time the accommodation became fairly comfortable: but the supply situation was far from good. By Christmas, food and drink were running short, and tobacco had been replaced by dried twigs and juniper leaves. By now the situation in Ladysmith was becoming extremely serious, and in January the rations were still further cut, and all save seventy-five of the regiment's horses were turned out to grass to save forage. As a compensation for their loss of mobility the squadrons were given rifles and bayonets and allotted a permanent sector of the defences. On the arrival of Lord Roberts to take over the chief command, the whole campaign was reorganized, and on 28th February, 1900, Buller, with strong reinforcements, was at last successful in effecting the relief of Ladysmith. An attempt to pursue the retreating Boers was made next day by the one squadron which was all that the regiment could mount, but the horses were so weak from under-feeding that they could not sustain the effort: the leading troop did succeed in getting sufficiently close to their enemy for the troop leader, Lieutenant Dunbar, to have his horse shot under him before the attempt had to be abandoned. Thus ended the siege of Ladysmith, which cost the 5th Dragoon Guards two officers and thirty-six men killed or died of sickness (enteric fever and dysentery were rife during the siege); four officers wounded and eight invalided home. Between May and November the 5th Dragoon Guards operated in many areas—in the Magaliesberg; Ventersdorp; Klerksdorp; Potchefstroom; in Natal on the Zululand frontier about Volksnist, then back to Standerton to make a forced march of sixty miles in a vain attempt to help a column which had got into trouble at Trigardsfontein. At the beginning of December they were back in Pretoria, refitting for an expedition to the southern Transvaal. It was an active life. : Major-General Roger Evans,
A Very Good 18th Century Indian Bichwa 'Scorpion' Dagger An most interesting and rare dagger called a Bichwa from Southern India. Known as a 'scorpion sting' dagger for the recurved shape of its blade and presumably its lethalness, these forms of dagger were used primarily by assassins, and for concealment in close fighting, the looped grip fitting into the palm of the hand and the guard over the finger could be used to parry and to punch. They were also famed for being worn on the foot by those adept at using foot combat. A famous figure from Indian history was attacked by this very form of assassin dagger, his name was Afzal Khan. He was an Afghan commander who served the Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur, and fought against the Marathas. After he treacherously tried to murder the Maratha chief Shivaji during a meeting, he was violently killed by the Marathas, and his army was defeated in the Battle of Pratapgad in 1659. A meeting was arranged before the battle, between the two great warrior Generals, Afzal Khan and Shivaji, likely to discuss proposals for surrender or truce. However, Shivaji was warned of Khan's intended treacherous nature, so he protected himself by wearing concealed armour and carried a tigers claw and a scorpion's sting. At the pre-arranged meeting Afzal Khan graciously embraced Shivaji as per custom. But then he suddenly tightened his clasp, gripped Shivaji's neck in his left arm and struck him with a katar. Shivaji, saved by his concealed armour, recovered and counter-attacked Afzal Khan with wagh nakh [tiger's claw], disemboweling him. He then stabbed Khan with his bichawa [scorpion sting dagger], and ran out of the tent towards his men. Afzal Khan cried out and Sayeed Banda, his protector who was regarded the best swordsman in the whole of Decca at that time, rushed to the scene and attacked Shivaji with his patta, cutting his turban. Shivaji's bodyguard Jiva Mahala intervened, chopping off Sayeed Banda' s right arm in a quick combat before killing him. Meanwhile, Afzal Khan's bearers placed their wounded leader in his palki (litter vehicle), but they were attacked by Sambhaji Kavji. Sambhaji eventually killed Afzal Khan by decapitating him
A Very Good 18th Century Silver Mounted 'Hunting' Sword Used By Officers This was an incredibly popular form of sword used by officers in the mid 17th century. For example two great heroes of the 18th century carried most similar types, the legendary Captain Cook and General Wolfe of Quebec. We show a vintage print showing both of their swords [now in museums] finely drawn in detail. Spiral twist carved ebony grip with silver stylised beast head pommel. Steel crossguard quillons with oyster shell chisseled patterning. Double fullered blade. Wolfe's part in the taking of Quebec in 1759 earned him posthumous fame, and he became an icon of Britain's victory in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion. He was depicted in the painting The Death of General Wolfe, which became famous around the world. Wolfe was posthumously dubbed "The Hero of Quebec", "The Conqueror of Quebec", and also "The Conqueror of Canada", since the capture of Quebec led directly to the capture of Montreal, ending French control of the country. In three voyages Cook sailed thousands of miles across largely uncharted areas of the globe. He mapped lands from New Zealand to Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean in greater detail and on a scale not previously achieved. As he progressed on his voyages of discovery he surveyed and named features, and recorded islands and coastlines on European maps for the first time. He displayed a combination of seamanship, superior surveying and cartographic skills, physical courage and an ability to lead men in adverse conditions. Cook was attacked and killed while attempting to kidnap the native chief of Hawaii during his third exploratory voyage in the Pacific in 1779. He left a legacy of scientific and geographical knowledge which was to influence his successors well into the 20th century, and numerous memorials worldwide have been dedicated to him. The sword has an associated leather scabbard, with loose open seam stitching areas.
A Very Good 19th Century Colonels Sabretache, Russia Leather Royal Cypher Victorian, Colonel-on-the-Staff, Officers Sabretache. A good example of the rare Russia leather sabaretach made for Colonels serving on the General's Staff.The flap is mounted to the centre with a fire gilt Crowned VR cypher. Complete with pocket to the reverse and retaining three D shaped sling attachments. A sabretache is a flat bag or pouch, which was worn suspended from the belt of a cavalry officer together with the sabre. The sabretache is derived from a traditional Hungarian horseman's flat leather bag called a tarsoly. Early examples have been found the tombs of Magyar warriors from the 10th century Conquest of Pannonia. They were often strengthened and decorated with silver plates and would have contained fire-making tools and other essentials. In the early 18th century, hussar cavalry became popular amongst the European powers, and a tarsoly was often a part of the accoutrements. The German name sabretache was adopted, tache meaning "pocket". It fulfilled the function of a pocket, which were absent from the tight fitting uniform of the hussar style. Part of the wartime function of the light cavalry was to deliver orders and dispatches; the sabertache was well suited to hold these. The large front flap was usually heavily embroidered with a royal cypher or regimental crest, and could be used as a firm surface for writing. By the 19th century, other types of cavalry, such as lancers, also wore them. In the British Army, sabretaches were first adopted at the end of the 18th century by light dragoon regiments, four of which acquired "hussar" status in 1805.They were still being worn in combat by British cavalry during the Crimean War; "undress" versions in plain black patent leather were used on active duty. The Prussian Guard Hussars wore theirs in the Franco-Prussian War. In most European armies, sabretaches were gradually abandoned for use in the field before the turn of the 20th century, but were retained by some regiments for ceremonial occasions. Sabretaches are now much sought after by collectors of militaria.
A Very Good 19th Century, Early Victorian, English Cut Steel Small Sword A most stylish, regency style, all steel hilt with cut steel so-called 'nail head' décor in engraved and chisseled star pattern form, double edged diamond shaped blade. The small sword or small sword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the epée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis. The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the small sword as their foundation; Alfred Hutton, an English officer of the King's Dragoon Guards, wrote extensively on self-defence techniques based on the short sword-bayonet. The very height of the small sword's widespread popularity was (as mentioned above) between the middle of the 17th and the late 18th century, when it was considered fashionable by aristocrats ("no gentleman was dressed without his sword" –The Small sword was a thrusting-only weapon developed in France in the second half of the 17th century. The hilt consisted of a small shell- or disc-shaped guard much smaller than the hilt of the Renaissance rapier, and blade was relatively short and light, usually triangular or diamond-section, although double-edged flat “small sword” blades continued to be popular well into the 18th century. Old surface pitting to the blade, the hilt is blemish free.
A Very Good American Allen and Thurber Pepperbox Revolver Circa 1840 Nicely engraved multi barreled revolver made by a good American maker, Allen and Thurber in Norwich Connecticut. Good tight action and in great condition for it's age. Six revolving barrels with a nipple shield. Bar hammer and fine scroll engraving on the frame. Maker marked on the hammer bar, and 1837 patent and cast steel stamped on the barrel rib. American pepperbox revolvers of that era are rarely seen in the UK these days, and pepperbox revolvers are always highly collectable, as they represent most interesting examples of the first rung on the evolutionary ladder of the modern age revolver. The pepperbox was probably the most sought after multi-shot handgun during the 1840-1850 decade, being as the Colt revolver was just gaining popularity and gearing up for serious production …and the pepperbox was carried in substantial quantities in California during the Gold Rush era. Most likely many pepperboxes were also still being carried as personal defense weapons during the Civil War by soldiers who were not affluent enough to afford a then more conventional revolver. The Pepper-box, known as the "Gun that won the East", was the most desirable repeating handgun prior to the invention of the revolving cylinder. Its name may have been coined by Samuel Clemens. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good And Scarce Victorian Royal Army Medical Corps Officers Badge Badge including the Rod of Asclepius, surmounted by a Victorian crown, enclosed within a laurel wreath, with the regimental motto In Arduis Fidelis, translated as "Faithful in Adversity" in a scroll beneath. Medical services in the British armed services go as far back as the formation of the Standing Regular Army after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. This was the first time a career was provided for a Medical Officer (MO), known as the Regimental Surgeon, both in peacetime and in war. The Army was formed entirely on a regimental basis, and an MO with a Warrant Officer as his Assistant Surgeon was appointed to each regiment, which also provided a hospital. The MO was also for the first time concerned in the continuing health of his troops, and not limited to just battlefield medicine. This regimental basis of appointment for Mos continued until 1873, when a co-ordinated army medical service was set up. To join, a doctor needed to be qualified and single and aged at least 21, and then undergo a further examination in physiology, surgery, medicine, zoology, botany and physical geography including meteorology, and also to satisfy various other requirements (including having dissected the whole body at least once and having attended 12 midwifery cases); the results were published in three classes by an Army Medical School, which was set up in 1860 at Fort Pitt in Chatham, and moved in 1863 to Netley outside Southampton. There was much unhappiness in the Army Medical Service in the following years. For medical officers did not actually have military rank but "advantages corresponding to relative military rank" (such as choice of quarters, rates of lodging money, servants, fuel and light, allowances on account of injuries received in action, and pensions and allowances to widows and families). They had inferior pay in India, excessive amounts of Indian and colonial service (being required to serve in India six years at a stretch), and less recognition in honours and awards. They did not have their own identity as did the Army Service Corps, whose officers did have military rank. A number of complaints were published, and the British Medical Journal campaigned loudly. For over two years after 27 July 1887 there were no recruits to the Army Medical Department. A parliamentary committee reported in 1890 highlighting the doctors' injustices. Yet all this was ignored by the Secretary of State for War. The British Medical Association, the Royal College of Physicians and others redoubled their protests. Eventually, in 1898, officers and soldiers providing medical services were incorporated into a new body known by its present name, the Royal Army Medical Corps; its first Colonel-in-Chief was H.R.H the Duke of Connaught. The RAMC began to develop during the Boer War, but it was during the First World War that it reached its apogee both in size and experience. The RAMC itself lost 743 officers and 6130 soldiers killed in the war. During Britain's colonial days the RAMC set up clinics and hospitals in countries where British troops could be found. Major-General Sir William Macpherson of the RAMC wrote the official Medical History of the War (HMSO 1922). Its main base was for long the Queen Alexandra Hospital Millbank (now closed). Before the Second World War, RAMC recruits were required to be at least 5 feet 2 inches tall and could enlist up to 30 years of age. They initially enlisted for seven years with the colours and a further five years with the reserve, or three years and nine years. They trained for six months at the RAMC Depot, Crookham Camp, Aldershot, before proceeding to specialist trade training
A Very Good British, King George IIIrd Officer's-Duelling Flintlock Pistol. Napoleonic Wars Era fine English flintlock, made by Dunderdale, Mabson and Labron. With original ivory tipped ramrod. Lock signed and with rolling frizzen. Good action and finely engraved brass mounts with pineapple finial trigger guard. Fine juglans regia walnut stock. Used by an officer who would likely have served in the Peninsular campaign and possibly the Battle of Waterloo. Good working action 15 inches long overall. As used by all officers and gentlemen of status in the King George IIIrd era. Duelling was such part of life in Georgian England, some duels gained almost mythic status. In fact they were such a part of society we show in the gallery a superb satirical painting of a duel between animals, entitled "Before the Monkey Duel" by Bristow. English guns of this period are probably the most sought after in the world by collectors, Finest walnut full-stock and steel barrel. Excellent engraved brass furniture, fully engraved throughout with acorn finial to the trigger guard. Original ivory tipped ramrod. Duelling practices and rituals were codified in the Code Duello of 1777 which set forth rules describing all aspects of an "affair of honour," from the time of day during which challenges could be received to the number of shots or wounds required for satisfaction of honour. For gentlemen the law "offered no redress for insults" he might be subject to from rivals and enemies. Shooting a fellow officer in a duel "gave a sharp edge to one's reputation, earned congratulations in the regimental mess, and brought admiring glances from the ladies…. Higher military authorities…regarded duelling as a proof test of courage…" Although theoretically banned by British Army regulations, refusing a challenge was likely to result in an officer having to leave his regiment, for the same rules that banned duelling forbade an officer from submitting to "opprobrious expressions" or "any conduct from another that should degrade him, or, in the smallest way impeach his courage." To decline a challenge was often equated to defeat by forfeiture, and was sometimes even regarded as dishonourable. Prominent and famous individuals ran an especial risk of being challenged for duels. Among the most famous duels are the American Burr-Hamilton duel, in which notable Federalist Alexander Hamilton was fatally wounded, and the duel between Duke of Wellington and the 10th Earl of Winchelsea, wherein each participant intentionally missed the other. 200 years ago, in the middle of the Napoleonic wars, Britain launched a military and naval expedition to Walcheren in Holland. It failed. George Canning, the foreign secretary, sought covertly to blame his rival, Lord Castlereagh, and to have him removed from the War Office. When Castlereagh discovered what was going on, he wrote to Canning: “You continued to sit in the same Cabinet with me, and to leave me not only in the persuasion that I possessed your confidence and support as a colleague, but you allowed me to… proceed in the Execution of a new Enterprise of the most arduous and important nature, with your apparent concurrence… You were fully aware that if my situation in the government had been disclosed to me, I could not have submitted to remain one moment in office, without the entire abandonment of my private honour and public duty. You knew I was deceived, and you continued to deceive me.” Castlereagh demanded “satisfaction”, by which he meant a duel. The two men met on Putney Heath. Both missed with their first shots, but Castlereagh insisted on a second round and wounded Canning in the thigh, without doing him serious injury. There was a public scandal: duelling was against the law. Both men resigned, but both later returned to high office: Castlereagh’s career, which had been expiring, revived, while Canning ultimately, though briefly, became prime minister. Two officers in Napoleon’s army spent 19 years attempting to eliminate each other up in a series of duels that were always bloody but never lethal. Their dispute began in 1794 when Captain Dupont was ordered to stop Captain Fournier attending a party. Fournier took umbrage, challenged Dupont and thy fought the first of 17 duels. As the years passed, they drew up a contract. If they came within 100 miles of each other, they would fight, military duty alone excusing a duel. Such was their companionship in honour that on occasion they dined together before fighting. In the end, by 1813, General Dupont tired of fighting General Fournier. He also wished to marry. So he arranged an unusual duel in which they stalked one another in a forest, armed with two pistols. Dupont stuck his coat on a stick and tricked hi opponent into firing twice. Dupont spared Fournier’s life but told him that if they duelled again, he reserved the right to fire two bullets first from a few yards range. They never fought again. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Chassepot Rifle Sword Bayonet. A stunning example, with pristine steel and brass and full arsenal engraving for it's production at the armoury at St Ettiene 1874. Its inventor was, Antoine Alphonse Chassepot, and it became the French service weapon in 1866. It was first used at the battlefield at Mentana, November 1867, where it inflicted severe losses on Garibaldi's troops. The event was reported at the French Parliament: "Les Chassepots ont fait merveille!", {The Chassepots did marvelous execution !} In the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) it proved greatly superior to the German Dreyse needle gun, outranging it by 2 to 1. Although it was a smaller caliber but the chassepot ammunition had more gunpowder and thus faster muzzle velocity. The Chassepots were responsible for most of the Prussian and other German casualties during the conflict. This is the most widely copied of all the sword bayonets. Many countries - including the United States, Egypt, Belgium, and Argentina - have manufactured or used very similar bayonets. The French model was designed to fit on the French Model 1866 Chassepot Rifled Infantry Musket (the musket was revolutionary in itself). It was manufactured from 1866 to about 1874 and was replaced by the French Model 1874 "Gras" Bayonet. This bayonet is brass-hilted with a spring steel latching arrangement on the right side. The crossguard is iron (steel) and has a screw-type tightening arrangement on the muzzle-ring. The lower quillon is a hooked "blade-breaker" type. The blade is steel, single-edged, fullered (both sides), with a re-curved or "yataghan-shape." The blades marked on the back-edge (opposite the cutting edge) with the arsenal, month, and year of manufacture; this is done in engraved cursive fashion Arsenals encountered may be such as Chatellerault, Mutzig, St. Etienne, Paris-Oudry, Tulle, and perhaps Steyr (not confirmed on the 1866). •The French wars during the life-span of this bayonet were: ?French Intervention in Mexico (1861-1867); Franco-Prussian War (July 19, 1870 – May 10, 1871) French Indo-China (1873-1874, 1882-1883); Sino-French War (1883-1885); Madagascar Wars (1883-1885, 1895); 1st Mandingo-French War (1883-1886); 1st Dahomeyan-French War (1889-1990); 2nd Dahomeyan-French War (1892-1894); Franco-Siamese War of (1893) 2nd Mandingo-French War (1894-1895); Conquest of Chad (1897-1914); 3rd Mandingo-French War (1898); Moroccan War (1907-1912); The Wadai War (1909-1911); World War I (early).
A Very Good Decorated Spanish Antique Albacete Fighting Knife A 19th Century Spanish Fighting knife of Albacete, Spain; The knife measures 28cm in length with an elaborate ornately pierced blade. The blade has two holes and an open panel incised for decoration, with added pin point engraved decoration. The hilt is brass, inlaid with carved bone. The bone has been fluted length ways and further inlaid with decorative brass panels. A Handbook for Travellers in Spain (printed in 1855), by Richard Ford, has a commentary on the knife culture that prevailed in Spain at the time. When we read an account of an exotic land written by an English traveler in 19th century Albacete, Abula, he describes that as owing to its central position, from whence roads and rails branch to Aragon, Murcia, Valencia, and Madrid, it is a place of great traffic, and is a town of locomotives, from the English rail, the French dilly, to the Spanish donkey. . . . "Albacete is called the Sheffield of Spain, as Chatelherault is the knife making centre of France; but everything is by comparison, and the coarse cutlery turned out in each, at whose make and material an English artisan smiles, perfectly answers native ideas and wants. The object of a Spanish knife is to "chip bread and kill a man," "
A Very Good Early 19th Century Cossack Kindjal Sword Signed Blade With a very rare feature of quality, a very fine carved one piece carved horn grip with two steel rivets, [99% of them have two thin panel grips rivetted either side of the tang]. Very good two fullered blade off set from centre, with signed script cartouche. Original leather covered iron mounted scabbard. As worn by all the Cossacks, such as, for example the Kuban Cossacks (Russian Kubanskiye Kazaki). They were Cossacks who lived in the Kuban region of Russia. Although numerous Cossack groups came to inhabit the Western Northern Caucasus most of the Kuban Cossacks are descendants of the Black Sea Cossack Host, (originally the Zaporozhian Cossacks) and the Caucasus Line Cossack Host. The Kuban Cossack Host was the administrative and military unit from 1860-1918. The native land of the Cossacks is defined by a line of Russian/Ruthenian town-fortresses located on the border with the steppe and stretching from the middle Volga to Ryazan and Tula, then breaking abruptly to the south and extending to the Dnieper via Pereyaslavl. This area was settled by a population of free people practicing various trades and crafts. These people, constantly facing the Tatar warriors on the steppe frontier, received the Turkic name Cossacks (Kazaks), which was then extended to other free people in northern Russia. The oldest reference in the annals mentions Cossacks of the Russian city of Ryazan serving the city in the battle against the Tatars in 1444. In the 16th century, the Cossacks (primarily those of Ryazan) were grouped in military and trading communities on the open steppe and started to migrate into the area of the Don (source Vasily Klyuchevsky, The course of the Russian History, vol.2). Cossacks served as border guards and protectors of towns, forts, settlements and trading posts, performed policing functions on the frontiers and also came to represent an integral part of the Russian army. In the 16th century, to protect the borderland area from Tatar invasions, Cossacks carried out sentry and patrol duties, observing Crimean Tatars and nomads of the Nogai Horde in the steppe region. The most popular weapons used by Cossack cavalrymen were usually sabres, or shashka, and long spears, but all Cossacks traditionally carried a Kindjal Russian Cossacks played a key role in the expansion of the Russian Empire into Siberia (particularly by Yermak Timofeyevich), the Caucasus and Central Asia in the period from the 16th to 19th centuries. Cossacks also served as guides to most Russian expeditions formed by civil and military geographers and surveyors, traders and explorers. In 1648 the Russian Cossack Semyon Dezhnyov discovered a passage between North America and Asia. Cossack units played a role in many wars in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries (such as the Russo-Turkish Wars, the Russo-Persian Wars, and the annexation of Central Asia). During Napoleon's Invasion of Russia, Cossacks were the Russian soldiers most feared by the French troops. Napoleon himself stated "Cossacks are the best light troops among all that exist. If I had them in my army, I would go through all the world with them." Cossacks also took part in the partisan war deep inside French-occupied Russian territory, attacking communications and supply lines. These attacks, carried out by Cossacks along with Russian light cavalry and other units, were one of the first developments of guerrilla warfare tactics and, to some extent, special operations as we know them today. Western Europeans had had few contacts with Cossacks before the Allies occupied Paris in 1814. As the most exotic of the Russian troops seen in France, Cossacks drew a great deal of attention and notoriety for their alleged excesses during Napoleon's 1812 campaign.
A Very Good Enfield 1853 British Cavalry Trooper's Sword of the Crimean War A fine sabre used by both the British Light Brigade and the Heavy Brigade during the Crimea and subsequently. Although with signs of use this is truly a fine example. Traditional leather rivetted grip. The very same age and pattern as were issued to the 13th Hussars just before they were sent to fight the Czar's Army in Russia, in the Crimean War, and it is perfectly possible that this saw good service in Her Majesty's cavalry in those very campaigns. In fact this pattern of sword was carried by about half of all the troopers who participated in the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, and the less famous but successful Charge of the Heavy Brigade. Also as an interesting twist in the 1853 sword's history, shipments of them were sold to the Confederate states during the American Civil War and saw extensive service in that struggle. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the famous 13th Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred"). The regiments adopted the title hussars at this time, and the uniform became very stylish, aping the hussars of the Austro-Hungarian army. But soon the blues and yellows and golds gave way to khaki as the British army found itself in skirmishes throughout the far-flung Empire, in India and South Africa especially. In 1854 the regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. Five transport ships - Harbinger, Negotiator, Calliope, Culloden, and the Mary Anne – embarking between the 8 May and 12 May, carried 20 officers, 292 other ranks and 298 horses. After a troubled voyage, the regiment arrived at Varna, Bulgaria on the 2 June. On the 28 August the entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan; five men of the 13th had already succumbed to cholera. On the 1 September the regiment embarked for the Crimea - a further three men dying en-route. On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve. During the 25 October the regiment, as part of the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line along with the on the left. The 13th and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the 4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavouring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. The sword has a good condition stout combat blade. Leather 5 rivet grip, triple bar guard. Ordnance stamped and Enfield inspected, and Enfield contract stamp at the spine. We show in the gallery an identical example used by a trooper of the 11th Hussars as one of the 600 in the Charge of the Light brigade, that sword was featured in a BBC programme A History of the World. No scabbard
A Very Good French 19th Century Crimean War and Franco Prussian War Pouch Artillery officers pounch with a leather ground and gilt bronze borders and large gilt bronze mountings with wide cross belt hangers. Red morocco leather lining.
A Very Good Fur Cap Plume Badge Of The Royal Welch Fusiliers An original metal, other ranks Fur Cap Grenade of The Royal Welch Fusiliers worn 1888 - 1908. In excellent condition and complete with its 2 long rear loops. In the nineteenth century, the regiment took part in the Crimean War, the Second Opium War, the Indian Mutiny and the Third Anglo-Burmese War. The regiment was not fundamentally affected by the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, which gave it a depot at Hightown Barracks in Wrexham from 1873, or by the Childers reforms of 1881 – as it already possessed two battalions, there was no need for it to amalgamate with another regiment. Under the reforms, the regiment became The Royal Welch Fusiliers on 1 July 1881. The regiment went on to serve in the Second Boer War of 1899-1902.
A Very Good Georgian Regency Small Sword Rapier In Bright Cut Steel Circa 1805. Fine cut steel hilt with a very fine quality and complex multi patterned spiral wrap grip, in alternating copper and steel wires and bands. Oval disc guard with scalloped inner edge and cut steel twin headed nail head rivets. The triple edged blade is beautifully fine line engraved with scrolling designs. And it has a cut diamond patterned star engraved ovoid pommel. A most elegant sword of the Regency period. The small sword or smallsword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the épée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis. The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the smallsword as their foundation; Alfred Hutton, an English officer of the King's Dragoon Guards, wrote extensively on self-defense techniques based on the short sword-bayonet. Militarily, small swords continued to be used as a standard sidearm for infantry officers. In some branches with strong traditions, this practice continues to the modern day, albeit for ceremonial and formal dress only. The carrying of swords by officers in combat conditions was frequent in World War I and still saw some practice in World War II. The 1913 U.S. Army Manual of Bayonet Drill includes instructions for how to fight a man on foot with a small sword. Small swords are still featured on parade uniforms in the diplomatic service and by some military.
A Very Good King George IIIrd Flintlock Officers Pistol By Henry Tatham Circa 1798. He died in June 1835. Fine juglans regia walnut stock, fully finely engraved steel mounts. Named and engraved lock with rainproof pan and rolling frizzen, very fine fancy engraving to the lock, cock, barrel tang, side nail, ramrod pipes and trigger guard, with pineapple finial. Crosshatch carved pistol grip. Barrel bears a rectangular platinum seal inset at the breech bearing Tathams trade name and a platinum lined barrel at the breech. By one of Englands great and renown makers, Henry Tatham [senior]. Tatham was one of London's best gunmakers and was a gunmaker to the Royal family. He was the fourth son of Ralph Tatham and Elizabeth Bloxham and was born 31 Dec 1770, at 61, Frith Street, St. Anne's, Westminster, otherwise known as Frith Street, Soho. On his first marriage in 1798, he was described in the register as Gun maker and Sword Cutler to the King. He traded from 37 Charing Cross. He appears from 1801 as "Tatham and Egg, Gun-Makers and Sword-Cutlers to His Majesty, 37, Charing Cross;" He died in June 1835. Joseph Egg probably came to England soon after 1790, and he probably worked for Durs Egg. He started trading as a gunmaker in Great Windmill Street, Soho in 1800 when he patented a method of bending steel using heat (No.2440). In 1801 he was recorded as being in partnership with Henry Tatham as Tatham & Egg at 37 Charing Cross. Joseph Egg was particularly famous for making duelling pistols but he was also famous because he claimed to have invented the copper percussion cap. The generally accepted date for its introduction is 1818.
A Very Good King George IIIrd 1756 Pat.Dragoon Flintlock of The EIC Cavalry With fine walnut stock with traditional brass furniture and two British EIC heart marks Siege of Seringapatam period use, by such as the the British 19th or 25th Light Dragoons with the East India Company. The 19th played a major role in the Anglo-Mysore Wars and Anglo-Maratha Wars. Their first campaign was against Tipu Sultan of Mysore from 1790 to 1792. After defeating Tipu, the 19th were on garrison duty until 1799 when war broke out with Tipu again. This time, the Sultan was killed during the Battle of Seringapatam. In 1800, the 19th fought Dhoondia Wao's rebel army and in 1803, led by Major-General Arthur Wellesley (who later became the Duke of Wellington), they participated in the Battle of Assaye. In this battle, the outnumbered British troops defeated a Maratha army and the regiment was subsequently awarded the battle honour of "Assaye" and presented with an honorary colour. They were stationed at Cheyloor in 1802, at Arcot in 1803, in Bombay in 1804, and at Arcot again from 1805 to 1806. The regiment was summoned to Vellore on the night of 10 July 1806 to rescue the 69th Regiment of Foot who had been the victims of a revolt by Indian sepoys. The 25th Dragoons (raised for service in India by F E Gwyn on 9 March 1794) was renumbered 22nd (Light) Dragoons in that year. This 22nd (Light) Dragoons regiment served throughout the Napoleonic Wars, which began in 1805, and was disbanded in 1820. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore, offered much resistance to the British forces. Having sided with the French during the Revolutionary war, the rulers of Mysore continued their struggle against the Company with the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Mysore finally fell to the Company forces in 1799, with the death of Tipu Sultan. .As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Very good and tight action. A horn tipped ramrod. As with all our antique guns they must be considered as inoperable with no license required and they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good King George IIIrd Brass Barrel Officers Flintlock Pistol By Davidson & Co. of London. All brass engraved furniture including a finely executed pineapple finial trigger guard. The history of the pineapple in British history is most fascinating. It was brought to England through the likes of Capt. Cook and they represented the pinnacle of wealth, status and achievement. They were represented in architecture on buildings, and monuments, used as embellishment in trophies and household silver, and décor on furniture porcelain and flintlocks. They were so valuable in the 18th century that they could be rented for an evening to display [not to eat] on a dining table for the enjoyment and to impress ones dinner guests. Brass barrels and gun furniture was the deluxe option for pistols and guns and were similarly an expensive alternative to regular steel barrels and mounts. The all brass mounted pistols were often the weapon of choice for British naval officer's due to the corrosive nature of sea spray on steel mounted pistols, similarly as Royal Naval ship's blunderbusses tended to bear brass rather that steel barrels. Firearms, using some form of flintlock mechanism, were the main form of firearm for over 200 years. Not until the Reverend Alexander John Forsyth invented a rudimentary percussion cap system in 1807 did the flintlock system begin to decline in popularity. The percussion ignition system was more weatherproof and reliable than the flintlock, but the transition from flintlock to percussion cap was a slow one, and the percussion system was not widely used until around 1830. This is truly a delightful piece. 9 inch barrel, overall 14.5 inches. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good King William IVth Infantry Officers Sword 1830 With almost all it's original mercurial gilt intact. Gothic hilt with King William IVth crest. Pipe back blade. This is the very kind of sword used by Lt. Bromhead [as played by Michael Caine in "Zulu"] at Rorkes Drift in 1879. Photo in the gallery from the film "Zulu" and Michael Caine as Bromhead with his sword [for information only not included]. The 1822 pattern of sword with gothic hilt and King William's cypher in the pierced oval centre. Made around 1830 this sabre would have seen service by an officer at the very cusp of England's Glory of Empire. A sabre fit to represent the age and used throughout the Crimean War, the Indian Mutiny, the Zulu War and numerous other great and famous conflicts of the Victorian era. The 1822 pattern infantry with it's elegant pierced gothic style hilt, and the graceful monogramme of His Majesty King William Ivth make it one of the most attractive patterns of sword ever used by British Army officers, and it was a pattern that saw service for almost 80 years. The blade is plain and 'pipe backed' for added rigidity, and made for British sword's for only around 25 years, for when Henry Wilkinson developed his 1847 pattern blade, the pipe back pattern went out of fashion, and was rarely made after then. However many swords originally fitted with this form of blade were continually used for many decades, until the 1890's in fact, as swords were quite often passed on from father to son, down the generations, in many military families. No scabbard
A Very Good Late Georgian Press-Gang Persuader Cosh With a beautifully patinated turned walnut handle, rope linkage and turned walnut knob top. These scarce clubs are most attractive and extremely effective. The type used on press gangs and boarding raids by the boatswain. They continued to be useful in all manner of areas right through the Victorian era, both on land and sea.
A Very Good M.1822 French Imperial, Crimean War Period Cuirassier's Pistol Manufactured at the Imperial arsenal at St Etienne. Fully inspector marked throughout, with regimental markings and stock roundel stamp, and dated for the Crimean War. Good tight action, rifled barrel. Many pistols of this type were also imported to the USA during the Civil War. At the time of the Crimean War, the army of the Second Empire was a subscripted army, but was also the most proficient army in Europe. One of the more famous groups were the Zouaves. According to Captain George Brinton McClellan, an American Military Observer, the Zouaves were the "…most reckless, self-reliant, and complete infantry that Europe can produce. With his graceful dress, soldierly bearing, and vigilant attitude, the Zouave at an outpost is the beau ideal of a soldier." The French army consisted of the Imperial Guard infantry, the line infantry including the Foreign Legion, cavalry, artillery, and engineer troops. Sources suggest that between 45,000 and 100,000 French forces were involved at one time or the other in the Crimea. Service in the French army was for seven years, with re-enlistments in increments of seven years. The Battle of Eupatoria was the most important military engagement of the Crimean War on the Crimean theatre in 1855 outside Sevastopol. Ottoman forces were being transferred from the Danube front to the Crimean port of Eupatoria and the town was being fortified. Upon direct orders from the Czar who feared a wide-scale Ottoman offensive on the Russian flank, a Russian expeditionary force was formed under General Stepan Khrulev aiming to storm the base with a force variously estimated between 20,000 to 30,000. Khrulev hoped to take the Ottoman garrison by surprise on February 17, 1855. His intention failed to materialise, as both the Ottoman garrison and the Allied fleet anticipated the attack. The Russian artillery and infantry attacks were countered by heavy Allied artillery fire. Failing to make progress after three hours and suffering mounting casualties, Khrulev ordered a retreat. This reverse led to the dismissal of the Russian Commander-in-Chief Aleksandr Sergeyevich Menshikov and probably hastened the death of Nicholas I of Russia, who died several weeks after the battle. As for the battle's strategic importance, it confirmed that allied total command of the sea would ensure that the threat to the Russian flank would remain for the duration of hostilities. For the allies, possession of Eupatoria meant that the total investment of Sevastopol remained a viable option. For the Russians, they could not afford to commit unlimited resources from their vast army to the Crimea, for fear of a lightning allied thrust from Eupatoria closing the neck of the peninsula at Perekop. For the Ottomans, their Army had regained its self-esteem and to some extent its reputation; most French and British realised this, although others including the high command would stubbornly refuse to make further use of their fighting abilities in the Crimean theatre. A very nice example of French cavalry percussion pistol (Ref. "French Military Weapons 1717-1938", by James E. Hicks, pp. 81 and 94).
A Very Good Moghul Katar, 17th Century European Blade Indian katar from the era of Shah Jahan, fitted with a probably German sword blade end from the 1600s. Attached to the hilt with multi rivetting, and the chisseled hilt is overlaid in areas of sheet silver or gold suitable for a prince. It appears gold in colour but it may be aged silver. Painting [circa 1650] of Moghul Sháh Shujá was the second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. He was the governor of Bengal and Odissa and had his capital at Dhaka, presently Bangladesh.wearing his Katar in the gallery.
A Very Good Napoleonic Cavalry Sabre Russian Double Eagle Crest. Probably 18th to early 19th century from the era of Catherine the Great to Czar Alexander Ist. In the cossack sasqua style, worn with the blade cutting side up. With wlrus tooth hilt and engraved quillon bearing the Russian Romanov double crowned twin headed eagle crest with two cyrillic letters [English equivalent M E] within a shield. Leather scabbard with chequered decoration and wire decorative seaming at the throat. The 895 mm long overall. A little known fact about the Napoleon's campaign into Russia is that Napoleon’s army actually lost more men on the way to Moscow than on the way back. The heat, disease, battle and desertion meant that by the time the Russian capital was seen on the horizon he had lost half his men. Nevertheless, what was important to the Corsican General was that he had reached the city. Battles at Smolensk and Borodino along the way had been costly and hard-fought, but nothing Tsar Alexander had done had been able to halt the Imperial juggernaut in its tracks – though he had managed to extricate most of the Russian army intact from the fighting. In September the exhausted and bloodied Grand Armée reached Moscow with its promise of food and shelter, but it was not to be. So determined were the Russians to resist the invader that they burned their own old and beautiful capital in order to deny its uses to the French. Camped in a burned and empty shell, Napoleon dithered about whether to remain over the bitter winter or claim victory and march home. He was mindful of earlier campaigns into Russia – such as that of Charles XII of Sweden a century earlier – and made the fateful decision to return to friendly territory rather than face the snows without adequate shelter. When it became clear that the Russians would not accept a favourable peace, Napoleon marched his troops out of the city in October. It was already too late. As the once-great army trudged across the empty vastness of Russia, the cold set in, as early as the French generals could possibly have feared. And that was the least of their worries. The horses died first, for there was no food for them. Then after the men ate them they started dying too, for all the supplies in Moscow had been burned a month earlier. All the time, hordes of cossacks harassed the increasingly bedraggled rearguard, picking off stragglers and making the survivor’s lives a constant misery. Meanwhile, Alexander – advised by his experienced generals – refused to meet Napoleon’s military genius head-on, and wisely let his army dribble away in the Russian snows. Astonishingly, by the time the remnants of the Grand Armeé reached the Berezina river in late November it numbered just 27,000 effective men. 100,000 had given up and surrendered to the enemy, while 380,000 lay dead on the Russian steppes. 89.5 cm long overall
A Very Good Original Antique 12 Bore Barrel Cleaner With Cover A superb 19th century gun tool. With removable screw threaded carved horn handle. Made by W.Richards of Liverpool. Marked 12.
A Very Good Original Smith and Wesson No2 Army Revolver of The Civil War. Very nice tight action, brown finish early four figure serial number. One of the first cartridge taking revolvers used in the Civil War. George Armstrong Custer owned a pair presented to him by J.B.Sutherland. A very smart example in very nice order, original varnish to the walnut grips. Superbly crisp action. Photograph in the gallery of a Union soldier with his No2 S&W Army in his belt [for information only]. One of the few cartridge revolvers made that are allowable to own in the UK without licence or restriction. It was in fact the gun that made Smith and Wesson into the mighty arms company that it became, the No2 Army being so advanced for it's time that it rocketed the makers into the popular consciousness of America and indeed the world. It is from this revolver that the S&W 44 Russian, the 44 Single Action Army, and the Schofield evolved, probably the best revolvers ever made in the 19th century. A Smith and Wesson No 2 Army was carried by Wild Bill Hickok on the day he died holding Aces and Eights, called for ever more "the dead man's hand! In his memory, in the infamous card game in Deadwood. The larger calibre of the two tip-up revolver models that Smith & Wesson manufactured during the American Civil War, the No. 2 Army was a six-shot, single-action design. Slightly fewer than 40,000 No. 2 .32-caliber rim fire revolvers were made before the surrender at Appomattox in 1865, and many Union enlisted men and officers, including future President Rutherford B. Hayes and General George Armstrong Custer, elected to carry his No. 2 Army model for personal protection. A member of the 16th Kentucky Volunteers wrote that his pistol had killed two rebels while Corp. J.O. Sherwin ordered a dozen for his company in the 83rd Illinois. An 8th Iowa Infantry soldier wanted six of the Armies for his friends. Within a single month in 1864 requests for price lists came from the 126th Illinois at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, the 3rd Wisconsin Veteran Volunteers at Atlanta, the 115th Ohio at Murfreesboro, and the 38th US Coloured Regiment at Bermuda Hundred. Capt. Frederick Livermore, of a Massachusetts outfit, wrote that ’most of our officers have your make’. And a Capt. H. L. Wheat, 11th Missouri Cavalry, wrote that the S & W Army was the ’best belt revolver I have yet seen’. This opinion was echoed by Major D. Frazer, 13th New York Cavalry. Francis A. Bushee of Company F, 1st Mass. Cavalry, (Killed on 5/11/1864 at Ashland, VA) is known to have carried this model as did Lt. Washington M. Postley of the 78th New York Infantry Regiment and Capt. Gerard Reynolds, 11th Pa. Cavalry, who's No 2 Army was removed from his body when he was killed in action near Roanoke Station, Virginia. Wild Bill Hickok carried a No 2 Smith and Wesson Army as Marshall of Deadwood. There is a documented official state issue of the Number 2 as the National Archives have yielded records of a purchase of 731 of these revolvers by the State of Kentucky. All of Kentucky's Number 2 revolvers are thought to have been issued to the 7th Kentucky Cavalry. Desirable 6 inch long barrel model. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Pair of Crimean War, British Dragoon Tunic Shoulder Scales Epaulette is a type of ornamental shoulder piece or decoration used as insignia of rank by armed forces and other organizations. Epaulettes bear some resemblance to the shoulder pteruges of ancient Roman military costumes. However their direct origin lies in the bunches of ribbons worn on the shoulders of military coats at the end of the 17th century, which were partially decorative and partially intended to prevent shoulder belts from slipping. These ribbons were tied into a knot which left the fringed end free. This established the basic design of the epaulette as it evolved through the 18th and 19th centuries. From the 18th century on, epaulettes were used in the French, British and other armies to indicate rank. The rank of an officer could be determined by whether an epaulette was worn on the left shoulder, the right shoulder or on both. Later a "counter-epaulette" (with no fringe) was worn on the opposite shoulder of those who wore only a single epaulette. Epaulettes were made in silver or gold for officers, and in cloth of various colours for the enlisted men of various arms. By the early eighteenth century, epaulettes became the distinguishing feature of an officer, leading to officers of military units without epaulettes to petition their government for the right to wear epaulettes, to ensure that they would be recognized as officers. Certain cavalry specialties wore flexible metal epaulettes referred to as shoulder scales such as these. During the Napoleonic Wars and subsequently through the 19th century, grenadiers, light infantry, voltigeurs and other specialist categories of infantry in many European armies wore cloth epaulettes with wool fringes in various colours to distinguish them from ordinary line infantry. "Flying artillery" wore "wings", similar to an epaulette but with only a bit of fringe on the outside, which matched the shoulder seam. Heavy artillery wore small balls representing ammunition on their shoulders.
A Very Good Queens South Africa Medal Lancashire Fusiliers 3 Clasps. A superb medal from one of the great British Regiments of the Line. Known for their valour, determination and courage. The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.During the Second Boer War, the 2nd Battalion saw action at the Battle of Spion Kop in January 1900 and the Relief of Ladysmith in February 1900. The 6th (Militia) Battalion also served in the war, leaving for South Africa with 650 men on 10 February 1900. All three Volunteer Battalions also found 'service companies' of volunteers who served alongside the Regulars, and gained the battle honour South Africa 1900–1902 for their battalions. The Lancashire Fusiliers Boer War memorial is to be found in Whitehead Gardens, known as Clock Tower Gardens, in front of the Town Hall bordered by Manchester Road and Knowsley Street, Bury, Greater Manchester. It was originally situated in Market Place, Bury. It takes the form of a bronze statue of a soldier standing in Fusilier's dress, waving his cap, on a plinth upon which is the inscription. It lists the men who died from the Lancashire Fusiliers, regular, militia and volunteers, in South Africa 1900-1902. There are 170 brave souls names listed. The memorial was unveiled on 18th March 1905 by the 17th Earl of Derby; the sculptor was Sir George James Frampton.
A Very Good Steel 'Belted Bullet' Mould Marked 14 and WD (William Davies) A rare collectable for a 19th century 'grooved' British rifle. Cavity measures .750" at the bottom of the grooves. This mould casts a spherical ball with bands for groove rifling. This mould is in excellent plus condition. Overall length 7.5"
A Very Good Victorian 92nd Gordon Highlanders Silver Cross Belt Badge 92nd Regiment (Gordon) officer's crossbelt badge, silver plated 4 pointed star with St Andrew cross with battle honours, Sphinx below XCII Highlanders, with three threaded screw mounts.
A Very Good Year 13 French Cavalry Pistol Of The Napoleonic Wars Made at the Imperial Arsenal at Charleville dated 1808. Inspected by Charleville inspector Francois Tisseron [ held office from 1796 to 1815]. His mark is the T within a crown. Good overall used patinated condition, nice tight action. Used as a regimental issue sidearm, by the very best French, Napoleonic frontline cavalry, such as the carabineers, cuirassiers, chasseurs, dragoons and lancers, serving in Napoleon Bonaparte's Grande Armee during the Napoleonic Wars. It bears good stock markings, some struck out, and all fully marked steel and brass parts. Lock engraved Manufacture Imperial Charleville. This is the pistol pattern called AN 13 [year 13] which represents it first appeared and was issued in the 13th year of French Ist Republic of 1792. The French Republican Calendar or French Revolutionary Calendar was a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793. This would have seen service in the Elite Imperial Guard Cuirassiers of Napoleon's great heavy cavalry regiments. The Cuirassiers Heavy Cavalry Regiments used the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction at their last great conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and most of the Cuirassiers pistols now in England very likely came from that field of conflict, after the battle, as trophies of war. This pistol may well have been taken from a vanquished Cuirassier [as his pistol was drawn for combat] on the field of battle. One can imagine this pistol lying freely, or, maybe, even still clasped in his cold desperate hand, or even under his fallen steed, at the field of conflict at Waterloo. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions". A truly super Napoleonic pistol. The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815, and never again regained the wonder and glory that they truly deserved at that time. To face a regiment of, say, 600 charging steeds bearing down upon you mounted with armoured giants, brandishing the mightiest of swords that could pierce the strongest breast armour, much have been, quite simply, terrifying. Made in the period that Napoleon was Emperor and ruling most of Europe, it was used through the Royal restoration period, when Napoleon was imprisoned at Elba, and then during the War of the 100 days, culminating at Waterloo . All Napoleon's heavy Cavalry Regiments fought at Waterloo, there were no reserve regiments, and all the Cuirassiers, without exception fought with their extraordinary resolve, bravery and determination. The Hundred Days started after Napoleon, separated from his wife and son, who had come under Austrian control, was cut off from the allowance guaranteed to him by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, and aware of rumours he was about to be banished to a remote island in the Atlantic Ocean, Napoleon escaped from Elba on 26 February 1815. He landed at Golfe-Juan on the French mainland, two days later. The French 5th Regiment was sent to intercept him and made contact just south of Grenoble on 7 March 1815. Napoleon approached the regiment alone, dismounted his horse and, when he was within gunshot range, shouted, "Here I am. Kill your Emperor, if you wish." The soldiers responded with, "Vive L'Empereur!" and marched with Napoleon to Paris; Louis XVIII fled. On 13 March, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw and four days later Great Britain, the Netherlands, Russia, Austria and Prussia bound themselves to put 150,000 men into the field to end his rule. Napoleon arrived in Paris on 20 March and governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. By the start of June the armed forces available to him had reached 200,000 and he decided to go on the offensive to attempt to drive a wedge between the oncoming British and Prussian armies. The French Army of the North crossed the frontier into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in modern-day Belgium. Napoleon's forces fought the allies, led by Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Wellington's army withstood repeated attacks by the French and drove them from the field while the Prussians arrived in force and broke through Napoleon's right flank. The French army left the battlefield in disorder, which allowed Coalition forces to enter France and restore Louis XVIII to the French throne. Off the port of Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, after consideration of an escape to the United States, Napoleon formally demanded political asylum from the British Captain Frederick Maitland on HMS Bellerophon on 15 July 1815. The pistol is in very nice condition overall, just lacking ramrod and a sliver of wood around the rear of the lock which was sustained as combat damage in its working life. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good, Imperial French Napoleonic Wars Briquet, Boutet of Versailles A fine Waterloo gem!. All of the Elite Imperial Guard sword hilts were supplied from Versailles. The Versailles Director was Nicolas-Noel Boutet, probably the greatest & most respected arms maker that has ever lived, his pistols and guns, made for King Louis XVI and Napoleon, are some of the most beautiful objects ever created by man. This grenadiers sword was made at the Versailles and carried by one of Napoleon's beloved grenadiers. Grenadiers were the elite of the line infantry and the veteran shock troops of the Napoleonic infantry. Newly formed battalions did not have a Grenadier company; rather, Napoleon ordered that after two campaigns, several of the strongest, bravest and tallest fusiliers were to be promoted to the Grenadier company, so each line battalion which had seen more than two campaigns had one company of Grenadiers. Regulations required that Grenadiers recruits were to be the tallest, most fearsome men in the regiments, and all were to have moustaches. To add to this, Grenadiers were initially equipped the a bonnet à poil or bearskin, as well as red epaulettes on their coat. After 1807 regulations stipulated that line Grenadiers were to replace their bearskin with a shako lined red with a red plume; however, many chose to retain their bearskins. In addition to the standard Charleville model 1777 and bayonet, Grenadiers were also equipped with this short sabre, the sabrebriquet. The Grenadier company would usually be situated on the right side of a formation, traditionally the place of greatest honour since the days of hoplite warfare in which a corps' right flank had less protection from the shield line of its formation. During a campaign, Grenadier companies could be detached to form a Grenadier battalion or occasionally a regiment or brigade. These formations would then be used as a shock force or the Vanguard for a larger formation. Napoleon took great care of his Guard, particularly the Old Guard. The Grenadiers of the Old Guard were known to complain in the presence of the Emperor, giving them the nickname Les Grognards, the Grumblers. The Guard received better pay, rations, quarters, and equipment, and all guardsmen ranked one grade higher than all non-Imperial Guard soldiers. Other French soldiers even referred to Napoleon's Imperial Guard as "the Immortals." The Guard played a major part in the climax of the Battle of Waterloo. It was thrown into the battle at the last minute to salvage a victory for Napoleon. Completely out-numbered, it faced terrible fire from the British lines, and began to retreat. For the first (and only) time in its history the Middle Guard retreated without orders. At the sight of this, Napoleon's army lost all hope of victory. The Middle Guard broke completely but the Old Guard (and some of the Young Guard) battalions held their formation and secured the retreat of the remainder of the French Army before being almost annihilated by British and Prussian artillery fire and cavalry charges. The words "La Garde meurt mais ne se rend pas!" (The Guard dies but does not surrender!) is generally attributed to General Pierre Cambronne. It has been suggested that this was in fact said by another general of the Guard, Claude-Etienne Michel, during their last stand at the Battle of Waterloo. The retort to a request to surrender may have been "La Garde meurt, elle ne se rend pas!" ("The Guard dies, it does not surrender!"). Letters published in The Times in June 1932 record that they may have been said by General MichelAn XI pattern, spine of the blade with traces of engraving, Manu. Imple. Napoleonic inspectors stamps B for J.G.Bick [controller 1807] and Versailles. A briquet is a French infantryman's short sword. Overall very bright and clean.
A Very Good, Victorian, Wilkinson Sword, Royal Irish Lancers Sabre Recorded in the Wilkinson Sword Register as belonging to a 5th Lancers Officer, Basil St.john Mundy from 1882. Basil St John Mundy was born on 4 April 1862, and appointed Lieutenant in the 1st Dragoon Guards on 2 August 1882, and transferred to the 5th Lancers shortly afterwards. He was promoted to Captain in August 1887 and promoted to Major in April 1897. He qualified and was awarded the Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89, 1 clasp, Suakin 1885 He served with the Sudan Expedition in 1885. A sword of a lancer officer and exactly as is shown like the sword used by Winston Spencer Churchill, adorned in his uniform the 4th Hussars. The pattern of sword used throughout Queen Victoria's reign right up to 1912. Purchased by an officer of the 5th Lancers. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers joined the Nile Expedition in autumn 1884. It then fought against the forces of Osman Digna near Suakin in 1885 during the Mahdist War. The regiment fought at the Battle of Elandslaagte on 21 October 1899, at the Battle of Rietfontein on 24 October 1899 and at the Siege of Ladysmith in November 1899 during the Second Boer War. The Nile Expedition, sometimes called the Gordon Relief Expedition (1884–85), was a British mission to relieve Major-General Charles George Gordon at Khartoum, Sudan. Gordon had been sent to the Sudan to help Egyptians evacuate from Sudan after Britain decided to abandon the country in the face of a rebellion led by self-proclaimed Mahdi, Mahommed Ahmed. A contingent of Canadians was recruited to help the British navigate their small boats up the Nile River. The Nile Expedition was the first overseas expedition by Canadians in a British imperial conflict, although the Nile Voyageurs were civilians employees and did not wear uniforms. The expedition and its background are vividly described in Winston Churchill's book The River War. Winston's former regiment, the 4th, saw action, as part of the light brigade under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan, at the Battle of Alma in September 1854.The regiment was in the second line of cavalry on the right flank during the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854. The brigade drove through the Russian artillery before smashing straight into the Russian cavalry and pushing them back; it was unable to consolidate its position, however, having insufficient forces and had to withdraw to its starting position, coming under further attack as it did so.The regiment lost 4 officers and 55 men in the debacle. Private Samuel Parkes was awarded the Victoria Cross during the charge for saving the life of a Trumpeter, Hugh Crawford. The regiment became the 4th (Queen's Own) Hussars in 1861 and Winston Churchill was commissioned as a cornet in the 4th Hussars in February 1895. The 5th Lancers battle honours received were; Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Suakin 1885, Defence of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899–1902 The Great War: Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Messines 1914, Ypres 1914, 1915, Gheluvelt, St. Julien, Bellewaarde, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917, Somme 1918, St. Quentin, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Canal du Nord, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1914–18
A Very Impressive and Good King George IIIrd Iron Signal Cannon Napoleonic wars period. With a fine, possibly later, hand made oak carriage. A superb desk ornament originally made for use in the early 19th century to start races or events. Historically miniature cannon were also often made and presented to the British Royal children [males] of Sovereign issue. Young King Charles Iind [when Prince of Wales] had around fifteen of such pieces of armament. This beautiful artillery piece would look astounding on a desk, or as an embellishment to a fine and stately gentleman's library or office, or indeed a conference room. No better statement of power, grandeur and distinction can be reflected by this attractive, original King George IIIrd period, working signal cannon, based on the great Royal Naval Cannon that bestrode the great 18th century 100 gunner warships, such as Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory, the leviathan of the seven seas. It is around 40cm long overall and 17cm wide. Height max 20 cm Weighing approx 7 kilos
A Very Nice 19th Century Dixon & Son Pistol Powder Flask In nice order with working spring spout with three adjustable gram measures. 4.75 inches long overall. A delightful piece with pressed shell pattern in copper with gilt spout. Super patina.
A Very Nice 19th Century Zulu War Period Dagger, a Shona Bakatwa Made with the traditional leaf shaped blade, carved wood hilt and scabbard. The scabbard and hilt had been decorated in typical form of Zulu wire-work, a decorative fashion that originated utilising cut down British telegraph copper wire. Bound in it's highly distinctive spiral pattern also seen on Zulu knopkerie and assegai [war club and spear] in the period of the latter part of 19th century. Shona tribe Bakatwa were and are passed down from generation to generation in a lineage, and were used in religious rituals to symbolise the presence of the owner’s ancestors, the dagger or sword’s previous owners. In these rituals, the owner addressed the bakatwa as if it was the physical embodiment of his ancestors. This link between the spirits and these edged weapons also meant that n’angas (diviner-healers) and svikiros (spirit-mediums) carried them as the insignia of their profession. Certain Shona hunters were traditionally believed to be under the spiritual influence and guidance of deceased hunters, known as shave spirits, so they also carried bakatwa as a symbol of their spirit ally. In historical times, all Shona men carried a knife or sword of some kind, for use in self-defence and hunting. The ceremonial bakatwa can be distinguished from everyday Shona blades (known as banga) because of its double-edged form and the intricate woven brass wire decoration on the hilt. This weapon was accorded a high level of prestige and status in traditional Shona religious practice.13 inches long overall. Similar examples can be viewed at the Pitt Rivers Museum Oxford. The Pitt Rivers Museum cares for the University of Oxford's collection of anthropology and world archaeology. Not a valuable piece, so easily affordable, yet very interesting
A Very Nice Black Coral Handled Sinhalese Knife Piha-Kaetta (Pihiya) A Fine Sinhalese Knife Piha-Kaetta (Pihiya) from Sri Lanka, Late 17th early 18th Century The Pihiya is a very well known Ceylonese small Knife with a straight-backed blade and a curved cutting edge. The Pihiya Handle and part of the blade are beautifully and finely engraved and decorated with delicate tendrils, the powerful hilt is made out of different combinations of materials such as Gold, Silver, Brass, Copper, Rock Crystal, Ivory, Horn, Black Coral Steel and Wood. Sometimes the Gold or Silver mounts extend down halfway the blade. Handles were made in a certain and very distinctive form, occasionally they were made in the form of serpentines or a mythical creature’s head, similar to our current lot. The Kaetta means a beak or billhook, it is a similar but larger knife to the Pihiya, it has a blade with a carved back and a straight cutting edge that curves only towards the tip. The finest examples were made at the four workshop (Pattal-Hatara), where a selected group of craftsmen worked exclusively for the King and his court, and were bestowed to nobles and officials together with the kasthané and a cane as a sign of rank and / or office. Others were presented as diplomatic gifts. Many of the best knives were doubtless made in the Four Workshops, such as is this example, the blades being supplied to the silversmith by the blacksmiths. "The best of the higher craftsmen (gold and silversmiths, painters, and ivory carvers, etc.) working immediately for the king formed a close, largely hereditary, corporation of craftsmen called the Pattal-hatara (Four Workshops). They were named as follows; The Ran Kadu [Golden Arms], the Abarana [Regalia], the Sinhasana [Lion Throne], and the Otunu [Crown] these men worked only for the King, unless by his express permission (though, of course, their sons or pupils might do otherwise); they were liable to be continually engaged in Kandy, while the Kottal-badda men were divided into relays, serving by turns in Kandy for periods of two months. The Kottal-badda men in each district were under a foreman (mul-acariya) belonging to the Pattal-hatara. Four other foremen, one from each pattala, were in constant attendance at the palace. Prince Vijaya was a legendary king of Sri Lanka, mentioned in the Pali chronicles, including Mahavamsa. He is the first recorded King of Sri Lanka. His reign is traditionally dated to 543–505 bce. According to the legends, he and several hundred of his followers came to Lanka after being expelled from an Indian kingdom. In Lanka, they displaced the island's original inhabitants (Yakkhas), established a kingdom and became ancestors of the modern Sinhalese people.
A Very Nice, Antique, Carved Hilted Stiletto Dirk Small double edged blade, gold tooled Morocco leather scabbard. Nickel 'S' quillon. A delightful compact dagger of most fine quality and style. At the time of it's use in the 19th century, one could easily have been unimpressed by it's lack of size, however, in the right hands it would have been as effective, if not more so, than a three foot sabre. The prefect accessory for a gentleman, or indeed lady, in need of close quarter protection. 10 inches long overall. This dagger will not be effected by any imminent UK ivory ban due to the antique ivory weight compostion being less than 10%.
A Very Rare English 12 Shot Revolver By G.Hanson of Yorkshire Circa 1860's By G.Hanson of Doncaster, Yorkshire. Likely the son and successor to S. Hanson who was a recorded Doncaster in the 1830's. Birmingham proofed barrel, fluted cylinder, deluxe scroll engraved frame. This is a true untouched beauty. In fabulous condition with much of its original deluxe blue finish remaining. The 12 shot pinfire revolver was rare at the time of it's use, during the 1860's to 1890's, but they are even rarer now, as so few survived the past century. Generally accredited with the invention of the pinfire cartridge, in 1835, is Casimir Lefaucheux. This was the year in which the French company, Gevelot, manufacturers of percussion caps, began commercial production of pinfire shotgun cartridges, the invention of which they credited to Lefaucheux. Lefaucheux’s cartridge consisted of a paper tube with a brass head out of the rim of which, at right angles to the case, sticks a pin. The hammer of the gun drove this pin into the internal primer, igniting the powder charge. The effectiveness of this system was improved greatly when in the mid 1840’s, another Frenchman, Houillier, invented a base wad which made the cartridge gas tight and gave it more strength. Still the British gun makers largely ignored this new idea until it was displayed at the Crystal Palace Exhibition in 1851. It was here that Joseph Lang recognised the pinfire as a great step forward and began making improvements, including making the bolt mechanism less liable to wear during continuous use. In 1856 the Scottish firm of John Dickson & Sons sold their first pinfire with James Purdy following suit a year later. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables . Barrel 4.75 inches, 7mm calibre.
A Very Rare US Civil War 'C.Howard' Rimfire Long Gun with Underlever Action The Howard-Whitney Thunderbolt. This is undoubtedly one of the scarcest patent action guns made in the 1860's used in the American Civil War. .44 Cal Rimfire cartridge. There are elements of similarity in this rifle to the profile of Jean Baptiste Revol's [of New Orleans] patent breech loading rifle of 1853. In America around this time all manner of new gun actions and mechanisms were being created, in order to utilize the latest breech loading cartridges that had been designed to replace the outdated percussion muzzle loading system. This rifle, although not in pristine condition, and showing an overall russet finish, is a mighty rare gun and a must for collectors of rare patented long guns from this incredible era. For it was this very time, when no one new for certain which way the new cartridges could be made to function to their best advantage, that probably the most significant weapons were being created, and those systems and actions were to mould the whole industry of arms production even until today. Great and legendary gunsmiths, such as Henry [who sold out to Winchester], were striving to create the best, most efficient, and indeed most marketable methods to evolve the rifle into the next level of development and progress, and this is likely one of those that simply failed to make the grade. This gun is one of only 2000 Mr. C. Howard's patent guns ever made, including the examples made under contract by Whitney Arms of Conn. USA. Made from the 1862 patent by Howard from the Civil War and by Whitney from 1866 to 1870. Most examples are marked by Whitney but just a few earlier examples were completely unmarked, and this is one of those. Some came to England in the late 19th century some after the war, so although a very rare gun, it is far rarer here in the UK. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Rare, Royal Navy Open Half-Basket Hilted Sword, with Pierced Anchor This is a super Royal Naval sword from the early to mid 19th century, and a most rarely seen type. The guard has a fully carved and open half-basket pierced hilt, inset with a royal, crowned anchor. The grip is carved ribbed horn with fine and original multi wire binding. Plain steel, Wilkinson post 1827 pattern blade. Swords of this rare form are described, in the pre-eminent standard work 'Swords for Sea Service' by May and Annis, Volume 1, page 43. Very few of this sword type exist, and they describe them as, possibly, being made around the 1827-28 period, at the very cusp when the new regulations for naval officer's pattern swords were being set, and the swordmakers were pre-empting the regulations before being fully aware of their officially designated patterns. It certainly resembles the later Master-at-Arms sword's pattern, but, although that pattern was set in regulations with a plain or stepped pommel and black grip, as this one has, it was also set as having a solid half basket, the same as was deemed for the standard officer's sword. There is also conjecture that it was a sword made for midshipmen, but no full determination or firm conclusion has been made. In the National Maritime Museum collection there are only two similar, but with pipe back blades, and one has a lion pommel, with mane back strap, and an ivory grip. According to May and Annis it is concluded that they were anonomolous variants, and although used in service, very little of them is actually known, and very rarely are two quite the same ever seen. An absolute must for the collector of the various patterns of British Naval swords, and for the collector of rare British service swords. In forty years we have never seen quite it's like before, in comparison to the thousands of standard naval officers swords that we have had and sold. It comes with two brass scabbard mounts, one monogrammed E M. 32.25 inch long blade.
A Very Scarce British Boer War Sam Browne & .455 Service Holster Used in the Boer War and into WW1. A very interesting example and black, with two crossover straps for the Cameronian Rifle regiment. A nice early British army officers Sam Browne, this is Victorian issue as can be told by the fact that it has large fully round brass attachment loops hanging down these were replaced by the common D ring type around 1900.
A Very Scarce British Colonial Flank Company Officer's Sword Circa 1795 Swords of the EIC British officers were often quite distinctive in their extravagant design. This rare style is typically shown in this fine sword's copper gilt hilt. With gilt rivetted wooden grip and extremely curved, flattened side, steel blade. In 1798, Tippu Sultan ruler of Mysore formed a vague alliance with the French, which gave the British governor-general Lord Wellesley a pretext to invade Mysore in alliance with the nizam of Hyderabad. Tippu was killed May, 1799 defending his capital at Shrirangapattana. This event against the 'Tiger of Mysore' was the subject of one of the later 'Sharpe of the 95th' books by Bernard Cornwall. His kingdom was divided among the victors. The East India Co. [for those who are unfamiliar with it] was one of the largest organisations ever to have existed, and it even had it's own Army and Navy, large and powerful enough to rival those any of any country in the world. It was run by British Officers and Gentleman, in India, to enable peaceful free trade throughout the British Empire. Founded by Royal Charter in 1600 it continued until 1858. It's successes were numerous and included the Victory of Sir Robert Clive [Clive of India] at the Battle of Plassey and the eradication of the infamous and fearful 'Thuggees' of the Cult of Kali. It created the greatest trading cities in the world Hong Kong and Singapore, it's Shipyards were the model for Peter the Great's city of St Petersberg.
A Very Scarce French Chassepot Rifle Musketoon Modele 1866 Colonial Inlay Last used by the French Colonial Spahi in WW1. The scarce French Army Musketoon model, St Etienne. Converted to the Gras system in 1874. Used from the Franco Prussian war right throught WW1 by the French Colonial Spahi. This rifle was laterly renamed the 1866-74 after it was converted to the Gras system. Then in the latter part of its working life this rifle has been transferred to the French colonial troops, the famous Spahi, and over decoratedby them with typical Spahi flamboyant inlays at the butt. We show photos of a French Curassier using his 1866 Chassepot musketoon in the Franco Prussian War, French Infantry using their Chassepot, and the French Colonial Spahi using the 1866-74 musketoon into WW1. Spahis were light cavalry regiments of the French army recruited primarily from the indigenous populations of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco. The modern French Army retains one regiment of Spahis as an armoured unit, with personnel now recruited in mainland France. Senegal also maintains a mounted unit with spahi origins as a presidential escort: the Red Guard.he spahi regiments saw extensive service in the French conquest of Algeria, in the Franco-Prussian War, in Tonkin towards the end of the Sino-French War (1885), in the occupation of Morocco and Syria, and in both World Wars. A detachment of Spahis served as the personal escort of Marshal Jacques Leroy de Saint Arnaud in the Crimean War and were photographed there by Roger Fenton. A contingent of Spahis also participated in the North China campaign of 1860. During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 one detached squadrons of Spahis formed part of the forces defending Paris, while a provisional regiment comprising three squadrons was attached to the Army of the Loire.[2] A serious rising against French rule in Algeria during 1871–72 was sparked off by the mutiny of a squadron of Spahis who had been ordered to France to reinforce those units already there. Pahis were sent to France at the outbreak of war in August 1914. They saw service during the opening period of mobile warfare but inevitably their role diminished with the advent of trench warfare. During World War I the number of units increased with the creation of Moroccan Spahi regiments and the expansion of the Algerian arm. By 1918 there were seven Spahi regiments then in existence, all having seen service on the Western Front, in addition a detached squadron had served in Palestine against the Ottoman Empire. 11mm calibre, .20+ inch barrel. Obsolete antique no licence required. Its inventor was, Antoine Alphonse Chassepot, and it became the French service weapon in 1866. It was first used at the battlefield at Mentana, November 1867, where it inflicted severe losses on Garibaldi's troops. The event was reported at the French Parliament: "Les Chassepots ont fait merveille!", {The Chassepots did marvelous execution !} In the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) it proved greatly superior to the German Dreyse needle gun, outranging it by 2 to 1. Although it was a smaller caliber but the chassepot ammunition had more gunpowder and thus faster muzzle velocity. The Chassepots were responsible for most of the Prussian and other German casualties during the conflict. Small Gras cartridge adaption bolt head lacking. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Scarce US Civil War Naval Cutlass, Likely Confederate Contract Very Fine cutlass by Schnitzler and Kirschbaum (S & K)....A well known contract supplier to both North and South in the American Civil War. In the past 45 years we have had only about a dozen Confederate short cutlass swords of this type, some artillery, some naval, but the common universal theme was that every one has been completely different. This is such a rarity as to be most intriguing, and it is also very fine quality, and the way the cutlass blade has been mounted into the hilt is unique and extremely effective. A remarkably strong robust and powerful blade, this sword could very easily cut a coconut assunder, and very few swords could do that. Before the Confederate States seceeded, the South during the 1850's, had limited ship building capability, only building 19 steam ships before 1860. Thus in regarding building up a formidable naval force, a Confederate Congress committee on August 27, 1862, reported: "Before the war, nineteen steam war vessels had been built in the States forming the Confederacy, and the engines for all of these had been contracted for in those States. All the labour or materials requisite to complete and equip a war vessel could not be commanded at any one point of the Confederacy. [The Navy Department] had erected a powder-mill which supplies all the powder required by our navy; two engine, boiler and machine shops, and five ordnance workshops. It has established eighteen yards for building war vessels, and a rope-walk, making all cordage from a rope-yarn to a 9-inch cable, and capable of turning out 8,000 yards per month .... Of vessels not ironclad and converted to war vessels, there were 44. The department has built and completed as war vessels, 12; partially constructed and destroyed to save from the enemy, 10; now under construction, 9; ironclad vessels now in commission, 12; completed and destroyed or lost by capture, 4; in progress of construction and in various stages of forwardness, 23."
A Victorian 1881 Inniskilling Fusiliers Busby Helmet Grenade In October 1899 war broke out between the United Kingdom and the Boer Republics. The 1st Battalion landed at Durban, where they became part of the 5th (Irish) Brigade. The battalion was involved in a series of military reverses at the hands of the Boers that became known as the "Black Week", culminating in defeat at the Battle of Colenso. The unit subsequently took part in the Tugela Campaign before helping relieve Ladysmith in early 1900. The regiment lent its name to "Inniskilling Hill", which was taken by the 5th brigade on 24/25 February 1900. In 1914 the Great War broke out and the 2nd Battalion was first to see action in the Battle of Le Cateau. The 1st Battalion participated in the Landing at Cape Helles on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915 with the 29th Division. There were also nine New Army battalions raised seeing service with the 10th (Irish) Division, the 16th (Irish) Division and the 36th (Ulster) Division on the Western Front and at Gallipoli, the Macedonian Campaign and Palestine.
A Victorian British Connaught Rangers Officer's Helmet Tin the case which is emblazoned with the makers name Hawkes and a brass plaque with the officer's name and regiment engraved, Addis Delacombe Esq Connaught Rangers. The 1st Battalion deployed to South Africa as part of 5th (Irish) Brigade which was commanded by Major-General Fitzroy Hart. The Rangers took part in numerous engagements during the Boer War. The regiment took part in the Battle of Colenso on 15 December, part of the attempt to relieve the town of Ladysmith, besieged by Boer forces. The Rangers and the rest of the 5th (Hart's) Brigade, who were on the left flank, had been forced to perform over 20 minutes of drill before the advance. The Brigade suffered heavily during their participation in the battle, the Boers inflicting heavy casualties. The advance was met with a fire from three sides that forced them to withdraw. The battle ended in defeat for the British. That battle and two previous defeats at Magersfontein and Stormberg became known as 'Black Week'. The Rangers fought at Spion Kop and the Tugela Heights during further attempts by General Sir Redvers Buller to relieve the besieged town of Ladysmith. In late February the siege of Ladysmith finally came to an end after it was relieved by British forces. The regiment was awarded the battle honour Relief of Ladysmith in addition to South Africa 1899–1902. The 5th Brigade subsequently deployed to Kimberley and took part in further operations against the Boer guerillas. The Rangers finally departed South Africa for Ireland after the Boer War ended in 1902, and were also awarded the theatre honour. In 1908 the 1st Battalion arrived in India while the 2nd Battalion returned home to Ireland. The 1st and 2nd battalions of the regiment were given new Colours by HM King George V in 1911. The 2nd Battalion had left Ireland and was in England when the "war to end all wars", the First World War, began in August 1914. This tin is in untouched condition and could be much improved with simple cleaning but we have left 'as is' for those that prefer it as such.
A Victorian British Yataghan Bladed Bayonet For The Enfield Rifle Used on the Indian Mutiny Enfield 2 Band Rifles. With a good recurved Yataghan blade, three rivet chequered leather grip, steel mounted leather scabbard. These Bayonets were also very popular and used by both the North and South in the American Civil War. Locking button lacking.
A Victorian Durham Light Infantry Helmet Plate Ist Volunteer Battalion In white metal with black centre. The 1st Durham Rifle Volunteer Corps was formed at Stockton-on-Tees in 1860, and in 1880 was amalgamated with other Durham corps, from Darlington, Castle Eden and Middlesbrough, to form a battalion of eight companies. The 1st Durhams later became the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the Durham Light Infantry and as such gained the battle honour `South Africa 1900-02' for the services of its members during the Boer War.
A Victorian Fifth Royal Irish Lancers Tchapka Helmet Plate In superb condition, fabulous bronze patina and two helmet screw posts.Queen Victoria's crown. The regiment was originally formed in 1689 as James Wynne's Regiment of Dragoons. They fought in the Battle of the Boyne and at the Battle of Aughrim under William of Orange. Renamed the Royal Dragoons of Ireland, they went on to serve with the Duke of Marlborough during the Spanish War of Succession and earned three battle honours there.In 1751, they were retitled 5th Regiment of Dragoons and in 1756 the 5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons. As such, they served in Ireland and were active during the Irish Rebellion of 1798. However, they were accused of treachery; their accusers claimed their ranks had been infiltrated by rebels. (According to Continental Magazine, April 1863, the unit refused to attack a group of rebels.) This accusation appears to have been false, but nevertheless they were disbanded at Chatham in 1799. The regiment was reformed in 1858, keeping its old number and title, but losing precedence, being ranked after the 17th Lancers. It was immediately converted into a lancer regiment and titled 5th (or Royal Irish) Regiment of Dragoons (Lancers). In 1861, it was renamed the 5th (or Royal Irish) Lancers and then the 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers. The regiment served in India and a section served in Egypt in 1885, taking part in the battles at Suakin. It served with distinction in the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1902, gaining battle honours at Battle of Elandslaagte and The Defence of Ladysmith. The regiment then returned to England where it stayed until the outbreak of World War I, when it became part of the British Expeditionary Force and saw action continually from 1914 to 1918 in some of the war's bloodiest battles. During the battle of Bourlon Wood George William Burdett Clare received the Victoria Cross posthumously. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers won a total of 20 battle honours during the Great War. The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers also has the grim honour of being the regiment of the last British soldier to die in the Great War. This was Private George Edwin Ellison from Leeds, who was killed by a sniper as the regiment advanced into Mons a short time before the armistice came into effect. The regiment was renamed 5th Royal Irish Lancers and disbanded in 1921, but a squadron was reconstituted in 1922 and immediately amalgamated with the 16th The Queen's Lancers to become the 16th/5th Lancers The Royal Irish Lancers were in Mons at the time of retreat in 1914 but escaped and returned on Armistice Day. The last cavalry regiment out and the first back!. The memorial panel we show in the gallery records the return welcomed by the Maire and the Curé. The scene is taken from a painting, “5th Lancers, Re-entry into Mons”, last heard of in the private collection of a Belgian citizen. This in turn is almost a mirror image of a painting “5th Lancers, Retreat from Mons” (whereabouts unknown). In the former, the troopers are heading in the opposite direction to the “Retreat”, and a middle-aged priest and a pregnant woman watching the departure of the regiment among a worried-looking crowd of Belgian citizens have subtly changed: the priest is now white-haired and the mother holds up her four-year-old child, having lived through the occupation of the German forces in Mons for four years. The Great War 1914 The 5 Lancers, as part of the 3rd Cavalry Brigade, were heavily involved and played a major role in the initial mobile actions fought by the BEF. They gained the distinction of being the last cavalry regiment to withdraw from Mons during the retreat; they also had the privilege to be the first British regiment to re-enter Mons after the pursuit in November 1918. Generally the First World War is described as a war of trench deadlock primarily fought by the infantry, gunners and engineers, this assessment is correct. It must however be remembered that cavalry regiments were expected to take their place in the line from time to time and did share the privations of trench warfare suffered by the infantry. On a number of occasions 5 L particularly distinguished themselves: in the defence of Guillemont Farm, June 1917, 3 MCs, and 4 MMs were won and during the defence of Bourlon Wood in 1918 Private George Clare won a posthumous VC. While the main focus of the First World War remained with the armies fighting on the western front it was by no means the only theatre of war. In 1918 Allenby, a 5th Lancer and later a Field Marshal, reorganised British forces in the Middle East pushing his lines forward into northern Palestine. Allenby's Army broke through at Megiddo resulting in the collapse of Turkish resistance. 8.25 inches x 5 inches approx.
A Victorian Kaffrarian Rifles Badge, of South Africa, Motto "Nunc animus" Nunc animus (meaning "Now with courage" or "Now without fear") This unit was formed in East London in 1876, as the Buffalo Corps of Rifle Volunteers, for service in the 9th Frontier War. It disbanded in 1879. (East London is situated on the Buffalo River, hence the name). The unit was re-formed in July 1883 and was named after the region of Kaffraria, the 19th-century name for the region around East London. There had previously been many other units from this region, from which the Regiment can also claim descent: Kaffrarian Volunteer Corps, Kaffrarian Mounted Rifles (Kaffrarian Rangers), Buffalo Volunteer Rifles Corps, Buffalo Volunteer Engineers, Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery Corps, Berlin Mounted Volunteers, Cape Mounted Yeomanry (1st Regiment), Frontier Mounted Riflemen (Brabant's Horse), East London Volunteers (Von Linsignen's Buffalo Corps and later Walkers Horse). On 1 December 1900 George Herbert Farrar was appointed as a Major in the Kaffrarian Rifles. In 1913 it was embodied in the Citizen Force as the 5th Infantry (Kaffrarian Rifles), but regained its old name in 1932. The unit was temporarily amalgamated with the First City Regiment, as the First City/The Kaffrarian Rifles from 1954 to 1956. In order to keep pace with the changing political climate in South Africa, the regiment was renamed the Buffalo Volunteer Rifles in 1999. This Regiment and its predecessors took part in all of South Africa's armed conflicts, including the Bechuanaland Campaign (1897), the Second Boer War, World War I (when it fought in the then German South-West Africa and most of its members went on to serve in East Africa and Europe), World War II (when it fought in the Western Desert during 1941 - 1943 . 62 mm high
A Victorian Policeman's Set, Handcuffs, Belt, Armband & Truncheon This is a wonderful Victorian London police officer's set from the era of Jack The Ripper, and used into the early Edwardian London. All original set, a fabulous pair of 'Derby's' serial numbered with matching original key, marked by Hiatt, key with coat chain and bar, a fine walnut truncheon in excellent condition, a superb constables leather 'snake buckle' belt with Crown M.P stamp to the inner part, and the Policeman's "Duty" band/armlet pre 1880 type. From the mid 1800's the Police wore a band on the lower left sleeve to show when they were on duty. This earliest version is a white backing with two narrow dark blue stripes running horizontally around it. In the 1880's these usually changed to equal width stripes of blue and white running vertically around it.
A Victorian Queen's South Africa Medal Awarded to Private Hogg 14th Company Imperial Yeomanry. On 13 December 1899, the decision to allow volunteer forces serve in the Second Boer War was made. Due to the string of defeats during Black Week in December, 1899, the British government realized they were going to need more troops than just the regular army, thus issuing a Royal Warrant on 24 December 1899. This warrant officially created the Imperial Yeomanry. In February 1900 the Yeomanry's commander was Major-General J. P. Brabazon, being in South Africa at the time, followed shortly by Lord Chesham who was appointed as its brigadier-general. The Royal Warrant asked standing Yeomanry regiments to provide service companies of approximately 115 men each. In addition to this, many British citizens (usually mid-upper class) volunteered to join the new regiment. Although there were strict requirements, many volunteers were accepted with substandard horsemanship/marksmanship; however, they had significant time to train while awaiting transport. The first contingent of recruits contained 550 officers, 10,371 men in 20 battalions of four companies each, which arrived in South Africa between February and April, 1900. Upon arrival, the regiment was sent throughout the zone of operations.
A Victorian Royal Artillery Undress Pouch and Bullion Cross Belt Gold bullion crossbelt with gilt bronze fitting of traditional finest quality. A leather undress pouch with gilt brass swivel mounts. Reverse of leather pouch with old score marks. The undress pouch is in patent leather with gilt Royal Artillery badge and motto. The belt has superb original bullion with gilt bronze mounts, embellished finely cast acanthus leaves and the flaming canon ball. The design of the full dress pouch followed that of the full dress sabretache in that the royal arms were central over the battle honour, UBIQUE, latin for 'everywhere'. Laurel leaves are on the left and oak leaves on the right. Below UBIQUE is a metal gun badge, and below that is a three part scroll with the regimental motto QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT - Where Right and Glory Lead. This pouch was worn for special occasions. Mostly the full dress pouch belt was worn with the undress black leather pouch. A vintage photo in the gallery show a Royal Artillery officer wearing his cross belt and pouches [however, the pouches are worn across the back and not visible from the front in this photo].
A Victorian Zande or Mengbetu, Trombash Power Authority Knife Knife consisting of a short cylindrical wooden handle, round in section, with a flat end bound in iron banding at the pommel end. The other end of this is cut flat, and has a smaller cylindrical body as the middle hand grip section. Above this point, the handle connects with the blade tang. Which goes through the handle, the tang has been inserted through the centre of the handle, and then its rectangular end hammered over at the top to fix it in place. This is end is visible where it emerges through the handle top, and is off centre. The narrower part of the handle have been decorated with an iron binding strip. Both binding strips [top and bottom] have their ends hammered into slots in the wood to secure them. . The blade is curved, with a broad flat ridge running along the length on both sides. This is not centred. On one side of the ridge, the blade extends to form a broad, sharpened base edge with a pointed corner; a more narrow blade extends from the other side of this, slightly higher up the knife. The sides then begin to taper in towards the point at the other end. Both edges were once sharpened. The object is complete, with some minor cut marks on the blade and handle. Very similar to a Mengbetu collected by Robert Grenville Gayer-Anderson in the Bahr el Ghazal region, probably between 1909 and 1914, in the period immediately before World War I. At the time this object was collected, the Bahr el Ghazal province was much larger than it is today, extending from roughly the Bahr el Arab all the way to the border with the Belgian Congo; this area is now divided into the districts of Western Bahr el Ghazal, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, and parts of Warab, El Buheyrat and Western Equatoria. The drawing in the gallery is a 19th century depiction of Munza, the king of the Mangbetu. Seated on his throne, he holds a similar knife to ours as a symbol of power and authority.
A Victorian, 1860's Queens Westminster Volunteers Silver Buckle A super silver buckle, with excellent detail and quality. 6cm
A Vintage Carved Aboriginal Shield With Kangaroo and Emu. very nice quality & stands as a piece of art as well as an Aboriginal implement. It is a good size (22" long x 4" at the widest) & handcarved from a heavy solid grain timber, possibly West Australian Mulga It is in very nice condition Best of all is the quality of the decoration, it has one kangaroo and two emu on the back (handle side) & a wonderful scene with three kangaroos & two emu on the front. Even the background has been carved with a fine textured look which must have taken some time, no doubt the artist really had talent & took pride in the quality of their work.
A Watercolour By Orlando Norie Of Infantry Officer With a little staining. One of England's foremost military watercolourists. Framed. circa 1875. Orlando Norie was one of the most desirable painters of the British army in the 19th century.His pictures are highly sought after and command high prices. He was a descendant of the celebrated Edinburgh family of artists and designers, son of Sir Robert Norie and a descendant of James Norie the Elder. Orlando Norie painted over 5,300 paintings, mostly water colours. He was born in Belgium in Bruges on January 15, 1832 to Scottish parents and Norie spent most of his life painting in Dunkirk, painting mostly for the British firm of Rudolf Ackermann. Orlando Norie's military paintings were first recognised in 1854 when his print of the Battle of the Alma (Crimean War) published by Ackermann was advertised. This military print edition was quickly followed by the prints of the Battle of Inkerman and the Battle of Balaclava. Many future paintings were made into prints by Ackermann and many of his paintings were exhibited in major exhibitions, one of which was staged in 1873 featuring paintings of the Military Autumn Manoeuvres in Aldershot held in September and October 1871. Orlando Norie died in 1901 and is buried in the old cemetery in Aldershot adjacent to the Commonwealth War Cemetery.He has illustrated military books and his art works are held in many private collections, as well as the Victoria and Albert Royal Collection, the National Army Museum, the India Office library and many regimental museums. In 1887 he completed a commission for Queen Victoria. Painting 6 inches x 7.5 inches,
A Wonderful 17th-18th Century Bronze Swivel Cannon on Antique Carriage Decorated in traditional form but with a most rarely seen decorative addition of a full relief crocodile emerging from the touch hole. A 17th to 18th century cast bronze swivel cannon, also called rail gun or deck cannon, mounted on an antique carved hardwood carriage. The cannon can be hand lifted to mount on other mounting blocks for swivels when used at sea. Solid bronze, with superb cast detailing, barrel measuring approximately 36 inches long, 47.5 inches long on carriage, with long swivel spike on the underside of the barrel. The natural age patina is simply stunning and can only appear over the passing of the centuries. This is truly a wonderful example worthy of any museum grade display. We show a photograph of identical early swivel naval cannon in a museum display in Europe, probably in the Netherlands. These cannon were used by the legendary Malay pirates, and with suitable small cannon-balls it was a most powerful offensive weapon. Lantakas were manufactured during the 17th and early 18th century in the Netherlands by the Dutch East India Company for export to Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. This is a type of bronze swivel gun mounted on merchant vessels travelling the waterways of the Malay Archipelago. Its use was greatest in pre-colonial South East Asia especially in Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. The guns were used to defend against pirates demanding tribute for the local chief, or potentate. Cannon were frequently part of the bride price demanded by the family of an exceptionally desirable bride or the dowry paid to the groom. Many of the small cannon, often called personal cannon or hand cannon, had been received as honours and were kept and passed down in families, but in times of need they also served as a form of currency that could keep the family fed. As a recognized form of currency, cannon could be traded for rice, drums, canoes, tools, weapons, livestock, debts of honour, and even settlement of penalties for crimes ranging from the accidental death of a fellow villager to headhunting against another tribe. Many of these finest cannon were given out by the Sultans of Brunei as part of ceremonies (such as birthdays or weddings) of the many princes and princesses of the extended Royal family. Cannon were frequently presented to guests along with awards and titles, and were meant to guarantee the recipients allegiance to the Sultan. In the 1840s, England began suppressing headhunting and piracy and Rajah James Brooke (a wealthy Englishman who established the dynasty that ruled Sarawak from 1841 until 1946) distributed numerous Brunei-cast hand cannon to guarantee the cooperation and allegiance of the local chiefs. Although most lantaka weighed under two hundred pounds, and many only a few pounds, the largest ones exceeded a thousand pounds with some weighing over a ton. Many of these guns were mounted on swivels and were known as swivel guns. The smaller ones could be mounted almost anywhere including in the rigging. Medium-sized cannon were frequently used in reinforced sockets on the vessel's rails and were sometimes referred to as rail guns. The heaviest swivel guns were mounted on modified gun carriages to make them more portable. Typically the earliest cannon with beautiful ornaments from this region are from foundries in Malacca and Pahang, with later models from foundries in the Netherlands and Portugal, next from their respective settlements, and finally from Brunei and other local craftsmen. The local population was unimpressed with the might and power of the heavily armed trading vessels from the VOC Dutch East India Company and Portugal. De Barros mentions that with the fall of Malacca, Albuquerque captured 3,000 out of 8,000 artillery. Among those, 2,000 were made from brass and the rest from iron. All the artillery is of such excellent workmanship that it could not be excelled, even in Portugal. - Commentarios do grande Afonso de Albuquerque, Lisbon 1576. The Dutch and Portuguese quickly learned that they could trade cannon not only for spices and porcelain, but also for safe passage through pirate-infested waters. Local foundries continued to produce guns, using local patterns and designs from other local brass and bronze objects. This cannon can be lifted and mounted on any other form of swivel mount. The carriage requires a replacement small central mount block. Easily created by a competent carpenter.
A Wonderful 18th Century French Small-Sword of Parcel Gilt and Blued Steel Just returned after almost 100 hours of specialist conservation. Possibly made by a Royal swordsmith of King Louis XVIth, such as Lecourt of Paris, but unsigned. A finest grade sword of the form as was made for the king to present to favoured nobles and friends. A simply superb small-sword, with stunningly engraved chiselled steel hilt, overlaid with pure gold over a fish-roe background,, decorated with hand chiselled scenes in the rococo Italianate renaissance style depicting various hunting scenes, of hunting hounds and game birds. The multi wire spiral bound grip is finest silver, in with Turks head finials. The blade is in the typical trefoil form, ideal for the gentleman's art of duelling. The degree of craftsmanship of this spectacular sword is simply astounding, worthy of the best though most lengthy, conservation, revealing an attention to detail and the skill of it's execution second to none. Other most similar swords are in the British Royal Collection and in Les Invalides in Paris. This small sword would most certainly have been commissioned for a gentleman of Royalty from one of the great houses of Europe in the 18th century. Swords of this type were similarly carried by nobility born British officers in the American Revolutionary War era, or, the volunteer French, German and Dutch Royal officers that fought on Americas side against the British. The trefoil bladed swords had a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War period. Even George Washington had a very fine one just as this example. For example of the workmanship and identical style favoured by the King and Marie Antoinette we show the keys for the Louis XVI Secretary Desk (Circa 1783) made for Marie-Antoinette by Jean Henri Riesener one of the worlds finest cabinetmakers and whose works are the most valuable in the world. The steel and gold metalwork key for Marie Antoinette's desk, is attributed to Pierre Gouthière (1732–1813), the most famous Parisian bronzeworker of the late eighteenth century who became gilder to the king in 1767. This sword bears identical workmanship and style to that magnificent key. Another picture in the gallery is a mounted King Louis XVIth brandishing his same sword, and lastly the King's Scottish Officer of his personal guard, Charles Grant Viscount De Vaux, similarly wearing his gold embellished sword. This is the quality of sword one might have expected find inscribed upon the blade 'Ex Dono Regis' [given by the King]. Very good condition overall, with natural aged patination throughout.
A Wonderful 19th Century 'Cary of London' Naval Officer's Telescope Signed Cary of Strand London, body with traditional, Royal Naval pattern, string wrapped and tar coated main tube, with Turk's head ends, for protection at sea. 'Day' end cover, and concealed, eye piece, swivel open-close protector. In excellent functioning condition. Used in King George IIIrd's Royal Navy by Captains and Commanders. Cary of London was one of Englands if not one of the worlds greatest instrument makers. CARY, WILLIAM (1759–1825), philosophical instrument maker, was a pupil of Ramsden, and set up before 1790 a separate business, which he pursued energetically until his death at the age of sixty-six on 16 Nov. 1825. He constructed for Dr. Wollaston in 1791 a transit circle—the first made in England—two feet in diameter and provided with microscopes for reading off. In 1805 he sent to Moscow a transit-instrument described and figured in Pearson's ‘Practical Astronomy’, for the safety of which Bonaparte provided in 1812 by a special order. A circle of 41 centimetres, ordered from Cary by Feer about 1790, is still preserved at th